Pemahaman adaptasi masyarakat transmigran: pendekan antropologi ekologi. (Abstracts).
So far there have been few anthropological studies of the way in which transmigrants adapt themselves to their new living and working conditions. The present author has studied the transmigration village of Barambai, originally a Banjar settlement in the tidal part of the coast of Kalimantan Selatan in the kabupaten Barito Kuala. The original Banjarese inhabitants lived mostly from the rice which they cultivated in the peat ground along the banks of the rivers. The transmigrants, a mixture of Central Javanese from Banyumas and Balinese from Nusapenida, set to work to create sawah. Five years later this sawah had become largely infertile as a result of leaching of the acidity owing to the heavy rains. Most of the transmigrants proved adaptable. Taking advantage of the improved transport system to the regency capitol, which offered them a readily accessible market, many changed to growing cassava, vegetables, and fruit, and animal husbandry. Some chose to migrate again, either within Kalimantan or back to their original homes. Parents encourage their children to go to the cities and towns in search of a better education. The Javanese are more likely to migrate in search of other work than the Balinese, who prefer to adopt the strategy of economic diversification where they are. The author urges that more attention be paid by anthropologists and ecologists to the various strategies of adaptation put into effect by transmigrants (Rosemary Robson-McKillop).
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|Publication:||Borneo Research Bulletin|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1999|
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