There is little wonder why the rose is called the "queen of flowers." Roses have long been cherished for their beauty, fragrance, and wide range of color not of the white race; - commonly meaning, esp. in the United States, of negro blood, pure or mixed.
See also: Color . No other flower has been used more to express love, honor, or sympathy. Give someone a bouquet of roses, and you are sure to see a smile.
v. fos·sil·ized, fos·sil·iz·ing, fos·sil·iz·es
1. To convert into a fossil.
2. To make outmoded or inflexible with time; antiquate.
v.intr. evidence indicates that roses grew in prehisotric times. It is believed they were first cultivated, probably in China, some five thousand years ago. Today, there are literally thousands of varieties to choose from, and contrary to popular belief, many are easy to grow.
Modern hybrid teas hybrid tea
Any of a class of cultivated hybrid roses originally developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, noted especially for their long-stemmed flowers in a wide range of strong colors and for their extended blooming season. are the roses most people are familiar with because these are the roses used in florists' arrangements. They also give roses the reputation for being hard to grow. It is true that hybrid teas take almost daily care, but for the rose hobbyist and accomplished gardener, their caretaking is an enjoyable task.
David Austin For the cartoonist, see David Austin (cartoonist).
David C.H. Austin OBE (born 1926) is a rose breeder and writer who lives in Shropshire, England. His emphasis is on breeding roses with the character and fragrance of Old Garden Roses (Gallicas, Damasks, Alba roses, etc. English roses are modern roses that appeal to almost every rose grower. This group is classified as a shrub shrub, any woody, perennial, bushy plant that branches into several stems or trunks at the base and is smaller than a tree. Shrubs are an important feature of permanent landscape planting, being used for formal decorative groups, hedges, screens, and background and combines the fragrance of old garden roses and the everblooming ev·er·bloom·ing
Blooming throughout the growing season. power of modern roses. These roses are vigorous and very hardy in Southern gardens. Many other breeders have followed Austin in creating new roses in the old world style.
Old garden roses are roses belonging to classes developed before 1867. These roses not only produce beautiful flowers with very little care, but their lush foliage makes them wonderful landscape plants. The revival of interest in these roses has made rose gardening more appealing to novice gardeners.
Whether you want a whole garden of roses or just a few to add to your landscape, there is one to fit practically every garden purpose. This versatility is another reason why the rose is so popular with gardeners.
A SOUTHERN ROSE GARDEN
BY BONNIE bon·ny also bon·nie
adj. bon·ni·er, bon·ni·est Scots
1. Physically attractive or appealing; pretty.
2. Excellent. GIBBS
When the roses are in bloom in front of the University of Southern Mississippi, it is a wondrous sight to behold be·hold
v. be·held , be·hold·ing, be·holds
a. To perceive by the visual faculty; see: beheld a tiny figure in the distance.
b. . Rows and rows of hundreds of different varieties explode in a full range of colors, from a very pure white to a deep velvety vel·vet·y
adj. vel·vet·i·er, vel·vet·i·est
1. Suggestive of the texture of velvet; soft and smooth: velvety skin.
2. scarlet. A heady scent washes over whoever traverses the wide, neatly kept rows of bushes. Many students have spent time in the garden over the years; some have even proposed to their intended with the fragrance of roses all around them. The rose garden has become a trademark of the university, and people from across the southeast travel to Hattiesburg to experience its beauty. So how did this magnificent natural display come about?
Well, in the late hours of a mid-summer's evening, the six charter members of the Hattiesburg Area Rose Society knelt knelt
A past tense and a past participle of kneel.
the past of kneel
knelt kneel before a long ribbon of white paper. Pencils and crayons in hand, they began a painstaking pains·tak·ing
Marked by or requiring great pains; very careful and diligent. See Synonyms at meticulous.
Extremely careful and diligent work or effort. process of crafting the perfect design. Ideas became shapes, shapes became patterns, until finally patterns became a layout. Around 2 a.m., a consensus had been reached. The group agreed a fan shape would best showcase its latest brainchild brain·child
An original idea or plan attributed to a person or group.
Informal an idea or plan produced by creative thought
Noun 1. , a nationally recognized rose garden to be located at The University of Southern Mississippi.
Planting rose gardens was nothing new to the HARS HARS Historical Aircraft Restoration Society
HARS HIV/AIDS Reporting System
HARS Historic Area Remediation Site
HARS Highway Advisory Radio System (public service announcements)
HARS High Altitude Route System , whose purpose was to locate, display, and enjoy the flowers. Started in 1972 by Dr. and Mrs. William Eure, Mr. and Mrs. William Wicht, Sr., and Mr. and Mrs. J.B. Waltman, the group had already planted a memorial garden at the Shreveport, Louisiana, headquarters of the American Rose Society. In fact, that project inspired members to bring the beauty of a rose garden to Hattiesburg, but on a larger scale. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Dr. Eure, the garden's site--a large grassy area in the front of Southern's campus--was an obvious location. "It seemed like it was crying for a rose garden," he said.
With the concept, location, and design settled, the group's next move was to convince then university President William D. McCain to allow the garden on campus. A serious and respected leader, McCain had vowed to keep the campus "muddy or dusty with construction" during his tenure. Creating and maintaining a rose garden didn't exactly fit in with those plans. HARS President William Wicht, however, resolved to persuade McCain of the garden's importance. "Mr. Wicht was determined to make the rose garden a reality," Eure explained. "He would be at Dr. McCain's office every morning at 8 with our plans in hand."
William Wicht, Jr. agreed. "My dad drove McCain crazy about putting in a rose garden," he said. "I've heard stories of how Dr. McCain said the quickest way to get my dad out of his office was to agree to the rose garden."
So vigilant was Wicht that McCain made a point of mentioning him at the rose garden's official dedication in April 1974. "Dr. McCain said he was more or less required to build this rose garden," Eure said with a laugh. "You have to remember that Mr. Wicht was German, and he could be tough."
In addition to being persistent, Wicht and his wife, Evelyn, were expert rosarians and often served nationally as rose judges. When McCain finally relented, the Wichts immediately put their expertise and connections to use. The couple attended the annual American Rose Society national meeting and convinced the majority of rose growers to send their blooms to Hattiesburg. By the time the garden was planted in 1973, growers from across the nation had sent 600 bushes to fill the 32 beds. By 1975, the garden was approved as an accredited accredited
recognition by an appropriate authority that the performance of a particular institution has satisfied a prestated set of criteria.
cattle herds which have achieved a low level of reactors to, e.g. Public Rose Garden by All-American Rose Selections Inc.
The tradition of displaying roses from across the country continues today. New blooms are selected by the American Rose Society, said Pat McDonald Pat McDonald Born "Patricia Ethell McDonald" (1 August, 1922–10 March, 1990) was an Australian actress best known for two long-running soap opera roles. She was the daughter of one of Australia's most prominent radio engineers, Arthur McDonald She played comical gossip , director of grounds maintenance and president of the newly formed USM USM
1. United States Mail
2. United States Mint
USM n abbr (= United States Mint) → US-Münzanstalt (= United States Mail) → US-Postbehörde Rose Garden Society. "The ARS selects the best roses each year and sends 25 varieties of each to us," he explained. "This year we are planting the 2002 winners."
Caring for so many blooms has been made easier by the garden's design, which was carefully mapped out by the HARS. Aisles between the rows of roses are extra wide to accommodate maintenance crews and pedestrians. The ample width also affords enough space for machinery so work does not have to be done manually. Beds are elevated to alleviate any flooding caused by heavy rain, and a waterway waterway, natural or artificial navigable inland body of water, or system of interconnected bodies of water, used for transportation, may include a lake, river, canal, or any combination of these. system is located beneath the garden.
Even with its logistically sound layout, the garden requires yearlong care from a dedicated shrub pruning pruning, the horticultural practice of cutting away an unwanted, unnecessary, or undesirable plant part, used most often on trees, shrubs, hedges, and woody vines. crew. During the garden's growing season growing season, period during which plant growth takes place. In temperate climates the growing season is limited by seasonal changes in temperature and is defined as the period between the last killing frost of spring and the first killing frost of autumn, at which , which typically lasts from April through October, a crew from USM's Grounds Maintenance spends up to 12 hours per week caring for the blooms. According to Sid Krhut, landscape superintendent, even with the garden's various hybrids, the crew employs a broad care system. The amount of water, nutrients, and sunlight are all constants, he said. Preventing or containing diseases, however, is where care can differ.
"Some roses are more susceptible to disease than others," he said. "Black spot is a common disease that roses get, but the newer roses coming out are more resistant to it. To prevent or contain the disease, there should be a regular spray program. We spray our roses every two weeks for half of the year, then depending on the weather, every three weeks."
Another maintenance measure the crew takes is radical pruning. "We do major pruning around mid to late February," Krhut said. "Then we do dead-heading, where we remove stump blooms or dead blooms every two to four weeks. When we dead-head, we don't take off major height. We have shrubs that are 18 inches tall and shrubs that are six-feet tall."
Krhut added that the crew also prunes shrubs during the fall and typically keeps three to five healthy canes per bush.
When planting season nears, the maintenance crew begins preparing the beds for the annual influx of roses. To make room for the newest blooms, the crew uproots the least productive beds and puts them through a rigorous sterilization sterilization
Any surgical procedure intended to end fertility permanently (see contraception). Such operations remove or interrupt the anatomical pathways through which the cells involved in fertilization travel (see reproductive system). process. "We dig out as much soil as possible and add new compost and new soil," Krhut explained. "We combine one-third aged pine bark compost, one-third topsoil or sand, and one-third horse manure. Then we treat the bed with a granular granular /gran·u·lar/ (gran´u-lar) made up of or marked by presence of granules or grains.
1. Composed or appearing to be composed of granules or grains.
2. soil sterilant sterilant
a sterilizing agent, i.e. an agent that destroys microorganisms. , which kills weeds and bacteria. The bed is covered for 20 days then left uncovered for 20 days, after which it is ready for the new roses."
Krhut said healthy roses either remain in the main garden or are replanted in various spots around campus. Currently, there are beds in front of the president's home, the baseball field, the Payne Center recreational complex, two of the residence halls, and the new fieldhouse.
With lush blooms sprinkled across campus, it is understandable that many students are tempted to pick a rose every now and then. According to campus lore, the university penalizes would-be pruners caught picking flowers, with hefty fines ranging between $50 and $500 per rose.
Even though USM occasionally contends with rose pickers, officials with Grounds Maintenance said having the garden on campus is worth it. "The rose garden is the signature effort of our department; we put a heck of a lot of work, time, and money into it," McDonald said. "The garden is symbolic of USM, and USM has become famous because of it. I like to think of it as the heartthrob of the university. At every commencement, at every reception, the roses are on display. We take great pride in them. The garden truly displays the best of the best roses."
Dr. Aubrey K. Lucas, past university president, echoed McDonald's sentiments. "The rose garden has brought immense beauty to our campus," he said. "It's one of the first things First Things is a monthly ecumenical journal concerned with the creation of a "religiously informed public philosophy for the ordering of society" (First Things website). people see when they come to campus.
"I understand that when people decide they want to grow roses, they are told to watch the rose garden at USM," he continued. "When they see us spraying, pruning, or watering, they are told to do the same. So, in a way, the rose garden also serves as a model for rosarians."
In addition to having a model garden to follow, Hattiesburg residents also benefit from the garden's appeal as a natural attraction. "The rose garden at USM grows more beautiful every year," said Hattiesburg Mayor Johnny DuPree. "The university puts a lot of time and expertise into making it a masterpiece for all passersby. Having a visually beautiful city is very important. People say it's what's on What's On (Traditional Chinese: 熒幕八爪娛) is a weekly half-hour TV series that airs on Fairchild Television. Format
Originally started in 1996, the show is currently the longest-running program in Fairchild Television history. the inside that counts. That is true, but only after people decide they want to stay long enough to find out what Hattiesburg is about. They won't do that if they are not visually drawn to our city first."
IDEAS FOR THE ROSE GARDENER
BY PATTY ROPER
PHOTOGRAPHY BY GREG CAMPBELL
Gregory Dale Campbell (born March 10, 1964, Launceston, Tasmania) is a former Australian cricketer who played in 4 Tests and 12 ODIs from 1989 to 1990.
CARE AND CONDITIONING OF CUT ROSES
It is best to cut roses the first thing in the morning, when their water content is the highest. Cut the stem at an angle with a sharp pair of scissors scissors
Cutting instrument or tool consisting of a pair of opposed metal blades that meet and cut when the handles at their ends are brought together. Modern scissors are of two types: the more usual pivoted blades have a rivet or screw connection between the cutting ends or cutters just above the leaf node Noun 1. leaf node - (botany) the small swelling that is the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge
phytology, botany - the branch of biology that studies plants . Place them immediately in a bucket of water. If buying flowers, get them into tepid tep·id
1. Moderately warm; lukewarm.
2. Lacking in emotional warmth or enthusiasm; halfhearted: "the tepid conservatism of the fifties" Irving Howe. water as soon as possible for at least a couple of hours or longer. Before arranging roses, always recut the stems with a diagonal cut and remove all leaves that fall below the water level. Use clean vases and a commercially formulated flower food to inhibit bacteria and to feed the plant. You will not need to change the water with a flower food, but top off your vase each day with fresh water.
Three methods for drying roses are air-drying, microwave drying, and silica gel silica gel, chemical compound. It is a colloidal form of silica, and usually resembles coarse white sand. It may be prepared by partial dehydration of metasilicic acid, H2SiO3. Because it has many tiny pores, it has great adsorptive power. or fine sand drying. Air-drying is the most common method. It is the best way to dry rosebuds that are just about to open but still retain their shape. Simply hang the roses from their stems on a string in a warm, dry, and dark place with good ventilation for a couple of weeks. Microwave drying is suitable for short stem roses. Lay the flowers on a paper towel and put in the microwave on the lowest setting. Microwave on the lowest setting 1 minute at a time. Check to make sure you do not over dry. For silica gel (available at craft stores) or fine sand, put a layer about 1/2 to 1 inch deep on the bottom of an airtight air·tight
1. Impermeable by air.
2. Having no weak points; sound: an airtight excuse.
1. container and lay roses on crystals or sand making sure that they do not touch. Cover with silica gel or sand completely and tightly seal the container. Keep at room temperature for about 7 to 10 days before removing the gel or sand.
To make potpourri you will need lots of dried petals and leaves. To dry leaves and petals, place freshly picked rose petals and leaves separately on absorbent absorbent /ab·sor·bent/ (-sor´bent)
1. able to take in, or suck up and incorporate.
2. a tissue structure involved in absorption.
3. a substance that absorbs or promotes absorption. paper in a cool place with good airflow. Petals must be totally dry to make potpourri.
ROSE AND DELPHINIUM POTPOURRI 9 ounces dried scented rose petals 3 1/2 ounces dried delphinium flowers and marigold petals large jar with screw top 1 tablespoon dried mint leaves 1 teaspoon ground cloves 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1 teaspoon ground allspice 1 tablespoon ground orris root (available at craft stores) 8 drops rose essential oil or rose geranium oil (available at craft stores)
Mix petals and flowers in jar. Add other ingredients one at a time and shake well between each addition. Screw on lid and leave 2 or 3 days in a dark place.
CITRUS AND ROSE POTPOURRI 9 ounces dried scented rose petals 3 1/2 ounces dried lavender airtight container dried grated peel of 2 large lemons 1 teaspoon ground allspice 1 teaspoon orris root
Mix flowers and herbs and dried lemon peel together in an airtight container. Leave for 2 to 3 days. Add spices and orris root the fragrant rootstock of the orris.
See also: Orris , shake well, and leave for a week, stirring occasionally.
POTPOURRI MEMORY JAR
Find a beautiful old jar or vase and give it to a friend or loved one with a special flower inside and instructions for a memory jar. It makes a great gift for a teenage girl to store her memories. Add any special flower from a special person, event, or memory to your jar after it is dried. Add a few drops of your favorite oil and enjoy special potpourri. Teenage girls may want to save all corsages and flowers and throw as potpourri on their wedding day.
ROSE GATHERING CONTAINER (pictured at left) 3 large juice cans (pineapple juice cans are a good size) plastic coated bicycle hook metallic paint (I used bright gloss yellow to match the plastic- coated bicycle hook) gold marking pen 5/8-inch wooden dowel cut to 23 inches long 3 wood screws electric drill screw driver Liquid Nails gule
Cut dowel dowel /dow·el/ (dou´'l) a peg or pin for fastening an artificial crown or core to a natural tooth root, or affixing a die to a working model for construction of a crown, inlay, or partial denture. to desired length. Paint dowel and three large cans inside and out with desired color. Paint three coats. Edge tops and bottoms of cans with gold marking pen. Drill a small hole in each can, the first 1/2 inch from top, the second 3/4 inch from the top, and the third 1 inch from the top. Screw each can to the dowel making sure they are all level on the bottom. Glue the length of each can to the dowel with Liquid Nails glue. Drill a hole into the top of the dowel and screw the bicycle hook into the top for a handle. Fill each can with about an inch or two of water and head for your rose garden.
ROSEBUD SPHERE Styrofoam ball tiny dried rosebuds hot glue gun and glue sticks
Glue roses to Styrofoam ball side by side until entire ball is covered.
7 ounces highly scented dried rose petals 1 1/4 pounds fine quality tea
Mix together and store in an airtight container.
May be used to sweeten sweet·en
v. sweet·ened, sweet·en·ing, sweet·ens
1. To make sweet or sweeter by adding sugar, honey, saccharin, or another sweet substance.
2. To make more pleasant or agreeable. tea, coffee, cream, or sauces. It can also be used for baking, perhaps in your favorite sugar cookie Noun 1. sugar cookie - cookies sprinkled with granulated sugar
cookie, cooky, biscuit - any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term) recipe.
5 cups highly scented dried rose petals
1 cup super fine sugar
Grind rose petals in food processor to coarse sand consistency. Combine with sugar and store in airtight container.
ROSE PETAL SANDWICHES 1 cup butter 5 dark pink or red scented roses 1 loaf thinly sliced white bread
Wrap butter covered in rose petals in muslin muslin, general name for plain woven fine white cottons for domestic use. It is believed that muslins were first made at Mosul (now a city of Iraq). They were widely made in India, from where they were first imported to England in the late 17th cent. cloth and refrigerate re·frig·er·ate
tr.v. re·frig·er·at·ed, re·frig·er·at·ing, re·frig·er·ates
1. To cool or chill (a substance).
2. To preserve (food) by chilling. overnight. Remove petals from butter and spread on bread cut into heart shapes. Place fresh rose petals in each sandwich and sprinkle petals on plate of sandwiches.
CRYSTALLIZED ROSE PETALS (pictured on page 76) fresh roses egg whites, slightly beaten super fine sugar paintbrush wire rack tissue paper
Brush each petal with beaten egg white. Sprinkle with sugar. Allow flowers to dry on wire rack See wiring rack. . Store for a few days on tissue paper in dry place.
RELATED ARTICLE: A FEW ROSE TIPS
Growing healthy, beautiful roses is an achievable goal, even for an amateur gardener. Sid Krhut, USM's landscape superintendent, offers the following tips for starting a rose garden.
* Buy quality roses from a trusted nursery. Make sure the roses look healthy, the canes are not brown or dry, and the foliage is not diseased.
* Pick a good location. Make sure the roses will be in a full-sun area, and plant the roses away from trees to keep tree roots from posing a problem.
* Use good soil, and consider using a sand-based soil. Make sure the soil is well drained A drain or vent for water, somewhat like a well or pit, serving to discharge the water of wet land.
A drain conducting to a well or pit.
See also: Well Well as roses will not grow in low, wet situations. The easiest way to ensure proper drainage is to elevate the beds.
* Keep roses on a pest management program, whether for insects or diseases. Spray once a week for most of the year and, if conditions are dry and hot, spray once every two or three weeks. Most pesticides are specifically labeled, but consult your local nursery or county agent's office for assistance.
* Roses require a lot of food when blooming, and during that time, Grounds Maintenance feeds the USM Rose Garden once a month. Toward the end of the growing season, roses are given extra fertilizer to help them last throughout the winter.
Local rose expert Miriam Ethridge adds:
* Roses need approximately five to six hours of sun per day. Old garden roses can tolerate less.
* There should be good ventilation to help prevent disease.
* Plant in holes twice the size of the root mass. Mulch after planting.
* Roses need one inch of water per week.
* Pruning is essential to keep roses properly shaped. It also encourages new growth and flowering.