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SOFC Fuel Cells Pass 50%"Efficiency Threshold" for Operational Viability in Japanese Tests.



Acumentrics' System Achieves Near-Doubling of Small Generator Fuel Efficiency Levels; Opens Way for Residential & Large-Scale Units

WESTWOOD, Mass. -- An Acumentrics-Nippon Steel solid oxide fuel cell A Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is an electrochemical conversion device that produces electricity directly from fuel. Fuel cells are characterized by their electrolyte material and, as the name implies, the SOFC has a solid oxide, or ceramic, electrolyte.  (SOFC SOFC Solid Oxide Fuel Cell ) system has demonstrated a net electrical efficiency The efficiency of an entity (a device, component, or system) in electronics and electrical engineering is defined as useful power output divided by the total electrical power consumed (a fractional expression).
 of 52% DC (42% AC) in extended operation, and an overall efficiency of 83% in tests conducted as part of the Japanese New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization ("NEDO NEDO National Eating Disorders Organization
NEDO New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (Japan)
NEDO National Economic Development Office
") program.

"The achievement of over 50% electrical efficiency in a small scale system is well above what is achievable by similar sized diesel generator A diesel generator is the combination of a diesel engine with an electrical generator (often called an alternator) to generate electric energy.

Diesel generators are used in places without connection to the power grid or as emergency power-supply if the grid fails.
 sets, which typically operate at an efficiency less than 30%," said Acumentrics CTO (Chief Technical Officer) The executive responsible for the technical direction of an organization. See CIO and salary survey.  and Senior Vice-President, Dr. Norm Bessette. The 52% net DC efficiency rate could represent a new record for generators smaller than 10kW, he noted. Acumentrics' subsidiary, Acumentrics Japan, collaborated with Nippon Steel Engineering Co. Ltd. on the tests.

"Now that we have demonstrated this efficiency rate in a small system, broader use of SOFC fuel cell units for distributed residential power and heating, and for megawatt-size commercial and utility applications has moved within reach," according to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

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 Bessette. "Although hurdles remain in demonstrating operational longevity and equipment cost-reductions in large scale manufacturing, wider commercial viability is definitely coming into sight," he added.

The 8.8 kW system, which used Acumentrics' tubular solid oxide technology, successfully completed 3,000 hours of operation fueled with natural gas using steam reforming, an efficient method of breaking down the natural gas so that it may be converted to electricity by the fuel cell. Steam reforming is considered superior to the commonly used method of partial oxidation In chemistry, a partial oxidation reaction occurs when a substoichiometric fuel-air mixture is partially combusted in a reformer, creating a hydrogen-rich syngas, which can then be put to further use, for example in a fuel cell.  as it allows the system to achieve higher efficiencies, which is key to reducing green house gas emissions.

"By demonstrating an integrated system that uses steam reforming, Acumentrics Japan has achieved a significant technical milestone," according to Bessette. "The system which is based on the same cell technology used in the Acumentrics system evaluated in the U.S. Department of Energy's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA SECA Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance
SECA Swiss Private Equity & Corporate Finance Association
SECA Southern Early Childhood Association
SECA Sulphur Emission Control Area
SECA Self-Employment Contributions Act of 1954
) program. The NEDO tests show the increased efficiency that can be achieved by moving from partial oxidation to steam reforming - 37% to 52% - and demonstrates that the natural gas-to-AC electricity efficiency of 50% long promised by SOFCs is achievable in small scale sizes."

The SOFC development program sponsored by NEDO is aimed at facilitating the mass commercialization of SOFC technology.

About NEDO

The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) was established by the Japanese government in 1980 to develop new oil-alternative energy technologies. In 1988, NEDO's activities were expanded to include industrial technology research and development, and in 1990, environmental technology research and development. Activities to promote new energy and energy conservation technology were subsequently added in 1993. NEDO is now also responsible for R&D project planning project planning - project management  and formation, project management and post-project technology evaluation functions.

About Acumentrics

Acumentrics' unique, durable, fuel-flexible tubular ceramics-based fuel cell technology has exceeded performance standards in U.S. Department of Energy Solid-State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Phase I tests, demonstrated the ability to operate for 1300-hours on synthetic JP-8 fuel, become the first biogas-fueled SOFC system in an installation at the innovative GlashusEtt environmental information center in Stockholm, and received a 2007 New England New England, name applied to the region comprising six states of the NE United States—Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The region is thought to have been so named by Capt.  Innovation Award from the Smaller Business Association of New England. Acumentrics also sells rugged, uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) to the military and other mission-critical markets.
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Publication:Business Wire
Date:Dec 13, 2007
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