PT Aneka Tambang TBK (PT Antam TBK.).
PT Antam Tbk TBK - Tool Builder Kit . Was established in Jakarta Jakarta or Djakarta (both: jəkär`tə, jäkär`tä), city and special district (1990 pop. 8,227,746), capital and largest city of Indonesia, NW Java, at the mouth of the canalized Ciliwung River, on Jakarta through a merger of a number of mining companies in 1968 with an authorized capital of Rp 3,800 billion including issued capital of Rp 953.8 billion fully paid. Antam is 65% owned by the state and 35% by the public.
PT. Antam operates integrated mining industry as a miner and as producer of processed minerals. The company, which is based in Jakarta, operates various mines including gold, nickel nickel, metallic chemical element; symbol Ni; at. no. 28; at. wt. 58.69; m.p. about 1,453°C;; b.p. about 2,732°C;; sp. gr. 8.902 at 25°C;; valence 0, +1, +2, +3, or +4. , bauxite bauxite (bôk`sīt, bŏk`–), mixture of hydrated aluminum oxides usually containing oxides of iron and silicon in varying quantities. , silver and iron sand mines. It also has processing factories like ferronickel plants in Sulawesi Sulawesi (s'läwā`sē), formerly Celebes (sĕl`əbēz), island (1990 pop. 12,511,163), c. .
The company has succeeded in establishing strong market footholds in Europe, Australia and Asia. It has joint venture business with foreign partners in the country.
PT Antam is public company listed on the Jakarta Stock Exchange Jakarta Stock Exchange
Established in 1977, the largest securities exchange in Indonesia. and Surabaya Stock Exchange selling 35% of its shares to the public in 1997. In 1999, PT Antam was listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. In 2003, PT Antam issued its first dollar bond through its subsidiary in Mauritania Antam Finance Ltd. The bond was listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange.
In 2010, PT Antam Tbk set aside IS$ 280 million for capital expenditure, including US$ 30 million for the acquisition of gold or coal mine, US$ 70 million for routine expenditure and US$ 40 million for the development of the Cibaliung gold mine in Banten.
Currently PT Antam has joint venture companies operating in nickel, gold, bauxite, coal mining, etc. Among its subsidiaries is PT Weda Bay Nickel, PT Cibaliung Source Daya, PT Indonesia Coal Resources, PT Nusa Halmahera Minerals, PT Borneo Edo International, etc.
The exploration division of PT Antam focuses more on efforts to find new nickel, gold and bauxite reserves in Indonesia to offset a decline in its reserves. Its mineral reserves have been on the decline since 2009 after years of intensive exploitations.
The total reserves and mineral resources owned by PT. Antam Tbk are as follows:
Antam has three ferronickel factories--FeNi I, FeNi II and FeNi III--in Pomalaa, Southeast Sulawesi with a total installed capacity of 26,000 tons of ferronickel a year. Antam operates diesel power generating plants (PLTD) with a capacity of 102 MW to supply its facilities with electricity. The power plant was built and operated by Wartsila Finlandia.
In mid 2010, PT Antam started the operation of a new nickel mine in the area of Tapunopaka, Southeast Sulawesi, marked with the first export of 50,000 wmt of nickel ores. Antam already has nickel mines in operation in Pomalaa, Gee and Buli and the three ferronickel plants in Pomalaa, Southeast Sulawesi.
The Tapunopaka mining concession totals 6,213 hectares producing 7.1 million wmt of nickel ores with a high grade of 2.3% and 43.7 million wmt of nickel ores with low grade of 1.6%. Part of the production is exported and the rest is fed to Pomalaa ferronickel plants. The Tapunopaka mine will guarantee supply of nickel ores for the ferronickel plants with the Pomalaa reserves are shrinking almost to depletion depletion n. when a natural resource (particularly oil) is being used up. The annual amount of depletion may, ironically, provide a tax deduction for the company exploiting the resource because if the resource they are exploiting runs out, they will no longer be able .
Antam and PLN PLN
In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the Polish Zloty.
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. will build a new power plant with a capacity of 260 megawatts needed by the ferronickel plants under a 30 year cooperation agreement.
With additional capacity of 27,000 tons a year, Antam's production of ferronickel will double by 2014. Currently, the production of nickel in Pomalaa, Southeast Sulawesi, averaged 26,000 tons per year.
The construction of a ferronickel plant in Halmahera could improve the operational efficiency of Antam as the nickel ores produced in that island could be processed in that area without having to send them to Pomalaa.
PT Weda Bay Nickel (PT WBN) is a joint venture company between PT Antam (20%) and France's Eramet SA (56.6%) and Mitsubishi (33.4%). PT WBN will operate a nickel mine with a production capacity of 65,000 tons per year. The nickel reserves of the company are estimated to reach 600 million tons. Development of the nickel mine is estimated to cost US$ 2.5 billion.
PT. Antam plans to build a ferronickel factory with a capacity of 27,000 tons of ferronickel per year in Buli, Halmahera Timur, and North Maluku North Maluku (Indonesian: Maluku Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It covers the northern part of the Maluku Islands, which are split between it and the province of Maluku. Maluku province used to cover the entire group. . The project is estimated to cost US$1.65 billion and it is to be operational in 2014.
PT. Antam also plans to build a Nickel Pig Iron pig iron: see iron.
Crude iron obtained directly from the blast furnace and cast in molds (see cast iron). The crude ingots, called pigs, are then remelted along with scrap and alloying elements and recast into molds to produce (NPI NPI National Provider Identifier, see there ) plant with an initial capacity of 120,000 tons of nickel per year. The factory is to be built in Mandiodo, Konawe Utara, and Southeast Sulawesi with an investment of US$ 140 million. The facility is to be operational in 2014.
PT. Antam has two gold mining concessions--in Pongkor, West Java and Cibaliung, Pandeglang, Banten. Currently the Pongkor mine has a reserve of 1,170,000 troy ounce Noun 1. troy ounce - a unit of apothecary weight equal to 480 grains or one twelfth of a pound
apothecaries' ounce, ounce
troy unit - any of the unit of the troy system of weights of gold. The reserve is expected to be depleted de·plete
tr.v. de·plet·ed, de·plet·ing, de·pletes
To decrease the fullness of; use up or empty out.
[Latin d in 2015 with the new reserves found in Cibaliung; PT. Antam now has a total gold reserve of 2,111,500 troy ounces.
In 2010, Antam's annual gold production reached only 2.8-2.9 tons including 2.58 tons from Pongkor and 0.5 ton from Cibaliung. The production fell short of the target of 3 tons as the Cibaliung mine started commercial operation only in May that year.
Based on the latest process of explorations, the Cibaliung mine had an economic life of 6 years. It is estimated to have total reserves of 1.5 million tons of gold ores. The reserves are found in the Cikoneng field with a reserve of 678,000 tons and Cibitung 839,000 tons.
The Cibaliung mine is operated by PT Cibaliung Source Daya (PT. CSD CSD Commission on Sustainable Development
CSD Serbian Dinar (ISO currency code)
CSD Christopher Street Day
CSD Circuit Switched Data (Sprint)
CSD Computer Science Department
CSD Community School District ). It is wholly owned by PT Antam after acquiring a 95% stake of Australia's ARC Exploration Ltd.
PT CSD is expected to start full operation in 2011 with production capacity of 63,300 tons or 2 tons of gold per year until 2016. The Cibaliung gold mine is a deep under ground mine operated with cut and fill system.
PT Antam closed its old bauxite mine in Kijang, Tanjung Pinang Tanjung Pinang or Tanjungpinang is the capital and largest town of the Indonesian province of Riau Islands. The city with 150,000 residents ) and is a trading port between islands in the Riau archipelago. , Bintan, in the last quarter of 2010 as the reserve had been depleted after exploitation since 1950. Normally the mine produced 1.1 million tons of bauxite per year, but in the past several years, the production began to decline. In the first half of 2009, the bauxite production of the Kijang mine totaled only 300,000 tons of bauxite.
Antam now has moved its bauxite mining operation to West Kalimantan West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat often abbreviated to Kalbar) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city Pontianak is located right on the Equator line. . In 2011, PT Antam develops two new bauxite mines. The bauxite mine in West Kalimantan has a reserve of around 100 million tons and in 2011, the mine is expected to start operation with production of 300,000 to 400,000 tons.
PT Antam Tbk and Hangzhou Jinjiang Group of China cooperate to build factory to process bauxite ores to turn out smelter grade alumina alumina (əl`mĭnə) or aluminum oxide, Al2O3, chemical compound with m.p. about 2,000°C; and sp. gr. about 4.0. (SGA SGA
small for gestational age
A term used to describe newborns who are below the 10th percentile in height or weight for their estimated gestational age. ) in Mempawah, West Kalimantan. The factory is to have an annual production capacity of 1,000,000 tons SGA. Construction of the factory is estimated to cost US$ 900 million currently, around 50% of alumina basic material for the aluminum factory in Mempawah will be supplied from other regions.
PT Indonesia Chemical Alumina (PT ICA Ica (ē`kä), city (1993 pop. 108,724), capital of Ica dept., SW Peru, on the Pan-American Highway. It is a commercial center for the cotton, wool, and wine produced in the region. There are several summer resorts nearby. ), which is a joint venture 80% owned by Antam and 20% by Showa Denko K.K of Japan, plans to build a chemical grade alumina (CGA) plant. Construction is handled by a consortium of PT Wijaya Karya (Persero) Tbk, Tsukishima Kikai Co Ltd and PT Nusantara Energi Abadi (Nusea). The CGA factory, locate din DIN - Deutsche Institut fuer Normung. The German standardisation body, a member of ISO. Tayan, West Kalimantan, will have a production capacity of 300,000 tons of CGA per year. The factory is being built over an area of 15,000 hectare hectare (hĕk`târ, –tär), abbr. ha, unit of area in the metric system, equal to 10,000 sq m, or about 2.47 acres. with an investment of around US$ 450 million. The project is expected to be operational in 2014.
Two power generating plants respectively in Mempawah with a capacity of 57 MW and 56 MW in Tayan with a capacity of 56 Mw to be integrated with the alumina plant.
By December 2010, the bauxite reserves owned by PT. Antam in West Kalimantan rose by 104.5 million WMT (Wet Metric Tons) or 47% from 100 million WMT in September 2009.
In 2010, PT Antam also built a coal-fired power plant with a capacity of 150MW in Pomalas, Southeast Sulawesi. With a cost of US$ 300 million, including US$ 75 million in loan from Japan Exim Bank Exim bank
See: Export-Import Bank .
PT Antam through its subsidiary PT Indonesia Coal Resources (PT ICR (Intelligent Character Recognition or Image Character Recognition) The machine recognition of hand-printed characters as well as machine printing that is difficult to recognize. ) has started to expand business in coal mining by acquiring a coal mine in Sarolangun, Jamb at a price of Rp 92.5 billion. The mine, which has a reserve of around 8.25 million tons of coal, has an annual production capacity of around 200,000 tons.
In 2011, PT ICR will increase the production capacity of its Sarolangun mine to 500,000 tons. The mine has coal with a calorific value calorific value
The calories or thermal units contained in one unit of a substance and released when the substance is burned. of 5,300-5.500 kcal/kg.
The Sarolangun coal mine started operation in June 2010. Its coal production is partly exported to India and the rest to domestic consumers. The coal mine is also intended to guarantee coal supply to its power plants such as the power plant that generate electricity for Antam's ferronickel factories.
Meanwhile, PT. ICR is conducting explorations for coal in its mining concessions in Bangko of Jambi and Sorong of Papua. The coal expected to be produced from the concessions will be used to feed power plants (PLTU PLTU Pct Line and Trunk Unit ) in Pomalaa. The power plant needs around two million tons of coal with a calorific value of 5,000 kcal per year.
In 2010, PT Antam had assets valued at Rp 12.31 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.
(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.
In the USA and Canada, 10^12. up from Rp9.93 trillion in 2009.
Its income totaled Rp8.74 trillion, up 0.37% from Rp 8.71 trillion in 2009. The increase was attributable to increase in its sales of ferronickel and nickel ores rose and the commodity price hikes.
In the same year, the company reported net profit at Rp 1.6 trillion or an increase of 178.6% from Rp604 billion in 2009. The increase in net profit was attributable mainly to increase in sales of ferronickel and the commodity price hike.
Meanwhile, its cost of goods sold Cost of goods sold
The total cost of buying raw materials, and paying for all the factors that go into producing finished goods.
cost of goods sold dropped with the decline in the sales of precious metals which give lower margin. Since early 2010, the company stops trading of precious metals amid price fluctuations.
In 2010, Antam's operations on nickel and gold mining grew. Gold mining grew with the operation of a new mine in Cibaliung. In 2011, PT Antam plans to give priority of operation in the downstream From the provider to the customer. Downloading files and Web pages from the Internet is the downstream side. The upstream is from the customer to the provider (requesting a Web page, sending e-mail, etc.). sector such as the development of Chemical Grade Alumina project in Tayan.
Altogether, nickel business contributes 69% to the total sales of PT. Antam in 2010. Business in other sectors such as gold, bauxite and ferronickel accounted for 31% of its sales in value.
A 49% increase in the price of ferronickel to US$ 10.12 per pound in 2010, resulted in a 71% surge in income from ferronickel business to Rp 3.679 trillion that year from Rp 2.150 trillion in 2009.
Meanwhile, sales of nickel ores also surged 20% in volume to 5,863,840 wet (wmt) in 2010 and at the same time the selling price rose resulting in 39% increase in the earning to Rp 2.364 trillion.
Sales of gold, however, fell 9.5% to Rp 1.91 trillion in 2010.
With the FeNi I, FeNi II and FeNi III factories are fully operational, PT Antam's production of ferronickel shot up 49% in 2010 to 18,688 tons compared with the previous year and its sales of that commodity rose 29% to 18,254 tons.
In 2010, its sales of gold totaled 2.78 tons including 2.485 tons from Pongkor and 295 kg from Cibaliung. In 2011, its gold production is projected to reach 3.804 tons. The production targets from Pongkor are set at 2.007 tons and from Cibaliung 1.797 tons.
Its sales of gold in 2011 are forecast to reach 7.304 tons up from 6.561 tons in 2010. In 2010, its sales of gold were valued at Rp 2.35 trillion with prices averaging US$ 1,227.52 per troy ounces.
Growing demand also pushed up sales of high grade nickel ores by 22% to 1,032,478 wmt in the last quarter of 2010 compared with in the last quarter of 2009. Sales of low grade nickel ores rose 199% to 770,549 wmt in the last quarter of 2010 compared with in the last quarter of 2009.
Production of ferronickel totaled 4,643 tons or an increase of 20% from 2009. Growing demand also pushed up its production of high grade nickel ores by 39% to 1,106,530 wmt in the last quarter of 2010 compared with the same period in 2009 its production of low grade nickel ores shot up 74% to 875,520 wmt in the last quarter of 2010 compared with the same period in 2009.
In the last quarter of 2010, PT Antam produced no bauxite ores with the closure of the Kijang bauxite mine, which had been completely depleted. Antam is now developing new bauxite mine in Tayan, West Kalimantan. The bauxite ores from Tayan will be processed into alumina.
Most customers of PT Antam are big companies in Asia, Australia and Europe under long term contracts of one to three years. PT Antam also has long term off take agreements for up to 10 years for 15,000 tons of ferronickel per year with TKN TKN Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen
TKN Takanini (suburb of Auckland, New Zealand) from Germany and Posco of South Korea. Nickel ores are exported to ferronickel producers and all of its production of ferronickel is exported to the producers of stainless steel stainless steel: see steel.
Any of a family of alloy steels usually containing 10–30% chromium. The presence of chromium, together with low carbon content, gives remarkable resistance to corrosion and heat. .
Most of its gold and silver production is sold to jewelry jewelry, personal adornments worn for ornament or utility, to show rank or wealth, or to follow superstitious custom or fashion.
The most universal forms of jewelry are the necklace, bracelet, ring, pin, and earring. producers in the country and abroad and all of its bauxite production is exported to China and Japan and iron sand is sold to local cement cement, binding material used in construction and engineering, often called hydraulic cement, typically made by heating a mixture of limestone and clay until it almost fuses and then grinding it to a fine powder. producers.
Among new customers of PT Antam in East Europe include FeniMak from Macedonia (for IMR/Alferon) and Pobuzky in Ukraine. In 2004, Antam started exporting nickel ores to Razno.
Currently PT. Antam export bauxite only to China, which agrees to buy bauxite with high grade of silica silica or silicon dioxide, chemical compound, SiO2. It is insoluble in water, slightly soluble in alkalies, and soluble in dilute hydrofluoric acid. Pure silica is colorless to white. .
Currently PT. Antam has a mining concession of 923,000 hectares. It has 20 joint ventures operating in multifarious mining business.
Table--1 Proven and inferred reserve ('000 wmt) ** Minerals Ores Change (%) 2008 2009 Nickel Saprolite 56,400 50,350 -11) Nickel Limonite -- -- -- Gold 4,450 4,058 -9 Bauxite 70,900 104,500 47 Source: PT. Antam Tbk Note: ** The total reserves include in the reserves and mineral resources tables as well as estimate of reserves of PT Cibaliung Sumber Daya Table--2 Reserves and Mineral Resources ('000 wmt) * 2010 Minerals Ores Change (%) 2008 2009 Nickel Saprolite 362,700 447,700 23 Nickel Limonite 372,500 498,850 34 Gold 5,337 8,304 56 Bauxite 201,200 347,200 73 Source: PT. Antam Tbk Note: Based on the report of Competent Person. Data on 31 December 2009, the estimate include estimate of nickel resources of PT Gag Nickel, estimate of bauxite resources of PT Borneo Edo International and PT Mega Citra Utama, estimate of gold reserves and resources of PT Cibaliung Sumber Daya and estimate of detected gold resources. Table--3 Summary of financial report of PT Antam and subsidiaries December 2009 and 2010 (Rp billion) Description 2010 2009 Assets Current assets 7,593 5,313 Non current assets 1,764 1,735 Fixed assets 2,953 2,891 Other assets -- -- Total assets 12,310 9,939 Liabilities and equity Current liabilities 1,989 748 Non current liabilities 721 1,000 Other liabilities -- -- Total liabilities 2,710 1,748 Equity 9,580 8,149 Minority interest 20 42 Total liabilities and equity 12,310 9,939 Profit/loss: Income 8,744 8,711 Net profit/loss 1,683 604 Source: PT Antam Tbk Table--4 Sales value recorded by PT Antam, 2009 - 2010 Commodities 2009 2010 Growth (Rp billion) (Rp billion) (%) Ferronickel 2,147 3,679 71 Nickel ores 1,696 2,364 39 Gold 2,120 1,918 -9.5 Silver 127 187 47.2 Bauxite 78 34 -56.4 Coal 2 24 1,100 Other metals 5 9 80 Source: Annual report of PT Antam Tbk Table--5 Antam's sales in last quarters of 2009 and 2010 Commodities Sales volume Sales volume Growth Q4 of 2010 Q4 of 2009 (%) High grade nickel ore (wmt) 1,032,478 846,200 22 Low grade nickel ore (wmt) 770,549 387,211 199 Ferronickel (FNi) 18,254 14,150 29 Gold (kg) 6,561 9,776 -49 Bauxite(wmt) 191,615 298,919 -56 Source: Annual report of PT Antam Table--6 Customers of PT Antam Products Names of customers Origin Nickel Ore Pacific Metal Co. Ltd (PAMCO) Japan Sumitomo Metal Mining Co. Ltd (SUMICO) Japan Nippon Yakin Kogyo Co Ltd Japan Raznoimport Nickel (UK) Ltd Europe Avarus AG Europe Minsources International Europe Ferronickel Pohang Iron & Steel Co. (Posco)-- South Korea Thyssen Krupp Nirosta, GmbH Europe Arcellor Mittal Europe Autolompu Stainless Europe Gold and Silver Standard Bank Plc Singapore Producers of gold jewelry Indonesia Bauxite Showa Denko KK Japan Zhong Nan Group Industry Co. Ltd China Source: PT Antam Table--7 Subsidiaries of PT Antam, 2010 Joint ventures Locations Products Areas (Ha) PT Gag Nickel Gag Island, Nickel 13,136 Papua Asia Pacific Nickel Australia Nickel -- Pty Ltd PT. Antam Jakarta Investment -- Resourcindo PT. Indonesia Coal Jambi Coal 23,240 Resources PT. Cibaliung Banten Gold 7,828 Sumberdaya PT. Mega Citra West Bauxite N.a Utama Kalimantan PT. Indonesia Tayan, West Bauxite 36,410 Chemical Alumina Kalimantan PT. Borneo Edo West Palm Oil N.a International Kalimantan Plantation PT. Abuki Jaya Stainless N.a Stainless Indonesia steel PT. Meratus Jaya Kalimantan Stainless -- Iron & Steel steel PT. Dwimitra Kalimantan Bauxite N.a Enggang Barat Khatulistiwa PT Nusa Gosowong, Gold 29,620 Halmahera Halmahera Minerals Island, Maluku PT Sorikmas Kotanopan Gold 66,200 Mining and Pagar Gunung, Sumatra PT Weda Bay Weda Bay, Nickel 76,280 Nickel Halmahera, Maluku PT Dairi Prima Dairi-Karo, Lead/Zinc 27,420 Minerals North Sumatra PT Galuh Cempaka Martapura, Diamond 3,920 Cempaka, Danau Seran, Kalimantan PT. Sumbawa Sumbawa, Gold 19,238 Timur Mining West Nusa Tengara PT Pelsart Gendang Gold 201,000 Tambang Kencana Timburu, South Kalimantan PT. Gorontalo Gorontalo Gold 36,070 Minerals Share (%) Joint ventures PT. Antam Partner Status PT Gag Nickel 20 BHP Bilitons Feasibility (LSE/ASX Tbk) studies Asia Pacific Nickel 100 -- Development Pty Ltd PT. Antam 100 -- Operational Resourcindo PT. Indonesia Coal 99.98 -- Production Resources PT. Cibaliung 99.15 -- Production Sumberdaya PT. Mega Citra 99,5 -- Explorations Utama PT. Indonesia 80 Showa Denko Development Chemical Alumina KK, Japan PT. Borneo Edo 99.5 -- Explorations International PT. Abuki Jaya 100 -- Development Stainless Indonesia PT. Meratus Jaya 34 PT. Krakatau Development Iron & Steel Steel PT. Dwimitra 100 -- Development Enggang Khatulistiwa PT Nusa 17.50 Newcrest Production Halmahera (ASX Tbk) Minerals PT Sorikmas 25 Aberfoyle Explorations Mining Pungkut Investment Pte Ltd (ASX Tbk) PT Weda Bay 10 Strand Construction Nickel Minerals (Indonesia) Pte Ltd (joint venture Eramet and Mitsubishi) PT Dairi Prima 20 Gain & Win Construction Minerals Pte Ltd (subsidiary of Herald Resources (ASX Tbk) PT Galuh Cempaka 20 BDI Mining Production Corp. (LSE/AIM Tbk) PT. Sumbawa 20 Eastern Star Explorations Timur Mining Resources Pty Ltd PT Pelsart 15. Pelsart No activities Tambang Kencana yet PT. Gorontalo 20 International Explorations Minerals Co LLC (subsidiary of PT. Bumi resources) Source: Annual report of PT Antam