Parrish, Thomas. The Submarine: A History.PARRISH, Thomas. The submarine: a history. Penguin. 576p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. c2004. 0-14-303519-3. $17.00. SA
This history of the "peripatetic coffin" reads as easily as a novel, containing as it does dramatic accounts of accidents, warfare, bravery, invention, and politics. Six parts follow the submarine from its beginnings during the Revolutionary War through two world wars and into the nuclear age. Although Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci (də vĭn`chē, Ital. lāōnär`dō dä vēn`chē), 1452–1519, Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist, b. near Vinci, a hill village in Tuscany. thought of an underwater craft, William Bourne, a 16th-century English mathematician, is the first person to have designed a submarine. David Bushnell produced the first usable sub, the Turtle, in 1775. It failed to sink the H.M.S. Eagle, the flagship of Vice Admiral Lord Howe, which was blockading New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of in 1776. In 1799 Robert Fulton solved a few problems, designing a 24.5 feet-long cigar-shaped craft that had a periscope periscope (pĕr`ĭskōp) [Gr.,=view around], instrument to enable a person to see objects not in his direct line of vision or concealed by some intervening body. Its essential parts are a tube, prisms, lenses, mirrors, and an eyepiece. and a compressed air tank. During the American Civil War American Civil War
or Civil War or War Between the States
(1861–65) Conflict between the U.S. federal government and 11 Southern states that fought to secede from the Union. the C.S.S. Hunley attacked and sank the Housatonic off Charleston. In 1870 Jules Verne "invented" one of the greatest submarines ever, the Nautilus nautilus, in zoology
nautilus, cephalopod mollusk belonging to the sole surviving genus (Nautilus) of a subclass that flourished 200 million years ago, known as the nautiloids. , in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea is a classic science fiction novel by French writer Jules Verne (1828–1905), published in 1870 under the title Vingt mille lieues sous les mers. . During the 1860s the submarine became a more efficient killing machine with the development of an effective torpedo. American John Holland made a leap forward by moving from steam to a gasoline engine during the late 1890s. In 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt gave the submarine positive publicity by taking a two-hour plunge off Long Island.
The submarine's role in the world wars is well known, as is the inauguration of the nuclear sub. The development during the 1960s of a new class of submarine that could fire the Polaris ballistic missile intensified the Cold War but kept the peace. The book ends with the tragic sinking of the Kursk on August 12, 2000. Stories of personal bravery and tragedy make this history more than a dry recital of facts. Janet Julian, English Teacher, Grafton, MA