Rep. Biggert's remarks on Fusion.Rep. Judy Biggert Judith Borg "Judy" Biggert (born August 15 1937 in Chicago, Illinois), American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1999, representing Illinois's At-large congressional district (map). (R-IL), chair of the Energy Subcommittee of the House of Representatives Committee on Science, provided comments on Energy and Science issues at Fusion Power Fusion power refers to power generated by nuclear fusion reactions. In this kind of reaction, two light atomic nuclei fuse together to form a heavier nucleus and release energy. Associates Annual Meeting and Symposium, September 27-28 in Washington, DC. Her remarks were presented by Subcommittee staff member Dr. Michael Holland on her behalf.
In addition to summarizing recent accomplishments of the Subcommittee on several energy bills, Rep. Biggert provided the following comments on the U. S. fusion program.
"Clearly, ITER ITER. A foot way. Vide Way. is the top item on your agenda. First, let me congratulate Under Secretary Orbach, Todd Harding, Anne Davies Anne Davies is a presenter for the BBC local news programme East Midlands Today in the East Midlands. The show comes from Nottingham each weekday night at 6.30pm. Anne comes from the Isle of Wight. and her staff in the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences for their hard work over the past several years in securing agreement on the ITER project. I think this agreement is a major accomplishment. It will serve as a template for other major international science projects, such as the international linear collider This article or section contains information about an expected future scientific facility.
It is likely to contain information of a speculative nature and the content may change as the facility approaches completion. that I hope will be built at Fermilab.
"As you all know, the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 2005 required submission of several documents for Congressional review. These are (1) the ITER agreement, (2) a report describing the management structure for the ITER project and providing a fixed dollar estimate of the cost of United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. participation in the construction of ITER, (3) a report describing how United States participation in ITER will be funded without reducing funding for other programs in the Office of Science, and (4) a plan for the participation of U.S. scientists in ITER.
"Although we are still finalizing the Committee's response to the Secretary, I can safely say that the Science Committee is satisfied that the ITER Agreement has been negotiated in accordance with the requirements in section 972 of the Energy Policy Act.
"Regarding the management structure of ITER, I think DOE is to be congratulated for seeing that the ITER Agreement puts the project on solid footing with strong central management. Strong management should go a long way to ensuring that ITER is constructed within cost and on schedule. EU's nomination of Dr. Norbert Holtkamp as the ITER Principal Deputy Director-General and Project Construction Leader and Mr. Gary Johnson Gary Johnson may refer to:
"In EPACT, Congress did express its concern that ITER not crowd out other opportunities in the Office of Science. President Bush's commitment, under the auspices of his American Competitiveness Initiative The American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI) is a federal assistance program intended to help America maintain its competitiveness through investment in research and development (R&D) and education. The ACI’s focus is on programs that are likely to strengthen U.S. , has allayed those fears for Fiscal Year 2007. I can assure you, however, that the Committee will remain vigilant to ensure that future budget requests continue to strike that balance between fusion and other opportunities in the Office of Science.
"The last EPACT requirement, namely a plan for the participation of U.S. scientists in ITER, is understandably the toughest to deliver. I think the plan submitted by DOE on August 10 for the participation of U.S. scientists in the ITER is best viewed as the seed for a more in-depth planning process by the fusion research community and some Snowmass-like process will be an important. The August 10 plan rightly identifies development of a predictive understanding of the fusion plasma system as the central focus of the U.S. fusion research program. Articulating how that central focus informs the research agenda for participation of the United States in ITER requires additional consultation with you, the fusion research community. On-going feedback from the National Academy of Sciences should help.
"I know you have heard this before but identify what problems must be solved to make fusion work. Those specific scientific goals should then lead to technical milestones. A plan that lays that out will help Congress understand whether ITER is promoting progress toward fusion as a reliable and affordable source of power. Such a plan will also help Congress understand how work on ITER relates to other elements of the U.S. fusion program. You've made progress over the years, so take my comments as encouragement to work with DOE to produce such a document.
"Before I close, let me say a few quick words about the Senate mark for the Fiscal Year 2007 Energy and Water appropriations bill. In report language, the Senate appropriators signal their intention to establish an Office of High Energy Density Science within the Office of Science. This new unauthorized $79.9 million program would support research in inertial fusion energy, fast ignition, petawatt laser development, plasma accelerators, and other research presently funded by Fusion Energy, Nuclear Physics, High Energy Physics, and inertial confinement fusion Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is a process where nuclear fusion reactions are initiated by heating and compressing a fuel target, typically in the form of a pellet that most often contains a mixture of deuterium and tritium. accounts within the National Nuclear Security Agency. This field of science currently benefits from a number of facilities that are either operating or under construction. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC, pronounced like "rick", IPA: /ˈrɪk/) is a heavy-ion collider located at and operated by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in Upton, New York. at Brookhaven and the National Ignition Facility The National Ignition Facility, or NIF, is a high-energy, high-power laser research device under construction at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in Livermore, California. at Livermore are but two.
"First, as an authorizer au·thor·ize
tr.v. au·thor·ized, au·thor·iz·ing, au·thor·iz·es
1. To grant authority or power to.
2. To give permission for; sanction: , let me say I don't think it is appropriate to authorize To empower another with the legal right to perform an action.
The Constitution authorizes Congress to regulate interstate commerce.
authorize v. to officially empower someone to act. (See: authority) through appropriations legislation. I am not aware of any existing National Academy study or advisory committee panel that recommends the establishment of a separate Office of High Energy Density Sciences. However, if there is a case to be made for the establishment of such a program within the Office of Science, I am willing to listen. If convinced of its need, I would be willing to work to authorize such a program.
"I hope advocates for this Office of High Energy Density Science can restrain their enthusiasm and let the case be made. The National Academies of Science's Connecting Quarks Quarks
The basic constituent particles of which elementary particles are understood to be composed. Theoretical models built on the quark concept have been very successful in understanding and predicting many phenomena in the physics of elementary particles. with the Cosmos and Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics reports have identified high energy density physics as an emerging area of physics where there are great opportunities for discovery. The Office of Science and Technology Policy Congress established the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. , in its Physics of the Universe report, has called for the development of a science-driven roadmap that identifies major scientific objectives and facility needs for high energy density physics.
"So my advice: let the interagency in·ter·a·gen·cy
Involving or representing two or more agencies, especially government agencies. working group led by the Office of Science and Technology Policy finish developing a research plan for high energy density physics. At this time, I believe the merit of establishing a separate Office of High Energy Density Sciences has not yet been made. While I am willing to consider such a move, we should only make that assessment after we have had time to review the report of the interagency working group. To establish an Office of High Energy Density Sciences now before we have an adequate research plan in hand is premature. I firmly believe Congress should not create programs first and then derive the justification to fill them"
The full text of Rep. Biggert's remarks, and other talks at the meeting, are posted at http://fire.pppl.gov/fpa_annual_meet.html