SOFC Fuel Cells Pass 50%"Efficiency Threshold" for Operational Viability in Japanese Tests.
WESTWOOD, Mass. -- An Acumentrics-Nippon Steel solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system has demonstrated a net electrical efficiency of 52% DC (42% AC) in extended operation, and an overall efficiency of 83% in tests conducted as part of the Japanese New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization ("NEDO") program.
"The achievement of over 50% electrical efficiency in a small scale system is well above what is achievable by similar sized diesel generator sets, which typically operate at an efficiency less than 30%," said Acumentrics CTO and Senior Vice-President, Dr. Norm Bessette. The 52% net DC efficiency rate could represent a new record for generators smaller than 10kW, he noted. Acumentrics' subsidiary, Acumentrics Japan, collaborated with Nippon Steel Engineering Co. Ltd. on the tests.
"Now that we have demonstrated this efficiency rate in a small system, broader use of SOFC fuel cell units for distributed residential power and heating, and for megawatt-size commercial and utility applications has moved within reach," according to Bessette. "Although hurdles remain in demonstrating operational longevity and equipment cost-reductions in large scale manufacturing, wider commercial viability is definitely coming into sight," he added.
The 8.8 kW system, which used Acumentrics' tubular solid oxide technology, successfully completed 3,000 hours of operation fueled with natural gas using steam reforming, an efficient method of breaking down the natural gas so that it may be converted to electricity by the fuel cell. Steam reforming is considered superior to the commonly used method of partial oxidation as it allows the system to achieve higher efficiencies, which is key to reducing green house gas emissions.
"By demonstrating an integrated system that uses steam reforming, Acumentrics Japan has achieved a significant technical milestone," according to Bessette. "The system which is based on the same cell technology used in the Acumentrics system evaluated in the U.S. Department of Energy's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program. The NEDO tests show the increased efficiency that can be achieved by moving from partial oxidation to steam reforming - 37% to 52% - and demonstrates that the natural gas-to-AC electricity efficiency of 50% long promised by SOFCs is achievable in small scale sizes."
The SOFC development program sponsored by NEDO is aimed at facilitating the mass commercialization of SOFC technology.
The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) was established by the Japanese government in 1980 to develop new oil-alternative energy technologies. In 1988, NEDO's activities were expanded to include industrial technology research and development, and in 1990, environmental technology research and development. Activities to promote new energy and energy conservation technology were subsequently added in 1993. NEDO is now also responsible for R&D project planning and formation, project management and post-project technology evaluation functions.
Acumentrics' unique, durable, fuel-flexible tubular ceramics-based fuel cell technology has exceeded performance standards in U.S. Department of Energy Solid-State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Phase I tests, demonstrated the ability to operate for 1300-hours on synthetic JP-8 fuel, become the first biogas-fueled SOFC system in an installation at the innovative GlashusEtt environmental information center in Stockholm, and received a 2007 New England Innovation Award from the Smaller Business Association of New England. Acumentrics also sells rugged, uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) to the military and other mission-critical markets.
|Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback|
|Date:||Dec 13, 2007|
|Previous Article:||Viral Holiday Video from Lawson Software to Spread Cheer.|
|Next Article:||InterDigital Completes Successful Initial Evaluation Tests of Baseband ASIC.|