Pulling it all together: choosing a network operating system for your local area network.So you've decided that a client/ server network is best for you and have even tackle the tricky issue of network topologies. Now it's time It's Time was a successful political campaign run by the Australian Labor Party (ALP) under Gough Whitlam at the 1972 election in Australia. Campaigning on the perceived need for change after 23 years of conservative (Liberal Party of Australia) government, Labor put forward a to choose a network operating system An operating system that is designed for network use. Normally, it is a complete operating system with file, task and job management; however, with some earlier products, it was a separate component that ran under the OS; for example, LAN Server required OS/2, and LANtastic required DOS. (NOS), which will control the interaction between all of your linked computers and peripherals in your local area network (LAN (Local Area Network) A communications network that serves users within a confined geographical area. The "clients" are the user's workstations typically running Windows, although Mac and Linux clients are also used. ). The two leading systems for small businesses are Novell's NetWare and Microsoft's Windows NT (Windows New Technology) A 32-bit operating system from Microsoft for Intel x86 CPUs. NT is the core technology in Windows 2000 and Windows XP (see Windows). Available in separate client and server versions, it includes built-in networking and preemptive multitasking. . But how do you choose? That depends on the specific needs of your computing environment. HoWever, there are situations better suited to Windows NT than NetWare--and vice versa VICE VERSA. On the contrary; on opposite sides. , says Gerald T. Charles Jr., vice president of systems integration engineering for Virginia-based BDM BDM Black Divorced Male
BDM Business Development Manager
BDM Background Debug(ger) Mode
BDM Bund Deutscher Mädel (League of German Girls during the Third Reich, akin to Hitler Youth) International Inc., a global information technology company.
Since both products are in the same price range (Windows NT Server 4.0 for five users retails for $809 and Novell NetWare (operating system, networking) Novell NetWare - Novell, Inc.'s proprietary networking operating system for the IBM PC.
NetWare uses the IPX/SPX, NetBEUI or TCP/IP network protocols. It supports MS-DOS, Microsoft Windows, OS/2, Macintosh and Unix clients. 4.11 for five users costs $1,095), performance and suitability to task, not price, should govern your decision. Most small offices with fewer than 50 users will benefit from the increasing ease of use and installation of the WinNT product, says Charles. Small businesses that use Microsoft's family of office products are also likely to benefit from the compatibility of these applications with the operating system operating system (OS)
Software that controls the operation of a computer, directs the input and output of data, keeps track of files, and controls the processing of computer programs. . On the other hand, if that same environment includes multiple operating systems Operating systems can be categorized by technology, ownership, licensing, working state, usage, and by many other characteristics. In practice, many of these groupings may overlap. (i.e., Mac OS, OS/2, Windows 95), NetWare would be a better choice, Charles adds. NetWare is also a superior NOS for handling networks that include multiple servers.
In his book LAN Blueprints: Engineering It Right (McGraw-Hill, $44.95), Charles outlines the following evaluation criteria for deciding which NOS will suit you best:
Network operating system (NOS). The choice and integration of your NOS may be the most important steps in your implementation plan. With this in mind, the following overall factors should guide your decision:
Directory services. These allow users to access a resource on any server without knowing the location of the resource.
Product stability. The operating system is tested and proven under a multitude of operating conditions.
Quality and quantity of third-party support. This includes hardware, software, service and training.
Your staff's experience. How familiar are they with the features and performance of the NOS in similar network installations?
User administration. Establishing and modifying user accounts will be a primary activity. The ease (or lack of) in performing this function, along with using the supplemental tools surrounding these activities, determines the time and trouble expended by administrative staff--and, more importantly, the end user.
Other administration and client configuration. How the NOS provides services and the ability of the administrative staff to manage them will consume staff time. These include the ability to manage printing and print queues, disk and file management, audit logging, performance and utilization monitoring management, etc.
Security. Obviously, with critical data and resources being managed by the NOS, its security--inherent, administration and supplemental--is important. The NOS should be easy to use and implement but also secure from intrusion by prospective parties looking to compromise your system or its data.
Performance. This is the ability to support varying loads--printing, file sharing Copying files from one computer to another. See peer-to-peer network, file sharing protocol and file and printer sharing. , additional services installed, the number of users that can be supported and the associated response time to the end user.
Technical support. This is critical for LANs. It's difficult to isolate problems from your users, so they require a quick resolution. You need access to the right technical people. As with any product, technical support numbers, 800 numbers, bulletin boards, business hours BUSINESS HOURS. The time of the day during which business is transacted. In respect to the time of presentment and demand of bills and notes, business hours generally range through the whole day down to the hours of rest in the evening, except when the paper is payable it a bank or by a , etc., should be evaluated. The quality of the documentation provided (user and administrative manuals, technical guides and tutorials) should not be overlooked.
To obtain back issues containing other parts of this series, please call our circulation department at 212-886-9568.