Parental involvement in minors' abortions.
* 34 states require some parental involvement in a minor's decision to have an abortion.
* 22 states require parental consent only; 2 of which require both parents to consent.
* 10 states require parental notification only; 1 of which requires that both parents be notified.
* 2 states require both parental consent and notification.
* All of the 34 states that require parental involvement have an alternative process for minors seeking an abortion.
* 34 states include a judicial bypass procedure, which allows a minor to obtain approval from a court.
* 6 states also permit a minor to obtain an abortion if a grandparent or other adult relative is involved in the decision.
* Most states that require parental involvement make exceptions under certain circumstances.
* 33 states permit a minor to obtain an abortion in a medical emergency.
* 14 states permit a minor to obtain an abortion in cases of abuse, assault, incest or neglect.
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
For information on state legislative and policy activity click on Guttmacher's Monthly State Update and for state level information and data on reproductive health issues, click on Guttmacher's State Center. To see state specific abortion information click on State Facts About Abortion.
Jones R, Singh S and Purcell A, Parent-child relations among minor females attending U.S. family planning clinics, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2005, 37(4):192-201.
Dailard C and Richardson C, Teenagers' access to confidential reproductive health services, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2005, 8(4):6-11.
Jones RK et al., Adolescents' reports of parental knowledge of adolescents' use of sexual health services and their reactions to mandated parental notification for prescription contraception, Journal of the American Medical Association, 2005, 293:340-348.
Jones RK and Boonstra H, Confidential reproductive health services for minors: the potential impact of mandated parental involvement for contraception, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2004, 36(5):182-191.
Boonstra H and Nash E, Minors and the right to consent to health care, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2000, 3(4):4-8.
Saul R, Using--and misusing--data on age differences between minors and their sexual partners, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 1999, 2(4):10-11 & 14.
Saul R, The child custody protection act: A 'minor' issue at the top of the antiabortion agenda, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 1998, 1(4):1-2 & 7.
Henshaw SK, The impact of requirements for parental consent on minors' abortions in Mississippi, Family Planning Perspectives, 1995, 27(3):120-122.
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN MINORS' ABORTIONS REQUIRED PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT Notification Notification STATE Consent Only and Consent Only Alabama X Alaska (a) Arizona X Arkansas X California (a) Colorado X Delaware X *, ([dagger]) Florida X Georgia X Idaho X Illinois (a) Indiana X Iowa X Kansas X Kentucky X Louisiana X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota Both parents Mississippi Both parents Missouri X Montana (a) Nebraska X Nevada (a) New Jersey (a) New Mexico (a) North Carolina X North Dakota Both parents Ohio X Oklahoma X Pennsylvania X Rhode Island X South Carolina X ([dagger]) South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X Utah X Virginia X West Virginia X * Wisconsin X * Wyoming X TOTAL 22 2 10 ALTERNATIVES Judicial Other Adult STATE Bypass Relatives Alabama X Alaska Arizona X Arkansas X California Colorado X Delaware X *, ([dagger]) X ([dagger]) Florida X Georgia X Idaho X Illinois Indiana X Iowa X X Kansas X Kentucky X Louisiana X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana Nebraska X Nevada New Jersey New Mexico North Carolina X X North Dakota X Ohio X Oklahoma X Pennsylvania X Rhode Island X South Carolina X ([dagger]) X ([dagger]) South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X Utah X ([double dagger]) Virginia X X West Virginia X * Wisconsin X * X Wyoming X TOTAL 34 6 EXCEPTIONS Abuse, Assault, Medical Incest or STATE Emergency Neglect Alabama X Alaska Arizona X X Arkansas X X California Colorado X X Delaware X ([dagger]) Florida X Georgia X Idaho X X Illinois Indiana X Iowa X X Kansas X X Kentucky X Louisiana X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X X Mississippi X Missouri Montana Nebraska X X Nevada X New Jersey X New Mexico North Carolina X North Dakota X Ohio Oklahoma X X Pennsylvania X Rhode Island South Carolina X ([dagger]) X ([dagger]) South Dakota X Tennessee X X Texas X Utah X X ([OMEGA]) Virginia X X West Virginia X Wisconsin X X Wyoming X TOTAL 33 14 Note: Except where indicated, policies require the involvement of one parent. (a) Enforcement permanently enjoined by court order; policy not in effect. * Allows specified health professionals to waive parental involvement in limited circumstances. ([dagger]) While most states laws apply to all minors, Delaware's law applies to women under 16 and South Carolina's law applies to women under 17. ([double dagger]) The provision only applies to parental consent requirements. ([OMEGA]) The provision only applies to the parental notice requirements.
|Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback|
|Publication:||State Policies in Brief (Series)|
|Article Type:||Statistical table|
|Date:||Apr 1, 2009|
|Previous Article:||Protecting access to clinics.|
|Next Article:||State policies on later-term abortions.|