Qwest Reports Second Quarter 2009 Results.DENVER -- Qwest Communications
See: New York Stock Exchange :Q):
Second Quarter Highlights
* Generated strong free cash flow
* Improved margin reflects more profitable revenue mix and sustained cost controls
* Revenue growth in Business Markets supported by demand for IP services
* Continued subscriber growth for consumer broadband, wireless and video services
* Improved net debt leverage ratio to 2.7 times
* Renewed enhanced DIRECTV agreement for five years
* Updates financial guidance
Qwest Communications (NYSE:Q) today reported financial results for the second quarter 2009. In the quarter, net income rose to $212 million, an increase of 18 percent compared to the second quarter 2008. Earnings per share were 12 cents, an increase of 20 percent vs. the prior year. Current quarter results were impacted by lower operating income Operating Income
The profit realized from a business' own operations.
This would not include income from things such as investments in other firms. Also referred to as operating profit or recurring profit. , mainly due to higher incremental Additional or increased growth, bulk, quantity, number, or value; enlarged.
Incremental cost is additional or increased cost of an item or service apart from its actual cost. non-cash pension and OPEB OPEB Other Post-Employment Benefits
OPEB Other Postretirement Obligations (pensions/retirement) expense. This was offset by a one-time tax benefit that aided reported earnings per share this period. Current quarter earnings results include a 1 cent per-share charge for severance The act of dividing, or the state of being divided.
The term severance has unique meanings in different branches of the law. Courts use the term in both civil and criminal litigation in two ways: first, when dividing a lawsuit into two or more parts, and second, when , realignment re·a·lign
tr.v. re·a·ligned, re·a·lign·ing, re·a·ligns
1. To put back into proper order or alignment.
2. To make new groupings of or working arrangements between. and restructuring restructuring - The transformation from one representation form to another at the same relative abstraction level, while preserving the subject system's external behaviour (functionality and semantics). cost.
For the quarter, net operating revenue operating revenue
Revenue from any regular source. Revenue from sales is adjusted for discounts and returns when calculating operating revenue. Compare other revenue. of $3.1 billion declined 9 percent from the prior-year period. Consistent with the past three quarters, Qwest's transition from a wireless MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) A reseller of wireless services. MVNOs do not own licensed spectrum and typically do not have any of their own wireless network infrastructure. model to a reseller An organization that sells hardware and software to the general public. Resellers purchase products from software publishers and hardware manufacturers. model contributed to lower revenue comparisons. Excluding the impact of the wireless transition, revenue declined 6 percent compared to the second quarter 2008. Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization) A metric used to show a company's profitability, but not its cash flow. EBITDA became popular in the 1980s to show the potential profitability of leveraged buyouts, but has become for the quarter was $1.1 billion, a decline of $52 million, or 5 percent, from the prior-year period. Second quarter results include incremental non-cash pension and OPEB expense of approximately $60 million compared to the second quarter 2008. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 35.3 percent in the quarter, up 150 basis points from the year-ago period. For the quarter, adjusted free cash flow was $657 million compared to $460 million in the second quarter 2008. Year-to-date adjusted free cash flow was $1.0 billion vs. $516 million in 2008.
Under more challenging economic conditions in the second quarter, Qwest delivered strong free cash flow while making significant progress on strategic objectives. Partnership performance remained strong in the quarter with subscriber gains across all strategic consumer products. Building off this success, Qwest recently renewed its marketing agreement with DIRECTV for an additional five years. The company forged a new managed services An umbrella term for third-party monitoring and maintaining of computers, networks and software. The actual equipment may be inhouse or at the third-party's facilities, but the "managed" implies an ongoing effort; for example, making sure the equipment is running at a certain quality partnership with IBM (International Business Machines Corporation, Armonk, NY, www.ibm.com) The world's largest computer company. IBM's product lines include the S/390 mainframes (zSeries), AS/400 midrange business systems (iSeries), RS/6000 workstations and servers (pSeries), Intel-based servers (xSeries) to address customer needs within Business Markets. Also in the quarter, Qwest and CURRENT Group, LLC (Logical Link Control) See "LANs" under data link protocol.
LLC - Logical Link Control announced a new framework leveraging Qwest's low latency Low latency allows human-unnoticeable delays between an input being processed and the corresponding output providing real time characteristics. This can be especially important for internet connections utilizing services such as online gaming and VOIP - VOIP is not as important as , secure, DSL DSL
in full Digital Subscriber Line
Broadband digital communications connection that operates over standard copper telephone wires. It requires a DSL modem, which splits transmissions into two frequency bands: the lower frequencies for voice (ordinary network to support Smart Grid This article or section is written like an .
Please help [ rewrite this article] from a neutral point of view.
Mark blatant advertising for , using . solutions.
"Considering the economic environment, I am very pleased with our overall performance in the first half of 2009," said Edward A. Mueller, Qwest chairman and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. . "Our commitment to disciplined management is evident in our strong cash flow results. This focus allows us to continue to augment aug·ment
v. aug·ment·ed, aug·ment·ing, aug·ments
1. To make (something already developed or well under way) greater, as in size, extent, or quantity: our financial strength and provide tangible rewards for our shareholders. At the same time, we are laying the foundation for stronger performance when we emerge from a tough economy. While current market conditions dictate a cautious approach, we continue to invest in areas of the business that will define our future, including expanded broadband capabilities and significant product development to support continuing demand for our enterprise services."
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL RESULTS
Qwest reported total operating revenue of $3.1 billion in the quarter, a decline of 9 percent compared to the prior year due to lower voice services and wireless revenue. Data, Internet and video revenue grew in the quarter by 2 percent vs. the second quarter 2008 as a result of broadband subscriber growth in Mass Markets and continued demand for data products in Business Markets. Strategic revenue increased 6 percent principally on the strength of data products. Voice services revenue declined 13 percent mainly due to consumer access line pressures and ongoing efforts to improve wholesale profitability. Qwest continues to expect the transition to its new wireless business model to be complete in the fourth quarter of this year.
Operating expenses Operating expenses
The amount paid for asset maintenance or the cost of doing business, excluding depreciation. Earnings are distributed after operating expenses are deducted. in the quarter declined by $219 million, or 8 percent, compared to the second quarter 2008. The major drivers of the decline were a 19 percent decrease in costs of sales due to reduced facility costs, a decline in wireless MVNO-related expenses and a 7 percent decline in selling expenses. Savings from a 10 percent decline in employees were offset by the increased pension and OPEB expense and increased severance costs that drove a 6 percent increase in overall general administrative expenses. Total employees at the end of the quarter were 31,500 compared to 32,800 at the end of the first quarter and 35,100 at the end of the second quarter 2008.
Net income for the quarter was $212 million, an increase of 18 percent from the prior year. Lower income tax expense from tax settlements for prior years and recognition of previously unrecognized tax benefits more than offset reductions in operating income and higher interest expense.
SEGMENT FINANCIAL RESULTS
Editors note: Beginning in the third quarter of 2009, Qwest will adopt new segment revenue classifications. To assist the reader with this transition Qwest is providing both historical and prospective segment revenue classifications reporting in Attachment D.
In the second quarter, Qwest's Business Markets segment reported its seventh consecutive quarter of annual revenue growth and achieved substantial margin improvement. In the quarter, Qwest and IBM announced a 5-year agreement where Qwest will sell and deliver highly proactive managed services, including security, network management and unified communications The real time redirection of a voice, text or e-mail message to the device closest to the intended recipient at any given time. For example, voice calls to desk phones could be routed to the user's cellphone when required. , to mid-sized businesses beginning later this year. Qwest also rolled out an enhanced, robust web platform to allow business customers to learn about Qwest's communications solutions, scale and manage their Qwest services and monitor their network from a convenient online hub. Qwest continues to achieve success in government and education sectors. The company recently secured new contracts with the Utah Education Network The Utah Education Network (UEN) is a not-for-profit consortium of higher and public education, libraries, state government and business. UEN’s high speed computer network connects Utah colleges and universities as well as the state’s school districts and libraries. for statewide broadband services See broadband and broadband service provider. and the U.S. General Services Administration The General Services Administration (GSA) was established by section 101 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C.A. § 751). The GSA sets policy for and manages government property and records. to deploy Managed Trusted Internet Protocol See Internet and TCP/IP.
(networking) Internet Protocol - (IP) The network layer for the TCP/IP protocol suite widely used on Ethernet networks, defined in STD 5, RFC 791. IP is a connectionless, best-effort packet switching protocol. Services (MTIPS).
The Business Markets segment reported total revenue of $1.0 billion, an increase of 1 percent compared to the prior year and flat to the prior quarter. Strategic revenue, which includes hosting, iQ and private line services, increased to $394 million in the quarter, or 14 percent year over year, offsetting an 8 percent decline in legacy revenue. For the quarter, strategic revenue represented 39 percent of total segment revenue up from 34 percent in the second quarter last year. Data integration revenue, which is principally CPE (Customer Premises Equipment) Communications equipment that resides on the customer's premises.
CPE - Customer Premises Equipment sales, was even with the second quarter 2008.
Segment income was $408 million in the quarter, an annual improvement of 7 percent and a sequential improvement of 3 percent. The segment margin percentage was 40.0, an improvement of 240 basis points year over year and 110 basis points sequentially.
Mass Markets reported continued subscriber growth in its key product lines in the quarter and maintained disciplined cost controls. Mass Markets segment revenue in the quarter was $1.3 billion. Excluding wireless, total segment revenue declined 7 percent year over year and 3 percent sequentially. Strategic revenue, which includes high speed Internet, video and Verizon Wireless-related revenue, improved by 5 percent compared to the second quarter 2008. Voice services revenue declined 10 percent annually and 3 percent from the first quarter.
Demand for broadband services remained steady with net additions of 34,000 subscribers in the quarter, bringing total broadband subscribers to more than 2.9 million. Once again, this subscriber growth was fueled by the company's investment in fiber to the node Fiber to the node (FTTN), also called fiber to the neighborhood or fiber to the cabinet (FTTCab), is a telecommunication architecture based on fiber-optic cables run to a cabinet serving a neighborhood. (FTTN (Fiber To The Neighborhood or Fiber To The Node) See FTTC. ) capabilities. Qwest has announced that it will begin to deploy downstream connection speeds of up to 40 Mbps and upstream From the consumer to the provider. See downstream.
(networking) upstream - Fewer network hops away from a backbone or hub. For example, a small ISP that connects to the Internet through a larger ISP that has their own connection to the backbone is downstream from the larger speeds of up to 20 Mbps within its FTTN footprint. Qwest added 65,000 subscribers on its FTTN platform in the quarter and ended the period with a total FTTN base of more than 265,000. In the second quarter, Qwest enhanced its high-speed Internet See broadband. offerings for all current and new customers with the launch of free access to 17,000 hotspots nationwide powered by AT&T Wi-Fi.
Qwest achieved solid progress in the quarter in migrating wireless customers to the Verizon Wireless Cellco Partnership, doing business as Verizon Wireless, owns and operates the second largest wireless telecommunications network in the United States, based on total wireless customers. platform. In addition, a large number of existing Verizon Wireless customers in the Qwest footprint are opting into bundled billing through Qwest. Total wireless subscribers were 763,000 at the end of the quarter, an increase of 16,000 from March 31. More than 75 percent of the wireless base at the end of the quarter was on the Verizon Wireless network.
DIRECTV subscribers grew by 21,000 in the quarter to 853,000. The penetration rate of video subscribers is now 15 percent of primary consumer access lines.
The economy and competition continue to impact Mass Markets voice access lines, though the company's retention efforts are achieving stable disconnect disconnect - SCSI reconnect levels. In total, Mass Markets access lines declined 11.8 percent from the year-ago period.
Segment income was $691 million in the quarter, a decline of 5 percent vs. the prior year and a decline of 5 percent from the first quarter. Lower revenue in the quarter was partially offset by cost controls with total segment expenses declining by 20 percent compared to the second quarter 2008 and 4 percent sequentially. Segment margin percentage of 54.5 increased by more than 400 basis points from the year-ago period but was a slight decline from the first quarter.
Wholesale Markets continued to improve its revenue mix in the quarter and reported increased margins despite significant revenue declines. Wholesale Markets segment revenue was $712 million in the second quarter, a decline of 14 percent vs. the prior year. In addition to proactive efforts to improve long-distance revenue profitability, industry consolidation and access line losses impacted the top line. Sequentially, revenue declined by 5 percent principally due to settlements, access line trends and continued profit optimization optimization
Field of applied mathematics whose principles and methods are used to solve quantitative problems in disciplines including physics, biology, engineering, and economics. . Strategic revenue declined modestly both annually and sequentially due primarily to lower private line demand associated with peer grooming Combining, consolidating and segregating network traffic using devices such as digital cross-connects, add/drop multiplexers and SONET switches. Grooming is a telephone term that typically refers to managing high-capacity lines between central offices, carriers, ISPs and very large efforts.
Segment income was $457 million for the quarter, a decline of 2 percent from the year-ago period and 4 percent compared to the first quarter. Revenue pressure was largely offset by lower segment expenses. Segment expense declined by 28 percent from the year-ago period, primarily from lower facility costs on lower volumes and improved network efficiency. Compared to the first quarter, segment expense declined by 8 percent on lower facility costs and reduced bad debt. Segment margin percentage improved in the quarter to 64.2, an increase of 740 basis points year-over-year and an improvement of 100 basis points from the first quarter.
Cash Flow and Capital Investment
Adjusted free cash flow in the quarter was $657 million, an increase of $197 million from the year-ago period. The improvement is mainly due to timing of capital investment.
Capital investment was $348 million in the quarter. The company continued to maintain a disciplined approach to capital investment while funding key strategic capital projects including additional FTTN deployment, which remains on track to reach 3 million homes by the end of 2009. Lower capital investment relative to 2008 is principally due to timing of the capital plan, a conservative approach to new capital investment and slower growth in capacity requirements in the network.
In the quarter, the company continued to strengthen the balance sheet, reducing its net debt leverage ratio to 2.7 times. Net debt declined by $474 million during the quarter to $12.3 billion as a result of strong adjusted free cash flow results. Total cash and cash equivalents was $1.8 billion at the end of the quarter. Growth in cash and cash equivalents during in the quarter was partially a result of the issuance of $811 million in principal amount of notes in April.
During the second quarter, Qwest paid a dividend of 8 cents per share Cents per share
The amount of a mutual fund's dividend or capital gains distributions that a shareholder will receive for each share owned. , returning $137 million to shareholders. On July 27, Qwest's board of directors approved the payment of a third quarter dividend of 8 cents per share. The dividend will be paid on Sept. 11, 2009, to shareholders of record as of Aug. 21, 2009.
Based on results to date and the outlook for the remainder of the year, expectations for full year 2009 adjusted EBITDA are now $4.25 to $4.4 billion compared to previous guidance of $4.2 to $4.4 billion. Adjusted EBITDA guidance now assumes a full year increase in non-cash pension and OPEB expense of approximately $220 million. Full year capital expenditures are now expected to be $1.7 billion or lower vs. prior guidance of $1.8 billion or lower. Full year adjusted free cash flow is now expected to be $1.5 to $1.6 billion, up from $1.4 to $1.5 billion.
Conference Call Today
As previously announced, Qwest will host a conference call for investors and the media today at 9 a.m. EDT EDT
Eastern Daylight Time
EDT Eastern Daylight Time
EDT n abbr (US) (= Eastern Daylight Time) → hora de verano de Nueva York
EDT . A live webcast, including a simultaneous slide presentation, and replay of the call is available at www.qwest.com/about/investor/events. Additional quarterly historical financial information can be found at www.qwest.com/about/investors/financial/index.
Customers coast-to-coast turn to Qwest's industry-leading national fiber-optic network and world-class customer service to meet their communications and entertainment needs. For residential customers, Qwest offers a new generation of fiber-optic Internet service, high-speed Internet solutions, as well as digital home phone, wireless service available through Verizon Wireless and DIRECTV services. Qwest is also the choice of 95 percent of Fortune 500 companies, offering a full suite of network, data and voice services for small businesses, large businesses, government agencies and wholesale customers. Additionally, Qwest participates in Networx, the largest communications services contract in the world, and is recognized as a leader in the network services market by a leading technology industry analyst firm.
Forward-Looking Statement forward-looking statement
A projected financial statement based on management expectations. A forward-looking statement involves risks with regard to the accuracy of assumptions underlying the projections. Note
This release may contain projections and other forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements may differ materially from actual future events or results. Readers are referred to the documents filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission, specifically the most recent reports which identify important risk factors that could cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, including but not limited to: access line losses due to increased competition, including from technology substitution of our access lines with wireless and cable alternatives, among others; our substantial indebtedness INDEBTEDNESS. The state, of being in debt, without regard to the ability or inability of the party to pay the same. See 1 Story, Eq. 343; 2 Hill. Ab. 421.
2. , and our inability to complete any efforts to further de-lever our balance sheet; adverse results of increased review and scrutiny by media and others (including any internal analyses) of financial reporting issues and practices or otherwise; rapid and significant changes in technology and markets; any adverse developments in commercial disputes or legal proceedings All actions that are authorized or sanctioned by law and instituted in a court or a tribunal for the acquisition of rights or the enforcement of remedies. ; potential fluctuations in quarterly results; volatility of our stock price; intense competition in the markets in which we compete including the effects of consolidation in our industry; changes in demand for our products and services; acceleration of the deployment of advanced new services, such as broadband data, wireless and video services, which could require substantial expenditure of financial and other resources in excess of contemplated levels; higher than anticipated employee levels, capital expenditures and operating expenses; adverse changes in the regulatory or legislative environment affecting our business; changes in the outcome of future events from the assumed outcome included in our significant accounting policies; our ability to utilize net operating losses Net operating losses
Losses that a firm can take advantage of to reduce taxes. in projected amounts; and continued unfavorable general economic conditions, including the current financial crisis. The information contained in this release is a statement of Qwest's present intention, belief or expectation and is based upon, among other things, the existing regulatory environment, industry conditions, market conditions and prices, the economy in general and Qwest's assumptions. Qwest may change its intention, belief or expectation, at any time and without notice, based upon any changes in such factors, in Qwest's assumptions or otherwise. The cautionary statements contained or referred to in this release should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that Qwest or persons acting on its behalf may issue. This release may include analysts' estimates and other information prepared by third parties for which Qwest assumes no responsibility. Qwest undertakes no obligation to review or confirm analysts' expectations or estimates or to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements and other statements to reflect events or circumstances CIRCUMSTANCES, evidence. The particulars which accompany a fact.
2. The facts proved are either possible or impossible, ordinary and probable, or extraordinary and improbable, recent or ancient; they may have happened near us, or afar off; they are public or after the date hereof here·of
Formal or law of or concerning this
Adv. 1. hereof - of or concerning this; "the twigs hereof are physic" or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. By including any information in this release, Qwest does not necessarily acknowledge that disclosure of such information is required by applicable law or that the information is material.
The marks that comprise the Qwest logo are registered trademarks of Qwest Communications International Inc. in the U.S. and certain other countries.
nm--Percentages greater than 200% and comparisons between positive and negative values or to/from zero values are considered not meaningful.
(1) We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to Verb 1. conform to - satisfy a condition or restriction; "Does this paper meet the requirements for the degree?"
coordinate - be co-ordinated; "These activities coordinate well" the current quarter presentation.
(2) Effective January 1, 2009, we adopted FSP FSP - File Service Protocol APB APB
See Accounting Principles Board (APB). 14-1. The adoption of this FSP resulted in us retrospectively adjusting previously reported net income, interest expense on long-term borrowings and capital leases--net and income tax expense for all periods presented.
(1) We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current quarter presentation.
(2) Effective January 1, 2009, we adopted FSP APB 14-1. The adoption of this FSP resulted in us retrospectively adjusting previously reported long-term borrowings--net, other assets other assets
Assets of relatively small value. For financial reporting purposes, firms frequently combine small assets into a single category rather than listing each item separately. and liabilities and stockholders' deficit for all periods presented.
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(1) We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current quarter presentation.
(2) We centrally manage revenue from USF USF University of South Florida
USF Universal Service Fund (often part of phone bill in US)
USF University of San Francisco
USF University of Sioux Falls
USF University of St. (Universal Service Fund) surcharges, consequently, it is not assigned to any of our segments.
(3) Segment margin percentage represents segment income as a percentage of segment revenue. Segment income is net of direct costs incurred by the segment, such as segment specific employee-costs, bad debt, equipment sales costs and other non-employee related costs. Additionally, we assign other expenses to the segments using an activity-based costing In a business organization, Activity-based costing (ABC) is a method of allocating costs to products and services. It is generally used as a tool for planning and control. This is a necessary tool for doing value chain analysis. methodology. Assigned expenses include network expenses, facility costs, and various other costs.
(4) Wholesale markets access lines include UNE (Unbundled Network Elements Unbundled Network Elements (UNE) are a requirement mandated by the United States Telecommunications Act of 1996. They are the parts of the telecommunications network that the incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) are required to offer on an unbundled basis. ) lines.
(5) Broadband and wireless subscribers include an immaterial Not essential or necessary; not important or pertinent; not decisive; of no substantial consequence; without weight; of no material significance.
immaterial adj. amount of business markets customers.
(6) Capital expenditures exclude assets acquired through capital leases.
(7) Consumer ARPU (Average Revenue Per User) A calculation often used to determine the overall value of an application. It is also used to rate particular customers, especially in the wireless space, by comparing someone's account to the overall average. (Average Revenue Per Unit) is measured as consumer revenue, which includes revenue from data, Internet and video services and voice services in the period divided by the average number of primary access lines for the period. We believe this metric can be a useful measure of the revenue performance of our consumer business within our mass markets segment on a per-customer basis. We use ARPU internally to assess the revenue performance of our consumer business within our mass markets segment and the impact on this business of periodic customer initiatives and product roll-outs. ARPU is not a measure determined in accordance Accordance is Bible Study Software for Macintosh developed by OakTree Software, Inc.
As well as a standalone program, it is the base software packaged by Zondervan in their Bible Study suites for Macintosh. with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The name of this country. The United States, now thirty-one in number, are Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, , or GAAP GAAP
See: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
See generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). , and should not be considered as a substitute for our mass markets segment revenue or any other measure determined in accordance with GAAP.
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(1) We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current quarter presentation.
(2) We centrally manage revenue from USF (Universal Service Fund) surcharges, consequently, it is not assigned to any of our segments.
(3) Segment margin percentage represents segment income as a percentage of segment revenue. Segment income is net of direct costs incurred by the segment, such as segment specific employee-costs, bad debt, equipment sales costs and other non-employee related costs. Additionally, we assign other expenses to the segments using an activity-based costing methodology. Assigned expenses include network expenses, facility costs, and various other costs.
(4) Strategic revenue is comprised of private line, Qwest iQ Networking[R], hosting, broadband, video, VoIP, Wholesale and Mass Markets data integration and Verizon Wireless revenues.
Legacy revenue is comprised of long distance, local, access, local services, Business Markets Qwest branded wireless and other revenues.
Data integration is data integration revenue from Business Markets.
Wireless products and services is Qwest branded wireless revenue from Mass Markets.
(5) Wholesale markets access lines include UNE (Unbundled Network Elements) lines.
(6) Broadband and wireless subscribers include an immaterial amount of business markets customers.
(7) Capital expenditures exclude assets acquired through capital leases.
(8) Consumer ARPU (Average Revenue Per Unit) is measured as consumer revenue, which includes revenue from data, Internet and video services and voice services in the period divided by the average number of primary access lines for the period. We believe this metric can be a useful measure of the revenue performance of our consumer business within our mass markets segment on a per-customer basis. We use ARPU internally to assess the revenue performance of our consumer business within our mass markets segment and the impact on this business of periodic customer initiatives and product roll-outs. ARPU is not a measure determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, and should not be considered as a substitute for our mass markets segment revenue or any other measure determined in accordance with GAAP.
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(1) We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current quarter presentation. Effective January 1, 2009, we adopted FSP APB 14-1. The adoption of this FSP resulted in us retrospectively adjusting previously reported net income and long-term borrowings--net for all periods presented.
(2) EBITDA and EBITDA margin percentage are non-GAAP financial measures. Other companies may calculate these measures (or similarly titled measures) differently. We believe these measures provide useful information to investors in evaluating our capital-intensive business because they reflect our operating performance before the impacts of non-cash items and are indicators of our ability to service debt, pay taxes and fund discretionary spending such as capital expenditures. Management also uses EBITDA for a number of purposes, including setting targets for compensation and assessing the performance of our operations.
(3) EBITDA--as adjusted and EBITDA margin percentage--as adjusted are non-GAAP financial measures that reflect our operating performance before the impacts of certain non-cash items and after removing the effects of items that we believe are not representative of our core ongoing telecommunications Communicating information, including data, text, pictures, voice and video over long distance. See communications. operations, such as severance charges, restructuring charges restructuring charge
The expense of reorganizing a company's operations. A restructuring charge is an infrequent expense that generally results from asset writedowns or facility closings. and charges for securities-related litigation An action brought in court to enforce a particular right. The act or process of bringing a lawsuit in and of itself; a judicial contest; any dispute.
When a person begins a civil lawsuit, the person enters into a process called litigation. . We provide this information to supplement our GAAP financial measures because we believe that investors commonly use this information to analyze the results of our core operations, to identify financial trends in these results and to compare our operating performance to that of our competitors. Management also uses these measures for a number of purposes, including setting targets for compensation and assessing the performance of our operations.
(4) Free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow from operations Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations (disregarding extraordinary items such as the sale of fixed assets or transaction costs associated with issuing securities), calculated as the sum of net income plus noncash expenses are non-GAAP financial measures that indicate cash generated by our business after operating expenses, capital expenditures, interest expense and income tax expense/benefit. We believe these measures provide useful information to our investors for purposes of evaluating our ability to satisfy our debt and other mandatory payment obligations and because they reflect cash flows available for financing activities and voluntary debt repayment. This is of particular relevance for our business given our significant debt balance. We also use free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow from operations internally for a variety of purposes, including setting targets for compensation and budgeting our cash needs. These measures are not determined in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as a substitute for "income before income taxes" or "cash provided by operating activities" or any other measure determined in accordance with GAAP. Due to the forward-looking nature of expected free cash flow amounts for 2009, information to reconcile this non-GAAP financial measure is not available at this time.
(5) Net debt is a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate as our total borrowings (current plus long-term) less our cash and cash equivalents. We believe net debt is helpful in analyzing our leverage, and management uses this measure in making decisions regarding potential financings. Net debt is not a measure determined in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as a substitute for "current portion of long-term borrowings" or "long-term borrowings" or any other measure determined in accordance with GAAP.
(6) The ratio of net debt to EBITDA--as adjusted is a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate as net debt divided by a rolling four quarters of EBITDA--as adjusted. Other companies may calculate this measure differently. We believe this measure provides useful information to our investors about our debt level relative to our performance and about our ability to meet our financial obligations.