Remaking U.S. trade policy; from protectionism to globalization.9780801445750
Remaking U.S. trade policy; from protectionism to globalization globalization
Process by which the experience of everyday life, marked by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, is becoming standardized around the world. Factors that have contributed to globalization include increasingly sophisticated communications and transportation .
Cornell U. Press
Not neglecting the interaction between strategic actors and institutions, Chorev (sociology, Brown U.) conducts a historical institutional analysis of the domestic politics of trade liberalization lib·er·al·ize
v. lib·er·al·ized, lib·er·al·iz·ing, lib·er·al·iz·es
To make liberal or more liberal: "Our standards of private conduct have been greatly liberalized . . . in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. that includes assessment of the impacts of policy change on subsequent institutional arrangements. Particularly focusing on the passage of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements reciprocal trade agreement, international commercial treaty in which two or more nations grant equally advantageous trade concessions to each other. It usually refers to treaties dealing with tariffs. Act of 1934, the 1947 establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), former specialized agency of the United Nations. It was established in 1948 as an interim measure pending the creation of the International Trade Organization. , the Trade Act of 1974, and the 1994 establishment of the World Trade Organization, he argues that institutional change results from the deliberate actions of non-state actors, state officials, or some combination of two and that new institutional arrangements that result from such struggles are then biased in favor of those who designed them, while never completely silencing or co-opting competing political actors.
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