Quantitative methods in criminology.
Quantitative methods in criminology criminology, the study of crime, society's response to it, and its prevention, including examination of the environmental, hereditary, or psychological causes of crime, modes of criminal investigation and conviction, and the efficacy of punishment or correction (see .
Ed. by Shawn Bushway and David Weisburd.
Ashgate Publishing Co.
International library of criminology, criminal justice and penology penology
Branch of criminology dealing with prison management and the treatment of offenders. Penological studies have sought to clarify the ethical bases of punishment, along with the motives and purposes of society in inflicting it; differences throughout history and ; second series
In their selection of materials for this reader on quantitative criminology, the editors (both of the U. of Maryland) were motivated to demonstrate the importation of techniques from other fields, introspection introspection /in·tro·spec·tion/ (in?trah-spek´shun) contemplation or observation of one's own thoughts and feelings; self-analysis.introspec´tive
n. with regard to their application to specific criminological problems, and innovation in the development of new methodological and statistical approaches. They present 23 journal reprints (originally published between 1963 and 2004) in sections that deal with research design and study outcomes, quantitative issues in sampling, issues in measurement, descriptive analysis of quantitative data, and causal modeling. Specific topics include deterrent effects of arrest for domestic assault; the affect of research design on study outcomes; case studies of missing data problems in criminological research; issues in the uses of official statistics; assessing the limits of longitudinal self-report data in the "Age-Crime Debate"; mapping gangs and gang violence in Boston; synthesis of criminal careers and life course approaches via semiparametric mixed Poisson regression In statistics, the Poisson regression model attributes to a response variable Y a Poisson distribution whose expected value depends on a predictor variable x, typically in the following way:
a chronological study in epidemiology which attempts to establish a relationship between an antecedent cause and a subsequent effect. See also cohort study. of trajectories of crime at street segments in Seattle; and comparative study of the preventive effects of mandatory sentencing A mandatory sentence is a court decision setting where judicial discretion is limited by law. Typically, people convicted of certain crimes must be punished with at least a minimum number of years in prison. Mandatory sentencing laws vary from country to country. laws for gun crimes.
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