Rockwell Collins Reports Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2008 Earnings Per Share of $1.03 on Sales of $1.186 Billion; Fiscal Year 2008 Earnings Per Share Guidance Range Increased to $3.95 to $4.05.CEDAR RAPIDS Cedar Rapids, city (1990 pop. 108,751), seat of Linn co., E central Iowa, on the Cedar River; inc. as a city 1856. The second largest city in Iowa, it is named for the surging rapids in the river. , Iowa -- Rockwell Collins, Inc. (NYSE NYSE
See: New York Stock Exchange : COL) today reported net income of $168 million for the second quarter of fiscal year 2008 ended March 31, 2008, an increase of $28 million, or 20% over fiscal year 2007 second quarter net income of $140 million. Earnings per share improved 21 cents, or 26%, to $1.03 compared to earnings per share of 82 cents last year. Earnings per share growth exceeded the growth rate in net income by 6 percentage points, principally due to the favorable effect of the company's share repurchase Share Repurchase
A program by which a company buys back its own shares from the marketplace, reducing the number of outstanding shares. This is usually an indication that the company's management thinks the shares are undervalued. program.
Second quarter fiscal year 2008 sales increased $103 million, or 10%, to $1.186 billion compared to year ago second quarter sales of $1.083 billion. Cash provided by operating activities of $130 million for the first six months of fiscal year 2008 was lower than the $186 million reported for the same period last year as the impact of higher net income was more than offset by an increase in working capital utilization.
"These results clearly demonstrate the level of performance we can achieve through the unique combination of our balanced exposure to government and commercial markets, the diversity of our customer base within each market, and the successful operation of our efficient shared service business model," said Rockwell Collins Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer Clay Jones. "Despite higher research and development investments and a decline in Commercial Systems' aftermarket revenues, we achieved double-digit growth in total company revenues as well as higher year-over-year segment operating margins in both our Commercial and Government Systems businesses."
"This excellent operational performance was further enhanced by taking advantage of our strong balance sheet capacity and repurchasing an additional 3 million shares of common stock during the quarter," said Jones, noting that over the past 12 months, the company has repurchased 9 million shares and reduced its total outstanding share count by 4%.
Commenting on the company's assessment of current Aerospace and Defense market conditions and the company's updated financial projections for the 2008 fiscal year, Jones concluded, "Although we expect a weaker U.S. economic environment in 2008, market conditions for our Commercial and Government Systems businesses continue to be solid. Accordingly, we remain on track toward meeting our full year revenue projections. In addition, and due in part to higher profitability expectations in Government Systems, we raised our full year earnings per share forecast for a second consecutive quarter."
As anticipated, the company's second quarter fiscal year 2008 net income and earnings per share include the impact of a net 7 cent earnings per share benefit resulting from the favorable settlement of certain tax matters, partially offset by lower research and development tax credits due to the expiration of federal research and development tax credit legislation on December 31, 2007.
Following is a discussion of fiscal year 2008 second quarter sales and earnings for each business segment.
Commercial Systems, which provides aviation electronics systems, products and services to air transport, business and regional aircraft manufacturers and airlines worldwide, achieved second quarter sales of $610 million, an increase of $68 million, or 13%, compared to sales of $542 million reported for the same period last year.
Sales to airlines and aircraft original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) increased $79 million, or 29%, to $351 million. Market share gains and increased demand for new air transport, business and regional aircraft led to higher avionics sales across all three market areas, with particularly strong growth in sales to business and regional aircraft OEMs. In-flight entertainment system sales were also higher. Commercial Systems aftermarket revenues declined $11 million, or 4%, to $259 million. Higher revenues from service and support activities and sales of equipment for Boeing 787 simulators were more than offset by the anticipated impact of lower in-flight entertainment and business aircraft retrofit and spares revenues as well as lower regulatory mandate program revenues.
Commercial Systems' second quarter operating earnings Operating Earnings
Profits after subtracting expenses such as marketing, cost of goods sold, administration and general operating costs from revenue.
Tax and interest expenses are not subtracted - operating earnings are synonymous with EBIT (earnings before increased $18 million, or 15%, to $140 million, delivering an operating margin of 23.0%, compared to operating earnings of $122 million and an operating margin of 22.5% for the same period a year ago. The increase in operating earnings and operating margins was primarily due to the combination of higher revenues, productivity improvements, and higher royalty income, partially offset by higher research and development costs and the absence of a favorable contract option exercise adjustment recognized in last year's second quarter.
Government Systems, which provides communication and electronic systems, products and services for airborne and surface applications to the U.S. Department of Defense, other government agencies, civil agencies, defense contractors and foreign ministries of defense, achieved second quarter sales of $576 million, an increase of $35 million, or 6%, compared to sales of $541 million reported for the same period last year. Incremental sales from the August 2007 acquisition of Information Technology & Applications Corporation (ITAC ITAC Information Technology Association of Canada
ITAC Information Technology Advisory Committee
ITAC Identity Theft Assistance Center (Financial Services Roundtable)
ITAC International Telework Association and Council ) contributed $4 million, or 1 percentage point of the Government Systems revenue growth.
Airborne solutions sales increased $12 million, or 3%, to $399 million primarily due to higher integrated electronics systems revenues from international C-130 upgrade programs and the German Army CH-53 G helicopter program. Surface solutions sales increased $23 million, or 15%, to $177 million principally due to sales related to a United Kingdom Ministry of Defence precision targeting system program, higher Defense Advanced GPS Receiver For the DAGR Direct Attack Guided Rocket, see .
The Defense Advanced GPS Receiver (DAGR) is a handheld GPS receiver used by the United States Department of Defense and select foreign military services. (DAGR DAGR Defense Advanced GPS Receiver
DAGR Direct Attack Guided Rocket ) and Ground-Based GPS Receiver Application Module (GB-GRAM GB-GRAM Ground-Based GPS Receiver Application Module ) program sales, and the incremental revenues from the ITAC acquisition.
Government Systems' second quarter operating earnings increased $8 million, or 7%, to $115 million, resulting in an operating margin of 20.0%, compared to operating earnings of $107 million and an operating margin of 19.8% for the same period last year. The increase in operating earnings and operating margins was principally due to the higher sales volume.
During the second quarter of fiscal year 2008, the company continued to deploy its operating cash flow Operating cash flow
Earnings before depreciation minus taxes. Measures the cash generated from operations, not counting capital spending or working capital requirements. and utilize the strength of its balance sheet to enhance shareowner value:
* Common stock repurchases totaled 3 million shares at a total cost of $190 million. As of March 31, 2008, the company's share repurchase program has $326 million of share repurchase authorization remaining.
* Dividends paid to shareowners of common stock totaled $26 million, or 16 cents per share Cents per share
The amount of a mutual fund's dividend or capital gains distributions that a shareholder will receive for each share owned. .
In addition, on April 15, 2008, the company's Board of Directors approved an increase in the company's quarterly dividend of 8 cents per share, or 50%, to 24 cents per share on its common stock. The new quarterly dividend rate is effective with the next dividend payable on June 2, 2008, to shareholders of record at the close of business on May 12, 2008.
Fiscal Year 2008 Outlook
The company is today making the following adjustments to its full fiscal year 2008 financial guidance:
* Government Systems' segment operating margins are expected to be slightly higher than fiscal year 2007 full year segment operating margins of 19.8% (previously slightly lower than fiscal year 2007 full year segment operating margins). Accordingly, the company expects total segment operating margins to be in the range of 22% to 22.5% (previously about 22%).
* The company's effective income tax rate is expected to be in the range of 31.5% to 32.5% (previously in the range of 32.5% to 33.5%).
* Earnings per share are projected to be in the range of $3.95 to $4.05 (previously in the range of $3.85 to $4.00).
The following table is a complete summary of the company's updated fiscal year 2008 financial guidance:
(1) Legislation allowing for federal research and development tax credits (R&D Tax Credits) expired on December 31, 2007. The guidance range for earnings per share assumes federal research and development tax credit legislation is not retroactively extended beyond December 31, 2007 during the company's 2008 fiscal year.
(2) The range of projected cash flow from operating activities accommodates a discretionary qualified defined benefit pension plan contribution of up to $75 million. In addition, the range of projected cash flow from operating activities anticipates the collection of approximately $70 million to $80 million of receivables related to the Boeing 787 program. Collection of these receivables during fiscal year 2008 may be at risk due to the current projected delivery date of the first aircraft occurring in the fourth quarter of our 2009 fiscal year.
Rockwell Collins acquired Athena Technologies, a privately held company privately held company
A firm whose shares are held within a relatively small circle of owners and are not traded publicly. that develops and provides flight control and navigation solutions primarily to the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle A powered, aerial vehicle that does not carry a human operator, uses aerodynamic forces to provide vehicle lift, can fly autonomously or be piloted remotely, can be expendable or recoverable, and can carry a lethal or nonlethal payload. (UAV UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UAV Unmanned Air Vehicle
UAV Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle
UAV Unmanned Airborne Vehicle
UAV Uninhabited Air Vehicle
UAV Urban Assault Vehicle
UAV Unpiloted Aerial Vehicle (less common) ) market segment. Athena, which produces the GuideStar[R] family of versatile, compact and cost-effective flight control systems, provides Rockwell Collins with new growth opportunities on both manned and unmanned platforms as well as across both military and commercial market areas.
Rockwell Collins announced the opening of a new engineering center in Hyderabad, India. The facility will be dedicated to hardware and software development, with initial work focused on the design of displays and flight management systems. This center is scheduled to begin providing engineering services in October and will help the company satisfy its growing demand for engineering talent by hiring 500 people over the next 5 years.
Cessna Aircraft selected Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion(TM) for its Citation Columbus Business Jet. Pro Line Fusion offers a flexible architecture providing high reliability with extensive growth capabilities to meet the anticipated future air space requirements, and to support new technology and feature insertions. Standard features on the Columbus flight deck include: four high resolution 15-inch diagonal Liquid Crystal Displays with Synthetic Vision depiction of terrain and obstacles; MultiScan[TM] Weather Radar; Integrated Flight Information Systems (IFIS IFIS International Food Information Service
IFIS Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome
IFIS Integrated Financial Information System (accounting)
IFIS Islamic Finance Information Service
IFIS Integrated Flight Information System ) with electronic charts, enhanced maps and graphical weather overlays; dual Advanced Flight Management Systems (FMS FMS - Flexible Manufacturing System (factory automation). ) with Wide Area Augmentation System The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is an elevated-accuracy navigation system developed for civil aviation by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), a division of the United States Department of Transportation (DOT). that supports Localizer A directional radio beacon which provides to an aircraft an indication of its lateral position relative to a predetermined final approach course. See also instrument landing system. Precision with Vertical guidance approaches (WAAS/LPV) and Required Navigation Performance Required Navigation Performance (RNP) is defined by ICAO as "a statement of the navigation performance necessary for operation within a defined airspace". Part of a broader concept called "Performance-based Navigation," RNP is a method of implementing routes and flight paths that (RNP RNP
see ribonucleoprotein. ) capabilities. Optional features include Enhanced Vision; predictive windshear weather radar; Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication (CPDLC CPDLC Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (aviation) ); Surface Management System; a second IFIS and a third FMS.
Rockwell Collins flight computers and pilot controls selected for the new Mitsubishi Regional Jet. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI MHI Manufactured Housing Institute
MHI Montreal Heart Institute (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)
MHI Median Household Income
MHI Main Hawaiian Islands
MHI Material Handling Institute ) selected Rockwell Collins to provide primary flight control computers, pilot controls and horizontal stabilizer trim systems for the Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ MRJ Mitsubishi Regional Jet
MRJ Macintosh OS Runtime for Java
MRJ Maximally Random-Jammed
MRJ Macintosh Runtime for Java ). The primary flight control computers will be a key component of the MRJ fly-by-wire system. The pilot controls system will include the control wheels, columns, pedals, associated feel systems, and pedestal controls. This award is in addition to MHI's earlier selection of Rockwell Collins' to provide its Pro Line Fusion avionics for the MRJ flight deck.
Gulfstream selected Rockwell Collins to provide the pilot controls, Horizontal Stabilizer Trim System (HSTS HSTS High-Speed Transport Service ) and Head-up Guidance System (HGS HGS Human Genome Sciences, Inc. (Rockville, Maryland)
HGS Heads Up Guidance System
HGS Halifax Grammar School (Halifax, Canada)
HGS Heckmondwike Grammar School (UK) [R]) for its new G650 business jet. The G650 flight deck will feature Rockwell Collins' latest generation of modular designed pilot controls including the flap and speed brake control modules, the pitch, roll and yaw yaw, in aviation: see airplane; airfoil.
See pitch-yaw-roll. pilot controls, as well as their interfaces to the aircraft's fly-by-wire systems. The Rockwell Collins HSTS, which incorporates two independent means of drive and failure detection technology to meet the latest stringent certification requirements, is a major flight control system component that optimizes aerodynamics aerodynamics, study of gases in motion. As the principal application of aerodynamics is the design of aircraft, air is the gas with which the science is most concerned. by responding to complex computations to trim the pitch of the aircraft during flight. The HUD Hud (hd), a pre-Qur'anic prophet of Islam. Hud unsuccessfully exhorted his South Arabian people, the Ad, to worship the One God. II on the G650 features Rockwell Collins' HGS-6250 advanced active-matrix liquid crystal display An active matrix liquid crystal display (AMLCD) is a type of flat panel display, currently the overwhelming choice of notebook computer manufacturers, due to light weight, very good image quality, wide color gamut, and response time. The term was first used in 1975 by Dr T. technology and presents critical flight information in the pilot's forward field of view. Aircraft flight path and attitude symbols appear overlaying the outside scene enhancing situational awareness, improving energy management and increasing touchdown precision.
Several airlines selected Rockwell Collins avionics and service solutions for new Airbus, Boeing and Bombardier aircraft.
* Air China selected a suite of Rockwell Collins avionics for 11 Boeing 737-800 aircraft, which are being leased from GE Commercial Aviation Services GECAS (GE Commercial Aviation Services, formerly GE Capital Aviation Services, though the acronym is the more common usage) is a unit of GE Commercial Finance, itself part of the large conglomerate General Electric. The president of GECAS is Henry Hubschman. (GECAS GECAS General Electric Commercial Aviation Services ).
* V Australia, the new international long-haul airline of Australia launched recently by Virgin Blue, has selected a suite of Rockwell Collins avionics for seven firm and six optional Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. Deliveries are scheduled to start in September 2008.
* AirAsia and AirAsia X, a long-haul low-cost affiliate of AirAsia, selected a suite of Rockwell Collins avionics for 60 new Airbus A320 and A330 aircraft, with an option for 40 additional aircraft. AirAsia X's 15 Airbus A330 aircraft will be supported by a 15-year Rockwell Collins service and support agreement under which Rockwell Collins will provide maintenance support at a set price per flight hour, billed on a single monthly invoice. This is in addition to a Rockwell Collins service and support contract with AirAsia for 100 A320 aircraft.
* Pinnacle Airlines awarded Rockwell Collins a Dispatch 100 service contract to support its 16 new Bombardier CRJ900 fleet. Under the terms of the 10-year contract, Rockwell Collins will provide Pinnacle with spares ownership, logistics management, maintenance repair and on-site technical support under a single per flight hour price and a single point of contact.
Thai Aviation Industries awarded Rockwell Collins the second phase of a contract to upgrade the Royal Thai Air Force's (RTAF RTAF Royal Thai Air Force
RTAF Royal Thai Armed Forces
RTAF Radio Transmission Adaption Functionality ) fleet of C-130 aircraft with an integrated Communications, Navigation, Surveillance/Air Traffic Management (CNS/ATM CNS/ATM Communication Navigation Surveillance/Air Traffic Management ) solution. The first phase called for completing the avionics upgrade on six C-130 aircraft, while Phase 2 will include the avionics system upgrade for the final six aircraft of their C-130 fleet. Phase 2 will also include a System Integration Laboratory (SIL See safety integrity level.
1. SIL - "SIL - A Simulation Language", N. Houbak, LNCS 426, Springer 1990.
2. SIL - SNOBOL Implementation Language. Intermediate language forming a virtual machine for the implementation of portable interpreters. ) to support RTAF's maintenance of the avionics system and pilot familiarization with the Flight2[TM] system. Rockwell Collins will deliver the upgraded solution based on the company's Flight2[TM] avionics system, which includes an Ethernet-based Integrated Processing Center (IPC (1) (InterProcess Communication) The exchange of data between one program and another either within the same computer or over a network. It implies a protocol that guarantees a response to a request. ) with flight management capabilities and large format multifunction liquid crystal displays.
Integrated Guidance Systems LLC (Logical Link Control) See "LANs" under data link protocol.
LLC - Logical Link Control (IGS IGS - Internet Go Server. LLC), a Honeywell International and Rockwell Collins joint venture, was awarded a subcontract to provide the deeply integrated navigator for the U.S. Army Non-Line of Sight-Launch System (NLOS-LS NLOS-LS Non-Line of Sight - Launch System (US Army) ) program. The initial contract calls for IGS LLC to develop guidance systems for the NLOS-LS Precision Attack Missile (PAM) and Container Launch Unit (CLU (language) CLU - (CLUster) An object-oriented programming language developed at MIT by Liskov et al in 1974-1975.
CLU is an object-oriented language of the Pascal family designed to support data abstraction, similar to Alphard. ). Deliveries are expected to begin in 2009, with potential quantities of up to 30,700 PAM and 900 CLU systems being delivered over the next 15 years.
Rockwell Collins was selected by Jordan Aeronautical aer·o·nau·tic also aer·o·nau·ti·cal
Of or relating to aeronautics.
aero·nau Systems Company (JAC JAC Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
JAC Joint Astronomy Centre
JAC Joint Advisory Committee (Board of Directors for SEI)
JAC John Abbott College
JAC Juvenile Assessment Center
JAC Joint Analysis Center ) for the upgrade of F-5 fighter aircraft. Rockwell Collins Government Systems will provide a Rockwell Collins Business and Regional avionics system to JAC for the upgrade of 15 F-5 fighter aircraft which are to be resold to the Kenyan Air Force. The contract also provides for the initial installation and additional modification support for an estimated 14 months.
Telephonics Corporation and Rockwell Collins have entered into a teaming agreement to pursue the U.S. Army Vehicle Intercommunications System-Extended (VIS-X) Program. VIS-X represents a family of intercommunications systems and components for military tactical vehicles that will replace the Army's VIC-3 system. The Army recently issued a Request for Proposal for competitive bids. This program could potentially reach $3.5 billion in total revenues for the team. The new system will be forward fit for all new Army vehicles and included as part of various reset programs for vehicles returning from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
The Polish Air Force Polish Air Force (Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Siły Powietrzne RP). Until 1 July 2004 it was officially known as: Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Powietrznej (literally: Air and Air Defence Forces, the name existing from 1990). accepted a Rockwell Collins F-16C Modular Simulated Aircraft Maintenance Trainer (MSAMT) for the training of the aircraft's maintenance personnel. The MSAMT, a system-specific device made up of off-the-shelf hardware, has been developed by Rockwell Collins to provide next generation maintenance training using an immersive and interactive virtual image-based solution. Its design supports classroom-based training for novice and advanced F-16 maintenance personnel. The Polish MSAMT is a derivative of the 24 U.S. Air Force MSAMTs that Rockwell Collins developed and delivered in 2005. This marks the second MSAMT to be delivered to an international customer following last September's delivery of an MSAMT to the Egyptian Air Force The Egyptian Air Force, or EAF (Arabic: القوات الجوية المصرية, . Both international system procurements were under a contract with the U.S. Air Force that also includes a multi-year Contractor Logistics Support package.
Conference Call and Webcast Details:
Rockwell Collins Chairman, President and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. Clay Jones and Senior Vice President and CFO See Chief Financial Officer. Patrick Allen will conduct an earnings conference call at 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time on April 24, 2008. Individuals may listen to the call and view management's supporting slide presentation on the Internet at www.rockwellcollins.com. Listeners are encouraged to go to the Investor Relations Investor relations
The process by which the corporation communicates with its investors. portion of the web site at least 15 minutes prior to the call to download and install any necessary software. The call will be available for replay on the Internet at www.rockwellcollins.com through May 23, 2008.
Rockwell Collins is a pioneer in the development and deployment of innovative communication and aviation electronic solutions for both commercial and government applications. Our expertise in flight deck avionics, cabin electronics, mission communications, information management and simulation and training is strengthened by 20,000 employees, and a global service and support network that crosses 27 countries. To find out more, please visit www.rockwellcollins.com.
This press release contains statements, including certain projections and business trends, that are forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (PSLRA) implemented several significant substantive changes affecting certain cases brought under the federal securities laws, including changes related to pleading, discovery, liability, class representation and awards fees and of 1995. Actual results may differ materially from those projected as a result of certain risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the potential impacts of geopolitical ge·o·pol·i·tics
n. (used with a sing. verb)
1. The study of the relationship among politics and geography, demography, and economics, especially with respect to the foreign policy of a nation.
a. events; the financial condition of our customers (including major U.S. airlines); the health of the global economy; the continued recovery of the commercial aerospace industry and the continued support for military transformation and modernization programs; delays related to the award of domestic and international contracts; the potential adverse impact of oil prices on the commercial aerospace industry; the cost of the global war on terrorism Terrorist acts and the threat of Terrorism have occupied the various law enforcement agencies in the U.S. government for many years. The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, as amended by the usa patriot act on U.S. government military procurement expenditures and program budgets; changes in domestic and foreign government spending, budgetary and trade policies adverse to our businesses; market acceptance of our new and existing technologies, products and services; reliability of and customer satisfaction with our products and services; favorable outcomes on or potential cancellation or restructuring of contracts, orders or program priorities by our customers; customer bankruptcies; recruitment and retention of qualified personnel; risk of a labor strike and its potential impact on results of operations and cash flows as collective bargaining agreements The contractual agreement between an employer and a Labor Union that governs wages, hours, and working conditions for employees and which can be enforced against both the employer and the union for failure to comply with its terms. covering over 2,000 manufacturing-related employees expire in May 2008; performance of our suppliers and subcontractors; risks inherent in fixed price contracts, particularly the risk of cost overruns; risk of significant disruption to air travel; our ability to execute to our internal performance plans such as our productivity improvement and cost reduction initiatives; achievement of our acquisition and related integration plans; continuing to maintain our planned effective tax rates; our ability to develop contract compliant systems and products and satisfy our contractual commitments; risk of fines and penalties related to noncompliance noncompliance
failure of the owner to follow instructions, particularly in administering medication as prescribed; a cause of a less than expected response to treatment.
noncompliance with export control regulations; risk of asset impairments; government claims related to our pension plan freeze; our ability to win new business and convert those orders to sales within the fiscal year in accordance with our annual operating plan; and the uncertainties of the outcome of litigation An action brought in court to enforce a particular right. The act or process of bringing a lawsuit in and of itself; a judicial contest; any dispute.
When a person begins a civil lawsuit, the person enters into a process called litigation. , as well as other risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to those detailed herein and from time to time in our Securities and Exchange Commission filings. These forward-looking statements are made only as of the date hereof and the company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement.
Note: The company operates on a 52/53 week fiscal year with quarterly reporting periods ending on the Friday closest to the last calendar day of the quarter. For ease of presentation, March 31 and September 30 are utilized consistently throughout this press release to represent the period end date.
(1) The $3 million favorable restructuring adjustment in the second quarter of fiscal year 2007 was principally due to lower than expected employee separation costs related to the business realignment re·a·lign
tr.v. re·a·ligned, re·a·lign·ing, re·a·ligns
1. To put back into proper order or alignment.
2. To make new groupings of or working arrangements between. and facility rationalization actions announced in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2006.
(2) The company's effective income tax rate for the second quarter of fiscal year 2008 was 27.6% compared to 33.3% for the second quarter of fiscal year 2007. The lower effective income tax rate in the current year second quarter was primarily due to the recognition of an approximate 7 percentage point discrete tax benefit related to the resolution of certain tax matters partially offset by the recognition of lower research and development tax credits due to the December 31, 2007 expiration of Federal Research and Development Tax Credit legislation.
(3) The company's effective income tax rate for the first six months of fiscal year 2008 was 30.6% compared to 30.1% for the same period a year ago. The effective income tax rate for the first six months of fiscal year 2008 includes an approximate 3.5 percentage point benefit related to the favorable resolution of certain tax matters in the second quarter, partially offset by the recognition of lower research and development tax credits. The effective income tax rate for the first six months of fiscal year 2007 includes an approximate 3 percentage point benefit related to the first quarter retroactive recognition of research and development tax credits attributable to the period from January 1, 2006 to September 30, 2006 as legislation was enacted during the first quarter of fiscal year 2007 that extended the availability of R&D Tax Credits from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2007.
The following tables summarize the sales of Commercial Systems and Government Systems by product category as well as Commercial Systems' sales by type of product or service for the three and six months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007 (unaudited, in millions):
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