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Publications of the State Academies of Science.

J.B. Hill [1]

Since their origin, state academies of science have promoted and disseminated regional scientific research through the publication of journals and conference proceedings. For the most part, these multi-disciplinary publications have been overshadowed by the more voluminous, specialized publications of the larger scientific societies and publishers. Nevertheless, an examination of the titles currently published by the state academies of science indicates that on the basis of content, subscription levels, library ownership rates, indexing/abstracting practices and professional citation levels it can be concluded that the publications of the state academies of science remain an important means for the distribution of scientific research. Keywords: Periodicals, Scientific and Technical, Scientific and Technical Literature, Serial Publications, State Academies of Science, Professional Societies.

Although greatly overshadowed by the larger national and international professional societies, state academies of science play an important role in scientific research and education in the United States. Originally established to improve local and regional scientific communication and research, state academies of science now contribute to science education by sponsoring junior academies and science fairs as well as providing a forum for graduate students and other young researchers to make their initial research presentations at the academies' annual meetings. In addition, most academies contribute to the body of scientific literature by publishing members' research in conference proceedings and/or journals.

Just as the state academies are now overshadowed by the larger more prestigious professional societies, the publications of the state academies of science are overshadowed by the more voluminous, more prestigious specialized scientific journals published by the large societies and for-profit science publishers. Consequently, the question arises "how relevant are the publications of the state academies of science?" This is not a new question; J. McKeen Cattell argued almost 100 years ago that "there is no excuse for presenting researches on utterly diverse subjects in one volume because the authors happen to be members of the same academy" (1902). State academies of science have ignored such pronouncements and have continued actively publishing refereed journals and conference proceedings containing research from all areas of science.

HISTORY

With the exception of reports within academy publications themselves, coverage of the historical development of the state academies of science has been limited. However, two writers Bevan (1951) and Midgette (1991) provide interesting accounts of the history of the state academies. In "Science on the March: A Modern State Academy of Science," Arthur Bevan details the early history of scientific professional societies in general and state academies of science in particular. More recently in To Foster the Spirit of Professionalism: Southern Scientists and State Academies of Science, Nancy Smith Midgette provides an exhaustive historical account of the growth of the state academies of science in the South from the early days in the 1890's to the present day Southern academies.

While the first state academies of science were founded in the late 1700's in Maryland (1797) and Connecticut (1799), most state academies of science began in the late 1800's or early 1900's. Since at that time most of the scientific research and advanced education in the United States occurred in the Northeast, it was there that professional societies were initially organized and meetings were convened. Due to limits in communication and transportation, scientists in the South, Midwest, and West were isolated from much of the national professional activities located in the Northeast. As a result, local and state academies of science played an essential role in the development of regional scientific research and education. The original objectives of the state academies of science were to cultivate a general interest in natural history and other scientific subjects, to encourage individuals to work and publish in the sciences, to increase the knowledge about each state and its resources and to collect specimens.

For the early state academies of science, the major event was an annual meeting where state scientists gathered for the presentation of papers. At that time, presenters generally appeared before the entire group of conference attendees at a large assembly hall. As transportation and communication improved and scientific research became more specialized, the need for state academies of science to serve in their original role decreased. However, as the scientific community changed so did the academies. By the 1940's most academies had created sectional subdivisions to make the meetings more interesting to attendees. Often only the opening speech by a well-known keynote speaker or a topical symposium on state issues was attended by all conference attendees. To attract new members, some academies broadened their scope to include researchers in the social sciences. Other academies created junior academies of science and promoted science fairs and science education.

Today, state academies of science focus much of their attention on promoting science and science education on the state and local level. The annual meetings of the state academies of science provide a forum for young researchers, such as graduate students, to present their first papers. Abstracts of these papers are often recorded in the publications of the state academies of science.

RESEARCH INTO THE PUBLICATIONS OF THE STATE ACADEMIES OF SCIENCE

To date, there has been little research into to the publications of the state academies of science. The most detailed analysis of the academies' publications

is in the work of Harry R. Skallerup, published over 40 years ago. In a column in Science (1955) and a University of Illinois Library School Occasional Paper (1957), Skallerup provides a detailed evaluation of the 36 state academies of science publications that existed in the 1950's. Skallerup's study examines the publications' content and subject focus, the extent of indexing, and the number of owning libraries.

Similar to Skallerup's study in the 1950's, the intent of this study is to report on the publications of state academies of science as they exist in the 1990's. To this end, state academies of science titles have been identified by consulting Ulrich's International Periodical Directory, the "Journals Indexed" list for State Academies of Science Abstracts and the OCLC bibliographic database. Additional information on each title has been gathered by sending a questionnaire to each of the titles' editors, consulting "titles indexed" lists for indexing/abstracting publications, performing title searches in many of the major science databases (e.g., Agricola, BIOSIS, Cab Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts, Compendex, Georef, Inspec, Medline and Zoological Record) and searching State Academies of Science Abstracts for subject content. All of this information has been entered into a Visual dBase database. A summary of our findings follow.

TITLES PUBLISHED BY THE STATE ACADEMIES OF SCIENCE

For our study, we have identified 45 serial titles that are currently being published by one of the state academies of science:

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Bulletin--Southern California Academy of Sciences

Bulletin of the New Jersey Academy of Science

Bulletin of the South Carolina Academy of Science

California Wild

Encyclia (Utah)

Florida Scientist

Georgia Journal of Science

Intermountain Journal of Sciences (Montana)

Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science

Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science

Journal of the Colorado-Wyoming Academy of Science

Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society (North Carolina)

Journal of the Idaho Academy of Science

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science

Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science

Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science

Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences

Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science

Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science

Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (District of Columbia)

Michigan Academician

New Mexico Journal of Science

Ohio Journal of Science

Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences

Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science

Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences

Proceedings of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences

Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science

Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science

Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science

Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science

Sciences, The (New York)

Texas Journal of Science

Transactions of the Delaware Academy of Science

Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science

Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science

Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science

Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences

Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences

Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters

Virginia Journal of Science

Wisconsin Academy Review

In addition to these proceedings and journals, several state academies publish occasional papers (usually monographic in nature) under individual titles. Examples of these publications include Monograph of the Montana Academy of Sciences, Occasional Paper of the Missouri Academy of Science, Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences and Occasional Paper of the Vermont Academy of Arts and Sciences. Other publications of the state academies include newsletters and bulletins, membership directories, annual reports, field trip reports, junior academy of science newsletters and meeting reports and state science fair bulletins.

PUBLICATION INFORMATION

The serial titles of the state academies of science are a diverse group (see appendix 1 for data on specific titles). However, in general, state academies produce inexpensive, peer-reviewed publications with limited circulation. The frequency of publication varies, with 17 titles being published 4 to 6 times per year, 8 being published 2 to 3 times per year, 14 being published annually and 8 being published at semi-annual or irregular intervals.

Subscribers are primarily members (who receive subscriptions with their membership) and local, state and regional libraries. Of the 45 titles examined, only two of the more popular-oriented magazines have a large readership. The Sciences, published by the New York Academy of Sciences, has a circulation of 75,000 and California Wild, published by the California Academy of Science, has a circulation of 30,000. The remaining 43 titles have an average circulation of under 770, yielding a combined subscription base of just over 33,000.

Libraries are important subscribers to state academies of science publications as they greatly increase the readership of the publications beyond that of the academies' members. OCLC member institutions account for over 8300 past and present subscriptions. Since state academies of science publications often focus on science research of state and regional interest, library ownership of most titles is greatest in each academy's state and region. Not surprisingly, state academies of science publications from large, heavily-populated states (e.g., New York) and regions (e.g., the Midwest) have the greatest library ownership. Overall, the median number of libraries owning a particular state academy of science publication is 137.

Despite the limited number of subscribers, the subscription price of most state academies of science titles is very low. The median price is $25.00, as all but four of the titles have subscription prices of less than $100. Only the voluminous Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences with an annual standing-order price of over $3500 can be considered expensive.

The costs of publication are kept low in part by limiting the number of pages printed. By science serials standards, state academies of science publications are small. Issues for most titles are under 100 pages with the median size being 50 pages. Many state academies also keep their costs low by relying on authors to help defray publishing costs. This is generally done by assessing page charges; these charges range anywhere from $10 to $105 per page.

Perhaps due to budget limitations, state academies of science have been relatively slow to make the transition from print to electronic publications. Currently, the full-text articles are available (free-of-charge) via the Internet for three state publications, California Wild, Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences and Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Three additional titles, Journal of the Idaho Academy of Science, Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science and Michigan Academician, are expected to have articles available online in 1999. Other academies either currently make available or have immediate plans to make available abstracts, table of contents or indexes at the state academies' web sites. (A list of Internet addresses can be found in appendix 2).

CONTENT OF COVERAGE

The publications of the state academies of science are generally peer-reviewed and multi-disciplinary in nature, with a strong emphasis on regional plant and animal studies. A few of the titles have a particularly strong interest in environmental, agricultural, geological or water research. While a couple of titles (e.g., Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences and New Mexico Journal of Science) publish volumes dedicated to a single subject, most publish multi-disciplinary issues with no particular theme.

An examination of 2097 articles and abstracts published in 40 state academies of science titles during 1997 (and indexed in State Academies of Science Abstracts) demonstrates the biological science focus of state academies of science research (see Figure 1). Of the 2097 titles, 1151 of the publications deal with topics in the life sciences (e.g., agriculture, botany, microbiology, physiology and zoology); 557 focus on areas in the physical sciences (e.g., chemistry, geology and physics); 174 cover the applied sciences (e.g., math, computer science and engineering); 139 deal with topics in science education; 59 deal with social science topics (e.g., anthropology, psychology and sociology) and 17 deal with humanities topics (e.g., history and literature).

INDEXING

Since the circulation of most of the titles is relatively small and since browsing by researchers at owning libraries is probably limited due to the multidisciplinary nature of the publications, indexing plays a particularly important role in insuring that authors publishing their research in the academies' publications are able to reach others in the scientific community.

Indexing of the publications of the state academies of science varies greatly among the titles; some titles (e.g., Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Ohio Journal of Science and Texas Journal of Science) are well indexed, but others (e.g., Inter-mountain Journal of the Sciences, Proceedings of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Transactions of the Delaware Academy of Science and Wisconsin Academy Review) appear to receive little indexing. Overall, the publications of state academies of science are indexed by more than 101 different indexing and abstracting sources. The average number of indexes per title is 11 (see appendix 1 for data on specific titles). Perhaps, more important than the number of indexes, is the fact that many of the publications are indexed by the major scientific indexing and abstracting sources (see Table 1).

Just as indexing varies among the titles, indexing also varies among scientific disciplines. The state academies of science publications are well indexed (approximately three fourths of the titles) in the areas of zoology, geology and the aquatic sciences. Over half of the titles are indexed in chemistry (although relatively few citations actually make it into Chemical Abstracts). Approximately a third of the titles are indexed in the general biology (i.e., Biological Abstracts) and agricultural indexes. Less than ten percent of the titles are indexed in the areas of mathematics, physics, computer science and engineering.

In addition to the lack of indexing for some titles and the lack of indexing in some subject areas there is the problem of selective indexing. Since the publications are multi-disciplinary in nature, a selective approach by the specialized indexes is reasonable. However, this lack of comprehensive indexing may cause some articles to be well indexed and others to be poorly indexed. A recognition of this problem led to the creation of a relatively new index in 1995.

The index, State Academies of Science Abstracts produced by AcadSci Incorporated, was initially issued on CD-ROM. Since 1997, an Internet version of the database has been available at http://www.acadsci.com/. The database is unique as it provides complete indexing of all full-length papers and proceedings abstracts published in 40 state academies of science publications.

Since the inception of State Academies of Science Abstracts, AcadSci has worked closely with the different academies to increase the accessibility of the publications of the state academies of science. In addition to providing complete, comprehensive indexing of 40 state academy titles, the database continues to add the back files for many of the titles. While coverage of most titles begins in 1985, coverage of titles published by some academies (e.g., Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia) goes back more than fifty years. Consequently, access to state academy research continues to improve.

CITATIONS AND IMPACT FACTORS

The level of indexing is important as it increases the degree to which the information is accessible to future researchers. The more widely an article is indexed, the more likely it will be read. Perhaps a more significant indicator of the importance of a particular piece of published research is not the degree that it is read but the degree that it is used in other research. This is best demonstrated by how often a work is cited. The primary record of scientific citation levels is Science Citation Index, published by the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI).

In addition to publishing the Science Citation Index, ISI publishes an annual Journal Citation Reports (JCR) that tabulates information from the past two years' Science Citation Index. Included for each of the more than 4500 journals covered by Journal Citation Reports is the number of articles published, number of citations, impact factor, immediacy index and cited half-life.

Of the measures published in Journal Citation Reports, the most commonly examined in journal evaluation is the journal impact factor. ISI calculates the impact factor by "dividing the number of current citations to articles published in the two previous years by the total number of articles published in those two years" (Impact, 1998).

Unfortunately, Science Citation Index indexes only four of the state academies of science titles (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Ohio Journal of Science, Sciences and Texas Journal of Science). Since ISI includes in the JCR only those titles it indexes, there are no available impact factors for the remainder of the state academies of science titles. As shown in Table 2, an examination of the 1994-1996 Journal Citation Reports demonstrates that Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences has by far the greatest impact factor and level of citations. The other three titles have relatively low impact factors with their impact factors causing them to be ranked in or near the bottom 10% of all journals covered in the JCR and in the bottom 25% of multi-disciplinary science titles.

All four of the titles have lengthy cited half-lives. The cited half-life for a journal is "the number of publication years from the current year which account for 50% of current citations a journal received" (Cited, 1998). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences has a cited half-life of greater than 7.5 years; Ohio Journal of Science, Sciences and Texas Journal of Science all have cited half-lives of greater than 10 years. These high cited half-lives are to be expected due the significant amount of plant, animal and earth science studies published in the titles.

Although no citation information is available for the other state academies of science publications, it seems reasonable to assume that they have similarly low levels of citations and impact factors and high cited half-life figures.

CONCLUSION

Today, state academies of science continue to play a valuable role in science education. Through junior academies and science fairs, young people are encouraged to become involved in the sciences. Through state meetings, the academies provide a means for young scientists to present their research. The publications of the state academies of science chronicle this research. While the publications of the state academies of science are generally not considered part of the core literature of the sciences, they are an important source of state and regional scientific research.

From our examination of the publications of the state academies of science, it is clear that they represent a relatively diverse literature. However in general, they are inexpensive, peer-reviewed publications with limited readerships and limited impact (based on citation levels). While the titles are multi-disciplinary, there is preponderance of articles in the life and earth sciences. Indexing varies among titles and even articles within titles but overall it is adequate (particularly with the availability of State Academies of Science Abstracts). Although many are considered minor works, the publications of the state academies of science offer researchers and librarians inexpensive access to state and regional scientific research, and consequently serve as a valuable resource for science and technology libraries.

(1.) Author for correspondence.

Reprinted with permission from Science & Technology Libraries, Vol. 19(1) 2000, [C]2000 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bevan, Arthur. 1951. Science On the March: A Modern State Academy of Science. Scientific Monthly 73 (October):255-60.

Cattell, J. McKeen. 1902. The Academies of Science. Science 16 (December 19): 965-973.

"Cited Half-Life," available http://www.isinet.com/cp/jcr/pictures/jcr003.gif; Internet; accessed 16 August 1998.

"Impact Factor," available http://www.isinet.com/cp/jcr/pictures/jcr001.gif; Internet; accessed 16 August 1998.

Midgette, Nancy Smith. 1991. To Foster the Spirit of Professionalism: Southern Scientists and State Academies of Science Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The University of Alabama Press.

Skallerup, Harry R. 1957. American State Academy of Science Publications. University of Illinois Library School Occasional Papers, no. 50. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Library School.

Skallerup, Harry R. 1955. Some Aspects of State Academy of Science Publications. Science 121 (June 24):904-5.
Figure 1: Subject Content of 1997
Articles
Life Sciences 54.9%
Physical Sciences 26.6%
Applied Sciences 8.3%
Science Education 6.6%
Other 3.6%
Note: Table made from Pie chart
Table 1. Indexing and Abstracting
Sources.
Title Number of
 SAS Titles
State Academies of Science 40
 Abstracts
GeoRef 34
Zoological Record 34
Chemical Abstracts 25
BIOSIS 19
CAB Abstracts 16
Selected Water Resources Abstracts 15
Agricola 4
Science Citation Index 4
Zentralblatt fur Mathematik 4
Inspec 3
ISTP: Index to Scientific & 2
 Technical Proceedings
Mathematical Reviews 2
Compendex 1
Medline 1
Wilson Indexes 1
Table 2. Impact Factors and Citations.
Title 1994 1995 1996 Average Avg. # of
 Impact Impact Impact Impact Citations
Annals of the NYAS 0.868 0.868 1.030 0.922 21414
Ohio Journal of Science 0.135 0.080 0.109 0.108 198
Texas Journal of Science 0.080 0.073 0.133 0.095 130
Sciences 0.011 0.011 0.000 0.007 243


Appendix 1: Publication Information

Title: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

State: New York

Circulation: 1000

OCLC Libraries: 671

Price: $3050.00

Frequency: Irregular

Indexes: 45

Title: Bulletin--Southern California Academy of Sciences

State: California

Circulation: 500

OCLC Libraries: 117

Price: $35.00

Frequency: 3 times per year

Indexes: 8

Title: Bulletin of the New Jersey Academy of Science

State: New Jersey

Circulation: 425

OCLC Libraries: 66

Price: $30.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 5

Title: Bulletin of the South Carolina Academy of Science

State: South Carolina

Circulation: 750

OCLC Libraries: 83

Price: $25.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 4

Title: California Wild

State: California

Circulation: 30000

OCLC Libraries: 204

Price: $12.95

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 6

Title: Encyclia

State: Utah

Circulation: 1000

OCLC Libraries: 98

Price: $12.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 11

Title: Florida Scientist

State: Florida

Circulation: 600

OCLC Libraries: 195

Price: $45.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 12

Title: Georgia Journal of Science

State: Georgia

Circulation: 550

OCLC Libraries: 122

Price: $40.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 10

Title: Intermountain Journal of Sciences

State: Montana

Circulation: 275

OCLC Libraries: 139

Price: $25.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 2

Title: Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science

State: Alabama

Circulation: 900

OCLC Libraries: 135

Price: $25.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 9

Title: Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science

State: Arizona-Nevada

Circulation: 600

OCLC Libraries: 105

Price: $25.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 11

Title: Journal of the Colorado-Wyoming Academy of Science

State: Colorado-Wyoming

Circulation: 300

OCLC Libraries: 105

Price: $5.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 4

Title: Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society

State: North Carolina

Circulation: 800

OCLC Libraries: 287

Price: $50.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 16

Title: Journal of the Idaho Academy of Science

State: Idaho

Circulation: 550

OCLC Libraries: 37

Price: $100.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 3

Title: Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science

State: Iowa

Circulation: 2000

OCLC Libraries: 130

Price: $35.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 16

Title: Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science

State: Kentucky

Circulation: 650

OCLC Libraries: 137

Price: $45.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 8

Title: Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science

State: Minnesota

Circulation: 1600

OCLC Libraries: 101

Price: $20.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 8

Title: Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences

State: Mississippi

Circulation: 400

OCLC Libraries: 161

Price: $25.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 8

Title: Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science

State: Pennsylvania

Circulation: 700

OCLC Libraries: 82

Price: $40.00

Frequency: 3 times per year

Indexes: 6

Title: Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science

State: Tennessee

Circulation: 1200

OCLC Libraries: 182

Price: $15.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 13

Title: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science

State: District of Columbia

Circulation: 511

OCLC Libraries: 240

Price: $25.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 12

Title: Michigan Academician

State: Michigan

Circulation: 1000

OCLC Libraries: 200

Price: $50.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 18

Title: New Mexico Journal of Science

State: New Mexico

Circulation: 250

OCLC Libraries: 29

Price: $30.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 3

Title: Ohio Journal of Science

State: Ohio

Circulation: 2000

OCLC Libraries: 329

Price: $50.00

Frequency: 5 times per year

Indexes: 27

Title: Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science

State: Arkansas

Circulation: 450

OCLC Libraries: 90

Price: $45.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 8

Title: Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences

State: California

Circulation: 800

OCLC Libraries: 214

Price: $40.00

Frequency: Irregular

Indexes: 12

Title: Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science

State: Indiana

Circulation: Undetermined

OCLC Libraries: 255

Price: $12.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 18

Title: Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences

State: Louisiana

Circulation: 600

OCLC Libraries: 105

Price: $15.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 7

Title: Proceedings of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences

State: Nebraska

Circulation: 1450

OCLC Libraries: 83

Price: $20.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 2

Title: Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science

State: North Dakota

Circulation: 750

OCLC Libraries: 157

Price: $7.50

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 5

Title: Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science

State: Oklahoma

Circulation: 800

OCLC Libraries: 173

Price: $27.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 17

Title: Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science

State: Oregon

Circulation: 300

OCLC Libraries: 81

Price: $5.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 3

Title: Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science

State: South Dakota

Circulation: 350

OCLC Libraries: 92

Price: $12.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 13

Title: Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science

State: West Virginia

Circulation: 450

OCLC Libraries: 140

Price: $200.00

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 13

Title: Sciences, The

State: New York

Circulation: 75000

OCLC Libraries: 4342

Price: $21.00

Frequency: Bimonthly

Indexes: 18

Title: Texas Journal of Science

State: Texas

Circulation: 1000

OCLC Libraries: 240

Price: $45.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 27

Title: Transactions of the Delaware Academy of Science

State: Delaware

Circulation: 100

OCLC Libraries: 28

Price: Undetermined

Frequency: Irregular

Indexes: 1

Title: Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science

State: Illinois

Circulation: 1100

OCLC Libraries: 201

Price: $50.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 19

Title: Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science

State: Kansas

Circulation: Undetermined

OCLC Libraries: 110

Price: Undetermined

Frequency: Semiannual

Indexes: 4

Title: Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science

State: Missouri

Circulation: Undetermined

OCLC Libraries: 147

Price: $18.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 6

Title: Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences

State: Nebraska

Circulation: 1450

OCLC Libraries: 86

Price: $20.00

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 9

Title: Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences

State: New York

Circulation: Undetermined

OCLC Libraries: 525

Price: Undetermined

Frequency: Irregular

Indexes: 7

Title: Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters

State: Wisconsin

Circulation: 1550

OCLC Libraries: 261

Price: Undetermined

Frequency: Annual

Indexes: 12

Title: Virginia Journal of Science

State: Virginia

Circulation: 1300

OCLC Libraries: 157

Price: $27.50

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: 9

Title: Wisconsin Academy Review

State: Wisconsin

Circulation: 2000

OCLC Libraries: 125

Price: $16.00

Frequency: Quarterly

Indexes: Undetermined

Appendix 2: State Academies of Science Publications on the Internet

Full-Text

California Wild

http://www.calacademy.org/calwild/

Journal of the Idaho Academy of Science

http://www.uidaho.edu/ias/

(Full-text of back issues available in future)

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science

http://www.iren.net/ias/journal/journal.htm

(Full-text available in future)

Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences http://www.msacad.org/

Michigan Academician

http://www.umich.edu/[sim]michacad

(Full-text available for subscribers in future)

Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science

http://www.emporia.edu/www/kas/transact.htm

(Abstracts and some full-text available)

Abstracts/Table of Contents/Index

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

http://www.nyas.org/

(Searchable index available)

Georgia Journal of Science

http://www.gpc.peachnet.edu/[sim]jaliff/gajsci.htm

(Table of contents and abstracts available in future)

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science

http://www.iren.net/ias/journal/journal.htm

(Abstracts available)

Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science

http://www.ems.psu.edu/[sim]forbes/pas/jourtofc.htm

(Table of contents available)

Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science

http://tas.rhodes.edu/tas/journalcontents.html

(Images of journal covers include table of contents)

New Mexico Journal of Science

http://nmas.nmsu.edu/nmjs/index.html

(Images of covers and table of contents available for special editions)

Ohio Journal of Science

http://www.ohiosci.org/ojs.htm

(Abstracts from recent issues available)

Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences

(Table of contents available in the future)

Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science

http://bmb-fs1.biochem.okstate.edu/oas/oasHomePage.html

(Table of contents available)

Sciences, The (1997-Present)

http://www.nyas.org/

(Table of contents available)

Texas Journal of Science

http://hsb.baylor.edu/html/tas/tjs.htm

(Table of contents available)

Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science

http://www.il-st-acad-sci.org/transactions/transac.html

(Table of contents and abstracts available)

Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science

http://www2.semo.edu/naugler/mas

(Table of contents available)

Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters

http://www.wisconsinacademy.org/

(Table of contents available for current issue)

Virginia Journal of Science

http://www.vacadsci.org/

(Table of contents and abstracts available in future)

Wisconsin Academy Review

http://www.wisconsinacademy.org/

(Table of contents and "feature sample" available for current issue)
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Author:Madarash-Hill, Cherie
Publication:Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2001
Words:5087
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