Resurgence In The Shi'ite World - Part 8 - Iraq-Y - Iraq Security & Amnesty Plan.Iraq's Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on June 25 announced a national reconciliation plan aimed at convincing Sunni insurgents Insurgents, in U.S. history, the Republican Senators and Representatives who in 1909–10 rose against the Republican standpatters controlling Congress, to oppose the Payne-Aldrich tariff and the dictatorial power of House speaker Joseph G. Cannon. to end their struggle. His initiative was less detailed than some Iraqi politicians had earlier implied it might be, and did not spell out how key points such as an amnesty for some insurgents and a timetable for Iraqi troops taking over security might be implemented.
Versions of many of these points were contained in earlier documents, including Maliki's government platform announced in May. Nonetheless, the plan was hailed by the leader of the main Sunni coalition, which participated in its drafting. Maliki, a Shi'ite, declared his document an "olive branch olive branch
symbol of peace and serenity. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Brewer Handbook; O.T.: Genesis, 8:11]
See : Peace " to "those who want to rebuild our country", while Adnan al-Dulaimi Adnan al-Dulaimi is an Sunni Iraqi politician and the leader of the General Council for the People of Iraq, a component of the Iraqi Accord Front which won 44 seats in the December 2005 general election. of the Sunni-led Iraqi Consensus Front said it was the "first step towards security, stability and building the new Iraq".
The plan called for building up Iraq's security forces so foreign troops could be withdrawn, but did not spell out any timetables, and the amnesty it offered was vague enough to anger some of the key politicians in Washington. US Republican Senator John Warner, chairman of the Armed Services Committee The term Armed Services Committee could refer to:
When a court uses the word unconscionable to describe conduct, it means that the conduct does not conform to the dictates of conscience. ".
In a TV address on June 27, however, Maliki clarified that the amnesty would not include any of the insurgents who killed coalition or Iraqi troops or Iraqi civilians. He had to mention more than once that the amnesty plan excluded those who killed coalition soldiers or officials and those who killed civilians. Excluded from the amnesty offer are all the Neo-Salafi groups and fellow Sunni insurgents who have been co-ordinating with them.
Maliki also stated definitively that attacks on American soldiers would not be pardoned under the amnesty plan. In his first meeting with the Western media, Maliki, 56, sought to ally concerns raised by many in the US that his plan would essentially allow attacks on Americans. "There will be no amnesty for those who have killed Americans", Maliki said during the briefing, which lasted almost an hour and was held in a conference room in his office, adding: "I think this would bring a very negative reaction among Iraqis who are related to those who were killed and among Americans who are related to these people".
Sunni groups opposed to the Neo-Salafis were greatly relieved by the death of Abu Mu'sab al-Zarqawi, leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) is a term used by the media to describe a salafi terrorist group which is playing an active role in the Iraqi insurgency. who was killed in a US air strike on June 7 (see rim6-IraqZarqawiJun19-06).
The reconciliation plan advocated "solving the problem of militias" - with the mention of militias mainly implying Shi'ite militia groups - which Sunni Arabs claim have participated in a recent wave of sectarian killings. But again it did not specify how this might be done. It called on insurgents to "lay down their arms and join the political process", but said that "reconciliation and national dialogue does not mean honouring and reaching out to the killers and criminals". However, it did contain several key points aimed at winning Sunni support - the review of laws banning high-ranking members of the former ruling Ba'th party Ba'th Party
or Baath Party
Arab political party that advocates formation of a single Arab socialist state. It was founded in Damascus, Syria, by Michel 'Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar in 1943 and in 1953 merged with the Syrian Socialist Party to form the from public posts, and a call to negotiate guidelines with US troops on how to prevent human rights abuses during military operations This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently. World War I
''See also List of military engagements of World War I
Proposals such as reviewing de-Ba'thification or pardoning insurgents had in the past been strongly opposed by many in Maliki's Shi'ite-led United Iraq Alliance (UIA UIA Universidad Iberoamericana (México)
UIA Union of International Associations
UIA United Iraqi Alliance
UIA University of Antwerp
UIA Union Internationale des Avocats ).
The New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Times on June 25 reported that in a classified briefing General George Casey, the US commander in Iraq, had projected that two brigades would be cut in Iraq this year from the current 14, with a further five or six brigades being withdrawn by the end of 2007.The US man in charge of training Iraqi security forces Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) is the Multi-National Force-Iraq umbrella name for the military and police forces that serve under the Government of Iraq.
The armed forces are administered by the Ministry of Defense (MOD), and the Iraqi Police is administered by the Ministry of , Lt Gen Lt Gen or LtGen
lieutenant general Martin Dempsey, on June 27 said Iraq's new army would be formed and at full strength by end-2006. But he cautioned that the new military in Iraq still faced a shortage of qualified officers and the infrastructure to carry out independent operations. He said the threat of armed militias could be resolved only by negotiations with religious leaders commanding those illegal groups, and by taking away their foot soldiers by offering them the choice of a role within government-controlled security services, an opportunity to disarm - or punishment. Dempsey said that, without a national reconciliation plan which reaches out simultaneously to Sunni insurgents and Shi'ite militia members, neither side would disarm out of fear of the other. And in a statement of battlefield realism rarely heard from a podium in Washington, Dempsey said it was certain that a national reconciliation plan offered by the new Baghdad government would include amnesty for at least some who had engaged in insurgent INSURGENT. One who is concerned in an insurrection. He differs from a rebel in this, that rebel is always understood in a bad sense, or one who unjustly opposes the constituted authorities; insurgent may be one who justly opposes the tyranny of constituted authorities. acts.
Dempsey's training efforts are the foundation of the Bush administration's plans for withdrawing troops as indigenous security forces grow in number and competence, and his comments came as Washington was boiling with debate over timetables for US troop reductions in Iraq. Dempsey said that, by end-2006, the army will be "fully capable of recruiting, vetting, inducting, training, forming into units, putting them in barracks bar·rack 1
tr.v. bar·racked, bar·rack·ing, bar·racks
To house (soldiers, for example) in quarters.
1. A building or group of buildings used to house military personnel. , sending them out the gate to perform their missions". But he expressed concerns about the ability of the Iraqi ministries to carry out military operations independent of US support, and about "leader development".
While military and police cadets "come out of a training base at a very high level of motivation", Dempsey said, "we then turn them over to a police chief who may have bad habits from former times or a mid-grade army officer who believes that leadership is an entitlement, not a responsibility".