Ph.D. thesis, Yale: The Un-natural History of Culture: Ethnicity, Tradition and Territorial Conflicts in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, 1800-1997.Struggles over valuable natural resources are characterized not only by conflicts over resource control, but also fundamental contests over meaning and value. In defining access rights, opponents' narratives frequently challenge definitions of indigenousness, citizenship, modernity, and tradition in order to construct contrasting identities of "rightsholders" and "encroachers." These creative identities constantly shift, articulating with new political and economic conditions to re-imagine pasts, presents and futures--with obvious implications for both the fate of resources and the well-being of resource-dependent communities. Investigation of these shitting identities and their ties to livelihoods and resources is relevant to theorizing on the nature of both nationhood and culture, as well as contributing to literature on property and agrarian studies. In Indonesian Borneo, heated negotiation over control of forest and fish resources of the highly productive flooded forests of the West Kalimantan West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat often abbreviated to Kalbar) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city Pontianak is located right on the Equator line. Kapuas Lakes illustrates how narratives of rights and identity have become increasingly ethnically polarized A one-way direction of a signal or the molecules within a material pointing in one direction. . This study uses archival records to chart colonial and independent states' involvement in re-defining the ethnicity of Malay and Iban populations, and their consequent racially-defined entitlements. Contemporary ethnographic eth·nog·ra·phy
The branch of anthropology that deals with the scientific description of specific human cultures.
eth·nog fieldwork field·work
1. A temporary military fortification erected in the field.
2. Work done or firsthand observations made in the field as opposed to that done or observed in a controlled environment.
3. illuminates the complexities of local practices of Iban and Malay identities within this history of state intervention, and traces the connections between identity, livelihoods, memory and territory under changing political, social and economic conditions. The designation of the lakes as the Danau Sentarum Wildlife Reserve and the subsequent involvement of an internationally funded Community-Based Conservation Community-based conservation is a response to older conservation movements that emerged in the 1980s through escalating protests and subsequent dialogue with local communities affected by international attempts to protect the biodiversity of the earth. project brought new layers of resource claims to the region, and the discursive dis·cur·sive
1. Covering a wide field of subjects; rambling.
2. Proceeding to a conclusion through reason rather than intuition. practices of this project are investigated to expose ties to other hegemonic he·gem·o·ny
n. pl. he·gem·o·nies
The predominant influence, as of a state, region, or group, over another or others.
[Greek h representations of culture and customary practice. Finally, multiple interpretations of dramatic perturbations such as widespread wildfires and ethnic violence are analyzed an·a·lyze
tr.v. an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing, an·a·lyz·es
1. To examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations.
2. Chemistry To make a chemical analysis of.
3. to expose their discursive links to everyday representations of local culture, links that suggest implications for reinventing the past and proposing solutions for the future. Although narratives of identity have increasingly emphasized firmly bounded ethnicities, the study nevertheless emphasizes the persistent complexity of everyday experience of identity and livelihood, leaving open the possibility for new alternatives (Source: Robert L. Winzeler, "Borneo Dissertations Project: An International Interdisciplinary Bibliography," at www2.library.unr.edu; reproduced here by permission of Dr. Harwell).
Ph.D. thesis, Yale.