Policy for controlling tobacco.Warner, K. E., Issacs, S. L., & Knickman, J. R. (Eds.) (2006). Tobacco control policy. San Francisco San Francisco (săn frănsĭs`kō), city (1990 pop. 723,959), coextensive with San Francisco co., W Calif., on the tip of a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, which are connected by the strait known as the Golden : John Wiley John Wiley may refer to:
The harmful effects of tobacco are well established. Tobacco use is responsible for about 430,000 deaths among adults in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. (United States Department of Health & Human Services [USDHHS USDHHS,
n.pr See United States Department of Health and Human Services. ], 2001). Various policy measures have helped in reducing the burden of diseases resulting from tobacco use. This book is a part of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, charitable organization devoted exclusively to health care issues. It was established in 1936 by Robert Wood Johnson (1893–1968), board chairman of the Johnson & Johnson medical products company. Health Policy Series that deals specifically with tobacco control policy research.
The book is organized into eight sections with 26 chapters. The first section is entitled, "A review of the field" and has one chapter devoted to an overview of tobacco policy research written by Editor Kenneth Warner. The chapter discusses the health consequences of tobacco, early tobacco control policies, and relationship between tobacco policy research and policy practice. It presents a classification of tobacco policies as those geared toward education, those involving economic incentives, and those that enforce direct restraints on product use, manufacture, or sale.
The second section of the book is about taxation and pricing and includes reprint reprint An individually bound copy of an article in a journal or science communication of five articles. The first article is about effects of government regulation on teenage smoking originally published in 1981. It discusses the impact of the Fairness Doctrine fairness doctrine: see equal-time rule. which included antismoking an·ti·smok·ing
Opposed to or prohibiting the smoking of tobacco, especially in public: an antismoking campaign; an antismoking ordinance. messages on radio and television and advertising ban policies on cigarette smoking by teenagers. The second article is about smoking and health implications of a change in the federal cigarette tax published in 1986. This article is credited with influencing some members of Congress to vote against decreasing tax against tobacco and also contributed to establishing taxation as a key strategy for tobacco control all over the world. The third article tests the model of rational addiction Kevin M. Murphy and Nobel Prize Winner Gary S. Becker published the "Theory of Rational Addiction" in the Journal of Political Economy in 1988 (Volume96: 675-700). (which purports that past consumption of some goods reinforces their current consumption) by examining cigarette consumption to change in cigarette prices. It was originally published in 1994. The fourth article also discusses whether addiction is rational. It was originally published in 2001. The article presents a useful framework for testing the rational addiction model. The fifth article has been published in 2004 and analyzes the role of body weight, body image, and price in influencing adolescent smoking initiation. The article uses data from National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997. The article found that females who had a high body mass index, who report that they are trying to lose weight, and who describe themselves as overweight are more likely to initiate smoking than other females. Cigarette pricing was found to have no role in smoking initiation for females but was a strong determinant for males.
The third section of the book is about clean indoor air laws and includes reprints of four articles. The first article is about the effect of ordinances requiring smoke-free restaurants A smoke-free restaurant is a dining establishment in which smoking is banned. These restaurants are increasing in number due to the growing awareness across the world of the need to protect both employees and clients against exposure to secondhand smoke. on restaurant sales. The article published in 1994 found that prohibiting smoking in restaurants does not damage restaurants' revenues. The second article explores whether workplace smoking bans reduce smoking and confirms that indeed that is the case. It was originally published in 1999. The third article examines the association between household and workplace smoking restrictions and adolescent smoking and concludes that such bans indeed reduce smoking in adolescents. This article was published in 2000. The final article in this section reviews the effect of smoke-free workplaces smoke-free workplace Labor law A workplace where use of cigarettes and other tobacco smoke products–cigars, pipes, is not allowed indoors on smoking behavior. It was originally published in 2002.
The fourth section of the book is about advertising, advertisement bans, and counter-advertising and also consists of reprints of five articles. The first article is from 1972 and discusses the impact of anti smoking advertisements on smoking behavior. The second article is from 1991 and explores whether tobacco advertising targets young people to start smoking. The study concluded that tobacco advertising, especially of Camel cigarettes has effectively targeted adolescents. The third article is from 1992 and demonstrates that magazines accepting cigarette advertisements were less likely to discuss negative effects of smoking when compared to those that did not have such advertisements. The fourth article from 1995 compares the role of increasing taxes with antismoking media campaign on cigarette consumption in California. It was found that both policies decreased smoking but increasing taxes was more effective. The final article from 2000 discusses the effect of tobacco advertisement bans on tobacco consumption. The article provides evidence in support of banning tobacco.
The fifth section of the book is about possession, use, and purchase laws and sales to minors and consists of two reprinted articles. The first article published in 1991 is about Woodridge community in Chicago where a police officer enforced sales to minor laws and it led to decline in cigarette consumption among minors. The second article published in 1997 is about the effect of enforcing tobacco sales laws The law relating to the transfer of ownership of property from one person to another for value, which is codified in Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), a body of law governing mercantile transactions adopted in whole or in part by the states. on youth access to tobacco and smoking behavior and found that moderate efforts for reducing illegal sales had no effect on smoking rates in youth.
The sixth section of the book is about cessation policies and includes reprints of four articles. The first article published in 1998 is about use and cost effectiveness of smoking cessation smoking cessation Public health Temporary or permanent halting of habitual cigarette smoking; withdrawal therapies–eg, hypnosis, psychotherapy, group counseling, exposing smokers to Pts with terminal lung CA and nicotine chewing gum are often ineffective. services under four insurance plans in a health maintenance organization. The second article published in 2002 is about the benefits of switching smoking cessation drugs to over the counter status. The third article published in 2002 is about assessing the effectiveness on smokers of a real-world telephone quit line. The last article in this section is about nicotine replacement therapies Nicotine replacement therapy
A method of weaning a smoker away from both nicotine and the oral fixation that accompanies a smoking habit by giving the smoker smaller and smaller doses of nicotine in the form of a patch or gum. . It has been published in 2003.
The penultimate pe·nul·ti·mate
1. Next to last.
2. Linguistics Of or relating to the penult of a word: penultimate stress.
The next to the last. section of the book is entitled, "comprehensive state laws" and has four reprints. The first article is published in 1998 and looks at the effects of California Tobacco Control Program on smoking. The second article is published in 2000 and looks at the effects of Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program on smoking. The third article also published in 2000 explores the association of the California Tobacco Control Program with declines in cigarette consumption and mortality from heart disease. The final article in this section has been published in 2003 and examines the impact of tobacco control programs across all states on cigarette sales during the period 1981-2000.
The last section of the book discusses the role of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and consists of one chapter which has been reprinted from, "To Improve Health and Health Care: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Anthology Series An anthology series is a radio or television series that has a different story and a different set of characters in every episode. Typically, the only constant is the host, who introduces and concludes each program. ." This was originally published in 2005.
The book is a logical compilation of several articles related to tobacco policy. It would have been nice to include some original writings in this monograph but even in the absence of such writings the book serves an important purpose. It should serve as a .good reading for all those involved in making tobacco-related policies. It can also be used for teaching graduate students. Overall, this book is an important contribution in the field of substance abuse policy.
United States Department of Health and Human Services United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS),
n.pr a cabinet-level government organization comprising 12 agencies, including the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. . (2001). Healthy People 2010.
Washington, DC: US Government Printing office.
Review by Manoj Sharma, University of Cincinnati The University of Cincinnati is a coeducational public research university in Cincinnati, Ohio. Ranked as one of America’s top 25 public research universities and in the top 50 of all American research universities,