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Regional tables.

The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank's analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage.

East Asia East Asia

A region of Asia coextensive with the Far East.



East Asian adj. & n.
 and Pacific (developing only: 23)

American Samoa, Cambodia, China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Marshall Islands Marshall Islands, officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 59,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in , Federated Connected and treated as one. See federated database and federated directories.  States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea (păp`ə, –y , the Philippines, Samoa, the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands, independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 538,000), c.15,500 sq mi (40,150 sq km), SW Pacific, E of New Guinea. The islands that constitute the nation of the Solomon Islands—Guadalcanal, Malaita, New Georgia, the Santa Cruz Islands, , Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam

Europe and Central Asia (developing only: 26)

Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina (bŏz`nēə, hĕrtsəgōvē`nə), Serbo-Croatian Bosna i Hercegovina, country (2005 est. pop. 4,025,000), 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km), on the Balkan peninsula, S Europe. , Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, (1) Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, (1) the Slovak Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Latin America Latin America, the Spanish-speaking, Portuguese-speaking, and French-speaking countries (except Canada) of North America, South America, Central America, and the West Indies.  and the Caribbean (developing only: 29)

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic (dəmĭn`ĭkən), republic (2005 est. pop. 8,950,000), 18,700 sq mi (48,442 sq km), West Indies, on the eastern two thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo. , Ecuador, El Salvador El Salvador (ĕl sälväthōr`), officially Republic of El Salvador, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,705,000), 8,260 sq mi (21,393 sq km), Central America. , Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis Noun 1. St. Kitts and Nevis - a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Christopher-Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis, St.
, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Noun 1. St. Vincent and the Grenadines - an island country in the central Windward Islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
, Suriname, Uruguay, Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela

Middle East and North Africa (developing only: 14)

Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, the Islamic Republic An Islamic republic, in its modern context, has come to mean several different things, some contradictory to others. Theoretically, to many religious leaders, it is a state under a particular theocratic form of government advocated by some Muslim religious leaders in the Middle  of Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Syria, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, the Republic of Yemen Noun 1. Republic of Yemen - a republic on the southwestern shores of the Arabian Peninsula on the Indian Ocean; formed in 1990
Yemen

Aden-Abyan Islamic Army, Islamic Army of Aden, Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan, IAA - Yemen-based terrorist group that supports
 

South Asia This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. For geophysical treatments, see Indian subcontinent.
South Asia, also known as Southern Asia
 (8)

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (srē läng`kə) [Sinhalese,=resplendent land], formerly Ceylon, ancient Taprobane, officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, island republic (2005 est. pop.  

Sub-Saharan Africa (47)

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso Burkina Faso (burkē`nə fä`sō), republic (2005 est. pop. 13,925,000), 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km), W Africa. It borders on Mali in the west and north, on Niger in the northeast, on Benin in the southeast, and on Togo, Ghana, and , Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde Cape Verde (vûd), Port. Cabo Verde, officially Republic of Cape Verde, republic (2005 est. pop. 418,000), c.1,560 sq mi (4,040 sq km), W Africa, in the Atlantic Ocean about 300 mi (480 km) W of Dakar, Senegal. , the Central African Republic Central African Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,800,000), 240,534 sq mi (622,983 sq km), central Africa. The landlocked nation is bordered by Chad (N), Sudan (E), Congo (Kinshasa) and Congo (Brazzaville) (S), and Cameroon (W). , Chad, Comoros, the Comoros, the (kŏm`ərōs), officially Union of the Comoros (2005 est. pop. 671,000), 838 sq mi (2,170 sq km), occupying most of the Comoro Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel, between  Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea (gĭn`ē), officially Republic of Equatorial Guinea, republic (2005 est. pop. 536,000), 10,830 sq mi (28,051 sq km), W central Africa. , Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone Sierra Leone (sēĕr`ə lēō`nē, lēōn`; sēr`ə lēōn), officially Republic of Sierra Leone, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,018,000), 27,699 sq mi (71,740 sq km), W Africa. , Somalia, South Africa South Africa, Afrikaans Suid-Afrika, officially Republic of South Africa, republic (2005 est. pop. 44,344,000), 471,442 sq mi (1,221,037 sq km), S Africa. , Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

East Asia and Pacific
Population (millions, 2006)                             1,900
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)              0.9
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)              120
Labor force (millions, 2006)                            1,076
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                       42.3
Age dependency ratio (2006)                              0.44
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                      16,300
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                                  3,647
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                  1,863
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                       8.8
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line          9.1
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION emigration: see immigration; migration. , 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 19.3 million or 1.0 percent of population

* Top 10 emigration countries: China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Myanmar, Lao PDR Lao PDR Lao People's Democratic Republic , Cambodia

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD OECD: see Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.  countries (50.0 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (27.3 percent), intra-regional (13.1 percent), other developing countries (1.1 percent); unidentified (8.5 percent)

* Top 10 migration corridors: the Philippines--the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , China--the United States, Vietnam--the United States, Malaysia--Singapore, Indonesia--Malaysia, China--Singapore, the Philippines--Saudi Arabia, China--Japan, China--Canada, Indonesia--Saudi Arabia

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary tertiary (tûr`shēârē), in the Roman Catholic Church, member of a third order. The third orders are chiefly supplements of the friars—Franciscans (the most numerous), Dominicans, and Carmelites.  educated (top 10 countries): Tonga (74.2 percent), Samoa (66.6 percent), Fiji (58.7 percent), the Marshall Islands (41.0 percent), Vietnam (39.0 percent), the Federated States of Micronesia (36.4 percent), Palau (30.0 percent), Papua New Guinea (28.2 percent), Kiribati (24.9 percent), the Philippines (14.8 percent)

* Emigration of physicians: 19,071 or 0.8 percent of physicians trained in the region

IMMIGRATION immigration, entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important. , 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 4.4 million or 0.2 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 48.1 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 10.8 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 10 immigration countries: Malaysia, Thailand, China, the Philippines, Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Papua New Guinea, Lao PDR
Remittances

US$ billions          1995     2000     2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows       9.7     16.7     20.1     29.5     35.4
All developing
  countries           57.5     84.5     95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows       1.6      1.7      2.0      5.4      5.5
All developing
  countries           12.4     11.5     13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions          2004     2005        2006     2007

Inward
remittance flows      39.1     46.6    52.8 (a)     58.0
All developing
  countries          161.3    191.2       221.3    239.7

Outward
remittance flows       8.4      9.9    10.4 (b)
All developing
  countries           30.9     36.0        44.2

(a.) 1.5% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.3% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: China ($25.7 bn), the
Philippines ($17.0 bn), Indonesia ($6.0 bn), Viet- nam ($5.0 bn),
Thailand ($1.7 bn), Malaysia ($1.7 bn), Cambodia ($0.3 bn), Mongolia
($0.2 bn), Fiji ($0.2 bn), Myanmar ($0.1 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Tonga
(32.3%), the Philippines (13.0%), Kiribati (9.9%), Vietnam (7.9%),
Mongolia (6.8%), the Solomon Islands (6.3%), Fiji (5.8%), Cambodia
(4.1%), Vanuatu (2.8%), Indonesia (1.6%).


Europe and Central Asia
Population (millions, 2006)                            460
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)           0.2
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)            20
Labor force (millions, 2006)                           210
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                    63.8
Age dependency ratio (2006)                           0.46
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                   24,114
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                               2,421
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)               4,796
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                    6.2
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line       1.0
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 47.6 million or 10.0 percent of population

* Top 10 emigration countries: Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Poland, Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro (sûr`bēə, mŏn'tənē`grō), Serbian Srbija i Crna Gora, former country of SE Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, a short-lived union (2003–6) of the republics of Serbia and the much , Uzbekistan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Azerbaijan.

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD countries (28.5 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (5.3 percent), intra-regional (57.6 percent), other developing countries (0.2 percent); unidentified (8.5 percent)

* Top 10 migration corridors: Russia--Ukraine, Ukraine--Russia, Turkey--Germany, Kazakhstan--Russia, Russia--Kazakhstan, Belarus--Russia, Uzbekistan--Russia, Serbia and Montenegro--Germany, Azerbaijan--Russia, Russia--Belarus

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary educated (top 10 countries): Croatia (29.4 percent), Bosnia and Herzegovina (28.6 percent), FYR FYR Former Yugoslav Republic
FYR For Your Reference
FYR For Your Records
FYR Flash Your Rack
FYR Fifty Years of Ridicule (Le Tigre song)
FYR For Your Review
 Macedonia (20.9 percent), Albania (20.0 percent), Serbia and Montenegro (17.4 percent), the Slovak Republic (15.3 percent), Romania (14.1 percent), Estonia (13.9 percent), Poland (12.3 percent), Hungary (12.1 percent)

* Emigration of physicians: 19,555 or 1.3 percent of physicians trained in the region

IMMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 31.1 million or 6.5 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 57.2 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 2.2 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 10 immigration countries: Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Poland, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, the Czech Republic Czech Republic, Czech Česká Republika (2005 est. pop. 10,241,000), republic, 29,677 sq mi (78,864 sq km), central Europe. It is bordered by Slovakia on the east, Austria on the south, Germany on the west, and Poland on the north.  
Remittances

US$ billions          1995    2005    2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows      7.9    13.1    12.7     14.0     16.7
All developing
  countries          57.5    84.5    95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows      4.9     2.4     3.3      3.9      5.2
All developing
  countries          12.4    11.5    13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions           2004     2005        2006     2007

Inward
remittance flows      21.1     29.5    35.1 (a)     38.6
All developing
  countries          161.3    191.2        221.3   239.7

Outward
remittance flows       8.1     11.0    17.4 (b)
All developing
  countries           30.9     36.0        44.2

(a.) 1.4% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.7% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: Romania ($6.8 bn), Poland
($5.0 bn), Serbia and Montenegro ($4.9 bn), Russia ($4.0 bn), Bosnia
and Herzegovina ($1.9 bn), Bulgaria ($1.9 bn), Croatia ($1.8 bn),
Albania ($1.5 bn), Armenia ($1.3 bn), Tajikistan ($1.3 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Tajikistan
(36.2%), Moldova (36.2%), the Kyrgyz Repub- lic (27.4%), Armenia
(18.3%), Bosnia and Herzegovina (17.2%), Albania (14.9%), Serbia and
Montenegro (13.8%), Georgia (6.4%), Romania (5.5%), Bulgaria (5.4%).


Latin America and the Caribbean
Population (millions, 2006)                             556
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)            1.4
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)             28
Labor force (millions, 2006)                            257
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                     77.7
Age dependency ratio (2006)                            0.56
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                    20,415
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                                2,860
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                4,767
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                     3.6
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line        8.6
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 28.3 million or 5.1 percent of population

* Top 10 emigration countries: Mexico, Colombia, Cuba Colombia is a municipality and city in the Las Tunas Province of Cuba. It is located in the western part of the province,  km ( mi) south of Guáimaro.

Rio Tana flows through the community.
, Brazil, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Ecuador, Peru, Haiti

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD countries (79.0 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (0.6 percent), intra-regional (11.9 percent), other developing countries (0.05 percent); unidentified (8.5 percent)

* Top 10 migration corridors: Mexico-the United States, Cuba-the United States, El Salvador-the United States, the Dominican Republic-the United States, Jamaica-the United States, Colombia-Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela, Colombia-the United States, Guatemala-the United States, Ecuador-Spain, Haiti-the United States

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary educated (top 10 countries): Suriname (89.9 percent), Guyana (85.9 percent), Jamaica (82.5 percent), Haiti (81.6 percent), Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (trĭn`ĭdăd, təbā`gō), officially Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,088,000), 1,980 sq mi (5,129 sq km), West Indies. The capital is Port of Spain.  (78.4 percent), St. Kitts and Nevis (71.8 percent), Grenada (66.7 percent), Barbados (61.4 percent), Dominica (58.9 percent), St. Vincent (56.8 percent)

* Emigration of physicians: 21,208 or 2.4 percent of physicians trained in the region

IMMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 5.8 million or 1.0 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 50.0 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 0.6 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 10 immigration countries: Argentina, Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela, Mexico, Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Paraguay, the Dominican Republic, Colombia, Bolivia
Remittances

US$ billions          1995     2000     2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows      13.3     20.0     24.2     27.9     34.8
All developing
  countries           57.5     84.5     95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows       1.1      2.0      2.4      1.9      1.8
All developing
  countries           12.4     11.5     13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions          2004     2005        2006     2007

Inward
remittance flows      41.3     48.6    56.5 (a)     59.9
All developing
  countries          161.3    191.2        221.3   239.7

Outward
remittance flows       2.0      2.3     2.6 (b)
All developing
  countries           30.9     36.0        44.2

(a.) 1.9% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.1% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: Mexico ($25.0 bn), Colombia
($4.6 bn), Brazil ($4.5 bn), Guatemala ($4.1 bn), El Salvador ($3.6
bn), the Dominican Republic ($3.2 bn), Ecuador ($3.2 bn), Honduras
($2.6 bn), Jamaica ($2.0 bn), Peru ($2.0 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Honduras
(25.6%), Guyana (24.3%), Haiti (21.6%), Jamaica (18.5%), El Salvador
(18.2%), Nicaragua (12.2%), Guatemala (10.3%), the Dominican Republic
(10.0%), Ecuador (7.2%), Bolivia (5.5%).


Middle East and North Africa
Population (millions, 2006)                              311
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)             1.9
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)              35
Labor force (millions, 2006)                             112
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                      57.4
Age dependency ratio (2006)                             0.60
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                      8,990
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                                   811
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                 2,481
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                      4.3
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line         1.5
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 12.9 million or 4.2 percent of population

* Top 10 emigration countries: Morocco, Egypt, Algeria, Iraq, the Islamic Republic of Iran, West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Tunisia, Lebanon, the Republic of Yemen

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD countries (52.2 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (21.3 percent), intra-regional (16.3 percent), other developing countries (1.7 percent); unidentified (8.5 percent)

* Top 10 migration corridors: Afghanistan-the Islamic Republic of Iran, Algeria-France, Egypt-Saudi Arabia, Morocco-France, Morocco-Spain, West Bank and Gaza-Syria, Israel-West Bank and Gaza, the Republic of Yemen-Saudi Arabia, Tunisia-France, Egypt-Libya

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary educated (top 10 countries): Lebanon (29.7 percent), Djibouti (17.8 percent), the Islamic Republic of Iran (13.1 percent), Morocco (10.3 percent), Tunisia (9.6 percent), Iraq (9.1 percent), Algeria (6.5 percent), Jordan (6.4 percent), the Republic of Yemen, (5.7 percent), Syria (5.2 percent)

* Emigration of physicians: 15,974 or 4.7 percent of physicians trained in the region

IMMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 9.6 million or 3.1 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 43.4 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 59.9 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 10 immigration countries: Jordan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, West Bank and Gaza, Syria, Lebanon, Oman, Libya, the Republic of Yemen, Algeria, Egypt
Remittances

US$ billions        1995    2000    2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows    13.4    12.9    14.7     15.3     20.4
All developing
  countries         57.5    84.5    95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows     2.2     2.3     2.6      5.2      6.9
All developing
  countries         12.4    11.5    13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions         2004     2005     2006       2007

Inward
remittance flows     23.1     24.2     26.7 (a)    28.5
All developing
  countries         161.3    191.2    221.3       239.7

Outward
remittance flows      7.3      7.8      8.8 (b)
All developing
  countries          30.9     36.0     44.2

(a.) 3.9% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 2.6% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: Egypt ($5.9 bn), Morocco ($5.7
bn), Lebanon ($5.5 bn), Jordan ($2.9 bn), Algeria ($2.9 bn), Tunisia
($1.7 bn), the Republic of Yemen ($1.3 bn), the Islamic Republic of
Iran ($1.1 bn), Syria ($0.8 bn), West Bank and Gaza ($0.6 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Lebanon
(22.8%), Jordan (20.3%), West Bank and Gaza (14.7%), Morocco (9.5%),
the Republic of Yemen (6.7%), Tunisia (5.0%), Egypt (5.0%), Djibouti
(3.8%), Syria (2.3%), Algeria (2.2%).


South Asia
Population (millions, 2006)                          1,493
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)           1.7
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)           312
Labor force (millions, 2006)                           597
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                    28.8
Age dependency ratio (2006)                           0.61
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                    5,140
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                               1,138
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                 766
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                    7.3
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line      30.8
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 22.1 million or 1.5 percent of population

* Top 5 emigration countries: India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD countries (20.3 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (25.3 percent), intra-regional (34.5 percent), other developing countries (11.4 percent); unidentified (8.5 percent)

* Top 5 migration corridors: Bangladesh-India, India-the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates, federation of sheikhdoms (2005 est. pop. 2,563,000), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. , Afghanistan-the Islamic Republic of Iran, India-Saudi Arabia, Pakistan-India

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary educated (top 5 countries): Sri Lanka (27.5 percent), Afghanistan (13.2 percent), Pakistan (9.2 percent), Bangladesh (4.7 percent), India (4.2 percent)

* Emigration of physicians: 27,508 or 4.1 percent of physicians trained in the region

IMMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 11.2 million or 0.8 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 45.3 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 10.7 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 5 immigration countries: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka
Remittances

US$ billions         1995    2000    2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows     10.0    17.2    19.2     24.1     30.4
All developing
  countries          57.5    84.5    95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows      0.5     0.6     1.0      1.5      1.6
All developing
  countries          12.4    11.5    13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions          2004     2005      2006       2007

Inward
remittance flows      28.7     33.1      39.8 (a)   43.8
All developing
  countries          161.3    191.2     221.3      239.7

Outward
remittance flows       2.0      1.7       2.0 (b)
All developing
  countries           30.9     36.0      44.2

(a.) 3.5% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.2% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 5 remittance recipients in 2007: India ($27.0 bn), Bangladesh
($6.4 bn), Pakistan ($6.1 bn), Sri Lanka ($2.7 bn), Nepal ($1.6 bn).

* Top 5 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Nepal
(18.0%), Bangladesh (8.8%), Sri Lanka (8.7%), Pakistan (4.0%), India
(2.8%).


Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions, 2006)                             770
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)            2.5
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)             33
Labor force (millions, 2006)                            317
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                     35.9
Age dependency ratio (2006)                            0.88
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                    24,265
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                                  668
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                  842
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                     4.9
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line       41.1
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 15.9 million or 2.1 percent of population

* Top 10 emigration countries: Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Eritrea, Nigeria, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Sudan, the Sudan, The
 officially Republic of the Sudan

Country, northeastern Africa. Area: 966,757 sq mi (2,503,890 sq km). Population (2005 est.): 36,233,000. Capitals: Khartoum (executive), Omdurman (legislative).
 Democratic Republic of

Congo

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD countries (25.2 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (2.9 percent), intra-regional (63.2 percent), other developing countries (0.2 percent); unidentified (8.5 percent)

* Top 10 migration corridors: Burkina Faso-Cote d'lvoire, Zimbabwe-South Africa, Mali-Cote d'lvoire, Eritrea-Sudan, Ghana-Cote d'lvoire, MaliBurkina Faso, Eritrea-Ethiopia, Mozambique-South Africa, Sudan-Saudi Arabia, Lesotho-South Africa

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary educated (top 10 countries): Cape Verde (69.1 percent), The Gambia (64.7 percent), Seychelles (58.6 percent), Somalia (58.6 percent), Mauritius (48.0 percent), Eritrea (45.8 percent), Ghana (42.9 percent), Mozambique (42.0 percent), Sierra Leone (41.0 percent), Liberia (37.4 percent)

* Emigration of physicians:

a) 9,425 or 8.8 percent of physicians trained in the region (Source: Docquier and Bhargava 2006)

b) 36,653 or 28 percent of physicians trained in the region (Source: Clemens and Pettersson 2006)

* Emigration of nurses: 53,298 or 11 percent of nurses trained in the region

IMMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 15.7 million or 2.1 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 47.9 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 17.4 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 10 immigration countries: Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, South Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania, Burkina Faso, Sudan, Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda

(1) Serbia and Montenegro became separate countries in 2006; however, we report them jointly in this Factbook since the historical statistics of the two countries were combined.
Remittances

US$ billions         1995    2000    2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows      3.2     4.6     4.7      5.0      6.0
All developing
  countries          57.5    84.5    95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows      2.0     2.5     2.3      2.5      2.8
All developing
  countries          12.4    11.5    13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions          2004     2005        2006      2007

Inward
remittance flows       8.0      9.3      10.3 (a)    10.8
All developing
  countries          161.3    191.2     221.3       239.7

Outward
remittance flows       3.0      3.3       2.9 (b)
All developing
  countries           30.9     36.0      44.2

(a.) 1.6% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.4% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: Nigeria ($3.3 bn), Kenya ($1.3
bn), Sudan ($1.2 bn), Senegal ($0.9 bn), Uganda ($0.9 bn), South
Africa ($0.7 bn), Lesotho ($0.4 bn), Mauritius ($0.2 bn), Togo ($0.2
bn), Mali ($0.2 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Lesotho
(24.5%), Gambia, The (12.5%), Cape Verde (12.0%), Guinea-Bissau
(9.2%), Uganda (8.7%), Togo (8.7%), Senegal (7.1%), Kenya (5.3%),
Swaziland (3.7%), Benin (3.6%).
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Publication:The Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008
Date:Jan 1, 2008
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