Proclaiming the Gospel to the Indians and the Metis.Raymond J. A. Huel, Proclaiming the Gospel to the Indians and the Metis Metis (mē`tĭs), in astronomy, one of the 39 known moons, or natural satellites, of Jupiter.
goddess of caution and discretion. [Rom. Myth.: Wheeler, 242]
See : Prudence . Edmonton, University of Alberta Press The University of Alberta Press (UAP) is a publishing house and a division of the University of Alberta that engages in academic publishing. Overview
UAP is situated in Ring House 2 on the University of Alberta campus, located in Edmonton, Alberta, and publishes an and Western Canadian Publishers, 1996, pp. 387, illus.
This publication, Proclaiming the Gospel to the Indians and the Metis, by Raymond J. A. Huel, is the third volume in the Western Oblate ob·late 1
1. Having the shape of a spheroid generated by rotating an ellipse about its shorter axis.
2. History Project that fostered the study of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI) is a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church founded on January 25, 1816 by Saint Eugene de Mazenod, a French priest from Marseille. It was first recognized by Pope Leo XII on February 17, 1826. in Western and Northern Canada Northern Canada is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics. Definitions and usage
Also referred to as the Canadian North or (locally) as the North . Huel, a professor in the Department of History at the University of Lethbridge, has served as general editor of the Project and has demonstrated expertise in his scholarly writing Scholarly writing is the genre of writing used in colleges and universities by students and professors to report and share knowledge. Characteristics
It consists of certain conventions that can vary between disciplines, but always involves:
Western Canada, commonly referred to as the West . While recognizing the varied and complex activities engaged in by the ablates, Huel, in this particular study, focuses on their missionary work among the Indians and the Metis More specifically, he concentrates on their efforts only in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, from 1845 to 1945, with the expressed hope that historians will provide more studies related to the Oblate experience in British Columbia and among the Inuit people of the North.
Recounting the origins and progression of the Order in France, established under Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod Saint Eugene de Mazenod (August 1 1782-May 21 1861) commonly known as Eugene de Mazenod, was a French Catholic clergyman, canonised by Pope John Paul II in 1995. Biography in 1826, Huel outlines the stipulated qualifications for missionary priests and the instruction relevant to foreign missions. In the opinion of Bishop Joseph-Norbert Provencher, such an Order was required to expand the missionary thrust he envisioned for the Vicariate Apostolic of Hudson's Bay and James Bay.
Provencher had ministered to the Selkirk settlers, the French-Canadian traders, and the Metis from the Catholic mission established in 1818 at Red River in what is today Metropolitan Winnipeg. Lack of resources and personnel, the vastness of the area to be served, and the conflict about the most appropriate methods needed to win over the Indian population, all impeded the evangelizing process. The Hudson's Bay Company Hudson's Bay Company, corporation chartered (1670) by Charles II of England for the purpose of trade and settlement in the Hudson Bay region of North America and for exploration toward the discovery of the Northwest Passage to Asia. , however, which had jurisdiction over the territory Provencher governed, opposed the admission of "foreign" priests from France. Consequently, two Oblates were dispatched from Quebec in 1845, with the added expectation that the Metis and French-Canadian population of Red River would be more open to Canadian-based clergy. And thus began the Oblate venture into the Canadian North West which Huel traces in a forthright, factual manner.
By following the Hudson's Bay Company trade routes, the Oblates proclaimed the gospel to the Native people, initiating them into Christianity through baptism. As Huel points out, the Oblates gained recognition from Pope Pius XI Pope Pius XI (Latin: Pius PP. XI; Italian: Pio XI; May 31, 1857 – February 10, 1939), born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, reigned as Pope from February 6, 1922 and as sovereign of Vatican City from 1929 until his death on February 10, 1939. as "specialists in difficult missions" because of their labour under adverse conditions. By 1860, a network of missions was established across the land and complemented with schools, orphanages, and hospitals to mould a more fitting Christian mission often in resistance to acculturation acculturation, culture changes resulting from contact among various societies over time. Contact may have distinct results, such as the borrowing of certain traits by one culture from another, or the relative fusion of separate cultures. from many of the Native people.
Education and health care were considered vital aspects in white civilization which, in Oblate philosophy, was integrated closely with spiritual and material well-being. To promote these causes, the Oblates acted with the Federal Government on behalf of treaty Indians of the prairies. The question arises as to who benefited from these arrangements. Residential and industrial schools were contentious institutions, pitting Protestants against Catholics, French against English, nuns against priests. Certainly, many Natives believed that the Oblates, with the help of government, advanced a mode of cultural genocide through these schools. This prevailing attitude forced the Oblates to evaluate their position almost one hundred years after the outset of their missionary work in Canada. In 1935-36, Superior General Theodore Laboure conducted a canonical visit of the northern and western missions. His report contained recommendations for change that would make Christianity a more meaningful expression of spiritualit y for Natives.
In this critical study, Raymond Huel provides an analysis of the Oblate missionary experience up to the present period. As such it is a valuable contribution to the history of the Canadian West.