Pemahaman adaptasi masyarakat transmigran: pendekan antropologi ekologi. (Abstracts).
Abdoellah, Oekan Soekotjo. 1997, Pemahaman adaptasi masyarakat
transmigran: pendekan antropologi ekologi, Prisma, 26, no. 7.
So far there have been few anthropological studies of the way in
which transmigrants adapt themselves to their new living and working
conditions. The present author has studied the transmigration village of
Barambai, originally a Banjar settlement in the tidal part of the coast
of Kalimantan Selatan in the kabupaten Barito Kuala. The original
Banjarese inhabitants lived mostly from the rice which they cultivated
in the peat ground along the banks of the rivers. The transmigrants, a
mixture of Central Javanese from Banyumas and Balinese from Nusapenida,
set to work to create sawah. Five years later this sawah had become
largely infertile as a result of leaching of the acidity owing to the
heavy rains. Most of the transmigrants proved adaptable. Taking
advantage of the improved transport system to the regency capitol, which
offered them a readily accessible market, many changed to growing
cassava, vegetables, and fruit, and animal husbandry. Some chose to
migrate again, either within Kalimantan or back to their original homes.
Parents encourage their children to go to the cities and towns in search
of a better education. The Javanese are more likely to migrate in search
of other work than the Balinese, who prefer to adopt the strategy of
economic diversification where they are. The author urges that more
attention be paid by anthropologists and ecologists to the various
strategies of adaptation put into effect by transmigrants (Rosemary