Research dons urge new budget strategy.Research dons urge new budget strategy
U.S. science and technology spending is now too large, and its bearing on national affairs National Affairs, Inc. is a U.S. organization which published both The National Interest and The Public Interest. The organization was run by Irving Kristol, and featured board members such as former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former U. too great, to allow haphazard or uncoordinated un·co·or·di·nat·ed
1. Lacking physical or mental coordination.
2. Lacking planning, method, or organization.
un management, says National Academy of Sciences (NAS (1) See network access server.
(2) (Network Attached Storage) A specialized file server that connects to the network. A NAS device contains a slimmed-down operating system and a file system and processes only I/O requests by supporting the popular ) President Frank Press. Yet all too often that's what That's What is one of the more idiosyncratic releases by solo steel-string guitar artist Leo Kottke. It is distinctive in it's jazzy nature and "talking" songs ("Buzzby" and "Husbandry"). happens when the federal budget-setting machinery tackles key issues or developments -- such as AIDS research, environmental protection or science education -- that must be managed by two or more competing federal agencies, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a new report Press coauthored. To limit inefficient or redundant investments in such important research areas, the report recommends four changes to the current executive-branch and congressional budget-setting procedures.
The Senate budget committee devoted much of its oversight hearings on science and technology this year to problems resulting from a lack of coordination between the federal government's more than 30 independent agencies. In a provocative address he delivered at the NAS annual meeting last spring, Press offered a proposal aimed at avoiding many such problems (SN:5/14/88, p.313). The Senate budget committee apparently liked his reasoning, because in a June 6 report it asked NAS, together with the National Academy of Engineering (NAE nae
2. Not. ) and Institute of Medicine (IOM IOM
See: Index and Option Market ), to detail how they would alter the process for setting and evaluating funding priorities in research areas that bridge disciplines or that must be handled by multiple federal agencies. These recommendations are contained in a terse Terse - Language for decryption of hardware logic.
["Hardware Logic Simulation by Compilation", C. Hansen, 25th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conf, 1988]. , 18-page report unveiled on Dec. 20 by three of its authors--Press, NAE President Robert M. White and IOM President Samuel O. Thier Samuel O. Thier (born 1937) is professor of Medicine and Health Care Policy at Harvard University. He previously served as the president of Brandeis University from 1991-94 and the president of the Massachusetts General Hospital from 1994-97. .
The administration identifies its budget priorities in terms of the mission-related activities of each federal agency. The new report calls for additionally ranking science and technology priorities in terms of three new categories: the science and technology base, which includes training, research and its infrastructure; programs that contribute significantly to national economic, social and political objectives, such as disease prevention, improved environmental quality or national prestige; and very costly initiatives that promise similarly large payoffs in new knowledge, jobs, prestige, economic growth, social welfare or national security.
To ensure that priotity science and technology activities are fostered and managed as well as limited funding will allow, the panel recommends modifying the role of the President's science adviser. He or she would focus much more attention on identifying and articulating priorities within these three new budget categories, and on collaborating with the Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), formerly the Bureau of the Budget, is an agency of the federal government that evaluates, formulates, and coordinates management procedures and program objectives within and among departments and agencies of the Executive Branch. to see that the administration's budget request to Congress adequately reflects these goals. The panel anticipates that these priorities will at least in part reflect problems identified within the science and technology community by its leaders in government, industry, academia and professional societies.
Congressional budget-writing committees would be asked to state explicitly their science and technology budget priorities. And the new report recommends the President keep tabs -- probably through his science adviser--on how well the newly coordinated federal activities achieve the stated priorities, as modified by Congress.
Last, the new study urges that the Bush administration initiate a study to clarify current federal research spending. Department of Defense (DOD (1) (Dial On Demand) A feature that allows a device to automatically dial a telephone number. For example, an ISDN router with dial on demand will automatically dial up the ISP when it senses IP traffic destined for the Internet. ) programs today account for about $39 billion of the more than $60 billion spent on federal science and technology activities, Press says. However, his panel estimates, no more than $5.5 billion to DOD's science and technology share truly qualifies as research in the civilian sense--basic and applied research, or exploratory development. Identifying the exact amount of DOD money going into traditional research, Press and his coauthors argue, should make it easier to assess the size of the U.S. role relative to its foreign competitors, and perhaps even lead policymakers to justify increased science and technology spending.