Pigs & cold weather.Cold weather requires some planning for homesteaders who keep hogs over the winter months.
In the area of proper nutrition proper nutrition,
n in Tibetan medicine, a therapeutic concept that begins with a digestive formulation because it is believed that a medical condition is primarily the result of a nutritional dysfunction or disturbance in the process of delivering nutrients. , thought and extra effort must be given to available supplies of fresh ice-free water at all times for all classes of hogs: the baby pig, the weanling weanling /wean·ling/ (wen´ling)
1. recently weaned.
2. a recently weaned infant.
see weaner. , growing-finishing, gestating, and the lactating lac·tate 1
intr.v. lac·tat·ed, lac·tat·ing, lac·tates
To secrete or produce milk.
[Latin lact sow.
The growing-finishing pig will roughly require 2-2.5 pounds of water for every pound of feed consumed. The gestating and lactating sow will require 4.5 to six gallons per day.
Watering equipment that will continue to flow during below-zero weather is a must.
A daily supply of fresh palatable feed sometimes becomes a problem during extremely cold conditions. Ice forms in feeder cups, feed will not feed from feeders properly and pigs are automatically placed on a limited ration. Consequently, gain is restricted.
Another problem is the feeder allowing too much feed. Pigs become wasteful and the feed is pushed out on the ground, and chances for consumption are small. Proper adjustment and feeder check at least three times weekly will generally solve these problems.
If your feed costs 12[cents] a pound, every 10 pounds of feed wasted each day amounts to $438 per year. Ten pounds of feed is often wasted each day with a poorly adjusted feeder. Worn out feeders and overcrowding overcrowding
overcrowding of animal accommodation. Many countries now publish codes of practice which define what the appropriate volumetric allowances should be for each species of animal when they are housed indoors. Breaches of these codes is overcrowding. of feeders also add to feed loss.
the act of parturition in the sow; giving birth to a litter of piglets at term, average the 115th day after conception.
batch farrowing units must be warm, comfortable, and dry. A farrowing house temperature of 70-75 degrees F. and a nest or sleeping area temperature of 90-95 degrees F. for newborn pigs are optimum.
Keep them comfortable
Newly weaned wean
tr.v. weaned, wean·ing, weans
1. To accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling.
2. and growing-finishing pigs growing-finishing pigs
pigs in the 50 to 250 lb (25 to 100 kg) body weight class being grown and fattened for slaughter. must be made comfortable. A chilled pig is a high cost pig.
Bedding needs and availability should be considered. The pig in a cold gravity ventilated ven·ti·late
tr.v. ven·ti·lat·ed, ven·ti·lat·ing, ven·ti·lates
1. To admit fresh air into (a mine, for example) to replace stale or noxious air.
2. building will do an outstanding job of converting feed and daily gain if comfortable. If not, the producer will be disappointed in performance but it's not the pigs' fault.
What about the sudden three-day snow storm with 10 or 12-foot snow drifts? A planned program on how to operate at this time is essential. Feed supply, water needs, bedding, equipment to remove snow and extra labor are all part of the top swine producer management program.
External parasites are sometimes neglected during the extreme cold weather months just at the time when these parasites are probably most active. Lice and mange mange (mānj), contagious skin disease of domestic and wild animals. The several types of mange, including follicular and sarcoptic mange, are caused by various minute parasitic mites that burrow into skin, hair follicles, or sweat glands. control measures should be planned and worked into the schedule of events.
Movement of breeding and market hogs during the cold weather requires extra protection from the cold wind. Bedding, which is the same as a blanket for man, will help in pig comfort and will enable the pig to perform its mission. Avoid loading hogs up an ice-covered trail into a slippery loading chute. Pigs that can't walk when they reach your home or market are of little value.
Looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. the "weak link" in your wintertime hog management phase of operation and correcting this weakness now will go a long way toward a successful wintertime operation.
Many homestead pigs aren't overwintered
Most homesteaders who raise a few pigs for their own use don't keep them over winter. Fall is the traditional butchering season - and with good reason.
On old-time farms most pigs were born in spring, when the need for supplemental heat was decreased or eliminated. The modern homesteader home·stead
1. A house, especially a farmhouse, with adjoining buildings and land.
2. Law Property designated by a householder as the householder's home and protected by law from forced sale to meet debts.
3. - one who doesn't raise a few extra hogs to sell - probably buys weaned feeder pigs. But even where they're available year-around, Spring is still the best time to start.
If a homestead has surplus milk or eggs, it's most likely to be in the spring. Young pigs will benefit most from these.
As the pigs grow, even if they're not on pasture they can make use of garden trimmings and surplus and kitchen waste from cooking and food preserving.
the act of culling. Called also cast. potatoes, Jerusalem artichokes and other root crops will be harvested as the hogs reach slaughter size. And the corn, barley or other grains used for finishing are also at their peak supply, and usually at their lowest cost.
Then on a brisk fall day the pig is butchered. The meat cools down quickly as the overnight temperature drops, but the next day is pleasant again when the sides are cut into family-size pieces.
In the days before electric freezers, meat was sometimes frozen naturally, by winter weather.
And with fall butchering, there are no frozen water buckets and other cold weather barnyard unpleasantries to deal with.
This is living with the seasons, the cycles, naturally... and smart.