Sex in the media: do condom ads have a chance? (View from the Field).
Few would argue that sex does not permeate the media in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. . (1) Research shows not only that the incidence of sexual content on television has risen steadily over the years but also that the media may serve as important sex educators for young people. (2) Nevertheless, there are few messages on television that help teens and adolescents learn about responsible sexual behavior sexual behavior A person's sexual practices–ie, whether he/she engages in heterosexual or homosexual activity. See Sex life, Sexual life. and sexual health. (3)
The news is, of course, not all bad. Some adolescents at least believe that the media has taught them that they should use condoms. The Teen Media Project, a current five-year project funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. ) and conducted by researchers Jane Brown, Carol Pardun, and Kelly L'Engle of the University of North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. found that both African American African American Multiculture A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. See Race. and White young females and African American young males believed that the media states they should use condoms. Unfortunately, white males were less likely to think the media portrayed the message of using condoms.
Still this finding provides reason for media outlets to more aggressively send appropriate messages to an impressionable audience.
We know that many teens consume large amounts of sexual media images just from the advertising alone! A one-hour television show can have upwards of 40 commercials. It is not surprising that many of these ads use sex to sell.
Whether it's a Victoria Secret's commercial that depicts a shove-it-in-your-face approach to sexual appeal, or a more subtle Toyota Camry The Toyota Camry is a mid-size sedan assembled by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky; Altona, Victoria, Guangzhou, China and the original factory in Toyota City, Japan. In some markets, the top range Camry models are seen as executive cars. commercial that exclaims some people are just "too sexy for their cars," or a Caress body wash commercial that shows a woman slowly removing her clothes, sex is a prominent part of television viewing for America's youth.
And it's not just television commercials. Recent ads in teen magazines have depicted a tampon tampon /tam·pon/ (tam´pon) [Fr.] a pack, pad, or plug made of cotton, sponge, or other material, variously used in surgery to plug the nose, vagina, etc., for the control of hemorrhage or the absorption of secretions. with the headline "Size matters," and a couple French kissing with the headline "there's more than one way to share a Starburst StarBurst - An active DBMS from IBM Almaden Research Center. ."
WHAT ABOUT CONDOM ADS?
Clearly, teens are seeing sexual images in the media. Is it unreasonable to expect that some of those messages should depict the dangers of unprotected sex-and tell teens how they can protect themselves with condoms?
Even though the evidence points to the impact that the media have on shaping our social values, networks have only recently allowed paid condom advertising on the airwaves, and they restrict not only the time of day the advertisements can air but also the message and tone of the ads. (4)
With the large number of sexual messages being conveyed in television programming, it seems incongruous to avoid references to sexual risks and responsibilities in the programming itself. (5) It is perhaps just as incongruous not to allow contraceptive advertisements on TV or, if allowed, to restrict their opportunity for effectiveness. (6)
We know that 80 percent of young people have intercourse during their teenage years. (7) We also know that young people simply aren't protecting themselves as well as they should.
A joint Kaiser Family Foundation The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), or just Kaiser Family Foundation, is a U.S.-based non-profit, private operating foundation headquartered in Menlo Park, California. and YM magazine survey found that 58 percent of sexually experienced teens do not use contraception every time they have sex and 40 percent have not talked with a partner about sexually transmitted diseases Sexually transmitted diseases
Infections that are acquired and transmitted by sexual contact. Although virtually any infection may be transmitted during intimate contact, the term sexually transmitted disease is restricted to conditions that are largely (STDs). (8)
AMERICANS FAVOR ADS
Some broadcasters worry that the public disapproves of condom advertising, and some worry they would lose sponsors that don't want their advertisements run alongside condom ads. (9)
These worries, however, may amount to very little. A recent survey found that 71 percent of Americans favor allowing condom ads on TV--37 percent support the ads running at any time while 34 percent support the ads running at certain times, such as after 10 p.m. Even more support exists for televised condom ads among adults under 50 years of age, 82 percent of whom say condom ads should be allowed. (10)
There is a public service poster that says "Talk to your kids about sex. Everyone else is." That is certainly a message we can send the advertising industry and advertisers as well.
(1.) Jane D. Brown, "Mass Media Influences on Sexuality," Journal of Sex Research, vol. 39, no. 1, 2002, pp. 42-45.
(3.) Dale Kunkel, Kirstie M. Cope, and Carolyn Colvin, "Sexual Messages on Family Hour Television: Content and Context" (Menlo Park, CA: Children Now and Kaiser Family Foundation, 1996).
(4.) Kaiser Family Foundation, "A Survey Snapshot: Condom Advertising on Television" (Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001).
(5.) 2000-2001 Committee on Public Education, "Sexuality, Contraception, and the Media," Pediatrics, vol. 107, 2001, pp. 191-94.
(7.) The Alan Guttmacher Institute, "Facts in Brief: Teen Sex and Pregnancy" 1998.
(8.) Kaiser Family Foundation and YM Magazine, "National Survey of Teens: Teens Talk About Daring, Intimacy, and Their Sexual Experiences" (Menlo Park, CA: The Kaiser Family Foundation, 1998).
(9.) Kaiser Family Foundation, "Condom Ads on TV: Unwrapping the Controversy" (Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001).
(10.) Kaiser Family Foundation, "A Survey Snapshot: Condom Advertising on Television."
RELATED ARTICLE: PREVENTING HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. AND OTHER STDS
Some people mistakenly believe that by protecting themselves against pregnancy they are automatically protecting themselves from HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). But the male latex condom is the only contraceptive method considered highly effective in reducing the risk of STDs.
Unlike latex condoms, lambskin condoms are not recommended for STD (Subscriber Trunk Dialing) Long distance dialing outside of the U.S. that does not require operator intervention. STD prefix codes are required and billing is based on call units, which are a fixed amount of money in the currency of that country. prevention because they are porous and may permit passage of viruses like HIV, hepatitis B Hepatitis B Definition
Hepatitis B is a potentially serious form of liver inflammation due to infection by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It occurs in both rapidly developing (acute) and long-lasting (chronic) forms, and is one of the most common chronic , and herpes. Polyurethane condoms are an alternative method of STD protection for those who are latex-sensitive.
Because it is a barrier method that works in much the same way as the male condom, the female condom female condom
female condom Vaginal pouch An externally placed contraceptive device, which offers some protection against pregnancy and STDs. See Contraceptives. Cf Condom. may provide some protection against STDs. Both condoms should not be used together, however, because they may not both stay in place.
According to an FDA FDA
Food and Drug Administration
n.pr See Food and Drug Administration.
n.pr the abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration. advisory committee panel, it appears, based on several published scientific studies, that some vaginal spermicides containing nonoxynol-9 may reduce the risk of gonorrhea gonorrhea (gŏnərē`ə), common infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), involving chiefly the mucous membranes of the genitourinary tract. and chlamydia chlamydia (kləmĭd`ēə), genus of microorganisms that cause a variety of diseases in humans and other animals. Psittacosis, or parrot fever, caused by the species Chlamydia psittaci, transmission. However, use of nonoxynol-9 may cause tissue irritation, raising the possibility of an increased susceptibility to some STDs, including HIV.
As stated in their labeling, birth control pills birth control pill
See oral contraceptive.
birth control pill Oral contraceptive, see there , DepoProvera, IUDs, and lambskin condoms do not protect against STD infection. For STD protection, a male latex condom can be used in combination with non-condom methods. The relationship of the vaginal barrier methods--the diaphragm, cap and sponge--to STD prevention is not yet clear.
This was reprinted from the web site of the US. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). See www.fda.gov
Carol J. Pardun, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Advertising, University of North Carolina and Kathy Roberts Forde, M.A., Doctoral Park Fellow, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC