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Pittsburgh hosts Rubber Division.

The Rubber Division of the American Chemical Society will hold its 176th Technical Meeting and 32nd Rubber Expo at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center in Pittsburgh, PA, October 13-15.

Bob Handlos, vice president, product development, for Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, will present the keynote address, titled, "One team, one planet: Thinking green for a better tomorrow."

In celebration of the Rubber Division's 100th anniversary, there will be a 100th Birthday Bash celebration held on Tuesday, October 13, from 5:15 to 7:15 p.m. This event is free to all registered attendees of the Rubber Expo, technical program and courses.

The 5K Walk/Run will be held on Wednesday, October 14, at 6:30 a.m. The 25-Year Club Reception & Luncheon will be held on Wednesday from 11:30 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. The Business and Awards Meeting will take place on Thursday, October 15, at 11:00 a.m.

A student colloquium and poster session will be held with a combination of graduate and undergraduate paper presentations. The student colloquium will open with a keynote presentation by William Mars of Cooper Tire and Rubber. Participants are eligible to win one of four $1,500 awards for best papers and posters.

The Robert Gamache Memorial Educational Symposium will feature four technical courses, including Design of Experiments, with R.J. Del Vecchio; Managing an Effective Job Search, with James Burke; Project Management, with Tom Noonan; and Understanding the Global Chemical Supply Chain to the Rubber Industry, with John Dick. Separate registration is required for these courses.

The Rubber Division will hold a job fair on Thursday, October 15, from 8:00 to 10:00 a.m.

The technical program for the 176th Technical Meeting of the Rubber Division, ACS, is as follows:

Tuesday, October 13--Session A Filler Reinforcement of Rubber

Wesley Wampler, Sid Richardson Carbon & Energy, and Ping Zhang, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, co-chairs.

(1) The last 100 years of carbon black reinforcement in robber," Wesley Wampler and Leszek Nikiel, Sid Richardson Carbon & Energy.

(2) Silica, the last hundred years and some ideas for the future. Phillippe Cochet, Rhodia, France.

(3) The last 100 years of fumed silicas in robber reinforcement. Orawan Yaikum, Rainer Friehmelt and Mario Scholz, Evonik Degussa, Germany.

(4) Filler reinforcement-new insights. G. Heinrich, Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research, Germany.

(5) High performance silica tread with next generation process additives. Bernard M. Bezilla, Jr. and Paul A. Danilowicz, Struktol Company of America.

(6) Keynote address: One team, one planet: Thinking green for a better tomorrow. Bob Handlos, Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations.

Tuesday, October 13--Session B Natural Rubber and Natural Rubber-Based Products

Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and Andrew V. Chapman, TARRC, U.K., co-chairs.

(7) Non-linear viscoelasticity of (unvulcanized) natural rubber derived materials and compounds. Jean L. Leblanc, University P&M Curie, France.

(8) Effect of introducing edge cuts into strained natural rubber samples. Craig Norton, Bridgestone Bandag, and Gary Hamed, University of Akron.

(9) Hierarchal multi-scaled structures in natural rubber. Shigeyuki Toki and Benjamin S. Hsiao, Stony Brook University; and Sureerut Amnuaypornsri and Jitladda Sakdapipanich, Mahidol University, Thailand.

(10) Application of low field 1H double-quantum NMR experiments to the study of natural rubber. Juan L. Valentin, Justo Brasero, Irene Mora-Barrantes, Angel Marcos-Fernandez and Luis Gonzalez, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia de Polimeros, Spain; and Kay Saalwachter, Martin-Luther-Universitat Halle-Wittenberg, Germany.

(11) Ecology--the driving force for the extension of the use of NR. Wanda B. Parasiewicz, Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials & Dyes, Poland.

Tuesday, October 13--Session C Automobile Elastomers and Engineered Products

Abraham Pannikottu, American Engineering Group, chair.

(12) Review of intellectual property law applicable to the rubber and plastics industry. Jacob Ward, Michael Dockins and William C. Dusseau, Fraser Clemens Martin & Miller LLC.

(13) Viscoelastic properties of elastomer seals and their impacts on engine noise and vibration. Y. Charles Lu, University of Kentucky.

(14) On fracture modeling and characterization of elastomeric materials and composites for design applications. Mark R. Gurvich, United Technologies Research Center.

(15) New developments in ACM elastomers for automotive applications, part B. Joshua R. Kelley, Paul E. Manley and David D. Tao, Zeon Chemicals L.P.

(16) The use of alkylphenoldisulfides in bromobutyl rubber-based tire inner liner compound extended with light calcium carbonate. Adriaan P. Konijnendijk, Arkema Rotterdam BV, the Netherlands; and Pascal Saint-Louis-Augustin, Arkema-Groupement de Recherches de Lacq, France.

Tuesday, October 13--Session D Mixing and Processing Avraam Isayev, University of Akron, and Alan Bottomley, Pirelli Tyre SpA, co-chairs.

(17) Continuous production of elastomer compounds on co-rotating twin-screw extruders. Peter Hunziker and Dieter Mayer, Krauss Maffei.

(18) Lower compounding cost by improved mixing efficiency (upgrading to an F440 production mixer). Frank Borzenski, Bill Flaherty and Robert Wagner, Farrel.

(19) Enhancing batch mixer performance with an innovative floating weight and hopper design for a tangential style batch mixer. Frank Borzenski, Farrel.

(20) iCOM--integrated continuous second stage mixing. Olaf Skibba, VMI-AZ GmbH, Germany.

(21) The rubber mirror: Reflections of the Rubber Division's first 100 years. Henry J. Inman, Goldfinch Communications.

Tuesday, October 13--Session D New Commercial Developments

R. Christopher Napier, ExxonMobil Chemical, and Andrew L. Tisler, Cytec Industries, co-chairs.

(22) Maintain quality, cut down production costs. Sergio Pierno, Sr., OR.P. Stampi Srl, Italy.

(23) Novel fast curing system for butyl rubber. Rani Joseph, Sr., Cochin University of Science and Technology, India.

(24) A new EPDM to meet compounding and processing challenges. Scott Baird, Dave Hofkens, Gose van Zandvoort, Michel van Boggelen, Michael Koch and Susmita Bhattacharjee, DSM Elastomers.

(25) Amorphous metallocene EPDM for superior low temperature properties. Sunny Jacob, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(26) Processing and formulation flexibilities of a new metallocene EPDM rubber. Wenbin Liang, Tim Clayfield, Sherrika Daniel, Arnis Paeglis, Brian Walther, Kim Walton and Peter Voorheis, Dow Chemical.

(27) Addressing rolling resistance and durability of tires. Nico Huntink, Rabin Datta, Maarten van der Made and Sarah Parker, Teijin Aramid BV, the Netherlands.

(28) Ultra low viscosity polymeric additives. Graham Choonoo, Dave Hofkens, Peter Meijers, Patric Meessen, Michael Koch and Susmita Bhattacharjee, DSM Elastomers.

Tuesday, October 13--Session A Filler Reinforcement of Rubber

Wesley Wampler, S id Richardson Carbon & Energy, and Ping Zhang, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, co-chairs.

(29) Disclosed percolation phenomena and mechanism in reinforcement of elastomeric polymer by nano-filler. Liqun Zhang, Haibo Yang, Weidong Wu and Hua Zou, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China.

(30) Flocculation, reinforcement and glass transition effects in silica-filled styrene-butadiene rubber. Christopher G. Robertson, M. Rackaitis, C.J. Lin and P. Sadhukhan, Bridgestone Americas Center for Research and Technology, and R.B. Bogoslovov and C.M. Roland, Naval Research Laboratory.

(31) Nanocomposites of nitrile (NBR) rubber with multi-wall carbon nanotubes for high temperature applications. Jijun Huang, Nuthathai Warasitthinon, Joey Mead and Carol Barry, University of Massachusetts-Lowell; Lacramioara Schulte auf'm Erley, NanoDynamics Life Sciences; and Andrew Hope and David Norton, NanoDynamics.

(32) Vor-x functionalized graphene sheets as a reinforcement for rubber. John S. Lettow and Kate Redmond, Vorbeck Materials.

(33) Comparison of graphite and graphene precursors in HNBR. Roger W. Faulkner and Ken J. Mumby, Rethink Technologies.

(34) Tailoring the polymeric nano-particles for rubber reinforcement. Chenchy J. Lin and Xiaorong Wang, Bridgestone Americas Center for Research & Technology.

(35) Nanofillers for elastomers. Maurizio Galimberti, Pirelli Tyre; and Attilio Citterio, Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

Tuesday, October 13--Session B Natural Rubber and Natural Rubber-Based Products

Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and Andrew V. Chapman, TARRC, U.K., co-chairs.

(36) BioIsoprene as the foundation of renewable/sustainable alternatives to natural rubber and petroleum-based synthetic rubber. Frank J. Feher, Goodyear Tire & Rubber.

(37) Alternative sources of natural rubber: The European perspective. Yves Poirier and Jan B. van Beilen, University of Lausanne, Switzerland; and Hans Mooibroek, Wageningen University and Research Center, the Netherlands.

(38) Natural rubber biosynthesis: A carbocationic polymerization? Judit E. Puskas, University of Akron.

(39) Natural rubber from domestic crops. Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

(40) Biological feedstock development as part of the domestication and commercialization of taraxacum koksaghyz, a potential domestic source of natural rubber and inulin: Progress and outlook. Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Frederick C. Michel, Jr., Ann Chanon. A. Raymond Miller, John Streeter and F. William Ravlin, Ohio State University; Daryl Y. Ehrensing, Oregon State University; Robert H. Seiple and Crittenden J. Ohlemacher, University of Akron; Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture; David Shintani, University of Nevada-Reno; and Stephen C. Myers, OSU College of Food, Agriculture and Environmental Sciences.

(41) Taraxacum kok-saghyz (TKS)--a domestic source of natural rubber: Rubber quality of early development samples. Crittenden J. Ohlemacher and Robert H. Seiple, University of Akron; Ann Chanon, Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Frederick C. Michel, Jr., and F. William Ravlin, Ohio State University; and Daryl T. Ehrensing, Oregon State University.

(42) Guayule NR emulsion: Production, properties and products. Katrina Cornish, Yulex.

Tuesday, October 13--Session C Automobile Elastomers and Engineered Products

Abraham Pannikottu, American Engineering Group, chair.

(43) Improved flex properties for peroxide cured AEM compounds. Edward McBride, DuPont Performance Products.

(44) Elastomeric materials based on hydrogenated nitrile rubber for seals in carbon dioxide (R 744) high pressure service--improving the resistance against explosive decompression. Matthias Soddemann, Hans Magg and Achim Welle, Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Germany.

(45) Practical state of cure measurements by NMR. Richard Pazur and Joe Walker, Freudenberg NOK.

(46) New developments in ACM elastomers for automotive applications, part A. Paul Manley, Joshua R. Kelley and David Tao, Zeon Chemicals L.P.

(47) A new family of low viscosity HNBR polymers. Mark Jones, Zeon Chemicals L.P.

(48) Gold iridescence in automotive weatherseals--cause and remedies. Robert F. Ohm and Dan Patton, Lion Copolymer LLC.

(49) Improving the heat resistance of Therban HNBR. Victor Nasreddine, Lanxess.

Tuesday, October 13--Session D Mixing and Processing

Avraam Isayev, University of Akron, and Alan Bottomley, Pirelli Tyre SpA, co-chairs.

(50) Extruder feeder design for quick cleaning and fast product changeovers. Bill Bramer, American Kuhne.

(51) Maintain quality, cut down product costs. Sergio Pierno, Sr., Or.P. Stampi srl, Italy.

(52) Effect of aging on the permeability properties of bromobutyl based tire innerliner compounds. Brendan Rodgers, Sunny Jacob, Bharat B. Sharma, Subendhu Pal and H. Manjunath, Exxon-Mobil Chemical.

(53) High-temperature elastomer seal material testing and selection for down-hole environments. Lillian Guo and Paul McElfresh, Baker Hughes.

(54) AFM studies on silica dispersion in EPDM rubber. N. Natchimuthu, Anna University Chennai, India.

(55) Ultrasonic aided extrusion of carbon black filled SBR compounds. Jaesun Choi and Avraam I. Isayev, University of Akron.

Tuesday, October 13--Session E New Commercial Developments

R. Christopher Napier, ExxonMobil Chemical, and Andrew L. Tisler, Cytec Industries, co-chairs.

(56) Magnetic clamping systems in rubber molding presses. David L. Fischer, Hilma Division of Carr Lane Roemheld.

(57) Advancements in the direct devolatilization of temperature sensitive elastomers. Boyd T. Safrit, Daniel U. Witte and Andreas E. Diener, LIST AG, Switzerland.

(58) Performance characteristics of new rubber-to-substrate bonding technology. Christopher D. Schneider and Tejbans Singh Kohli, Lord.

(59) Development of aqueous bonding agents: An encompassing approach to provide innovation for tomorrow. Roger A. Cassell, Dow Advanced Materials.

(60) New reactive robber additives based on organo-silicones. Volker Boerger, Colin Clarke, Uwe Dittrich and Manfred Hensel, Schill + Seilacher Struktol, Germany.

(61) Soft thermoplastic polyurethanes. Donald Meltzer, Lubrizol Advanced Materials.

(62) New high and low temperature esters for acrylic elastomers. Stephen O'Rourke, HallStar.

(63) Polymer process aid with recycled content. Chandrasekaran R. Pillai and Hari C. Chandra, Quantum Polymer.

Wednesday, October 14--Session A Filler Reinforcement of Rubber

Wesley Wampler, Sid Richardson Carbon & Energy, and Ping Zhang, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, co-chairs.

(64) Multiwall carbon nanotube reinforcement of HNBR and FKM. Kenneth J. Mumby and Roger W. Faulkner, Rethink Technologies; and Alan Fischer, Tim Jozokos and Sophie Zhou, Hyperion Catalysis International.

(65) Maleic anhydride grafting of natural rubber by gamma-radiation and its use in preparing natural rubber/ clay nanocomposites. K. Elias George, Sr., Cochin University of Science and Technology, India.

(66) MWNT in natural rubber for improved mechanical properties, air impermeability and conductivity. Rani Joseph, Sr., Cochin University of Science and Technology, India.

(67) Chemically modified precipitated silica: Eliminates production drawbacks and enhances fuel efficiency, safety and environmental performance. Timothy A. Okel, PPG Industries.

(68) A novel approach to rubber-layered silicate nanocomposites preparation. A. Das, Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research, Germany.

(69) Special low surface silica as filler in fluoroelastomers. Gerd Schmaucks, Elkem AS, Norway.

Wednesday, October 14--Session B Natural Rubber and Natural Rubber-Based Products

Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and Andrew V. Chapman, TARRC, U.K., co-chairs.

(70) NR/BR-based tire sidewall compounds ozone-stabilized with alkylphenol-polysulfide modified EPDM. Hongmei Zhang, Rabin N. Datta, Auke G. Talma and Jacques W.M. Noordermeer, University of Twente, the Netherlands.

(71) Silane coupling agents for natural rubber applications--part 1. Michael Backer, Thomas Chaussee, Manfred Gloeggler and John Gohndrone, Dow Corning.

(72) New insights in the development of highly dispersible silicas for the natural rubber-based compounds. Laurent Guy and Phillippe Cochet, Rhodia, France.

(73) Microdispersion of silica in tire tread compounds based on epoxidized natural rubber. Andrew V. Chapman, Stuart Cook, Robin T. Davies and Jaymnini Patel, Tun Abdul Razak Research Center, U.K.

(74) Naphthenic extender oils in NR tire tread compounds. Anita Neau and Marika Rangstedt, Nynas AB, Sweden.

(75) Redesigning OTR compounds with anti-reversion chemistry for reduced heat build-up and improved performance. Frederick Ignatz-Hoover, Flexsys America LP, and Ed Terrill, Akron Rubber Development Laboratory.

Wednesday, October 14--Session C Elastomeric Materials: Challenges in Pharmaceutical/Biomedical Applications

Diane Paskiet, West Pharmaceuticals, chair.

(76) Rubber products optimization via laboratory compound characterization and computer design/process simulation for the medical field. Ben Chouchaoui, Windsor Industrial Development Laboratory, Canada.

(77) Clean and effective curing vital for elastomer applications in pharmaceutical packaging. Wai Keung Wong, ExxonMobil Chemical Europe, Belgium.

(78) Novel styrenic block copolymers for medical tubing. Kathryn J. Wright and Mark G. Kalisvaart, Kraton Polymers.

(79) Injection molding of microfeatures using thermoplastic elastomers. Sung-Hwan Yoon, Joey L. Mead and Carol M.F. Barry, Center for High-Rate Nanomanufacturing.

(80) Design, preparation and performance of novel bioelastomers and biobased engineering elastomers. Liqun Zhang, Dongmei Yue, Lijuan Lei, Hua Zou and Rui Shi, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China.

Wednesday, October 14--Session D Elastomers for Wire and Cable

Vipin M. Kothari, Therm-O-Link, chair.

(81) Improving dispersion of non-halogenated flame retardant systems using functional additives. Brett Robb, Sartomer.

(82) Insulation compounds based on Vistalon EP(D)M polymers. Mark F. Welker, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(83) Flame retardants for wire and cable applications. Joey Mead, Ming Wei, Daniel Murphy and Carol Barry, Center for High-Rate Nanomanufacturing.

(84) Use of multifunctional crosslinking agents in the electron beam cure of elastomers. William M. Boye, Sartomer.

(85) Improved wire and cable performance using specialty polymer modifiers. Bruce Harrington, Charlie Lin, Mark F. Welker and Dave Dunaway, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(86) Elastomeric micropowder as a compounding alternative in fluoroelastomer wire and cable applications. James A. Shell, FRS Division of Pinnacle Elastomeric Technologies.

(87) Mechanistic study into crosslinking of saturated elastomers with diazides. Agata Lielinska, Jacques Noordermeer, Auke G. Talma, Rabin N. Datta and Wilma K. Dierkes, University of Twente, the Netherlands; Martin Duin, DSM Elastomers Global R&D; and Ron Peters, DSM Resolve.

Wednesday, October 14--Session E Tire Technology

Syed K. Mowdood, Pirelli Tyre SpA; J. Cal Moreland, Michelin North America; and Walter H. Waddell, ExxonMobil Chemical, co-chairs.

(88) Evaluation of extractable organic zinc as a quantitative marker for tire tread particles in environmental matrices. Kenneth Unice, Marisa Kreider and Julie Panko, ChemRisk.

(89) Analysis methodology of rubber fraction in fine particles. Minako Harada and Yadashi Shibata, Bridgestone; and Julie Panko and Ken Unice, ChemRisk.

(90) Filler contribution to wet skid resistance of rubber compounds: Revelation from analysis of sliding noise. Xiao-Dong Pan, Cara Adams, Akiko Neff, Greg Chaplin and Paul Zakelj, Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations.

(91) Multiple glass transition temperatures of terpolymers of isoprene for tire tread. Adele Halasa, Goodyear Tire & Rubber.

(92) Important roles of polymers and fillers for tire performance characteristics of tread compounds. Shingo Futamura and Kuo-Chi Hua, Goodyear Tire & Rubber.

Wednesday, October 14--Session A Filler Reinforcement of Rubber

Wesley Wampler, Sid Richardson Carbon & Energy, and Ping Zhang, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, co-chairs.

(93) Fillers for reduced tread hysteresis. Michael D. Morris and Theo Al, Cabot.

(94) Diatomaceous earth--filler for rubber reinforcement. Rajendra K. Singh, World Minerals.

(95) Compounding for injection molding with talc. Oscar Noel, Rio Tinto Minerals.

(96) Reinforcement effect of novel modified fumed silica in styrene-butadiene rubbers. Irene Mora-Barrantes, Juan L. Valentin, Angel Marcos-Fernandez, Luis Ibarra, Andres Rodriques and Luis Gonzalez, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia de Polimeros, Spain.

(97) Performance of green, tire derived, recovered carbon black. William Cole, Delta-Energy LLC.

(98) Comparison of 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane and n,n-dimethyldodecylamine as a modifier for Na+-montmorillonite (MMT) on styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR)/organoclay nanocomposites manufactured by a latex method. Wonho Kim and Wook-Soo Kim, Pusan National University; Gye-Soo Kim, Dongil Rubber Belt; Jong-Woo Bai, Korea Institute of Footwear & Leather Technology; and Young-Hoo Byon, Dae Young Special Rubber, South Korea.

(99) Static and cyclic stress relaxation of a PDMS elastomer at small strains. Russell L. Warley, Penn State Erie.

Wednesday, October 14--Session B Natural Rubber and Natural Rubber-Based Products

Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and Andrew V. Chapman, TARRC, U.K., co-chairs.

(100) Polyisoprene as a useful substrate dedicated to new polymer developments; from natural rubber to bioactive polymers. Frederic Gohier, Irene Campistron, Albert Laguerre and Jean-Francois Pilard, Universite du Maine, France.

(101) Rubber sulfur vulcanization--a long way walked but still a lot of questions to be answered. Salvador Borros and Nuria Agullo, Institut Quimic de Sarria-Universitat Ramon Llull, Spain.

(102) Natural rubber in automotive dynamic application. Benoit Le Rossignol, Yann Fromont and Frederic Gomez, Hutchinson SA, France.

(103) Exfoliation of nanolayer assemblies for improved natural rubber nanocomposites: Methods and theory. Anil Bhowmick, Mithun Bhattacharya and Suman Mitra, Indian Institute of Technology, India.

(104) Properties of NR composites containing nanoconventional fillers. Robert H. Schuster, Deutsches Institut fur Kautschuk Technologie e.V., Germany.

(105) Flame retardant natural rubber formulations. Marina S.D. Fernando, Colin D. Hull and Jonathan L. Clark, Tun Abdul Razak Research Center, U.K.

Wednesday, October 14--Session C Science of Rubber Stabilization and Vulcanization

Frederick Ignatz-Hoover, Flexsys America LP, and Larry Evans, Transportation Research Center, co-chairs.

(106) Effect of cure efficiency on properties of gum and black-filled natural rubber vulcanizates. Kanoktip Boonkerd, Chulalongkom University, Thailand; and Gary Hamed, University of Akron.

(107) Butyl rubbercuring bladderresin vulcanization systems: Compositions and optimization. Brendan Rodgers, Sunny Jacob and Bharat B. Sharma, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(108) A new approach to activating dithiocarbamates and thiurams in EPDM. Jonathon M. Nienaber, Rhein Chemie.

(109) Aging of a black-filled natural rubber vulcanizate at fixed strain: Part II. Tear resistance. Crittenden J. Ohlemacher and Gary R. Hamed, University of Akron.

(110) Avoiding potentially hazardous emissions in rubber compounding and processing. Steven Monthey, Scott Zemanek and Martin Saewe, Rhein Chemie.

(111) Cure activators to improve both eco-balance and economics of a cure system. Martin Saewe and Steven Monthey, Rhein Chemie.

(112) Vulcanization of nanocomposite tire innerliner compounds and permeability. Brendan Rodgers, Weiqing Weng, John P. Soisson, Robert Webb and Sunny Jacob, ExxonMobil Chemical.

Wednesday, October 14--Session D Synthetic Rubber and Synthetic Rubber-Based Products

Roderic P. Quirk, University of Akron, chair.

(113) The role of functional polymers in improving tire performance. Terrence Hogan, Bridgestone Americas Center for Research and Technology.

(114) Morphology and rheology of non-reactive and reactive EPDM/PP blends in transient shear flow: Plasticized vs. non-plasticized blends. Shant Shahbikian, Pierre J. Carreau and MarieClaude Heuzey, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Canada; Maria D. Ellul, Pradeep P. Shirodkar, John Cheng and Hari P. Nadella, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(115) Styrene-diene thermoplastic elastomers--milestones and recent developments. Roderic P. Quirk, University of Akron.

(116) Silicone elastomers. Lauren M. Tonge, Dow Coming.

(117) EPDM--past, present and future. P.S. Ravishankar, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(118) Anionic synthesis of liquid rubbers and their applications. Taejun Yoo, Sartomer.

(119) Plasticizers--how oil molecules can influence the tire properties. Juergen Trimbach, Hansen & Rosenthal Group, Germany.

Wednesday, October 14--Session E Tire Technology

Syed K. Mowdood, Pirelli Tyre SpA; J. Cal Moreland, Michelin North America; and Waiter H. Waddell, ExxonMobil Chemical, co-chairs.

(120) Miniature NMR for rubber analysis. Bernhard Blumich, Federico Casanova, Ernesto Danieli and Juan Perlo, RWTH-Aachen/ITMC/MC, Germany.

(121) In-service evaluation of nitrogen inflation of tires. Christopher Napier and Walter Waddell, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(122) Polymers for innerliner applications--new developments. Walter Waddell, Christopher Napier and Dirk Rouckhout, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(123) Study of steel tire cord--rubber adhesion build-up and degradation. Guy Buytaert, NV Bekaert SA, Belgium.

(124) ASTM highway equivalent laboratory wheel testing standards for commercial truck/bus tires. Phillip K. Mosier, Cooper Tire & Rubber.

(125) Morphological study of the interracial layer between rubber and brass-plated steel tire cord. Akshay Ashirgade, William van Ooij and Prasan Harakuni, University of Cincinnati.

(126) A two-scale FEA of steel cords in TBR. Yintao Wei, Tsinghua University; Yiwen Luo, Bekaert China Technology Center; and Yimin Miao, Hangzhou Sunrise Rubber, China.

Thursday, October 15--Session A Filler Reinforcement of Rubber

Wesley Wampler, Sid Richardson Carbon & Energy, and Ping Zhang, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, co-chairs.

(127) Investigation on preparing maleic starch ester and applying in rubber. Qinghong Fang and Na Wang, Shenyang Institute of Chemical Technology, China.

(128) The use of designed experiment to optimize the filler loading in an EPDM compound. Arthur L. Scott, Lintech International.

(129) Silica replacement using silicone resin for a reduced rolling resistance of tire tread. Thomas Chausee and Manfred Gloeggler, Dow Corning.

Thursday, October 15--Session B Natural Rubber and Natural Rubber-Based Products

Colleen M. McMahan, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and Andrew V. Chapman, TARRC, U.K., co-chairs.

(130) Improved natural rubber processing and physical properties by use of selected compounding additives. Colin Clarke, Mantled Hensel and Henning Umland, Schill + Seilacher Struktol AG, Germany.

(131) The effect of additives on the processing behavior of natural rubber compounds--rheology and mold sticking. Martyn Bennett, Artis, U.K.

(132) Ultra accelerators in natural and synthetic rubber. Antonin Kuta, Institute of Chemical Technology, Czech Republic.

(133) Pre-vulcanization of natural rubber latex using UV techniques: A new approach for the manufacture of non-allergenic latex gloves. Sandra Schlogl, Polymer Competence Center Leoben; Wolfgan Kern, Montanuniversitat Leoben; and Armin Holzner, Semperit Technische Produkte GmbH, Austria.

(134) Use of crosslinking coagents for natural rubber latex-dipped products. Justo Prasero, Raquel Verdejo, Miguel A. Lopez-Manchado and Juan L. Valentin, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia de Polimeros, Spain.

Thursday, October 15--Session C Science of Rubber Stabilization and Vulcanization

Frederick Ignatz-Hoover, Flexsys America LP, and Larry Evans, Transportation Research Center, co-chairs.

(135) New alternatives to ZnO in natural rubber vulcanization. Manuel Guzman, Nuria Agullo and Salvador Borros, Institut Quimic de Sarria-Universitat Ramon Llull, Spain.

(136) Curing cycle optimization of a thick section rubber part. Abdulrahman El Labban, LRCCP; Remi Deterre and Pierre Mousseau, Universite de Nantes IUT; and Jean-Luc Bailleul, Ecole Polytechnique de Nantes, France.

(137) Advancure hexamethylenediamine curative in guanidine-ffee cure systems for Vamac. Byron H. To and Patricia Czomba, Chem Technologies; Edward McBride, DuPont Performance; and Alice Uminska, Goldkey Processing.

(138) Mechanism of peroxide cure of EPDM rubber. Martin Duin and Ron Peters, DSM Elastomers; Ramona Orza, Technical University, the Netherlands; and Victor Chechik, University of York.

(139) Fundamentals of curing elastomers with peroxides and coagents III: Blending coagents to optimize processing and physical properties of rubber compounds. Steven Henning, Sartomer.

(140) An original anti-reversion nitrosamine-free curing agent as an alternative to TMTD. Pierre Lugez, MLPC International, France.

Thursday, October 15--Session D Synthetic Rubber and Synthetic Rubber-Based Products

Roderic P. Quirk, University of Akron, chair.

(141) Polyisobutylene-based rubbers: Past, present and future. Judit E. Puskas, University of Akron.

(142) New generation of low PAH oil extended ESBRs. Agnes Franca Martins, Manoel Remigio, Judy E. Douglas, Marcus Moutinho and Neilson Santos, Lanxess.

(143) Processing high cis-1,4 polybutadienes in rubber compounds--NdBR vs. CoBR. Judy E. Douglas, Heike Kloppenburg, Alex Lucassen, Dave Hardy, Thomas Gross and Jochen Kroll, Lanxess.

(144) Electrostatic printing assist roller in nitrile rubber with antistatic surface and insulating base via four-ply building, one-step curing method. Makarand Joshi, Milind Joshi, Kamalakar Joshi, Kumar Dighe, Aparna Joshi and Avinash Shendge, M/s K.D. Joshi, India.

(145) Hydrogenated liquid acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber. Dongmei Yue and Liqun Zhang, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China.

(146) Simultaneous control of molecular weight and 1,4-cis selectivity in the polymerization of 1,3-butadiene with N,N'-bis(3,4-di-tert-butylsalicylidene)-1,2-diphenylethylenediaminato cobalt (1) in combination with diethylaluminum chloride. Kiyoshi Endo, Osaka City University, Japan.

Thursday, October 15--Session E Tire Technology

Syed K. Mowdood, Pirelli Tyre SpA; J. Cal Moreland, Michelin North America; and Walter H. Waddell, ExxonMobil Chemical, co-chairs.

(147) Tire failure through ICP and overdeflection. Thomas R. Giapponi, TRGtech Tire Consulting LLC.

(148) Elevast polymer modifiers (PM)--highly efficient modifiers for the property enhancement of butyl rubber. Bruce Harrington, Dave Dunaway, Charlie Lin and Brendan Rodgers, ExxonMobil Chemical.

(149) Plasma polymerization of monomers onto fillers to tailor their surface properties in tire compounds. Wilma K. Dierkes, Mukund Tiwari, Rabin N. Datta, Auke G. Talma and Jacques W.M. Noordermeer, University of Twente, the Netherlands; and William J. van Ooij, University of Cincinnati.

(150) Novel functionalized oil extended SSBR for silica and carbon black containing tires. Sven Thiele, Dow Olefinverbund GmbH, Germany.

(151) Passenger tire modeling and sensitivity to cap ply and steel belt alterations. Isam Janajreh, Ilham Talab, Rana Qudaih and Zaki Al Nahari, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates.

(152) Iterative solid-fluid coupled approach to illustrate vehicle hydroplaning problem. Isam Janajreh, Ilham Talab, Rana Qudaih and Zaki Al Nahari, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates.

Thursday, October 15--Session A Contributed Papers

Chenchy J. Lin, Bridgestone Americas Center for Research & Technology, chair.

(153) State-of-the-art gel/contaminate detection and quality reporting for EPDM products. Arnis Paeglis, Larry A. Meiske, Brian Walther and Tim Clayfield, Dow Chemical.

(154) The effect of mixed filler sizes on the fiber diameter and pore size of electrospun butyl rubber formulations. Daniel Q. Murphy, Joey Mead and Carol F. Barry, University of Massachusetts-Lowell; and Walter Zukas, Army Natick Research Development and Engineering Center.

(155) Memory of filled rubbers. Xiaorong Wang and Christopher G. Robertson, Bridgestone Americas Center for Research and Technology.

Thursday, October 15--Session B Rubber Recycling

Marvin Myhre, Canadian Rubber Testing & Development Ltd., Canada; and Craig Norton, Bridgestone Bandag, co-chairs.

(156) New rubber recycling technology: Cost effective transformation of rubber crumb into secondary rubber. Alex Vainer, Aleksander Yam and Leonid Rappoport, Polymeright.

(157) Thermal behavior of vinyl ester resin matrix composites filled with mechanochemical devulcanized ground rubber tire powder. Sriram Yagneswaran, Neetu Tomar and Dennis Smith, Jr., Clemson University; Jeffery Cellura, Lehigh Technologies; and George Wallace, American Epoxy Floors.

(158) Numerical modeling of coaltire shred co-firing. Isam Janajreh, Ilham Talab, Rana Qudaih and Zaki Al Nahari, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates.

(159) True recycling of rubber--needed now more than ever. David Brown, Watson Brown HSM Ltd.

(160) DeLink devulcanization technology: A new sustainability opportunity for the rubber industry. Steven Nieto, Green Rubber.

Thursday, October 15--Session C Science of Rubber Stabilization and Vulcanization

Frederick Ignatz-Hoover, Flexsys America LP, and Larry Evans, Transportation Research Center, co-chairs.

(161) To be determined.

(162) Reversion behavior, mechanical and thermal aging properties of gum natural rubber vulcanizates with different sulfur to accelerator ratios and accelerator types. Kanoktop Boonkerd, Chulalongkorn University; and Chudej Deeprasertkul and Kanyarat Boonsomwong, Mahidol University, Thailand.

(163) Effect of surface modified zinc oxide as cure activator on the properties of rubber compounds based on NR/SBR. Saeed Taghvaei Ganjali, Iran Rubber Research and Engineering Institute, Iran.

Thursday, October 15--Session E Contributed Papers

Deno Tsimpris, DuPont Advanced Fibers, chair.

(164) Smarter rubber testing that contributes to the rubber industry's productivity gains. John S. Dick, Alpha Technologies U.S.

(165) Adhesion science of rubber-to-metal bonding technology. Dave R. Pugne and Frank J. Krakowski, Lord.

(166) Extending the usability of an installed calender--developing the requirements for a new calender. Lawrence R. Gooch, Gooch Engineering Associates.

(167) Modeling and product optimization for automotive weather stripping. Sherrika D. Daniel, Brian Walther, Peter Voorheis, Wenbin Liang, Tim Clayfield and Dave Schiff, Dow Chemical.

(168) Atomic force microscopy study of elastomer blends at nanoscale. Yu Liu, Colin Bonduelle, Heng Yong Nie, DeQuan Uang, W.M. Lau, Elizabeth Gillie and Jun Yang, University of Western Ontario, Canada.

(169) Sub-micrometer TPVS based on crosslinking-induced phase separation of polycaprolactone/oligoetherdimethacrylate blends. Martin Duin, DSM Elastomers Global R&D; and Roy l'Abee, Han Goossens and Marloes Verbruggen, Technical University of Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

(170) Natural rubber nanocomposites: Performance of nanoclays in latex and dry mixing systems. Siby Varghese, St., Rubber Research Institute of India.

Further information on the 176th Rubber Division Technical Meeting and Rubber Expo is available from the Rubber Division (330) 972-7814; www. rubber.org.
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