Poetik und Rhetorik in Deutschland 1300-1700.
Joachim Knape. Poetik und Rhetorik in Deutschland 1300-1700.
Gratia: Bamberger Schriften zur Renaissanceforschung 44. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2006. viii + 228 pp. index. illus. bibl. [euro]68. ISBN ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISBN n abbr (= International Standard Book Number) → ISBN m : 3-447-05273-2.
Numerous publications have established Joachim Knape as an authority on the subjects of literature (fictional and historiographical) and literature about literature (poetics, rhetoric, and criticism) in late medieval and early modern Germany. Poetik und Rhetorik in Deutschland 1300-1700, which is based on the author's consultation of material collected at the Warburg Institute The Warburg Institute is a research institution associated with the University of London. A member of the School of Advanced Study, its focus is the study of the influence of classical antiquity on all aspects of European civilization. in London, displays Knape's customary erudition er·u·di·tion
Deep, extensive learning. See Synonyms at knowledge.
Erudition of editors—Hare.
Noun 1. , albeit without the balance found in some of his other, longer works. In his prefatory pref·a·to·ry
Of, relating to, or constituting a preface; introductory. See Synonyms at preliminary.
[From Latin praef remarks, Knape speaks of "sketches" intended to frame the works under discussion im Lichte neuerer rhetorischer Kategorienbildung. Consequently, the study offers the benefits and disadvantages of a somewhat ambulatory mode of discourse: remarks, though often illuminating, are always brief and await further elaboration.
Poetik und Rhetorik consists of three parts examining how, out of medieval Latinity, a body of language theory in German emerged. Addressing himself to the concerns of recent scholarship across the humanities, Knape stresses the importance of printing technology, visual culture, and the performative per·for·ma·tive
Relating to or being an utterance that peforms an act or creates a state of affairs by the fact of its being uttered under appropriate or conventional circumstances, as a justice of the peace uttering dimensions of language for our understanding of the transition from a scribal order of discourse centered on the monastic world to systems of learning and knowledge-production incorporating the vulgar tongue, mechanical reproduction, and humanist ambitions to return to ancient practices of eloquence.
In the first section, Knape shows how from the middle of the fifteenth century on, the written word and the vulgar tongue increasingly served as touchstones for reflections on language. The practical demands of early modern systems of political administration (in particular, letter-writing) and the emergence of a class of religious reformers propelled a process of Vertextung, as well as the displacement of the Gelehrtencode Latein in favor of German. Consequently, the first object of German language theory was prose. Poetry, Knape observes, did not provide an item of analysis and discussion until the seventeenth century, when Martin Opitz Martin Opitz von Boberfeld (December 23, 1597 – August 20, 1639) was a German poet, regarded as the greatest of that nation during his lifetime.
Opitz was born in Bunzlau (Bolesławiec) in Lower Silesia, the son of a prosperous citizen. , following Latin and French models, established a framework for literary creation and criticism that definitively supplanted the native, non-written tradition of the Meistersinger, whose practices were rooted in medieval Minnesang. This, the strongest section of the study, benefits from a discussion of the early modern iconography of poetry and persuasion; oddly, however, none of the images reproduced in Poetik und Rhetorik present the discoveries one might have hoped the author to have made in the archives of the Warburg Institute.
The second part examines Sebastian Brant's best-selling Narrenschiff (1494), the most significant German Originaldichtwerk until the seventeenth century. Knape has already treated Brant brant or brant goose, common name for a species of wild sea goose. The American brant, Branta bernicla, breeds in the Arctic and winters along the Atlantic coast. and his oeuvre in several publications (including a 1992 monograph), so this section of Poetik und Rhetorik serves less to provide new information than to illustrate the issues that the preceding part of the study discusses in more abstract terms those which express abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without regarding any object in which they exist; or abstract terms are the names of orders, genera or species of things, in which there is a combination of similar qualities.
See also: Abstract . Readers unfamiliar with Knape's analyses of Brant elsewhere will find his concise remarks here useful, in particular the observation that Brant, who was involved in all aspects of the production of the Narrenschiff (including printing), represents the Prototyp des neuen "Schriftstellers." Brant, Knape demonstrates, was both author and entrepreneur, and the illustrated and lavishly produced Narrenschiff an artifact A distortion in an image or sound caused by a limitation or malfunction in the hardware or software. Artifacts may or may not be easily detectable. Under intense inspection, one might find artifacts all the time, but a few pixels out of balance or a few milliseconds of abnormal sound cannily designed to reach (or, indeed, create) a new market.
The third, and briefest, part of Poetik und Rhetorik reviews the epochal ep·och·al
1. Of or characteristic of an epoch.
a. Highly significant or important; momentous: epochal decisions made by Roosevelt and Churchill.
b. shift in German reflections on language and literature that occurred in the first half of the eighteenth century, summarizing the stakes of polemical exchanges between Johann Christoph Gottsched Johann Christoph Gottsched (February 2, 1700 – December 12, 1766), was a German author and critic.
He was born at Judithenkirch near Königsberg, the son of a Lutheran clergyman. , whom scholars have traditionally viewed as the Figur des Abschlusses alterer Entwicklungen, and his contemporary Johann Jakob Breitinger, whose reflections represent einer der Schritte hin hin
A unit of liquid measure used by the ancient Hebrews, equal to about five liters.
[Middle English, from Medieval Latin, from Greek, from Hebrew hîn, of Egyptian origin. zu einem epistemologischen Umschwung, weg von der Poetik hin zu Hermeneutik und Literaturwissenschaft. At this juncture, Knape argues, a decisive shift occurs: a concentration on reception replaces the focus on production, and soon, with the publication of Alexander Baumgarten's Aesthetica (1750-58), modern criticism begins.
Joachim Knape's Poetik und Rhetorik provides a handy appendix to his longer studies and an indication of terrain to be explored in coming publications. The illustrations, in particular, handsomely complement the text and provide a welcome resource for scholars. On the whole, however, this comparatively thin book is a bit too slight to stand on its own.
Emory University Emory University (ĕm`ərē), near Atlanta, Ga.; coeducational; United Methodist; chartered as Emory College 1836, opened 1837 at Oxford. It became Emory Univ. in 1915 and in 1919 moved to Atlanta.