Saudi Religious Scholars Back 'Holy War'.
Prominent Wahhabi religious scholars in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop. urged Iraqis to support militants waging holy war against the US-led coalition forces as American troops prepared on Nov. 6 for a major assault on the insurgent INSURGENT. One who is concerned in an insurrection. He differs from a rebel in this, that rebel is always understood in a bad sense, or one who unjustly opposes the constituted authorities; insurgent may be one who justly opposes the tyranny of constituted authorities. hotbed hotbed, low, glass-covered frame structure for starting tender plants. It differs from a cold frame only in that the soil is heated—either artificially as by underground electric wiring or steampipes, or naturally with partially fermented stable manure, which of Falluja.
In a letter posted on the Internet and addressed to the Iraqis, 26 Wahhabi scholars and preachers said their appeal was prompted by "the extraordinary situation through which the Iraqis are passing". Shaikh Awad Al-Qarni, one of the scholars, told Al-Arabiya TV: "At no time in history has a whole people been violated...by propaganda that's been proved false. The US forces are still destroying towns on the heads of their people and killing women and children. What's going on What's Going On is a record by American soul singer Marvin Gaye. Released on May 21, 1971 (see 1971 in music), What's Going On reflected the beginning of a new trend in soul music. in Iraq is a result of the big crime of America's occupation of Iraq". In their letter, the scholars stressed that armed attacks by militants on US troops and their allies in Iraq represented "legitimate" resistance. They were careful to direct their appeal to Iraqis only and stayed away from issuing a general, Muslim world-wide call for holy war. They also identified the military as the target, one that is considered legitimate by many Arabs who view US troops and their allies as occupiers. The scholars - some of whom criticised in the past for their extremist views - apparently did not want to antagonise the Saudi government or appear to be flouting its efforts to fight terrorism.
Saudi Arabia has sealed off its long border with Iraq and bars people from crossing into that country. Its most senior Wahhabi religious leaders issued a statement last year saying the call for jihad - holy war - should only come from the ruler and should not be based on edicts issued by individual religious men. Saudi officials did not comment on the latest statement. The religious figures' appeal came as US troops, backed by air and artillery power and Iraqi security forces Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) is the Multi-National Force-Iraq umbrella name for the military and police forces that serve under the Government of Iraq.
The armed forces are administered by the Ministry of Defense (MOD), and the Iraqi Police is administered by the Ministry of , were gearing up for a major assault on Falluja.
The religious men issued a fatwa fat·wa
A legal opinion or ruling issued by an Islamic scholar.
[Arabic fatw (religious edict A decree or law of major import promulgated by a king, queen, or other sovereign of a government.
An edict can be distinguished from a public proclamation in that an edict puts a new statute into effect whereas a public proclamation is no more than a declaration of a law ) prohibiting Iraqis from offering any support for military operations This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently. World War I
''See also List of military engagements of World War I
The scholars said inter-Iraqi fighting would cause "great damage to the Iraqis and give a free service to the Jews who are infiltrating into Iraq and to the coalition forces which exploit differences to consolidate their domination".
Saudi Arabia, the birthplace of Islam and home to its two holiest cities, has launched a campaign against militants. The crackdown began after Al-Qaeda-affiliated operatives attacked three residential compounds in Riyadh in May 2003 and killed dozens of people, bringing terrorism to the kingdom for the first time since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks against the US.
On Nov. 8, the Saudi Embassy in Washington released an official statement in which Prince Bandar Ibn Sultan, the kingdom's ambassador to the US, made it clear that these scholars did not represent the government of Saudi Arabia nor the senior Wahhabi religious men of the country. The statement said: "I would like to state that these individuals do not represent the Saudi government nor the Council of Senior Ulema (religious scholars), both of whom have repeatedly condemned terrorism in Iraq and throughout the world. The Saudi people pray for the end to bloodshed in Iraq, and the restoration of peace, security and stability in Iraq for the benefit of the Iraqi people and the region".
The religious scholars who signed the petition were:
1-Shaikh Ahmad Al-Khudairi - professor of Fiqh Fiqh (Arabic: فقه) is Islamic jurisprudence. It is an expansion of Islamic law, complemented by the rulings of Islamic jurists to direct the lives of Muslims. in Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Ibn Saud (Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud) (ĭ`bən säd`), c.1880–1953, founder of Saudi Arabia and its first king. University, Riyadh;
2-Shaikh Ahmad Al-Abdulateef - Islamic ideology professor, Umm Al-Qura Umm al-Qura (Arabic: أم القرى) as an Arabic language term signifies "the center of villages" in Arabic. University, Makkah;
3-Shaikh Hamed Al-Fureih - professor of Qur'an commentary, Teachers College, Dammam;
4-Shaikh Al-Shareef Al-Fa'ar - professor of origin of Fiqh, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah;
5-Shaikh Al-Shareef Al-Auni - professor of Hadith hadith (hädēth`), a tradition or the collection of the traditions of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, including his sayings and deeds, and his tacit approval of what was said or done in his presence. , Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah;
6-Shaikh Khaled Al-Qasim - professor of Islamic Studies
7-Shaikh Saud Al-Fineisan - prof. of Qur'anic studies, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University;
8-Shaikh Saeed Al-Ghamdi Saeed al-Ghamdi (Arabic: سعيد الغامدي) was named by the FBI as one of the hijackers of United Airlines Flight 93 as part of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack. - professor of Islamic Ideology, Shariah College, Abha;
9-Shaikh Safar Al-Hawali - ex-professor of Islamic Ideology in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah;
10-Shaikh Salman Al-Ouda Salman al-Ouda (Arabic: سلمان العود? ) or more fully Salman bin Fahd al-Ouda ( سلمان بن فهد العود? ) alias Abu Mu'az - supervisor of the islamtoday website;
11-Shaikh Suleiman Al-Rashoodi - religious legal consultant;
12-Shaikh Saleh Al-Sultan - professor of Fiqh, Qasim University, Qasim;
13-Shaikh Saleh Al-Darweesh - judge in Public Court of Qateef, Eastern Province;
14-Shaikh Abdel Rahman Madkhali - professor of Hadith, Teachers College;
15-Shaikh Abdel Aziz Al-Ghamdi - professor of Fiqh, King Saud University, Abha;
16-Shaikh Abdullah Al-Turaiqi - prof. of Islamic Culture, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University
17-Shaikh Abdullah Al-Zayidi - prof. of Islamic Culture, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University;
18-Shaikh Abdullah Al-Zayid - former head of the Islamic University in Madinah;
19-Shaikh Abdullah Aal Al-Shaikh - professor of Hadith, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University;
20-Shaikh Abdel Wahab Al-Tureiri - deputy supervisor of islamtoday website;
21-Shaikh Ali Asiri - professor of Islamic Ideology, Shariah College, Abha;
22-Shaikh Ali Badahdah - prof. of Hadith and Qur'anic studies, King Abdel Aziz University, Jeddah;
23-Shaikh Awad Al-Qarni - former prof. of origins of Fiqh, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University;
24-Shaikh Qasim Al-Qathradi - professor of Qur'anic commentary, Shariah College, Abha;
25-Shaikh Mohammed Al-Shareef, prof.of Qur'an and its sciences, King Abdel Aziz University;
26-Shaikh Misfir Al-Qahtani - prof. of Fiqh, King Fahd University for Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran.
In their statement, the scholars called for militants not to target nationals of countries whose governments did not take part in the war. They said it was not allowed for any Muslim to harm resisting persons or to tell the enemy of their locations, "but on the contrary, stand beside them and protect them". Their fatwa said it was sinful in Islam to assist or support any military operations by the occupying forces and that anyone who did so would be "co-operating in evil and enmity". They called for easing everyday conditions of ordinary Iraqis by providing their day-to-day needs of medical, educational, and living conditions, stressing the importance of saving Muslim blood and honour Blood & Honour is a neo-Nazi music promotion network, founded in 1987, that is comprised of white power skinheads and other white nationalists. The group organises white power concerts and distributes records by Rock Against Communism (RAC) bands. in Iraq and considering that "a basic principle of the religion".
They said the unification of Iraq was a vital issue and that conflict would do much damage, as "it would be giving a free service to the Jews that smuggle smug·gle
v. smug·gled, smug·gling, smug·gles
1. To import or export without paying lawful customs charges or duties.
2. To bring in or take out illicitly or by stealth. into Iraq, and to the occupying forces that nurture conflicts to cement their own agendas and inflict their rule on every party". They said "hidden hands" tried to "ignite turmoil and rip Iraqis into sects, fuelling domestic battles between the Shiites and the Sunnis and between the Kurds and the Arabs".
The statement called on Muslims everywhere who consider themselves "followers of Da'wah (propagation)" to turn to Iraq to help take part in its reconstruction and contribute to its educational and philanthropic services in the country, saying that such things would have a big impact on Iraqis.