PTSD and asthma.Adolescents with asthma who have experienced a life-threatening event--as well as their parents--are significantly more likely to experience posttraumatic posttraumatic /posttrau·mat·ic/ (post?traw-mat´ik) occurring as a result of or after injury.
Following or resulting from injury or trauma. stress symptoms than are adolescents with less severe asthma or healthy controls, reported Emily Millikan Kean, Ph.D., of the Children's Hospital, Denver, and her associates.
Events related to severe asthma attacks--such as ambulance rides and invasive procedures, as well as lingering feelings about the possibility of death even after the events resolve--may make children and adolescents with asthma, and their parents, vulnerable to posttraumatic stress disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder
An anxiety disorder in some individuals who have experienced an event that poses a direct threat to the individual's or another person's life. (PTSD PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder.
posttraumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ), the researchers noted.
Their study of three groups of adolescents aged 12-18 years included 49 adolescents who had experienced a life-threatening episode, 71 who had asthma but had not experienced a severe episode, and 80 healthy controls (J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 2006;45:78-86).
Overall, 20% of the adolescents with life-threatening events met the criteria for PTSD, compared with 11% of those with mild asthma and 8% of controls.
The adolescents completed three measures: the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-IV, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, and the Reynolds Depression Inventory-2. Parents also completed several measures, including the Brief Symptom Inventory Brief Symptom Inventory,
n.pr a short (53-question) test used to assess the patterns of symptoms in those undergoing psychiatric or medical treatment. .
Predictably, the parents of children who had experienced life-threatening events were significantly more likely to meet criteria for PTSD (29%), compared with the parents of adolescents with nonsevere asthma (14%) and the parents of controls (2%).