Roots of Rabbinic Judaism: An Intellectual History, From Ezekiel to Daniel.Roots of Rabbinic Judaism rabbinic Judaism
Principal form of Judaism that developed after the fall of the Second Temple of Jerusalem (AD 70). It originated in the teachings of the Pharisees, who emphasized the need for critical interpretation of the Torah. : An Intellectual History, From Ezekiel to Daniel. By Gabriele Boccaccini. Grand Rapids Grand Rapids, city (1990 pop. 189,126), seat of Kent co., SW central Mich., on the Grand River; inc. 1850. The second largest city in the state, it is a distribution, wholesale, and industrial center for an area that yields fruit, dairy products, farm produce, : William B. Eerdmans, 2001. xvii and 230 pages. Paper. $24.00.
Many of us were introduced to rabbinic literature Rabbinic literature, in the broadest sense, can mean the entire spectrum of Judaism's rabbinic writing/s throughout history. However, the term often used is an exact translation of the Hebrew term Sifrut Hazal through the statement in 'Abot, "Moses received Torah at Sinai and committed it to Joshua, Joshua to elders, and elders to prophets." Boccaccini challenges this idea with his intellectual history of the early Second Temple period. Roots of Rabbinic Judaism neither discusses oral strands of rabbinic rab·bin·i·cal also rab·bin·ic
Of, relating to, or characteristic of rabbis.
[From obsolete rabbin, rabbi, from French, from Old French rabain, probably from Aramaic traditions nor describes early rabbis during this period. There were none. His thesis is that Rabbinic Judaism was a reform movement emerging only in the late Second Temple period. Rather, the dominant theological movement from the exile down to the Maccabees was Zadokite Judaism. Along with the postexilic post·ex·il·ic also post·ex·il·i·an
Of or relating to the period of Jewish history following the Babylonian captivity (after 586 b.c.).
Adj. 1. reconstruction of the Jerusalem temple, the Zadokite priesthood took the lead while the Davidic monarchy faded away and the prophetic tradition waned. A trajectory beginning with Ezekiel 40-48 and continuing with Ezra/Nehemiah, the Priestly document of the Pentateuch, and Chronicles paints a worldview world·view
n. In both senses also called Weltanschauung.
1. The overall perspective from which one sees and interprets the world.
2. A collection of beliefs about life and the universe held by an individual or a group. of stability and order with God's omnipotent control, ritual life centered around the temple sacrificial system, and a notion of personal responsibility and accountability in a covenant relationship.
Two parallel trajectories challenged the Zadokite system: Sapiential Sa`pi`en´tial
a. 1. Having or affording wisdom.
The sapiential books of the Old [Testament].
- Jer. Taylor.
Adj. 1. Judaism (Ahiqar, Proverbs, Job, Jonah, and Qoheleth) and Enochic Judaism (Book of the Watchers, Aramaic Levi, and Astronomical Book). Both were concerned about the problem of human suffering and evil. The former sought answers in the doctrines of an omnipotent God and free will and raised questions about the predominant idea of the covenant. The latter saw the origins of evil in a heavenly rebellion that disrupted God's creative order. Boccaccini stresses that both challenges were internal, not a revolutionary lay movement.
Partly because of the economic influence of the Tobiads under Hellenism, Zadokite Judaism adapted to Sapiential concerns, especially through work of Tobit and Sirach. On the opposite side, the Enochian tradition remained separate and eventually developed into Essene Judaism at Qumran--described in his previous book, Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism.
So where are the roots of rabbinic thought? Boccaccini sees the book of Daniel Noun 1. Book of Daniel - an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar
Book of the Prophet Daniel, Daniel as a "third way" which adopted the apocalyptic worldview of Enochic Judaism but rejected the idea of a heavenly rebellion in favor of retaining the focus on human responsibility. Covenantal theology continued its central place only through a distinction between corporate and individual retribution and by removing God's judgment to the resurrection. It thus has become the first "protorabbinic" text.
For the real origins of rabbinic thought--when ideas of the preexistence pre·ex·ist or pre-ex·ist
v. pre·ex·ist·ed, pre·ex·ist·ing, pre·ex·ists
To exist before (something); precede: Dinosaurs preexisted humans.
v.intr. of Torah and oral tradition supplement themes of covenant and afterlife retribution--one must wait for a subsequent volume in which the author plans to continue this survey of intellectual history from Daniel to the Mishnah.
The study of early Second Temple Judaism is often neglected in churches, but, with popular culture fascinated with a Left Behind theology and with The Prayer of Jabez as a bestseller, church leaders would be wise to delve into this volume.
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