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Region 1. (Regional News & Recovery Updates).

Aleutian Canada Goose Canada goose

Brown-backed, light-breasted goose (Branta canadensis) with a black head and neck and white cheeks. Subspecies vary in size, from the 4.4-lb (2-kg) cackling goose to the 14.3-lb (6.5-kg) giant Canada goose, which has a wingspread of up to 6.6 ft (2 m).
 (Branta canadensis leupareia) An interesting development at Humboldt Bay Humboldt Bay: see Jayapura, Indonesia.  (California) NWR NWR National Wildlife Refuge
NWR NOAA Weather Radio
NWR National Wildlife Reserve
NWR North West Region
NWR Not Work Related
NWR Network Wavelength Requirement
NWR Not Worth Reporting
NWR Nuclear Weapons Report
 may help in planning future habitat management. More Aleutian Canada geese are using the refuges's Salmon Creek Unit than at any time since the Fish and Wildlife Service acquired it in 1988. This may be due to the fact that this is the first time in recent years there has been no winter/ spring grazing on the unit. The numbers of Aleutians rose from 700 in late January to 1,800 by mid-February, and to a mid-summer total of approximately 3,000. Along with the lack of disturbance, an additional benefit from no grazing was the fact that the refuge could hold on to more water than ever before. The grazing permit has been retired but the previous permit holder is being allowed to make hay on the land in order to help manage the growth of non-native plants.

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher (Epiodomax trailii extimus) Surveys and banding studies by Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge The Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge is a protected wildlife refuge, administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, located 90 miles (145 km) north of Las Vegas, Nevada. The refuge was created on June 18, 1984.  (NWR) biologist David St. George and staff from the U.S. Geological Survey's Biological Research Division (BRD (Blue-Ray Disc) See Blu-ray. ) and Nevada Division of Wildlife have documented the presence of southwestern willow flycatchers at Ash Meadows since 1993. Recent DNA analysis DNA analysis Any technique used to analyze genes and DNA. See Chromosome walking, DNA fingerprinting, Footprinting, In situ hybridization, Jeffries' probe, Jumping libraries, PCR, RFLP analysis, Southern blot hybridization.  by the BRD has separated these breeding pairs from the two other subspecies subspecies, also called race, a genetically distinct geographical subunit of a species. See also classification.  known to occur in Nevada.

Some exceptional information on southwestern willow flycatcher seasonal migrations has also turned up. A male banded at Ash Meadows in July 1998 was subsequently recaptured and color banded in San Jose, Costa Rica, in January 1999. He returned to breed at Ash Meadows in June 1999 but was not observed there this summer. Out of four southwestern willow flycatchers color-banded at Ash Meadows in July 1998, only one was observed at the refuge in 2000.

Public Outreach The fourth "Living With Carnivores" workshop made it to the Spokane REI (Recreational Equipment, Inc.) store on May 25, when more than 50 people participated in a 2-hour educational session. Five workshops were held across Washington in May and June to help residents understand how to avoid conflicts with grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), black bears (Ursus americanus), gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus (l`pəs), noninfectious chronic disease in which antibodies in an individual's immune system attack the body's own substances. ), cougars (Felis concolor), and coyotes (Canis latrans). The workshops are a cooperative effort of the Service's Western Washington Office, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Defenders of Wildlife Defenders of Wildlife is non-profit 501(c)(3) organization founded in 1947 out of concern for perceived cruelties of the use of steel-jawed leghold traps for trapping fur-bearing animals. , Wolfhaven International, U.S.D.A.'s Wildlife Services agency, Northwest Ecosystem Alliance, Insight Wildlife Management, and CounterAssault Bear Deterrent Spray. There were slide show presentations on each of the carnivores followed by a lively question-and-answer session. The workshop was well received and was repeated in Bellingham on June 22. A private donor from Bellingham, Washington, contributed $1,000 for the costs of conducting the June 22 workshop. A special fund was set up through Defenders of Wildlife to handle additional contributions. Other contributors have included the Seatac Rotary Club and REI Outfitters.

LaRee Brosseau of the Portland Regional Office.
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Author:Brosseau, LaRee
Publication:Endangered Species Update
Date:Sep 1, 2001
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