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Regional tables.

The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank's analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage.

East Asia East Asia

A region of Asia coextensive with the Far East.



East Asian adj. & n.
 and Pacific

American Samoa Samoa, island chain, SW Pacific Ocean
Samoa, chain of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, comprising the independent nation of Samoa (formerly Western Samoa), and E of long. 171° W, the islands of American Samoa, under U.S. control.
, Cambodia Cambodia (kămbō`dēə), Khmer Kampuchea, officially Kingdom of Cambodia, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 13,607,000), 69,898 sq mi (181,035 sq km), SE Asia. , China, Fiji, Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago. , Kiribati Kiribati (kĭr'ĭbăs`), officially Republic of Kiribati (2005 est. pop. 103,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator. , Korea Korea (kôrē`ə, kə–), Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. , Dem. Rep (programming) REP - A directive used in IBM object code card decks (and later PTF Tapes) to REPlace fragments of already assembled or compiled object code prior to link edit. ., Lao PDR Lao PDR Lao People's Democratic Republic , Malaysia Malaysia (məlā`zhə), independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital. , Marshall Islands Marshall Islands, officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 59,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in , Micronesia, Fed. Sts., Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea (păp`ə, –y , Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands Solomon Islands, independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 538,000), c.15,500 sq mi (40,150 sq km), SW Pacific, E of New Guinea. The islands that constitute the nation of the Solomon Islands—Guadalcanal, Malaita, New Georgia, the Santa Cruz Islands, , Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam

Europe and Central Asia

Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina (bŏz`nēə, hĕrtsəgōvē`nə), Serbo-Croatian Bosna i Hercegovina, country (2005 est. pop. 4,025,000), 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km), on the Balkan peninsula, S Europe. , Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic Czech Republic, Czech Česká Republika (2005 est. pop. 10,241,000), republic, 29,677 sq mi (78,864 sq km), central Europe. It is bordered by Slovakia on the east, Austria on the south, Germany on the west, and Poland on the north. , Estonia, Georgia Georgia, country, Asia
Georgia (jôr`jə), Georgian Sakartvelo, Rus. Gruziya, officially Republic of Georgia, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,677,000), c.26,900 sq mi (69,700 sq km), in W Transcaucasia.
, Hungary, Isle of Man Noun 1. Isle of Man - one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea
Man

British Isles - Great Britain and Ireland and adjacent islands in the north Atlantic
, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, FYR FYR Former Yugoslav Republic
FYR For Your Reference
FYR For Your Records
FYR Flash Your Rack
FYR Fifty Years of Ridicule (Le Tigre song)
FYR For Your Review
, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro (sûr`bēə, mŏn'tənē`grō), Serbian Srbija i Crna Gora, former country of SE Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, a short-lived union (2003–6) of the republics of Serbia and the much , Slovak Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Latin America Latin America, the Spanish-speaking, Portuguese-speaking, and French-speaking countries (except Canada) of North America, South America, Central America, and the West Indies.  and the Caribbean

Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic Dominican Republic (dəmĭn`ĭkən), republic (2005 est. pop. 8,950,000), 18,700 sq mi (48,442 sq km), West Indies, on the eastern two thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo. , Ecuador, El Salvador El Salvador (ĕl sälväthōr`), officially Republic of El Salvador, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,705,000), 8,260 sq mi (21,393 sq km), Central America. , Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (pwār`tō rē`kō), island (2005 est. pop. 3,917,000), 3,508 sq mi (9,086 sq km), West Indies, c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) SE of Miami, Fla. , St. Kitts and Nevis Noun 1. St. Kitts and Nevis - a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Christopher-Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis, St.
, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Noun 1. St. Vincent and the Grenadines - an island country in the central Windward Islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (trĭn`ĭdăd, təbā`gō), officially Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,088,000), 1,980 sq mi (5,129 sq km), West Indies. The capital is Port of Spain. , Uruguay, Venezuela, RB

Middle East and North Africa

Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Arab Rep., Iran, Islamic Rep., Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Morocco Morocco, country, Africa
Morocco (mərŏk`ō), officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2005 est. pop. 32,726,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa.
, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Yemen, Rep.

South Asia This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. For geophysical treatments, see Indian subcontinent.
South Asia, also known as Southern Asia
 

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (srē läng`kə) [Sinhalese,=resplendent land], formerly Ceylon, ancient Taprobane, officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, island republic (2005 est. pop.  

Sub-Saharan Africa

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso Burkina Faso (burkē`nə fä`sō), republic (2005 est. pop. 13,925,000), 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km), W Africa. It borders on Mali in the west and north, on Niger in the northeast, on Benin in the southeast, and on Togo, Ghana, and , Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde Cape Verde (vûd), Port. Cabo Verde, officially Republic of Cape Verde, republic (2005 est. pop. 418,000), c.1,560 sq mi (4,040 sq km), W Africa, in the Atlantic Ocean about 300 mi (480 km) W of Dakar, Senegal. , Central African Republic Central African Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,800,000), 240,534 sq mi (622,983 sq km), central Africa. The landlocked nation is bordered by Chad (N), Sudan (E), Congo (Kinshasa) and Congo (Brazzaville) (S), and Cameroon (W). , Chad Chad (chăd, chäd), Fr. Tchad, officially Republic of Chad, republic (2005 est. pop. 9,826,000), 495,752 sq mi (1,284,000 sq km), N central Africa. , Comoros, Congo, Dem. Rep., Congo, Rep., Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea (gĭn`ē), officially Republic of Equatorial Guinea, republic (2005 est. pop. 536,000), 10,830 sq mi (28,051 sq km), W central Africa. , Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Guinea, archaic term for Africa's west coast
Guinea (gĭn`ē), an archaic term for the west coast of Africa. In its widest sense it has been applied to the region from Angola to Senegal.
, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone Sierra Leone (sēĕr`ə lēō`nē, lēōn`; sēr`ə lēōn), officially Republic of Sierra Leone, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,018,000), 27,699 sq mi (71,740 sq km), W Africa. , Somalia, South Africa South Africa, Afrikaans Suid-Afrika, officially Republic of South Africa, republic (2005 est. pop. 44,344,000), 471,442 sq mi (1,221,037 sq km), S Africa. , Sudan Sudan (sdăn`), officially Republic of Sudan, republic (2005 est. pop. 40,187,000), 967,494 sq mi (2,505,813 sq km), NE Africa. , Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
World

Population (millions) 6,438 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129,606
GDP ($ billions) 44,645

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                     7,011
Urban population (% of total)                                    48.8
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)             2.2
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                   1.4

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                 38
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                   18.4
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)               1,043
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)          543

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                     30.5
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                       0.1
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                       11.6
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)         4.7
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                       1,793
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)              10.3
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                     2,607
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)             65.9
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                 16.0

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)          0.5
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                     4.3
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                       15.9
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)      54
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)                                 100

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                6,794
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                                 9.1
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                   70
Access to improved water source (% total population)               83
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    72
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    95
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)              57
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    38
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    80

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                  75

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                         20.8
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                          12.6
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                  4.4
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                       4.1
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                      0.3
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                   0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                      0.4
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                            0.4
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                   7.4

East Asia & Pacific

Population (millions) 1,885 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,870
GDP ($ billions) 3,040

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                     1,630
Urban population (% of total)                                    41.5
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)             3.5
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                   1.1

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                 51
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                    ...
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)                 ...
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)          704

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                     28.4
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                      -0.2
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                       12.1
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)         4.4
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                       1,124
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)              16.1
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                     1,343
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)             81.6
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                 15.6

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)          0.6
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                     2.7
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                       40.6
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)      72
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)                                  14

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                5,019
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                                11.1
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                   74
Access to improved water source (% total population)               79
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    70
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    92
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)              51
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    36
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    72

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                  33

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                         44.4
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                          10.3
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                  2.2
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                       7.8
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                      0.8
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                   0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                      1.2
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                            1.2
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                  25.3

Europe & Central Asia

Population (millions) 472 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,367
GDP ($ billions) 2,201

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                      4,143
Urban population (% of total)                                     63.7
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)              0.1
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                    0.1

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                  27
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                    11.2
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)                  349
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)            90

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                      38.3
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                        0.0
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                         7.1
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)          2.8
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                        2,847
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)                2.4
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                      3,637
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)              65.6
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                  17.4

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)           0.9
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                      6.9
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                       -47.7
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)       30
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)                                  142

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                11,139
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                                  7.5
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                    59
Access to improved water source (% total population)                92
  Rural (% of rural population)                                     80
  Urban (% of urban population)                                     99
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)               85
  Rural (% of rural population)                                     71
  Urban (% of urban population)                                     93

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                   32

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                          23.2
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                           10.6
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                   4.1
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                       16.6
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                       0.4
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                    0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                       1.2
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                             0.5
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                   -2.0

Latin America & Caribbean

Population (millions) 551 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,127
GDP ($ billions) 2,461

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                      4,045
Urban population (% of total)                                     77.2
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)              2.1
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                    1.5

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                  36
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                    11.4
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)                  925
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)           238

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                      45.5
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                        0.4
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                        19.7
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)          6.2
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                        1,186
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)               14.8
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                      1,674
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)              38.2
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                  56.3

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)           0.3
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                      2.4
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                        20.2
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)       38
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)                                  108

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                24,402
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                                  2.0
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                    71
Access to improved water source (% total population)                91
  Rural (% of rural population)                                     73
  Urban (% of urban population)                                     96
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)               77
  Rural (% of rural population)                                     49
  Urban (% of urban population)                                     86

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                   31

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                          22.9
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                           12.0
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                   4.4
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                        8.9
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                       1.7
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                    0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                       0.4
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                             0.5
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                    3.7

Middle East & North Africa

Population (millions) 306 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,961
GDP ($ billions) 625

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                     2,198
Urban population (% of total)                                    57.1
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)             2.7
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                   2.0

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                 23
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                   32.2
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)                 835
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)          669

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                      2.4
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                      -0.5
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                        3.4
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)         4.2
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                       1,189
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)               1.2
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                     1,289
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)             92.9
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                  7.0

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)          0.7
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                     3.4
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                       43.2
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)      84
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)                                 ...

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                  746
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                               105.0
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                   89
Access to improved water source (% total population)               90
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    81
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    96
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)              76
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    58
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    92

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                  53

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                         30.9
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                          11.0
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                  4.5
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                      35.2
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                      0.2
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                   0.1
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                      1.2
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                            0.6
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                 -13.0

South Asia

Population (millions) 1,470 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4,781
GDP ($ billions) 1,016

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                       692
Urban population (% of total)                                    28.5
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)             2.7
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                   1.9

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                 54
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                   39.2
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)               1,042
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)          587

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                     16.8
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                      -0.2
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                        6.0
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)         5.5
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                         486
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)              38.0
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                       414
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)             81.9
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                 14.9

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)          0.4
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                     1.0
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                       46.5
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)      84
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)                                   6

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                1,236
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                                51.8
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                   90
Access to improved water source (% total population)               84
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    81
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    94
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)              37
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    27
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    63

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                  83

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                         30.1
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                           9.1
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                  3.6
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                       4.9
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                      0.8
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                   0.6
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                      1.1
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                            0.8
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                  16.4

Sub-Saharan Africa

Population (millions) 743 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,597
GDP ($ billions) 622

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)                       746
Urban population (% of total)                                    35.2
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)             4.0
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2005)                   2.5

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area)                                 44
Irrigated land (% of cropland)                                    3.6
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land)                 139
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)          373

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area)                                     26.5
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005)                       0.6
Nationally protected area (% of land area)                       11.3
Mammal species, total known
Mammal species, threatened
Bird species, total known
Bird species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, 100-maximum)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent)         2.8
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)                         703
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)              55.7
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)                       550
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)             75.8
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)                 19.5

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP)          0.4
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons)                     0.8
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2003)                       21.4
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m)      64
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)                5,229
Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)                                 3.1
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)                   87
Access to improved water source (% total population)               56
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    43
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    80
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)              37
  Rural (% of rural population)                                    28
  Urban (% of urban population)                                    53

Environment and health
ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)                 163

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI)                                         17.4
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)                          10.7
Education expenditure (% of GNI)                                  3.8
Energy depletion (% of GNI)                                      15.5
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)                                      0.8
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)                                   0.3
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI)                                      0.7
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)                            0.5
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)                                  -7.3
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Title Annotation:THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK 2007
Publication:Little Green Data Book 2007
Date:Jan 1, 2007
Words:2976
Previous Article:Data notes.
Next Article:Income group tables.

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