Sapele yields coveted furniture wood.
Sapele Sapele (səpā`lē), city (1991 est. pop. 123,000), S Nigeria, a port in the Niger delta. The center of the Nigerian timber industry, Sapele has sawmills and a large plywood and veneer factory; rubber is processed there, and plastics, is called Gold Coast Cedar by some because the wood has a cedar-like aroma when first cut. But this highly prized furniture- and cabinetry wood is not like cedar in any other way.
When compared with other hardwoods, sapele's color is said to be similar to African mahogany, and it has strength properties similar to oak. The mahogany reference is explained in the book "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees" by Herbert Edlin and Maurice Nimmo:
"All the tropical rain forest areas produce light, medium and dark red utility timbers with a considerable range in technical properties. Wherever possible retailers will call a tropical red wood 'mahogany.' Species of Khaya are often referred to as the 'African mahoganies' and species of Entandrophragma have been called the 'West African mahoganies' although neither of the species is considered a true mahogany."
The authors add that adopting the name mahogany for commercial purposes was a compliment because "most people have heard of this as an excellent wood."
Many experts say that use of the term mahogany should be limited. Some, for example, recommend confining mahogany to the Family Meliaceae while others strictly limit it to the three species of the genus Swietenia. Others widen the use of mahogany in names to include the genera Parashorea and Shorea (Philippine mahoganies).
Yields Fine Figures
Although sapele has been used in place of mahogany, it is more durable than the true mahoganies. It is also distinguished for the array of interesting figures it yields.
Some of the very attractive figures found include: pommele sapele with its dappled dap·pled
[Middle English, probably from Old Norse depill, spot, splash, diminutive of dapi, pool. and blistered figure, bee's wings and a roe figure - all visible when quarter cut. If the grain is wavy, the wood yields a fiddleback or mottled mottled /mot·tled/ (mot´ld) marked by spots or blotches of different colors or shades. figure. Its interlocked grain gives it an interesting look, described as a pencil stripe, and all the figures are further enhanced by the wood's natural luster.
Richard Judd, a custom furniture designer, manufacturer and owner of the Zazen zazen
Sitting meditation as practiced in Zen Buddhism. The disciple sits in a quiet room, breathing rhythmically and easily, with legs fully or half crossed, spine and head erect, hands folded one palm above the other, and eyes open. Gallery in Paoli, WI, said sapele is one of his favorite woods. "I like the more intense figures of sapele," said Judd. "Pommele sapele, which gives a quilted or blister effect, is a beautiful wood. Figured sapele reminds me of a dark counterpart to bird's-eye maple, giving that intense pattern overall - like a fabric of pattern."
Judd has used sapele in a variety of designs including veneer bookmatched across a table and an entertainment center lit by halogen lights, giving the sapele a 3-D quality.
"For a recent commissioned piece I made a cabinet with doors of sapele. Each door had a square with an "X" drawn across. Malachite malachite (măl`əkīt), a mineral, the green basic carbonate of copper occurring in crystals of the monoclinic system or (more usually) in masses. It is translucent or opaque; the luster is silky, vitreous, adamantine, or dull. stone was inlaid in·laid
Past tense and past participle of inlay.
1. Set into a surface in a decorative pattern: a mahogany dresser with an inlaid teak design.
2. in the center. The top and bottom featured a tight fiddleback sapele opposed by a top and bottom of pommele sapele. The color tones were the same but the figures, all sapele, were intensely different. Sapele gives a rich, dark color, either mahogany or reddish brown that is very attractive," said Judd.
Sapele is salmon-colored when first cut, but it matures to a medium to dark redbrown color. While the heartwood heartwood, the central, woody core of a tree, no longer serving for the conduction of water and dissolved minerals; heartwood is usually denser and darker in color than the outer sapwood. is a rich brown to reddish brown, it often features a ribbon striped figure which is a pale yellow. The wood has a free and even texture.
In addition to me furniture and cabinetry, sapele is well-known as an architectural wood, used in both veneer and solid form. Other uses include joinery joinery, craft of assembling exposed woodwork in the interiors of buildings. Where carpentry refers to the rougher, simpler, and primarily structural elements of wood assembling, joinery has to do with difficult surfaces and curvatures, such as those of spiral , shop fitting, office furniture, solid doors, countertops, paneling, piano casework case·work
Social work devoted to the needs of individual clients or cases.
casework (and other musical instruments), constructional veneer for plywood, decorative face veneers and marquetry marquetry (mär`kətrē), branch of cabinetwork in which a decorative surface of wood or other substance is glued to an object on a single plane. and sports goods. It is a popular residential and commercial flooring material. Sapele is also used for boat building, vehicles and coffins.
A hardwood, sapele comes from eastern and western Africa, growing in a range from the Ivory Coast to the Cameroons, and eastward through Zaire to Uganda. The tall, straight trees grow in evergreen, deciduous deciduous /de·cid·u·ous/ (de-sid´u-us) falling off or shed at maturity, as the teeth of the first dentition.
1. and transitional forest formations.
Sapele seasons fairly quickly but it has a tendency to warp and is inconsistent in its drying properties. Experts recommend careful stacking. The USDA USDA,
n.pr See United States Department of Agriculture. Forest Service handbook recommends a kiln schedule of T2-D4 for 4/4 stock and T2-D3 for 8/4 stock.
Entandrophragma cylindricum Entandrophragma cylindricum
African tree in the family Meliaceae whose wood shavings, when used as bedding, have caused balanoposthitis in rams. Sawdust from this tree, used as litter for chickens, has caused hyperkeratosis, weight loss, nervous signs and collapse. of the Family Meliaceae
Sapele, aboudikro, penkwa, muyovu, sapelli, libuyu, Gold Coast cedar, sapelewood
Trees can grow to heights to 150 to 200 feet with straight boles clear to 100 feet. Weight varies between 35 to 43 pounds per cubic foot with an average weight of 39 pounds per cubic foot. Specific gravity specific gravity, ratio of the weight of a given volume of a substance to the weight of an equal volume of some reference substance, or, equivalently, the ratio of the masses of equal volumes of the two substances. is 0.62.
Wood dries fairly rapidly but has a tendency to distort; the quartered material is less likely to distort. The wood has medium density, medium bending and shock resistance. Sapele buckles and ruptures severely when steam bent, so it is not suited for steam bending. It also has a high crushing strength. The wood works easily with machine tools, however the interlocked grain can make it difficult to plane and may cause blunting of cutting edges. Sapele nails, screws and glues well. It may need filling before finishing, but the wood will finish well and has a natural luster.