Piecing together Amish quilts: a collaborative effort in teaching.Our students are exposed to a variety of Amish cultural experiences because they live near Amish communities in Pennsylvania. Some recognize the influence of Amish culture within their own lives through food, decorative arts decorative arts, term referring to a variety of applied visual arts, both two- and three-dimensional, including textiles, metalwork, ceramics, books, and woodwork, as well as to certain aspects of architecture (see ornament), public buildings, and private houses (see , furniture, and quilts. But students' understanding of the cultural ideas used in Amish quilts is not often explored. Therefore, a challenge was given to two York County, Pennsylvania York County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2004, the estimated population was 401,613. York County is located in the Susquehanna Valley, a large fertile agricultural region in South Central Pennsylvania. art educators, Trisha Coggins and Sara Little, to develop an art unit that would go beyond the traditional approaches of teaching about the Amish, while addressing our state standards for art education.
Each teacher developed units to correspond with specific areas of historical and cultural information about the Amish. Victoria Weaver provided each with historical and visual information about the Amish and their quilts.
Sara Little: Hanover High School Hanover High School is the name of several secondary schools in the United States:
My Art Three students created two units that emphasized pattern, basic art skills, and technique. After Amish historic and cultural information was presented, students were asked to reflect upon and discuss Amish quilts through a series of questions: "What actually constitutes an Amish quilt?" "Can only Amish create an Amish quilt?" "Are all quilts produced by the Amish, considered Amish quilts?"
The first group decided to create linoleum linoleum (lĭnō`lēəm), resilient floor or wall covering made of burlap, canvas, or felt, surfaced with a composition of wood flour, oxidized linseed oil, gums or other ingredients, and coloring matter. block prints. After Viewing images of Amish quilts and noting the colors used, students printed blocks on watercolor paper using oil-based inks. Several prints were then arranged to produce the final block.
For Art One students, math and measuring skills were emphasized as well. The lesson began with the creation of paste papers. Students included colors that were indicative of the quilts they had been shown, while combining nontraditional prints with traditional Amish patterns. Their rectangular paste papers were cut into strips to produce squares, and then the squares cut diagonally to make triangles. Each student calculated the number of strips and squares and selected the paste paper colors and patterns for their quilt pattern arrangements.
Trisha Coggins: Southern York Middle School
My eighth-grade unit emphasized the Amish quilt principle of unity through the elements of art The elements of art are a set of techniques which describe ways of presenting artwork. They are combined with the principles of art in the production of art.  . This same concept was referenced through a class analysis of both historical and contemporary Amish quilts. Students were asked to define what art meant to them. They demonstrated their knowledge of the elements by creating individual block designs Students explored various ways in which art was connected and unified.
Students calculated how many different arrangements their individual blocks could form in three different ways: by working together, through the use of art elements, and by creating a whole project from many different parts. The class results included a waterfall, heart, and spiral forms.
I took on a more active role in planning and identifying the art elements with the life-skills support students. However, these students were very successful in expressing themselves visually; in identifying the unified principles of repetition with color, shapes, and pattern within the Amish quilts; and in Working together to create a unified design of their own. As a result of the unit, both groups of students visually and verbally defined and provided both concrete and abstract examples of unity.
Students understand the visual arts visual arts npl → artes fpl plásticas
visual arts npl → arts mpl plastiques
visual arts npl → in relation to history and culture.
K-12 Teacher's Exchange: Quilt and Textile History, www.antiquequiltdating.com
Historical and Cultural Information
Amish was derived from a group led by Swiss farmer and bishop Jacob Amman, who broke away from the Mennonites in 1693 as part of the early Anabaptist or "rebaptizers" movement.
Today the Amish live in twenty-two states and Canada, but a large group live in Pennsylvania. The Amish embrace the Christian faith, believe in a literal translation This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims.
Please help Wikipedia by adding references. See the for details.
This article has been tagged since September 2007. of the Bible, and are committed to a "plain" lifestyle of humility, peace, and nonviolence. They do not own conveniences such as electricity, automobiles, or telephones. The colors of Amish quilts reflect their clothing--very simple and modest, always made from black or solid-colored fabrics. Patterned fabric is considered to be too worldly.
The two main cultural concepts that guide the Amish are gemee, the sense of community and spiritual unity, the sentiment that binds the Amish together; and ordnung, the concept that provides the rules for their social order. The most common behaviors--conformity, ritualism rit·u·al·ism
1. The practice or observance of religious ritual.
2. Insistence on or adherence to ritual.
Noun , and innovation--find parallels through the making of quilts.
Conformity to the expressed norms of the culture is measured through the choices of materials, technique, and composition. Ritualism can be found through the strict rigid adherence of ordnung in symbolism, dress, and social behavior In biology, psychology and sociology social behavior is behavior directed towards, or taking place between, members of the same species. Behavior such as predation which involves members of different species is not social. . Innovation is seen as an expression of personal character.
Granick, E. The Amish Quill Intercourse, PA: Good Books See how to find a good computer book. , 1989.
Hostetler, J. Amish Society. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University, mainly at Baltimore, Md. Johns Hopkins in 1867 had a group of his associates incorporated as the trustees of a university and a hospital, endowing each with $3.5 million. Daniel C. Press, 1993.
Victoria Weaver is adjunct professor of art, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania Settled in 1730, Shippensburg is a borough in Pennsylvania, 41 miles (66 km) west-southwest of Harrisburg. In 1900, 3,228 people lived there; in 1910, 3,457; and in 1940, 5,244 people lived there. The population was 5,586 at the 2000 census. . Sara Little is an art teacher at Hanover High School, Hanover, Pennsylvania
Hanover is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania, 19 miles (31 km) southwest of York and 54 miles (87 km) north-northwest of Baltimore, Maryland. The population was 14,535 at the 2000 census. , and Trisha Coggins is an art teacher at Southern York Middle School, Glen Rock, Pennsylvania Glen Rock is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,809 at the 2000 census. Geography
Glen Rock is located at (39.793471, -76.731520)GR1. .