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Rehabilitation counseling and placement.

The rehabilitation rehabilitation: see physical therapy.  counselor remains the most clearly identified and competent rehabilitation personnel worker. This phenomenon is supported by a more than 36-year history of legislative support for the profession of rehabilitation, a comprehensive rehabilitation education system, and the assurance of the need for more rehabilitation professionals as indicated by the increasing needs of clients seeking empowerment and independence.

Let's first look at one subset of rehabilitation specialists--those whose roles include job placement activities. They may have degrees in rehabilitation counseling rehabilitation counseling,
n counseling started in the United States in 1920 to assist individuals disabled by industrial accidents; originally included physical, psychologic, and occupational training; expanded over the next 70 years and laid the
 or come from some other discipline, but they can easily fit within the mission of the rehabilitation counselor.

The Role of Job Placement in Rehabilitation Counseling

Placement in competitive employment is the ultimate goal of vocational rehabilitation Noun 1. vocational rehabilitation - providing training in a specific trade with the aim of gaining employment
rehabilitation - the restoration of someone to a useful place in society
. Placement is the criteria by which case managers are effectively measured and by which the funding and rehabilitation in both the not-for-profit and for-profit sectors is measured. Yet, for many rehabilitationists, placement is still not something they want defined as part of their job activities. Numerous studies in the rehabilitation literature, including a paper in a recent issue of American Rehabilitation (Volume 16, Number 3, Autumn 1990): "A Research Based Innovative Placement Program" by David Vandergoot and Victoria Wenzel, show the importance of placement in the whole rehabilitation process. Ideally, job placement counselors should be the best paid, most qualified, and the most ideally trained people in rehabilitation settings. Unfortunately, this is not always the case.

Within some state vocational rehabilitation agencies there are specialists in placement counseling. When this is the case, these professionals often achieve salaries at a higher level than their not-for-profit facility counterparts. In facilities, the focus can either be on placement workers who focus on competitive employment or those who place in the area of supported employment.

Another area for employment in placement counseling is in the for-profit rehabilitation sector. These placement personnel are usually paid at a higher level. Often, additional benefits are offered in these jobs, such as a company car or car expense reimbursement. The focus in the for-profit sector is on return to work and closures which are marked by a job placement or an insurance settlement. Placement counselors in these settings are also valued as an integral part of the rehabilitation case management system. The rapport that develops between the placement worker and the employer in placement counseling is extremely important.

Other places that professionals interested in working with people with disabilities can function as job placement counselors include local offices of the United States Employment Service The United States Employment Service (abbreviated as USES) is an agency of the United States government responsible for "assisting coordination of the State public employment services in providing labor exchange and job finding assistance to job seekers and employers  that specialize in working with people with disabilities, working in university settings on the placement of students with disabilities, and working for various for-profit employment services with a specialization in working with people with disabilities. Other federally funded programs, such as Job Training Partnership' Act (JTPA JTPA n abbr (US) (= Job Training Partnership Act) → programa gubernamental de formación profesional

JTPA n abbr (US) (= Job Training Partnership Act) →
) programs, are avenues for people who are not actively within the formal rehabilitation setting but want to work in placement counseling settings with people who have disabilities.

Placement as a Stepping Stone

Many job placement counselors move from their job placement activities to other jobs in rehabilitation, such as rehabilitation counselor, rehabilitation case manager, or rehabilitation administrator. Rarely do rehabilitationists make a career of job placement unless they move into the administration of placement activities.

While a vital and important role in rehabilitation settings, job placement seems to be a stepping stone or entry level job in both the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors. This is perfectly acceptable from the writers' perspective as long as rehabilitationists do not forget their "placement roots" when they move up to counseling, administrative, or supervisory positions; do not denigrate den·i·grate  
tr.v. den·i·grat·ed, den·i·grat·ing, den·i·grates
1. To attack the character or reputation of; speak ill of; defame.

 the placement workers they hire to replace themselves; and see placement directed towards competitive employment as one of the most valuable activities in rehabilitation counseling.

Whether the rehabilitation counselor becomes actively engaged in placement counseling activities or whether the counselor shares placement activities with a specialist in job placement, the focus must be on the best interests of the client. In some rehabilitation settings in the for-profit sector or when an actual placement is made in the not-for-profit area, rehabilitation workers receive a financial bonus for placement activities carried out beyond their billable hours Billable Hours is a Canadian comedy series, which airs on Showcase.

Set in the fictional Toronto law firm of Fagen & Harrison, the series focuses on three young lawyers struggling to balance their expectations in life with the difficult realities of building a career
. This is another incentive and keeps the more active, energetic rehabilitation placement personnel enthusiastic about their jobs.

Preparing for a Career in Rehabilitation

The work of rehabilitation counselors has changed dramatically with the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act Americans with Disabilities Act, U.S. civil-rights law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps.  (ADA Ada, city, United States
Ada (ā`ə), city (1990 pop. 15,820), seat of Pontotoc co., S central Okla.; inc. 1904. It is a large cattle market and the center of a rich oil and ranch area.
, or PL 101-336). As empowerment has become the goal for consumers, the role of rehabilitation counselors has shifted from the traditional, clinical model to one of promoting self-advocacy and community development.

A master's degree master's degree
An academic degree conferred by a college or university upon those who complete at least one year of prescribed study beyond the bachelor's degree.

Noun 1.
 through a program accredited accredited

recognition by an appropriate authority that the performance of a particular institution has satisfied a prestated set of criteria.

accredited herds
cattle herds which have achieved a low level of reactors to, e.g.
 by the Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) remains the ideal model for entry into the field of professional rehabilitation counseling and allows for the easiest avenue to certification by the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification (CRCC CRCC Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification
CRCC Center for Religion and Civic Culture (California)
CRCC China Railway Construction Corporation
CRCC Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition

Rehabilitation counselors are unique in their academic preparation. Coursework in the history of disability, social policy, community resources, medical and technological information, vocational assessment, career development and counseling, and architectural barriers architectural barrier Public health Any structure or design feature that makes a building inaccessible to a person with a disability–eg, lack of ramps, narrow elevator doors. See Americans with Disabilities Act, Service dog.  and job modifications is delivered in the context of the experience of disability. This background equips the rehabilitation counselor to function as counselor/advocate/information specialist. The community as well as the consumer has become the target for intervention.

By nature of their training requirements as described in the standards of CORE and its Commission on Standards of Accreditation, rehabilitation counselors educated in CORE programs should be competent professionals eligible for national certification national certification Lab medicine A voluntary form of regulation that affirms that a person has the knowledge and skill to perform essential tasks in a given field, in the lab or in nursing; NC is granted by nongovernmental agencies or associations with  by CRCC.

CORE owes its beginnings to the support of the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA (1) (Rural Service Area) See MSA.

(2) (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman) A highly secure cryptography method by RSA Security, Inc., Bedford, MA (, a division of EMC Corporation since 2006. It uses a two-part key.
) and the wisdom of some of the earliest university-based rehabilitation educators. In the late 1960's and early 1970's, training grants were given to a coalition of representatives of five sponsoring organizations to establish CORE. These included the Council on Rehabilitation Counselor Education, which eventually became the National Council on Rehabilitation Education (NCRE NCRE National Council on Rehabilitation Education
NCRE National Cereals Research and Extension (Cameroon)
NCRE Naval Construction Research Establishment
); the Council of State Directors of Vocational Rehabilitation (CSAVR CSAVR Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation ); the National Association of Rehabilitation Facilities (NARF NARF Native American Rights Fund
NARF Nike Animal Rescue Foundation
NARF Newport Autumn Rowing Festival
NARF North American Racewalking Foundation
NARF National Association of Retired Firefighters
NARF National Agricultural Research Foundation
); the National Rehabilitation Counseling Association (NRCA NRCA National Roofing Contractors Association
NRCA Natural Resources Conservation Authority
NRCA National Rehabilitation Counseling Association
NRCA Natural Resources Council of America
NRCA Natural Resources Conservation Areas
); and the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association (ARCA). Representatives of these five organizations, working very closely with the University of Wisconsin-Madison “University of Wisconsin” redirects here. For other uses, see University of Wisconsin (disambiguation).
A public, land-grant institution, UW-Madison offers a wide spectrum of liberal arts studies, professional programs, and student activities.
, developed a new concept in the area of university-based accreditation, not based on the traditional site visit but validated by traditional site visits.

CORE now recognizes 77 accredited programs nationally. RSA continued funding CORE from 1972 until 1978, at which time the responsibilities for funding rehabilitation accreditation were turned over to the supporting organizations and the universities themselves. CORE is currently financially self-sufficient but would certainly be eligible for continued RSA funding in terms of research and development activities as it was at its inception. Now 20 years old, CORE is the guarantee for quality education for rehabilitation counseling. This profession is well defined by this accreditation program, an established certification process through CRCC, and a 36-year history of providing qualified personnel to work with disabled people in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. .

CORE Content

Rehabilitation counselors learn a variety of concepts, facts, and techniques in a CORE accredited program. They learn the history of the rehabilitation movement and its legislation and are apprised of current developments in legislation and practice. They learn how to be ethical towards clients and peers. They learn about the psycho-social aspects of disabling dis·a·ble  
tr.v. dis·a·bled, dis·a·bling, dis·a·bles
1. To deprive of capability or effectiveness, especially to impair the physical abilities of.

2. Law To render legally disqualified.
 conditions and how to help disabled people adjust to independence and employment. They learn about the medical aspects of disabilities. They learn about vocational evaluation and how to assess the vocational needs of clients. They learn how to place clients in jobs and to train them in job-seeking skills. They learn about labor market labor market A place where labor is exchanged for wages; an LM is defined by geography, education and technical expertise, occupation, licensure or certification requirements, and job experience  developments and projections and job analysis.

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) is a United States governmental institution that provides leadership and support for a comprehensive program of research related to the rehabilitation of individuals with disabilities.  (NIDRR NIDRR National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (US Department of Education) ) supports the rehabilitation training program by providing the means for researchers to produce innovative ideas which can then be translated into research utilization programs. Graduates of CORE Accredited Programs learn how to utilize this research. This is something that is rarely taught in onthe-job training. Graduates of CORE Accredited Programs have extensive practice hours with rehabilitation clients supervised by certified rehabilitation counselors before they actively enter the field. They have a minimum of 700 hours spent in one-to-one contact with people with disabilities under appropriate supervision doing evaluation, placement, and counseling activities. Rehabilitation counselors from CORE Accredited Programs understand the needs of people with disabilities and are empathic em·path·ic  
Of, relating to, or characterized by empathy.

Adj. 1. empathic - showing empathy or ready comprehension of others' states; "a sensitive and empathetic school counselor"
 in the interaction of theory and practice that we like to call the Boulder Model, or the scientist/practitioner model, that allows them to facilitate their clients' progress to the next step.

Specialized Education

Specialized graduate programs, such as those in supported employment and rehabilitation technology, are embedded in traditional programs in rehabilitation counseling. These programs address all of the important aspects plus specialized training, such as in supported employment, understanding the place-train model, and how to interact as a consultant and mediator with employers of severely disabled people whose work follows a nontraditional model.

CORE-Based Professional Preparation

Rehabilitation counselors from a CORE Accredited Program can become efficient vocational evaluators, placement personnel, or supported employment specialists in rehabilitation. They have the broad base of rehabilitation knowledge to serve people with disabilities and they also have the ability to counsel, support, and deal with their clients from a humanistic, holistic, team approach.

Future Needs/Demands of Consumers

Consumers and rehabilitation counselors will become partners in promoting state accessibility legislation, in monitoring accessibility compliance, and in educating the public regarding adaptable and universal housing design. Rehabilitation counselors will join forces with consumers in educating employers about the requirements of ADA, the demands of the worksite, the uniqueness of the consumer, and the necessity for organizational change.

Consumers and rehabilitation counselors will combine to advocate for inclusion and integration within the public education system. School psychologists, school counselors, and special educators will require retraining re·train  
tr. & intr.v. re·trained, re·train·ing, re·trains
To train or undergo training again.

 in fundamental concepts such as determination, physical and programmatic pro·gram·mat·ic  
1. Of, relating to, or having a program.

2. Following an overall plan or schedule: a step-by-step, programmatic approach to problem solving.

 access, assistive technology Hardware and software that help people who are physically impaired. Often called "accessibility options" when referring to enhancements for using the computer, the entire field of assistive technology is quite vast and even includes ramp and doorway construction in buildings to support , and independent living. The new Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
This article or section is currently being developed or reviewed.
Some statements may be disputed, incorrect, , biased or otherwise objectionable.
 (or IDEA, formerly known as the Education for all Handicapped Children's Act) adds rehabilitation counseling to the related services needed by children with disabilities and specifies independent living and community participation as a goal of transition services. To meet these new guidelines, school personnel must become acquainted with consumers who are active, productive members of the community. The provision of rehabilitation counseling to promote the self-advocacy and self-esteem of school children with disabilities will further these transition goals.

Personalization of Services

As technical assistance becomes more accessible and affordable, the importance of personalizing decision making and supporting the decision makers during an adaptation process will become evident. Technicians are needed to design equipment, and rehabilitation counselors add psycho-social and vocational expertise to the utilization of assistive technology.

Rehabilitation counselors have a range of marketable skills which will be sought in the "post ADA era." The movement of the state-federal VR system toward an entry-level standard requiring academic preparation of a professional nature will transfer the state agency setting into a professional service. The VR system will grow in attractiveness as the employer of qualified rehabilitation counselors. Other agencies, such as mental health, mental retardation mental retardation, below average level of intellectual functioning, usually defined by an IQ of below 70 to 75, combined with limitations in the skills necessary for daily living. , and schools, will also seek qualified rehabilitation counselors as they strive to improve the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Post ADA

With the full provisions of ADA in place, employers, and American society at large, will sit up and pay attention to the issues of access, equal opportunity, transportation, and the like for people who have disabilities. There may be some uncertainty, unfamiliarity, and fear on the part of employers and business people when they are required to address these issues, but counselors can, and must, take a lead role in encouraging, educating, and helping to make employers and others aware that people with disabilities have a wide range of valuable skills and abilities. Rehabilitation counselors will be expected to provide this education and awareness to prospective employers, as knowledge of the law, worksite demands, and client abilities become critical factors. Rehabilitation counselors will also need to provide this education regarding rights and responsibilities to people with disabilities as well, so that they may be empowered to claim their full access and integration into all aspects of society.

Dr. Schiro-Geist is the Director of Graduate Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Early years: 1867-1880
The Morrill Act of 1862 granted each state in the United States a portion of land on which to establish a major public state university, one which could teach agriculture, mechanic arts, and military training, "without excluding other scientific
 and is a past president of the Council on Rehabilitation Education. Dr. Walker is Coordinator of the Rehabilitation Counselor Training Program at Kent State University in Ohio and is also the current president of the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association. Ms. Nunez is Rehabilitation Supervisor for the New Jersey and New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
 office of Continental Rehabilitation Resources and is the immediate past president of the National Rehabilitation Counseling Association.
COPYRIGHT 1992 U.S. Rehabilitation Services Administration
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1992, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Title Annotation:Careers in Rehabilitation
Author:Nunez, Pat
Publication:American Rehabilitation
Date:Jun 22, 1992
Previous Article:Working with people who have severe psychiatric disabilities.
Next Article:Vocational evaluation as a career.

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