Pemberdayaan ekonomi masyarakat melahui program HPH Bina Desa Hutan: studi kasus desa Muara Gusik, kecamatan Muara Kedang, kabupaten Kutai, Kaltim. (Abstracts).
The instruction from the Ministry of Forests no. 691/kpts-II/1991, which was amended by no. 691/kpts-II/1995 makes very clear that whoever has the right to manage a forest (Hak Penguasaan Hutan (HPH)) or for industrial (logging) purposes (Hutan Tanaman Industri (HTI)) must take responsibility for "guiding" all the people who live in the area in which he is carrying out his business. To begin with, the attitude of these village people to the law was relatively positive. However, it has generally proved a failure because it is far too top-down oriented. To test this hypothesis, the author did fieldwork in a forest village in the kabupaten Kutai, East Kalimantan. Many of the programs of the PT ITCI (International Timber Corporation Indonesia) ignore the needs of the people and instead of improving sawah and irrigation, and taking good care of the natural resources of the forest (source of secondary income for the people), they have built village administrative buildings, a cooperative office, a small mosque, and sports facilities. All these are highly approved by the authorities, who then have no compunction about issuing an extension of the exploitation license. The author is convinced that had the people been consulted, with more "bottom up" input, the whole picture would have been rosier (Rosemary Robson-McKillop).
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|Publication:||Borneo Research Bulletin|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1999|
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