Parallel system students: making legitimate demands or just seeking another thing to protest?
Lawmakers in Yemen endorsed the parallel system adopted by public universities in the 2004-2005 academic year in a bid to increase enrollment and to remove admissions obstacles. The move also aims to help increase financing of public university budgets.
The system adopted gives admittance Admittance
The ratio of the current to the voltage in an alternating-current circuit. In terms of complex current I and voltage V, the admittance of a circuit is given by Eq. (1), and is related to the impedance of the circuit Z by Eq. (2). to students with lower than acceptable grades by allowing them to enroll on the condition that they will study--often at a high cost--with private instructors until graduation.
"The purpose behind the adoption of the parallel system in Yemen was to increase universities income," Taher Al-Ahdel, a professor of Education Foundations at the University of Sana'a, said. "However, an unintended consequence For the 1996 novel by John Ross, see .
Unintended consequences are situations where an action results in an outcome that is not (or not only) what is intended. The unintended results may be foreseen or unforeseen, but they should be the logical or likely results of the of this system has been a deterioration of academic and educational quality." He added, "Public universities in Yemen do not need the parallel system because there are many private universities where students with lower grades and deeper pockets can apply. Therefore, it's perfectly acceptable for students enrolled in public institutions to demand a decrease in tuition costs, though calling for the complete abolition of fees is unrealistic." If the administration decides to end the parallel system, Al-Ahdel said there are many different alternatives, including increasing class capacities to accommodate more students. Or, it could reconsider school admission criteria admission criteria
the rules for the establishment of comparable groups in any comparison of differences in the performance or responses of the group. The criteria may be permissible age group, the previous productivity, the freedom from disease and so on. , namely the grades required for enrollment. Another option is establishing institutes for vocational training.
In an interview with Editor-in-Chief of Yemen Times The Yemen Times is unified Yemen's first and most widely-read independent English-language newspaper. The paper is published twice-weekly (on Mondays and Thursdays) and has its own printing press, advertising associates and news service. Nadia Al-Saqqaf, published April 23, Minister of Higher Education Dr. Yahiya Al-Shaibi said, "The higher education ministry submitted a study on the parallel system to the High Council for Education on this issue. In turn, the council created a committee to look into the matter and to decide whether to shut down the system entirely, or to simply place tighter restrictions on enrollment." The Yemen Times contacted Dr. Ali Qasim, deputy of the minister of higher education, who said the committee is still studying the matter and will ultimately decide with regard to the parallel system.
Parallel students at campuses nationwide protested last year, urging the government to cancel the yearly parallel system fees.
Ahmed Al-Sabahi, a sophomore at the Media College at Sana'a University, said the parallel system is not legal according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the Yemeni law, which stipulates that education is free for everyone. Article 54 of the Yemeni Constitution stipulates that education is accessible to all Yemenis, and it is guaranteed by the state.
Al-Sabahi said the parallel system is an example of corruption at public universities, and its adoption is an attempt to extort To compel or coerce, as in a confession or information, by any means serving to overcome the other's power of resistance, thus making the confession or admission involuntary. To gain by wrongful methods; to obtain in an unlawful manner, as in to compel payments by means of threats of money from students under the pretext PRETEXT. The reasons assigned to justify an act, which have only the appearance of truth, and which are without foundation; or which if true are not the true reasons for such act. Vattel, liv. 3, c. 3, 32. of augmenting university budgets.
"We (parallel system students) call for the end of this system and integration of the two systems, namely the regular and parallel," Al-Sabahi said. "We want to know where the money that the students paid is. Has the university taken advantage of it?" In the wake of last year's protests, the Students' Union in Yemen has staged demonstrations calling for the cancellation of the fees. They issued a statement to express their disapproval with the system.
According to the union, the money taken from students causes a disruption in social peace because it triggers youth hostility toward the state.
Student fees could amount to millions of riyals per year, particularly in the medicine and dental colleges. For example, a parallel system university student enrolled at the College of Medicine pays about $3,000 per year in tuition costs. However, a student enrolled in the College of Education pays less than $300. The money received is controlled by the University Presidency, under the pretext it is used to develop the university infrastructure, according to the Students' Union.
Parallel system students whose grades resort them to this kind of education now feel discontent with the system's policies. However, they should take into consideration that sweeping changes do not happen in the blink blink
the involuntary movement of one or both eyelids of both eyes simultaneously. The frequency varies between species. Cats blink the least, with the possible exception of owls. In birds it is the lower eyelid which is moved up to meet the upper lid. of an eye. While it's always good to point out inherently corrupt or unworkable practices, it is unreasonable to believe that the two systems absolutely have to be integrated at this particular moment.
Dr. Al-Ahdel emphasized that the government should take into account the demands of the parallel system students.
"However, there is an obvious difference between the regular and parallel students," he said. "The latter ought to heed that fact instead of sparking demonstrations and protests which create chaos on campuses."
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