Robert Mugabe sworn in as Zimbabwe presidentRobert Mugabe Mugabe redirects here.
For other uses, see Mugabe (disambiguation).
Robert Gabriel Mugabe KCB (born on February 21, 1924) is the President of Zimbabwe. He has been the head of government in Zimbabwe since 1980, first as Prime Minister was sworn in as president of Zimbabwe today after being declared the winner of last week's discredited poll.
The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission Electoral Commission
(1877) Commission created to resolve the disputed 1876 presidential election between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel Tilden. Tilden had won the popular vote and was only one electoral vote short of victory, but the Republicans announced that Mugabe won 85% of the vote in what was, in effect, a one-horse race.
The opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai Morgan Tsvangirai (IPA: /ˈmɔ(r)gən ˌtsvaŋgiˈra.i/) (the 's' and the 'v' are coärticulated) born March 10, 1952) is a Trade unionist,Human rights activist, Democrat and President of the mainstream , who pulled out of the contest, declined an invitation to attend Mugabe's hastily-organised inauguration ceremony.
International condemnation of the election and the ongoing violence in Zimbabwe has continued.
The British foreign office minister Lord Malloch-Brown today said African nations should "do whatever it takes" to get rid of Mugabe. He suggested military intervention The deliberate act of a nation or a group of nations to introduce its military forces into the course of an existing controversy. in Zimbabwe could be necessary if the violence increased.
Malloch-Brown was speaking ahead of a meeting of African Union African Union (AU), international organization established in 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African Unity (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, (AU) foreign ministers in the Egyptian town of Sharm el-Sheikh.
The meeting comes as African observers in Zimbabwe said the election was not free and fair and supporters of Mugabe were beating people who couldn't prove they voted.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu Noun 1. Desmond Tutu - South African prelate and leader of the antiapartheid struggle (born in 1931)
Tutu said the international community should consider using force to intervene in the country. He said "a very good argument" could be made for a military presence.
In an interview with the BBC BBC
in full British Broadcasting Corp.
Publicly financed broadcasting system in Britain. A private company at its founding in 1922, it was replaced by a public corporation under royal charter in 1927. , Malloch-Brown said: "If law and order breaks down in the country or if Mugabe is utterly resistant to change and continues to oppress op·press
tr.v. op·pressed, op·press·ing, op·press·es
1. To keep down by severe and unjust use of force or authority: a people who were oppressed by tyranny.
2. violently people's human rights, then I hope the African neighbours will do whatever it takes to secure his departure."
"What you cannot accept is the status quo [Latin, The existing state of things at any given date.] Status quo ante bellum means the state of things before the war. The status quo to be preserved by a preliminary injunction is the last actual, peaceable, uncontested status which preceded the pending controversy. continuing - President Mugabe has to go."
The minister also suggested that some form of national unity government may be required, but said this was up to Tsvangirai.
"Morgan Tsvangirai won the last honest vote. He should be the senior partner. If he wants to invite some people from the Mugabe party in that is fine," Malloch-Brown said.
Tutu said AU leaders should refuse to recognise Mugabe as the legitimate president of Zimbabwe. He told the BBC: "I think a very good argument can be made for having an international force to restore peace."
Kenya's prime minister, Raila Odinga Raila Amollo Odinga (born 1945) is a Kenyan Member of Parliament, and was, until November 23 2005 a Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Roads, Public Works and Housing. He is the son of the first Vice President of Kenya Jaramogi Oginga Odinga. , backed such calls in a speech yesterday.
"We want the African Union to send troops to Zimbabwe. The time has come for the African continent to stand firm in unity to end dictatorship," Reuters quoted Odinga as saying.
Meanwhile, African observers called for a re-run of Friday's poll, to ensure it was free and fair.
"Conditions should be put in place for the holding of free, fair and credible elections as soon as possible in line with the African Union declaration on the principles governing democratic elections," Marwick Khumalo, head of the Pan-African parliament observer team, said at a press conference today, according to Reuters.
Human Rights Watch said it has evidence that Mugabe's supporters are beating people who cannot prove they voted.
Residents in two neighbourhoods in Harare said that in the early hours of yesterday, Mugabe supporters went door to door, forcing people to show their fingers for signs of indelible ink, which shows that a person voted.Those who did not have ink on their fingers were taken away and beaten with batons and thick sticks, Human Rights Watch said.
Others were targeted because their names did not appear on a list compiled by Mugabe's governing Zanu-PF party, that showed who voted.