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PT. Kereta API Indonesia (PT. KAI).

The first rail track built in Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago.  was a 26-kilometer track between Kemijen and Tanggung built in 1864 by the Dutch colonial administration. The railway was operated by Staat Spoorwegen. The Indonesian government took over the asset after independence and the company was named Djawatan Kereta Api Kereta api - Indonesian for either - literally - Steam engine or - more commonly - railway Name
The name Kereta Api is a common name for PT Kereta Api (Persero) (Indonesian Railway LLC), also known as PT KA (Persero) or (incorrectly) as
. The name was changed several times later with Perusahaan Negara Kereta Api (PNKA) in 1963, Perusahaan Jawatan Kereta Api (PJKA PJKA Perusahaan Jawatan Kereta Api (Indonesian State Railways, Java) ) in 1971, Perusahaan Umum Kereta Api (Perumka) in 1991, and finally PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero) in 1999.

PT. Kereta API Indonesia (PT KAI) is still the only railway company in the country although the monopoly rights have been abolished. PT. KAI The government still subsidizes the company in the form of public service obligation (PSO PSO - Oracle Parallel Server ). The subsidy subsidy, financial assistance granted by a government or philanthropic foundation to a person or association for the purpose of promoting an enterprise considered beneficial to the public welfare.  is for the economic class. The management of the company, however, has not improved much despite the subsidy. The company has been accused of poor management and inefficiency.

The management of PT. KAI said it has problem in improving the quality of its human resources The fancy word for "people." The human resources department within an organization, years ago known as the "personnel department," manages the administrative aspects of the employees.  and modernizing its facilities or replacing old locomotives This is a list of locomotives (classes, or individual locomotives) that currently have articles in Wikipedia.

  • See List of ALCO diesel locomotives
Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • See List of Baldwin diesel locomotives
 and cars. Locomotives. Maintenance of the facility will take days, weeks, months, up to 4 years.

PT. KAI has units in Java and Sumatra Sumatra (smä`trə), island (1990 pop. 36,471,731), c.183,000 sq mi (473,970 sq km), Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean along the equator, S and W of the Malay Peninsula (from which it  serving passenger and cargo transport. Its passenger trains have cars with executive business and economic classes. Its cargo trains such as coal, oil fuel and cement cement, binding material used in construction and engineering, often called hydraulic cement, typically made by heating a mixture of limestone and clay until it almost fuses and then grinding it to a fine powder.  trains. It also has special train for tourists.

Some of the cars used by PT. KAI date back to 1967 such as those used by the Bima Executive Business train serving the route of Jakarta-Surabaya. The latest cars were produced in 2007 used by the Argo Argo (är`gō), in Greek mythology, ship in which Jason and the Argonauts sailed in quest of the Golden Fleece. Most legends say that Argus, son of Phrixus, was the builder, with the help of Athena.  Jati Noun 1. jati - (Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter)  Executive train serving the route of Jakarta-Cirebon.


PT KAI plans to import second hand electric rail cars (KRL KRL - Knowledge Representation Language. A frame-based language.

["An Overview of KRL, a Knowledge Representation Language", D.G. Bobrow and T. Winograd, Cognitive Sci 1:1 (1977)].
) from Japan at a price of Rp900 million each aged from 5 to 15 years. A new KRL produced by PT INKA is priced at Rp10 billion. PT KAI wants to increase KRL trains to serve the Greater Jakarta Jakarta or Djakarta (both: jəkär`tə, jäkär`tä), city and special district (1990 pop. 8,227,746), capital and largest city of Indonesia, NW Java, at the mouth of the canalized Ciliwung River, on Jakarta  area. Based data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS (Bits Per Second) The measurement of the speed of data transfer in a communications system.

1. BPS - Basic Programming Support
2. bps - bits per second
), the Greater Jakarta area accounted for 58.1% or 115 million of railway passengers in the country in 2008.

In 2010, the Transport Ministry will give three new locomotives to PT KAI valued at US$ 2 million each, to serve economic class trains. Three economic locomotives will be provided by PT. Inka. One of which is to be handed over this year and the rest in 2011.

The locomotives will be produced with the German technology as they are imported in completely knocked down form to be assembled as·sem·ble  
v. as·sem·bled, as·sem·bling, as·sem·bles
1. To bring or call together into a group or whole: assembled the jury.

 by INKA.

In addition, PT KAI will also receive in grant 35 air conditioned economic class trains, 5 diesel trains and a set of rail buses from the ministry. PT KAI operates economic class trains with subsidy in the form of public service obligation (PSO). The government has provided Rp535 billion in PSO a year. For 2010, PT KAI wants an increase in the subsidy to Rp670 billion to make up for deficit in operating cost.

In 2012, PT. KAI will operate KRL trains serving commuter route of Padalarang-Bandung-Cicalengka. KRL train in the Padalarang-Bandung-Cicalengka route is part of the company's long term development program.

Construction of electric railway (KRL) is underway in the route of Padalarang--Bandung-Cicalengka in West Java. Commuters in the route are served by diesel train PT KAI is building a 800--kilometer double track between Jakarta and Surabaya Surabaya, Surabaja, or Soerabaja (srəbī`ə, Du. s  starting in 2009 to be completed in 5 years. The railway directorate said the cost of the project will be around Rp 20 billion per kilometer kilometer

one thousand (103) meters; 3280.83 feet; five-eighths of a mile; abbreviated km.

Double tracks have been built in the routes of Jakarta-Cirebon-Cikampek and Cikampek-Tegal to be continued This article is about the Elton John box set. For the plot device commonly featuring the phrase "To be continued", see Cliffhanger.

To Be Continued
 to Surabaya. Total investment of the 800 kilometer double track is estimated to reach Rp 16 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.

(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.

In the USA and Canada, 10^12.
. Each year, PTKAI has a budget of only Rp 4 trillion.

PT KAI hopes that in the next five years, cargo transport will contribute 60% to its total income with passenger transport to account for 40%. Currently, cargo transport accounts for only 30% of its income.

PT Kereta Api predicted it could increase its cargo transport 10 times larger. Cargoes transported from Surabaya are partly those from the eastern part of the country. Cargoes from the eastern part of the country for Java are transported by ships to Surabaya. From Surabaya they are transported by trucks to other areas in the island including Jakarta.

Financial performance

PT KAI reported Rp4.32 trillion in income in 2008 with operating profit Operating profit (or loss)

Revenue from a firm's regular activities less costs and expenses and before income deductions.

operating profit

See operating income.
 at Rp 40 billion. Around 30%-40% of the income was used to cover repair and maintenance cost, 30% for salaries and another 30% for fuel.

The performance in 2008 represented an improvement compared to previous year. In 2007 the company reported losses of Rp 40.5 billion when it set profit target of Rp 15.16 billion. The improved performance in 2008 was attributable to increase in the number of passengers, larger cargos and decline in accidents. Coal transport reached 10.2 million tons exceeding the target of 8.7 million ton. In 2007, the number of passengers totaled 175 million, up to 197 million in 2008. Accidents dropped in number to 118 in 2008 from 147 in 2007.

PT. KAI planned to use the profit earned in 2008 to buy 10 units of locomotives. Currently PT KA has 366 units of locomotive locomotive, vehicle used to pull a train of unpowered railroad cars. Types of Locomotives

The steam-powered locomotive played a key role during the development and golden age of railroading, but, despite its long and picturesque history, it has
. PT KA also plans to operate 5 electric diesel trains in the route of Bandung-Yogyakarta-Surabaya, and Tegal-Purwokerto. In 2009, PT. KAI procured 10 units of double deck cars for use to transport motorcycles from PT Industri Kereta Api (Inka). A car could take 120 units of motorcycle motorcycle, motor vehicle whose design is based on the bicycle. The German inventor Gottlieb Daimler is generally credited with building the first practical motorcycle in 1885. The motorcycle did not become dependable and popular, however, until after 1900. .

In 2009, electric diesel rail trains (KRDE KRDE is an FM radio station licensed to Globe, Arizona. The privately owned station broadcasts at 94.1 MHz and is branded as "94.1 The Ride." Programming
KRDE is primarily a country music station.
) came on line in Bandung Bandung or Bandoeng (both: bän`dng), city (1990 pop. 2,058,122), capital of Java Barat prov., W Java, Indonesia, near the Tangkuban Prahu volcano.  and Surabaya-Mojokerto. PT KAI also plans to operate electric diesel rail trains in the route of Bandung-Yogyakarta-Surabaya, and Tegal-Purwokerto.

In 2009, PT KAI set income target at Rp 4.5 trillion, up 4.6% from the previous year.

Subsidiaries of PT KAI

PT. KAI has 6 subsidiaries.

PT. Reska was established in 2001 operating in train catering service, serving food and drinks for the passengers. Its business has expanded to opening cafe at stations such as in Semarang Semarang (səmä`räng), city (1990 pop. 1,249,230), capital of Central Java prov., N Java, Indonesia, on the Java Sea and at the mouth of the Semarang River. An important port, it is one of the major commercial centers of Java.  and Kutoarjo and mobile cafes in Bandung, Surabaya and Jakarta.

PT. KA The Greater Jakarta commuter trains of PT KAI is the operator of KRL in Jakarta and its satellite cities of Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi.

PT. KA Pariwisata offer tour service including package tours. Now it has three trains--KA Wisata Nusantara, KA Wiasata Bali and KA Toraja.

PT. KA Logistik or known as PT KA Log, offer logistic lo·gis·tic   also lo·gis·ti·cal
1. Of or relating to symbolic logic.

2. Of or relating to logistics.

[Medieval Latin logisticus, of calculation

PT. KA Property Management operates in the management of railway assets/property of PT. Kereta Api and other customers.

PT. Railink was established in 2006 as a joint venture with PT Angkasa Pura PURA PACOM Utilization & Redistribution Agency
PURA Public Utility Regulatory Act
 (AP) II, with share split of 60% and 40% in favor of upon the side of; favorable to; for the advantage of.

See also: favor
 PT KAI. Railink was established to build Soekarno-Hatta airport.

PT Railink has discussed cooperation with China Harbour (China) and Mitsui (Japan) to build the new track which will provide connection between the airport and Manggarai station through existing track in Jakarta.

PT. Industri Kereta Api (PT. Inka)

PT. Inka is a state company established in August 1981. It was originally a steam locomotive repair shop named Balai Yasa Lokomotif Uap owned by PJKA, now PT Kereta Api. The repair shop was located in Madiun. Since steam locomotives were no longer used, the repair shop was converted into a railway factory

PT INKA has formed a joint venture with General Electric to produce locomotives. Its products have been used in the country and partly exported such as to Malaysia.

PT Inka produces various types of locomotives, wagons and cars. PT INKA faced marketing problem after air transport service began to attract more travelers. Air transport service is growing more competitive with the operation of many budget airlines offering low cost service.

Among the products of PT Inka is CC Locomotives CC for trains with fare-meter, Prajayana electric trains (KRL-I) serving the route of Sudirman (formerly Dukuh Atas)--Serpong 1, electric diesel trains, etc.

In 2009 PT.Inka produced 75 sets of trains, up 50% from the previous year. In 2010, it has received order for 35 trains from the government. PT.KA has also placed order for 40 Executive trains.

PT Inka has a subsidiary PT Rekaindo Global Jasa, which is a joint venture between PT. Inka (49%) and Nippon Sharyo (39%) and Sumitomo (10%) and a cooperative of INKA workers Koperasi Karyawan Inka (2%). Rekaindo has a project produce fast train or Shinkansen Indonesia. The project is expected to be completed in 2020. The project will be financed by Japan Bank for International Cooperation The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (国際協力銀行   (JBIC JBIC Japan Bank for International Cooperation
JBIC Japan Biological Informatics Consortium
). The type of Shinkansen to be built in Indonesia is the N700 type. The project cost was estimated at Rp70 trillion when the rupiah ru·pi·ah  
n. pl. rupiah
See Table at currency.

[Hindi rupay, rupiy
 was 2,300 per US dollar.
Trains of PT KAI, 2010

Types         Names                Routes          Distance &


--Argo        Bromo                Surabaya--      725 km (9
Executive     Anggrek              Jakarta         hours)

              Dwipangga            Jakarta--       576 km (8
                                   Solo            hours)

              Gede                 Bandung-

              Lawu                 Solo--          576 km (7
                                   Jakarta         hours 30

              Muria I              Semarang--      445 km (5
                                   Jakarta         hours 30

              Muria II             Semarang--      445 km (5
                                   Jakarta         hours 30

              Wilis                Bandung--       699 km (11
                                   Surabaya        hours)

              Sindoro              Semarang-       445 km
                                   Jakarta         (5jam 30

              Jati                 Jakarta--

--Executive   Sancaka              Yogya--         311 km (5
Business                           Surabaya        hours).

              Lodaya               Yogyakarta--    447 km (8
                                   Bandung         hours 30

              Gajayana             Malang-         907 km (14
                                   Jakarta.        hours 30

              Bima                 Jakarta-        825 km (13
                                   Surabaya        hours)

              Taksaka              Yogyakarta-     517 km (8
                                   Jakarta.        hours)

              Sembrani             Jakarta-        725 km (10
                                   Surabaya        hours 30
                                   Pasarturi       minutes)

              Harina               Bandung--       450 km
                                   Semarang,       (7,5

              Turangga             Bandung-        699 km (12
                                   Surabaya        hours)

              Rajawali             Semarang-       280 km (4
                                   Surabaya        hours)

              Parahyangan          Bandung-        173 km (3
                                   Jakarta         hours)

              Gumarang             Jakarta--       725 km (12
                                   Surabaya        hours)

              Cirebon              Cirebon--       219 km (3
              Ekspres              Jakarta         hours)

              Purwojaya            Cilacap--       454 km (7
                                   Jakarta         hours)

              Mutiara              Surabaya-       307 km (6
              Timur                Banyuwangi      hours 30

              Bangunkarta          Madiun--        738 km (13
                                   Jakarta         hours)

--Economy     Matarmaja            Malang-         907 km (17
                                   Jakarta         hours 30

              Pasundan             Surabaya-       725 km (15
                                   Bandung         hours 11

              Serayu               Yogyakarta--    517 km (10
                                   Jakarta         hours 55

              Kahuripan            Kediri          15 hours
                                   Bandung         21 minutes

              Kertajaya            Surabaya--      725 km (13
                                   Jakarta         hours 5

              Tawang Jaya          Surabaya        718 km (14
                                   Pasar           hours 35
                                   Turi-           minutes)

              Gaya Baru            Surabaya        718 km (14
              Malam                Gubeng--        hours 35
              Selatan              Jakarta         minutes)

              Brantas              Kediri--        746 km (16
                                   Jakarta         hours 33
                                   Tanah           minutes)

              Tegal Arum           Tegal-          295 km (6 hours
                                   Jakarta         10 minutes)

Trains :

--Coal        Coal train           Tanjungenim--   419,5 km

                                   Tanjungenim     159 km

                                   Cigading-       185 km

              Oil fuel             Labuhan--       146 km
              (BBM)                Siantar

                                   Kertapati-      305 km

                                   Kertapati-      190 km

                                   Kertapati-      171 km

                                   Maos-Tegal      134 km

                                   Cilacap-        131 km

                                   Benteng-        100 km

              Container            Gedebage-       159 km
              train                Pasoso

                                   Jakarta         698 km (19
                                   gudang          hours)
                                   Pasr Turi

                                   Singailagoa     743 km

              Parcel               Jakarta         731 km (14
              train                Gudang-         hours)
                                   Pasar Turi

              Over Night           Jakarta         731 km (12
              service              Gudang-         hours)
              train                Surabaya
                                   Pasar Turi

              Cement               Kerang
              train                Talun--


                                   Indarung-       15 km
                                   Teluk Bayur

                                   Baturaja-       173 km

              Express              Jakarta         731 km (19
              cargo train          Gudang-         hours)
                                   Pasar Turi

              Crude Palm           Simalungun-
              Oil train            Belawan


              Pulp train           Niru-Tarahan    347 km (9
Tourist       Nusantara
Train         Bali


Types         Capacity               Start-up
              & number
              of cars

--Argo        400 seats (8 cars)       1997

              400 seats (8 cars)       1998

              300 seats (6 cars)       1995

              400 seats (8 cars)       1995

              350 seats (7 cars)       1997

              350 seats (7 cars)       2001

              200 seats (4 cars)       1998

              350 seats (7 cars)       1998

              400 seats (8 cars)       2007

--Executive   496 seats                1997


              416 seats (8
              executive)               1999.

              400 seats (8             1967

              400 seats (8             1999

              416 seats (8
              executive)               1995.

              260 seats (5             2003.

              312 seats (6             1995

              260 seats (5             2003


              488 seats (2
              executive   & 6
              business)                2001


              584 seats (2
              executive & 7
              business)                1995

              360 seats (2
              executive & 4
              business)                1972

              615 seats (2
              executive & 6
              business)                1985

--Economy     1.060 (10
              Economic + 1
              Dining cars)

              742 (7 Economy
              + 1 Dining cars)

              954 (9 Economic
              + 1 Dining cars)

              742 (7 Economic +
              1 Dining cars)

              1.060 (10
              Economic + 1
              Dining cars)

              1.060 (10
              Economic + 1
              Dining cars)

              1.060 (10
              Economic + 1
              Dining cars)

              1.060 (10
              Economic + 1
              Dining cars)

              1.060 (10
              Economic + 1
              Dining cars)

Trains :

--Coal        14 units

              8 units

              6 units

              20 million tons of
              oil fuel/year

              700 ton/day

              30 ton/day

              30 ton/day

              30 ton/day

              30 ton/day

              500,000 tons/year


              22 seats, 16 seats
              Meeting Room and
              6 seats of special
              room (cabin), Mini
              Bar, Bathroom

Source: PT. KAI

Highlights of financial performance, 2008-2009 *

         Total income      Profit
Year         (Rp)           (Rp)

2008     4.32 trillion   40 billion
2009 *   4.50 trillion   56 billion

Source: PT. KAI

Note: estimate

Subsidiaries of PT. KAI

No   Subsidiaries        Line of business

1    PT. Reska           Train catering service

2    PT. Railink         to operate Soekarno-Hatta airport trains yet
                         to be built with stations in the airport and
                         in the Jakarta city center

3    PT. KAI Commuter    Operating Greater Jakarta commuter trains

4    PT. KA Parawisata   Operating tourist trains

5    PT. KA Logistik     Operate logistic trains

6    PT. KA Property     Developer of buildings, bridges over land
     Management          belonging to PT KAI

Source: PT. KAI
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Title Annotation:COMPANY PROFILE; Perusahaan Negara Kere
Comment:PT. Kereta API Indonesia (PT. KAI).(COMPANY PROFILE)(Perusahaan Negara Kere)
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Article Type:Company overview
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Jan 1, 2010
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