Revelation and Revolution: Basic Writings of Thomas Muntzer.
From a variety of perspectives Michael G. Baylor's new collection of the basic writings of Thomas Muntzer is a most welcome publication. Given the difficulty of Muntzer's German and some of the uncertainties of the text upon which Peter Matheson largely based his 1989 Collected Works Collected Works is a Big Finish original anthology edited by Nick Wallace, featuring Bernice Summerfield, a character from the spin-off media based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. of Thomas Muntzer, research scholars will benefit from this alternate translation of Muntzer's most important works.
From a broader perspective, however, as Baylor's introduction makes clear, students and teachers alike can benefit from direct interaction with the thought of Thomas Muntzer. Despite the accumulating research into the varieties of radical reform, the fact remains that at the general teaching level, Muntzer is largely depicted as his enemies saw him. Baylor's selections and the important contextualizations in the introduction instead give us the logic of the interconnections between theological and political radicalism, and new emphases on Muntzer's pastoral concerns, his mystical asceticism asceticism (əsĕt`ĭsĭzəm), rejection of bodily pleasures through sustained self-denial and self-mortification, with the objective of strengthening spiritual life. , the rationality of his attacks on superstition, and his liturgical contributions.
Three key texts, "The Prague Protest," "Sermon to the Princes" and the "Highly Provoked Defense" have appeared before in Baylor's useful reader on The Radical Reformation The Radical Reformation was a 16th century response to both the perceived corruption in the Roman Catholic Church and the expanding Protestant movement led by Martin Luther. (1991). But their centrality to any interpretation of Muntzer, and their fit with the other texts presented here - suggesting as they do the consistency as well as the evolution in Muntzer's thought - justify their inclusion here. Appreciating the linkages between ritual and the nature of community, historians have been paying more attention lately to the importance of liturgy and thus the "Selected Liturgical Writings" are particularly useful.
Baylor identifies the "Special Exposure of False Faith" as Muntzer's "magnum opus." It is paired here with the "Highly Provoked Defense." Taken together with "On Contrived Faith" from the short tracts of 1523, these works form the essence of Muntzer's critique of Luther and what Baylor terms the "mandarin theologians." These texts provide a crucially necessary balance against the still strong tendencies toward a Luther-centered interpretation of the Reformation. Revelation emerges as the radical epistemological principle to challenge the conservatism of Luther's "sola scriptura This article is about theological concept. For the Neal Morse album, see Sola Scriptura (album).
Sola scriptura (Latin ablative, "by scripture alone") is the assertion that the Bible as God's written word is self-authenticating, clear (perspicuous) ."
In the collection of "Selected Letters" the varying shades of Noun 1. shades of - something that reminds you of someone or something; "aren't there shades of 1948 here?"
reminder - an experience that causes you to remember something Muntzer's philosophical and personal asceticism emerge along with a much more nuanced picture of his revolutionary goals and actual role in the Peasants' Revolt Peasants' Revolt: see Tyler, Wat.
or Wat Tyler's Rebellion
(1381) First great popular rebellion in English history. . These texts, together with Baylor's introductory gloss, underscore the problems with the largely "retrospective" interpretation of Muntzer as "blood thirsty revolutionary."
Baylor concludes with "Last Words," three texts from Muntzer's final days, comprising Muntzer's confession under interrogation interrogation
In criminal law, process of formally and systematically questioning a suspect in order to elicit incriminating responses. The process is largely outside the governance of law, though in the U.S. and torture, a retraction In the law of Defamation, a formal recanting of the libelous or slanderous material.
Retraction is not a defense to defamation, but under certain circumstances, it is admissible in Mitigation of Damages. Cross-references
Libel and Slander. of his revolutionary views and a final letter addressed to the people of Mulhausen where Muntzer was beheaded be·head
tr.v. be·head·ed, be·head·ing, be·heads
To separate the head from; decapitate.
[Middle English biheden, from Old English beh .
Overall, Baylor's introduction does a fine job of providing a context for the documents by characterizing the setting in Allstedt where Muntzer was most active as a religious reformer. The notes, chronology of Muntzer's life, bibliography of Muntzer editions and recent literature, and index to biblical references all make Revelation and Revolution of interest not only to Muntzer students and scholars but to a wide range of readers. Baylor's edition makes clear the centrality of the issues raised by Muntzer's thought particularly as it pertains to the nature of religious authority. To read Muntzer as a counterpoint to Luther and to see Muntzer's Allstedt as an independent center of evangelical reform can only underscore for us the links between epistemological and political conservatism and the profoundly conservative heritage of the magisterial mag·is·te·ri·al
a. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a master or teacher; authoritative: a magisterial account of the history of the English language.
ANN W. RAMSEY University of Texas, Austin