Sexually transmitted diseases and adolescents.Sexually transmitted diseases Sexually transmitted diseases
Infections that are acquired and transmitted by sexual contact. Although virtually any infection may be transmitted during intimate contact, the term sexually transmitted disease is restricted to conditions that are largely (STDs) present a major public health problem in the United States with rates among the highest in the industrialized in·dus·tri·al·ize
v. in·dus·tri·al·ized, in·dus·tri·al·iz·ing, in·dus·tri·al·iz·es
1. To develop industry in (a country or society, for example).
2. world, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. . Although STDs infect people of every age, background and socioeconomic level, people under age 25 account for nearly two-thirds of all reported cases. Three million teenagers, one out of every six, aged 13 to 19, contract and STD (Subscriber Trunk Dialing) Long distance dialing outside of the U.S. that does not require operator intervention. STD prefix codes are required and billing is based on call units, which are a fixed amount of money in the currency of that country. every year. Nearly one-fifth of all AIDS cases are reported among young people between the ages of 13 and 29.
STDs are among the most preventable infectious diseases in the United States. Though there are treatments for many common STDs, many of these infections are caused by viruses and cannot be cured. Some sexually active adolescents put themselves at higher risk of becoming infected through unprotected intercourse or by using drugs or alcohol. According to the American Social Health Organization, many teens who are infected don't know it because symptoms may not appear for some time, and they continue to infect others. When not treated, STDs can lead to serious and sometimes lifelong and painful health problems including cancer, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pain, infertility, complications in newborns and even death. Chlamydia chlamydia (kləmĭd`ēə), genus of microorganisms that cause a variety of diseases in humans and other animals. Psittacosis, or parrot fever, caused by the species Chlamydia psittaci, , herpes and papilloma papilloma /pap·il·lo·ma/ (pap?il-o´mah) a benign tumor derived from epithelium.papillo´matous
fibroepithelial papilloma a type containing extensive fibrous tissue. infections are more common among youths than any other age group.
Some STDs like genital herpes, gonorrhea gonorrhea (gŏnərē`ə), common infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), involving chiefly the mucous membranes of the genitourinary tract. and syphilis make it easier for HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. to enter the body.
The National Youth Summit on HIV Prevention in May 1995 gave young attendees the opportunity to make recommendations to federal health officials and politicians about how to fight the HIV epidemic among youth. Their recommendations are:
* That state lawmakers "adopt" youth representatives to advise them
on AIDS policies that affect young people.
* That AIDS education begin in elementary school with
* That students be counseled about HIV testing by the time they
reach high school.
* That teachers be required to be adequately trained in AIDS
* That community meetings
be held to educate parents.
High School Students' Behavior
1990 1991 1993 Had 54% 54% 53% sexual intercourse Had sexual 19% 19% 19% intercourse with four or more people Used alcohol or NA 12% 11% drugs before last sexual intercourse Used condoms at NA 46% 53% last sexual intercourse
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1995.