Pratt & Whitney Canada pursues Huey helicopter upgrades. (Spotlight on Canadian Military Exports).Pratt & Whitney Canada, based at Longueuil, Quebec This article is about the central municipality of Longueuil. For the agglomeration city, see Urban agglomeration of Longueuil.
Longueuil (English pronunciation [lɑŋˈgɔɪ] , is marketing a commercial engine as an upgrade For the worldwide fleet of military Huey helicopters. IF it is successful in winning upgrade contracts, the Canadian company will be able to supply commercial turboshaft tur·bo·shaft
A gas turbine engine that powers a rotating cylindrical shaft, as to a pump or a helicopter rotor. engines to foreign armed forces, including those at war or perpetrating human rights abuses, without oversight by the Canadian government.
In November 2001, Pratt & Whitney Canada successfully flight-tested a UH-l Huey helicopter refitted with a PT6C-67D turboshaft engine built at Longueuil. The company expects to soon receive certification of the new engine from Transport Canada Transport Canada is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing regulations, policies and services of transportation in Canada. History and the US Federal Aviation Administration Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), component of the U.S. Department of Transportation that sets standards for the air-worthiness of all civilian aircraft, inspects and licenses them, and regulates civilian and military air traffic through its air traffic control , both of which will qualify the engine for commercial use. Upon certification, Pratt & Whitney Canada plans to promote the engine as a "commercial off-the-shelf Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) is a term for software or hardware, generally technology or computer products, that are ready-made and available for sale, lease, or license to the general public. " solution to upgrade both military and civilian versions of the Huey helicopter. The cost will be about US $1 million per helicopter.
According to industry sources, the Huey helicopter is one of the most widely used helicopters in the world. Flown extensively by US forces during the Vietnam war Vietnam War, conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. , variants of the Huey have been transferred to the armed forces of countries around the globe through the Foreign Military Sales That portion of United States security assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended. This assistance differs from the Military Assistance Program and the International Military Education and Training Program (FMS FMS - Flexible Manufacturing System (factory automation). ) program of the Pentagon. Of more than 10,000 helicopters produced, over 3,000 remain in service in military and nonmilitary roles. Over 90 per cent of these helicopters are "under the military configuration" supported by the US Army under the FMS program. However, the US Army is phasing out its own fleet of Huey helicopters, and has announced that it will no longer support foreign Hueys after September 2004. The announcement is viewed to be a commercial opportunity by Pratt & Whitney Canada and other aerospace companies.
The UH-1 helicopter is a workhorse of military forces involved in "counter-insurgency" operations, including troops currently fighting internal armed conflicts. Surplus Canadian Hueys were recently sold to the US State Department for retransfer, after upgrading in Texas, to government anti-narcotics battalions battling insurgents Insurgents, in U.S. history, the Republican Senators and Representatives who in 1909–10 rose against the Republican standpatters controlling Congress, to oppose the Payne-Aldrich tariff and the dictatorial power of House speaker Joseph G. Cannon. in Colombia (Project Ploughshares
This article or section needs sources or references that appear in reliable, third-party publications. 2001, p. 22)
Pratt & Whitney Canada is well-placed to obtain foreign Huey upgrade contracts. Apart from the competitive costs of its new engine, the company can offer "commercial, off-the-shelf support of P&WC's established global service network" (Pratt & Whitney Canada 2002). By promoting its commercial engines and servicing Pratt & Whitney Canada also can avoid government scrutiny of its upgrade sales to military end-users. According to existing Canadian export controls, the company must obtain export permits For the transfer of engines built to military specifications to any country outside of the US. However, commercially-certified aerospace products do not require export permits regardless of their end destination. Thus, unburdened by export controls which would preclude some military engine transfers, Pratt & Whitney Canada may export its commercial engine to any Huey helicopter user, including a government at war or violating human rights.
Pratt & Whitney canada 2002, press release, February 14. [Online.] Available from http://www.pwc.ca/index.asp.
Project Ploughshares 2001, The Ploughshares Monitor, Waterloo, June.