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SPECTER CALLS FOR REORGANIZATION OF U.S. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY AND THE CREATION OF A NEW POST OF NATIONAL DIRECTOR OF INTELLIGENCE

SPECTER CALLS FOR REORGANIZATION OF U.S. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY AND
 THE CREATION OF A NEW POST OF NATIONAL DIRECTOR OF INTELLIGENCE
 WASHINGTON, March 19 /PRNewswire/ -- U.S. Sen. Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) today testified that a new post of Director of National Intelligence is needed to manage and integrate the U.S. intelligence community and to separate policymaking from intelligence gathering and analysis.
 Specter told the Senate Intelligence Committee that the current situation in which one person is responsible both for gathering and analyzing intelligence and for developing and carrying out policy through covert action represents a conflict of interest.
 He said his bill, S. 421, would separate these functions, with a Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) continuing to gather intelligence and to run covert operations while the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) would manage the country's vast intelligence apparatus and would be the president's senior intelligence advisor.
 The Senate Intelligence Committee is considering a number of initiatives on the general question of reorganization within the U.S. intelligence community which is spread over a number of agencies, including the CIA, the FBI, the State Department and the Defense Department.
 Specter has been arguing for a separation of the functions since 1987 when he first introduced his legislation. He reintroduced it in 1989 and again in 1991 in the current 102nd Congress.
 Under his bill, The National Intelligence Reorganization Act, a Director of National Intelligence would be appointed by the president and confirmed by Congress and would act as the nation's and the president's primary advisor on intelligence. He would be a member of the National Security Council.
 "We have a choice," said Specter, who was a member of the committee for six years. "We can preserve the status quo and hope that the current director -- and each of his successors -- has absorbed the lessons of the past, particularly the Iran-Contra affair. Or we can create a better system of checks and balances and strong management."
 He said Congress must take the necessary steps to ensure that the DNI has "the clear responsibility and the full authority" to effectively manage the nation's intelligence effort without the burden of running the CIA.
 In arguing to end the dual role of the DCI -- managing the CIA and leading the intelligence community -- Specter noted that many have failed to maintain the delicate separation of these two competing responsibilities and said none should be required to.
 "On the one hand," he said, "the DCI has been expected to provide unvarnished intelligence assessments. On the other, he has been asked or even has taken the initiative to be a participant in the making and execution of foreign policy though covert actions. If history has told us anything, it is that the desired separation can not and has not been consistently maintained."
 Former Secretary of State George Shultz had "grave doubts" about the objectivity and reliability of some intelligence he was receiving, Specter said, "precisely because the people who supplied it were too deeply involved in advocating and carrying out policy."
 /delval/
 -0- 3/19/92
 /CONTACT: Dan McKenna or Susan Lamontagne of Sen. Arlen Specter's Office, 202-224-9020/ CO: Senate Intelligence Committee ST: District of Columbia IN: SU: LEG


KA-MP -- PH030 -- 9782 03/19/92 15:14 EST
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Publication:PR Newswire
Date:Mar 19, 1992
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