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Sharing parents' bed is cot death risk.

Byline: ROD MINCHIN

MORE than half of cot deaths happen when a baby is sleeping with a parent.

Researchers said it could be linked to the adult having been drinking or taking drugs.

Despite a dramatic drop in the rate of cot death cot death
n. Chiefly British
Sudden infant death syndrome.


cot death
Noun

the unexplained sudden death of a baby while asleep

Noun 1.
 in the UK since the early 1990s, experts are advising parents to avoid dangerous co-sleeping arrangements in order to help reduce these deaths even further.

A team of researchers at the Bristol and Warwick universities studied all unexpected infant deaths - aged from birth to two years - in the south west of England The West of England is a loose term given to the area surrounding the City and County of Bristol, England.

It is increasingly used - e.g. by the West of England Partnership - as a synonym for the former Avon (county) area.
 from January 2003 to December 2006.

To investigate a possible link between cot death and socioeconomic deprivation, they compared these deaths with a control group at "high risk" - young, socially deprived mothers who smoked - as well as a randomly selected control group.

The parents were interviewed shortly after the death and information was collected on alcohol and drug use.

A detailed investigation of the scene and circumstances of death was also conducted by trained professionals.

Of the 80 cot deaths analysed, more than half (54%) occurred while co-sleeping compared to one-fifth (20%) co-sleeping rate among both control groups.

Much of this risk may be explained by the combination of parental alcohol or drug use prior to co-sleeping (31% compared with 3% random controls), and the high proportion of co-sleeping deaths on a sofa (17% compared with 1% random controls), say the authors.

A fifth of cot death infants were found with a pillow and a quarter were swaddled, suggesting potentially new risk factors emerging.

The researchers said some of the safety messages were getting across to parents and may have contributed to the continued fall in the cot death rate.

Most sleeping deaths occurred in a hazardous environment.

The safest place for an infant to sleep is in a cot beside the parental bed in the first six months of life, the study published on bmj.com said.

The term sudden infant death syndrome sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or crib death, sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old).  (SIDS SIDS sudden infant death syndrome.

SIDS
abbr.
sudden infant death syndrome


SIDS,
n See syndrome, sudden infant death.
) was introduced in 1969 as a recognised category of natural death that carried no implication of blame for bereaved parents.

. Call NHS Wales NHS Wales is the official corporate style of the national health service for Wales; it was previously part of the same National Health Service (Welsh: Gwasanaeth Iechyd Genedlaethol) as England but is now devolved.  Direct on 0845 46 47 with health concerns
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Publication:Daily Post (Liverpool, England)
Date:Oct 17, 2009
Words:361
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