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Pakistan intelligence rift shows deepening US frustration: analysts

A reported rift between the US and Pakistani intelligence agencies reflects deepening US frustration over Islamabad's role in a worsening insurgency in Afghanistan, analysts said here.

Suspicions about Pakistani intentions have grown in recent weeks following a suicide bombing Noun 1. suicide bombing - a terrorist bombing carried out by someone who does not hope to survive it
bombing - the use of bombs for sabotage; a tactic frequently used by terrorists

suicide bombing n
 of the Indian Embassy in Kabul, a sophisticated insurgent INSURGENT. One who is concerned in an insurrection. He differs from a rebel in this, that rebel is always understood in a bad sense, or one who unjustly opposes the constituted authorities; insurgent may be one who justly opposes the tyranny of constituted authorities.  attack on a US-manned combat outpost, and a sudden flare up flare up
Verb

1. to burst suddenly into fire

2. Informal to burst into anger

Verb 1. flare up
 fighting in Kashmir.

"The administration I think has finally come to the conclusion that it needs to have more transparence about what the ISI ISI International Sensitivity Index, see there  and the army are up to," said Bruce Riedel, a former CIA CIA: see Central Intelligence Agency.


(1) (Confidentiality Integrity Authentication) The three important concerns with regards to information security. Encryption is used to provide confidentiality (privacy, secrecy).
 officer, referring to the Pakistani military's Inter-Services Intelligence Noun 1. Inter-Services Intelligence - the Pakistan intelligence agency; a powerful and almost autonomous political and military force; has procured nuclear technology and delivery capabilities; has had strong ties with the Taliban and other militant Islamic groups  Directorate.

"We need to know whose side the army and the ISI really are on," Riedel, who has long experience with Pakistani intelligence, told AFP (1) (AppleTalk Filing Protocol) The file sharing protocol used in an AppleTalk network. In order for non-Apple networks to access data in an AppleShare server, their protocols must translate into the AFP language. See file sharing protocol. .

The New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
 Times reported Wednesday that a senior CIA official confronted Pakistani officials this month with evidence of ties between the ISI and a militant network led by Maulavi Jalaluddin Haqqani.

Steve Kappes, the CIA's deputy director, joined Admiral Michael Mullen, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking overall military officer of the United States military, and the principal military adviser to the President of the United States. , in Islamabad July 12 for meetings with top military and civilian leaders, according to the Times.

A senior US official told the newspaper they delivered "a very pointed message saying, Look, we know there's a connection, not just with Haqqani but also with other bad guys and ISI, and we think you could do more and we want you to do more about it.'"

A Pakistani military spokesman called the report "unfounded, baseless and malicious." US officials would not comment on it.

The ISI has long been assumed to maintain ties to militant groups it created to fight the Soviets and the Indians, while also helping the Americans with the occasional arrest of a top Al-Qaeda figure.

"This is a long, long story which has evolved through changing circumstances in Afghanistan, going back to the earliest days of the Taliban which had a first-hand mid-wife when it was born that was the ISID ISID Institute for Studies in Industrial Development
ISID Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (Pakistan)
ISID International Society of Interior Designers
ISID International Society for Infectious Disease
," said Paul Pillar, the former top US intelligence officer on the Near East and South Asia.

"They have been pursuing an agenda for quite some time that is not consciously or deliberately in direct conflict with the United States. It is one that can better be described as hedging one's bets as regards to future events in Afghanistan," he said.

The United States has overlooked the ISI's connections because 80 percent of supplies to US and NATO forces must pass through Pakistan to get to Afghanistan.

"Every meal we eat, and every bullet we shoot arrives in Afghanistan courtesy of the Pakistani military," Riedel said. "If they want to put pressure on us, it is very easy for them to do that. They just slow down approvals, slow down convoys, and American and NATO NATO: see North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
NATO
 in full North Atlantic Treaty Organization

International military alliance created to defend western Europe against a possible Soviet invasion.
 soldiers will start to get hungry very fast."

But over the past three years the Taliban, Al-Qaeda and other militant groups have rebounded from safe havens in Pakistan, pouring over the border into Pakistan.

A new civilian government in Islamabad has tried to cut deals with the militant groups, but US officials say this has allowed militants to train and join the fight in Afghanistan with little opposition.

"One way or the other the ISI, or elements within the ISI, appear to be taking advantage of this change in the government's policy to strengthen their ties with these jihadi Adj. 1. jihadi - of or relating to a jihad  groups," said Bruce Hoffman, an expert on terrorism at Georgetown University.

"The consequences of it are an increase in border infiltrations and uptick in the number of US lives (lost)," he said.

Afghanistan and India accused the ISI of being behind a suicide bombing July 7 at the Indian Embassy that killed more than 60 people. US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said days later he saw no evidence of a foreign hand in the attack.

Riedel sees the ISI's alleged involvement in the bombing as part of a broader power play by the Pakistani military -- and possibly President Pervez Musharraf -- to undermine Pakistan's civilian government.

"The particular point of danger is the concern that the army may be reviving tension with India, which is a longstanding tactic of those in the army that want to protect their equities," said Riedel.

"Create tensions with India and then the army seems more and more critical to the survival of the country," he said.
Copyright 2008 AFP South Asian Edition
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Author:AFP
Publication:AFP South Asian Edition
Date:Jul 31, 2008
Words:727
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