Relating art history to what children know: teachers need to provide a natural atmosphere in which this active, constructive learning can continue. Children play an active role in the learning process when instruction builds upon, correlates, and extends information. (Outside the Box: Point of View).Elementary and art education classroom teachers approach teaching art history with many different styles and methods. The approach I am introducing is based on a philosophy of how children learn and how new information should be meaningful and relate to what the child already knows.
From birth, children have sought to make sense of their world. They are constantly experimenting, solving problems, and testing hypotheses to gain knowledge. At home, children are encouraged to take risks without fear of failure. For example, children accomplish the complex task of learning to talk naturally, because they are surrounded sur·round
tr.v. sur·round·ed, sur·round·ing, sur·rounds
1. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle.
2. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication.
n. by people who are using language meaningfully, rather than through deliberate instruction.
Children become literate in much the same way they learn to speak. They learn because they want to participate and make sense of the world and language around them. Making and correcting their own mistakes becomes part of the learning process. They add to their knowledge base by relying on what they know and using that information to make connections with new information.
Teachers need to provide a natural atmosphere in which this active, constructive learning can continue. Children play an active role in the learning process when instruction builds upon, correlates, and extends information. When students participate in discussions and connect new information to their experiences, they are more likely to understand that new information.
Children need to be participants in learning activities not just listeners. The opportunity to ask questions, analyze an·a·lyze
1. To examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations.
2. To separate a chemical substance into its constituent elements to determine their nature or proportions.
3. subject matter, give opinions, and relate new information enhances the learning process. Ultimately, active learning gives students a sense of ownership and involvement in their experiences and effectively facilitates their desire to learn more about the world in which they live.
Building on Experience
The presentation of art history information should include examples children can relate to (what the student knows and experiences). To make the art history lesson meaningful to the student and correlate new information to previous information and experiences, we need to provide concrete experiences and examples.
For example, a teacher relating "chance resemblance Resemblance may refer to:
Students have all experienced chance resemblance. What do you see sometimes when you look at clouds moving across the sky? Do you recognize images that the clouds have formed: rabbits, dogs, cats, people? By chance it resembles something they can recognize. The teacher can relate the new information to students' experiences.
A Three-Dimensional three-di·men·sion·al
1. Of, relating to, having, or existing in three dimensions.
2. Having or appearing to have extension in depth.
You may want to extend the art history lesson with a studio art activity. For example, following an art history lesson on early colonial architecture Colonial architecture: see American architecture. , the students can build architectural models An architectural model is a tangible representation of a structure (typically a scale model) built to communicate design ideas to clients, owners, committees, customers, and the general public. of local buildings with colonial features.
Art history lessons for young children at the elementary level should include examples children can relate to in order to make the art history lesson meaningful. An art activity, if time permits, makes the art history information a concrete experience for the student. Concepts and terms are absorbed while they are involved in the active learning process building the models.
Ann ANN, Scotch law. Half a year's stipend over and above what is owing for the incumbency due to a minister's relict, or child, or next of kin, after his decease. Wishaw. Also, an abbreviation of annus, year; also of annates. In the old law French writers, ann or rather an, signifies a year. Klesener is coordinator of art and art education at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (known colloquially as UNC Pembroke or UNCP) is a public historically American Indian university in the town of Pembroke in Robeson County, North Carolina. , North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. .