Policies and resolutions.
Editor's Note Editor's Note (foaled in 1993 in Kentucky) is an American thoroughbred Stallion racehorse. He was sired by 1992 U.S. Champion 2 YO Colt Forty Niner, who in turn was a son of Champion sire Mr. Prospector and out of the mare, Beware Of The Cat.
Trained by D. : The existing policies and resolution printed below were reviewed, amended and approved for continuation by the Delegate Assembly in Charlotte, N.C. Go to the Past, Present and Future section of ACA's Web site, www.aca.org, to view all of the current public correctional policies and resolutions.
Public Correctional Policy on Offenders With Special Needs
Introduction: The provision of humane and gender-responsive programs and services for the accused and adjudicated requires addressing the special needs of juvenile, youthful and adult offenders. To meet this goal, correctional agencies should develop and adopt procedures for the early identification of offenders with special needs. Agencies should provide the services that respond to these needs and monitor and evaluate the delivery of services in both confined con·fine
v. con·fined, con·fin·ing, con·fines
1. To keep within bounds; restrict: Please confine your remarks to the issues at hand. See Synonyms at limit. and community settings.
Policy Statement: Correctional systems must assure provision of specialized services, programs and conditions of confinement to meet the special needs of offenders. To achieve this, correctional systems should:
A. Identify the juvenile, youthful and adult offenders who will require special care or programs including:
* Offenders with psychological needs, developmental disabilities developmental disabilities (DD),
n.pl the pathologic conditions that have their origin in the embryology and growth and development of an individual. DDs usually appear clinically before 18 years of age. , psychiatric disorders, behavioral disorders behavioral disorder Psychiatry A disorder characterized by displayed behaviors over a long period of time which significantly deviate from socially acceptable norms for a person's age and situation , disabling dis·a·ble
tr.v. dis·a·bled, dis·a·bling, dis·a·bles
1. To deprive of capability or effectiveness, especially to impair the physical abilities of.
2. Law To render legally disqualified. conditions, neurological neurological, neurologic
pertaining to or emanating from the nervous system or from neurology.
evaluation of the health status of a patient with a nervous system disorder or dysfunction. impairments and substance abuse disorders substance abuse disorder
Any of a category of disorders in which pathological behavioral changes are associated with the regular use of substances that affect the central nervous system. ;
* Offenders who have acute or chronic medical conditions See carpal tunnel syndrome, computer vision syndrome, dry eyes and deep vein thrombosis. , are physically disabled or terminally ill Terminally Ill
When a person is not expected to live more than 12 months.
Any gifts given out by the afflicted person at this time may be considered as a dispersion of the estate rather than a gift. ;
* Older offenders;
* Offenders with social and/or educational deficiencies, learning disabilities, or language barriers;
* Offenders with special security or supervision needs;
* Sex offenders sex offender n. generic term for all persons convicted of crimes involving sex, including rape, molestation, sexual harassment and pornography production or distribution. ;
* Adolescents; and
* Female offenders.
B. Provide services and programs in a manner consistent with professional standards and nationally-accepted exemplary practices. Such services and programs may be provided within the correctional agency itself, by referral to another agency that has the necessary specialized resources, or by contracting with private or volunteer agencies or individuals that meet professional standards;
C. Provide appropriately trained, licensed and/or certified staff, contractors and volunteers for the delivery of care, programs, and services, and provide incentives to attend the continuing education continuing education: see adult education.
or adult education
Any form of learning provided for adults. In the U.S. the University of Wisconsin was the first academic institution to offer such programs (1904). and training necessary to maintain staff credentials and state-of-the-art knowledge and mastery-level skills;
D. Maintain professionally appropriate records of all delivered services and programs;
E. Conduct evaluations of service delivery fidelity to program standards while also evaluating the effectiveness of the services with regular feedback to administrators and service providers for continuous quality improvement; and
F. Provide leadership and advocacy for legislative and public support to obtain the resources needed to meet these special needs.
Public Correctional Policy on Probation
Introduction: The vast majority of adjudicated adult and juvenile offenders remain in the community on probation. The decision to place an individual on probation is a judicial decision that assigns the responsibility for supervision and control of these offenders to community corrections agencies.
Policy Statement: Probation is a frequently used and cost-effective sanction of the court for enhancing social order and public safety. Probation may be used as a sanction by itself or be combined with other sanctions such as fines, restitution, restorative re·stor·a·tive
1. Of or relating to restoration.
2. Tending or having the power to restore.
A medicine or other agent that helps to restore health, strength, or consciousness. community service, electronic monitoring, and residential care or confinement. Agencies responsible for probation should:
A. Prepare disposition assessments to assist the court in arriving at appropriate sanctions consistent with the severity of the crime, the offender's criminal history, victim impact and other relevant information. The least restrictive disposition consistent with public safety, victim and community restoration and probationer A convict who is released from prison provided he maintains good behavior. One who is on Probation whereby she is given some freedom to reenter society subject to the condition that for a specified period the individual conduct herself in a manner approved by a special officer rehabilitation rehabilitation: see physical therapy. should be recommended;
B. Establish a case management system for allocating supervisory resources through a standardized standardized
pertaining to data that have been submitted to standardization procedures.
standardized morbidity rate
see morbidity rate.
standardized mortality rate
see mortality rate. workload classification process that utilizes validated assessment tools and assigns priority to high-risk offenders;
C. Develop an individualized in·di·vid·u·al·ize
tr.v. in·di·vid·u·al·ized, in·di·vid·u·al·iz·ing, in·di·vid·u·al·iz·es
1. To give individuality to.
2. To consider or treat individually; particularize.
3. case plan based on an offender's risk and needs and that fulfills the orders of the court;
D. Monitor and evaluate, on an ongoing basis, adherence to the plan of supervision and, when necessary, modify the plan according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the changing needs of the probationer and the best interests of the community;
E. Monitor and evaluate, on an ongoing basis, the probation staff's adherence to and success with the case plan for the purpose of quality improvement;
F. Provide access to a continuum of services to meet individual identifiable needs, all of which are directed toward promoting law-abiding behavior;
G. Ensure any intervention in a probationer's life will not exceed the minimal level needed to ensure compliance with the orders of the court;
H. Initiate court proceedings when the probationer fails to comply with court orders, the supervision plan or other requirements so that the court may consider other alternatives for the protection, restoration and well-being of the community and the effective rehabilitation of the probationer;
I. Collaborate with justice and service agencies to provide a seamless and consistent correctional response;
J. Partner with the community in providing support and services;
K. Oppose use of the probation sanction for status offenders, neglected or abused children, or any other individuals who are neither accused nor charged with delinquent or criminal behavior;
L. Establish an educational program for sharing information about probation with the public and other agencies; and
M. Evaluate and report on program efficiency, outcomes, effectiveness and overall system accountability consistent with recognized correctional standards.
Public Correctional Policy on Reentry reentry n. taking back possession and going into real property which one owns, particularly when a tenant has failed to pay rent or has abandoned the property, or possession has been restored to the owner by judgment in an unlawful detainer lawsuit. of Offenders
Introduction: Successful reentry of offenders in the community is in the best interest of society. Reentry programs enhance public safety, help prepare offenders for transition to responsible citizenship, can help reduce future criminal behavior, remove the barriers that make it difficult for offenders to reenter re·en·ter also re-en·ter
v. re·en·tered, re·en·ter·ing, re·en·ters
1. To enter or come in to again.
2. To record again on a list or ledger.
v.intr. their communities, and develop necessary community support.
Policy Statement: The American Correctional Association The American Correctional Association is an association of providers of services to prisons in the United States. It holds an annual trade show where products used in prisons are shown to prospective purchasers.
It was formerly known as the American Prison Association. fully supports evidence-based practices and reentry programs, and encourages the elimination of any local, state and federal laws and policies that place barriers on the offender's successful reentry. Therefore, public and private agencies at the federal, state and local levels should:
A. Advocate for the review and revision of existing laws and regulations that inhibit the successful reentry of offenders;
B. Initiate individualized transitional planning during intake to the facility;
C. Provide recidivism-risk and reentry-needs assessments and associated services and programs during incarceration Confinement in a jail or prison; imprisonment.
Police officers and other law enforcement officers are authorized by federal, state, and local lawmakers to arrest and confine persons suspected of crimes. The judicial system is authorized to confine persons convicted of crimes. ;
D. Provide an expedited process to obtain appropriate legal identification prior to or upon release;
E. Assist the offender in accessing appropriate housing upon release;
F. Provide sufficient staff trained to supervise and motivate offenders released to the community;
G. Encourage institution and community supervision staff to integrate work efforts to assure a comprehensive continuum of supervision and services;
H. Develop community partnerships and support networks for providing a seamless and timely connection between pre-and post-release programs and services;
I. Provide information and assistance to address health care needs following release such as obtaining Medicaid, medical and substance abuse treatment, and other health and psychological services. Provide a sufficient supply of prescription medication upon release;
J. Provide information and assistance to offenders to gain employment upon release, such as pre-employment readiness training, job identification and retention skills training, and job placement services; and
K. Provide services to facilitate successful family and community reunification re·u·ni·fy
tr.v. re·u·ni·fied, re·u·ni·fy·ing, re·u·ni·fies
To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided. .
Public Correctional Policy on Victims of Crime
Introduction: Victims of crime suffer financial, emotional and/or physical trauma
Physical trauma refers to a physical injury. . The criminal justice and juvenile justice systems are dedicated to the principle of fair and equal justice for all people. Victims' rights victims' rights, rights of victims to have a role in the prosecution of the perpetrators of crimes against them. Nearly all U.S. states have enacted some victims' rights legislation. should be pursued within the criminal justice and juvenile justice systems to ensure their needs are addressed.
Policy Statement: Victims have the right to be treated with respect and compassion, to be informed about and involved in the criminal and juvenile justice process as it affects their lives, to be protected from harm and intimidation, and to be provided necessary financial and support services support services Psychology Non-health care-related ancillary services–eg, transportation, financial aid, support groups, homemaker services, respite services, and other services that attempt to restore a sense of justice to them. Although many components of the criminal justice and juvenile justice systems share in the responsibility of providing services to victims of crime, the corrections community has an important role in this process and should:
A. Support activities that advocate for the rights of the victims;
B. Promote local, state and federal legislation that emphasizes victims' rights and the development and enhancement of victim services;
C. Support efforts by federal, state and local units of government to increase funding and improved use of existing resources to support victim services and programs;
D. Advocate for programs in which offenders provide restitution to victims, compensation and service to the community, and whenever possible, hold offenders financially responsible for their crimes;
E. Promote active participation of victims in the criminal justice and juvenile justice processes, including the opportunity to attend and be heard and/or to participate in juvenile and adult institutional release and/or parole release hearings; provide separate waiting areas for victims and their families where offenders and victims may be present at the same hearing;
F. Provide advance notification of institutional release when safe and consistent with applicable law or expeditious ex·pe·di·tious
Acting or done with speed and efficiency. See Synonyms at fast1.
ex notification of an escape to victims;
G. Educate, with sensitivity to culture, language and disability needs, victims and victim service providers about correctional practices and involve correctional personnel in victim advocacy activities;
H. Promote the use of community resources and volunteers to serve the needs of victims;
I. Educate justice officials regarding victims' services, the impact of crime on victims, and promote sensitivity to victims' rights; and
J. Operate victims' assistance programs that appropriately fall within the responsibility of the field of corrections. Correctional agencies should, at a minimum but not limited to:
* Designate personnel in each agency to respond to questions and concerns of victims and to ensure that appropriate victim notification and assistance procedures are implemented;
* Develop and distribute materials describing the correctional system and specific victims' rights within that system;
* Support and facilitate the use of victim impact statements in sentencing, post-conviction reviews and programming processes; and
* Provide appropriate victims' services to staff who are assaulted, held hostage or otherwise victimized.
Resolution on the Mentally Ill Offenders Treatment and Crime Reduction Act
WHEREAS, the Bureau of Justice Statistics Noun 1. Bureau of Justice Statistics - the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers
BJS estimates that more than 16 percent of adults incarcerated incarcerated /in·car·cer·at·ed/ (in-kahr´ser-at?ed) imprisoned; constricted; subjected to incarceration.
Confined or trapped, as a hernia. in U.S. jails and prisons have a mental illness; and
WHEREAS, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (or OJJDP) is an office of the United States Department of Justice and a component of the Office of Justice Programs. reports that more than 20 percent of youths in the juvenile justice system have serious mental health problems and many more have co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders; and
WHEREAS, the majority of these individuals have illnesses or disorders that are responsive to treatment in the community; and
WHEREAS, the Mentally 111 Offenders Treatment and Crime Reduction Act was made public law on Oct. 30, 2004, by Congress to provide local communities with the resources they need to develop innovative solutions to avoid the criminalization crim·i·nal·ize
tr.v. crim·i·nal·ized, crim·i·nal·iz·ing, crim·i·nal·iz·es
1. To impose a criminal penalty on or for; outlaw.
2. To treat as a criminal. of those with mental illness; and
WHEREAS, the law creates planning and implementation grants for communities to offer treatment and other services--including housing, education and job placement--to mentally ill offenders; and
WHEREAS, grants under the law allow for the establishment and expansion of community-based treatment programs, in adult and juvenile detention and corrections facilities, jail treatment programs and transitional services; and
WHEREAS, grants under the law can be utilized to enhance training for criminal justice personnel and mental health system personnel who must understand how to respond appropriately to this population;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Correctional Association supports full funding of the provisions of the Mentally Ill Offenders Treatment and Crime Reduction Act.
Editor's Note: The following new resolution was adopted by the Delegate Assembly.
Resolution on the Reinstatement Reinstatement
The restoration of an insurance policy after it has lapsed for nonpayment of premiums. of a System of Parole For Federal Prisoners
WHEREAS, a substantial number of federal inmates In America, a federal inmate is a person convicted for violating a federal law, who is then interred at a prison that exclusively houses similar criminals. The term is most often apply to those convicted of a felony. are nonviolent drug offenders with long sentences and the majority of this segment of the inmate population is being incarcerated for the first time; and
WHEREAS, some federal inmates are serving life sentences without the possibility of parole for nonviolent offenses; and
WHEREAS, parole has been eliminated in the federal system; and
WHEREAS, offenders can be rehabilitated and should be given a second chance to lead productive lives; and
WHEREAS, prison crowding is a danger to both inmates and staff; and
WHEREAS, the cost to house inmates increases substantially with age; and
WHEREAS, a federal agency with inmate release jurisdiction exists to protect public safety;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Correctional Association urges Congress to reinstate To restore to a condition that has terminated or been lost; to reestablish.
To reinstate a case, for example, means to restore it to the same position it had before dismissal. and fully fund a system of parole for federal prisoners.