PT Aneka Tambang TBK (PT ANTAM Tbk.).
PT ANTAM Tbk. was incorporated in Jakarta on July 5, 1968, with an authorized capital of Rp 3,800 billion and issued capital of Rp 953.8 billion fully paid up. It is owned 65% by the Government of Indonesia (GOI) and 35% by the public. It is a leading Indonesian company in diversified mining and mineral processing industry.
ANTAM is a vertically integrated, export oriented, diversified mining and metals company. With headquarter in Jakarta and operations spread throughout the mineral-rich Indonesian archipelago, ANTAM undertakes all activities from exploration, excavation, processing through to marketing of nickel ore, ferronickel, gold, silver, bauxite and iron sands.
The company has long term loyal blue chip customers in Europe, Australia and Asia. Due to the vastness of the company's licensed exploration areas as well as known large holdings of high quality reserves and resources, ANTAM has formed several joint ventures with international partners to profitably develop geological ore bodies into profitable mines. The company was formed in 1968 from the merger of several single-commodity state-owned mining companies.
ANTAM was first listed on the Jakarta and Surabaya Stock Exchanges when the government sold 35% of the company to the public in 1997. In 1999, ANTAM listed its shares as a Foreign Exempt Listing on the Australian Stock Exchange, augmenting to a full ASX Listing in 2002. In 2003, ANTAM conducted its maiden US$ bond issuance through its Mauritian Subsidiary Antam Finance Ltd. The bonds are listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange. The company's shares are actively traded on the Jakarta Stock Exchange, with the 35% public ownership mostly comprised of over 200 foreign institutional investors, mainly from the UK and USA.
Resources and Reserves decreased
ANTAM's estimates of its total mineral resources and ore reserves decreased in 2005. This is due to extraction as well as more detailed drilling activities, which increased the accuracy of the estimates. Increasing the accuracy of the estimates can either increase or decrease the estimated volume of an ore deposit.
ANTAM's exploration division, conducted exploration activities focused on nickel, gold and bauxite in Indonesia. The main objectives of the exploration activities are the discovery of new prospects or new resources and to improve the accuracy of reserve estimation through detailed exploration.
In 2005, ANTAM conducted nickel exploration activities at Halmahera, including Gee and Pakal Islands, Southeast Sulawesi and Obi Island. The exploration included geological, geophysical, drilling, analytical and evaluation activities to improve the classification of known ore resources, with a view to supporting ANTAM's long term nickel developments, such as FeNi IV and the HPAL project. ANTAM will continue to focus activities at Halmahera and Sulawesi, to further delineate ANTAM's holdings of low-grade nickel ore (limonite), high-grade nickel ore (saprolite) and Low Grade Saprolite Ore (LGSO).
ANTAM will also explore the potential of pig iron from the iron cap, located near the surface and overburden. This year, ANTAM will review the potential of Obi Island.
In line with the operation of FeNi III plant in the first half of 2006, ANTAM has entered into an agreement with PT INCO Tbk. to supply nickel ore for FeNi III from INCO's Pomalaa Timur nickel ore reserves, which are located next to ANTAM's Pomalaa facility.
As at December 31, 2005, ANTAM's total saprolite nickel resources and reserves decreased by 12% to 112.05 million wmt and limonite nickel resources and reserves decreased by 12% to 175.45 million wmt. ANTAM's saprolite ore reserves estimation, which excludes resources, decreased by 10% to Rp 30.1 million wmt. For limonite ore reserves, the estimation increased by 49% to 18.45 million wmt. The decreases are the result of excavation as well as further detailed drilling activities at Buli, North Maluku including Sangaji.
As a result of ANTAM's drilling activities, total reserves and mineral resources of saprolite nickel ore at Buli increased by 45% to 93.95 million wmt while limonite nickel ore at Buli increased by 2% to 100.6 million wmt.
In 2006, ANTAM focused on supporting the mining of the Mornopo mine, which ANTAM opened at the end of 2005, and the exploration of Sangaji will be accelerated in order to anticipate the development of FeNi IV and the HPAL project.
In 2005, ANTAM conducted exploration activities at Bahubulu, Tapunopaka and Mandiodo islands, including a hydro-oceanography study for the harbor location plan and a bathymetry measurement at selected harbor locations.
As at December 31, 2005 total reserves and mineral resources of saprolite nickel ore in Southeast Sulawesi, including Pomalaa, decreased by 20% to 18.1 million wmt while limonite decreased by 25% to 74.85 million wmt, due to more accurate drilling activities and extraction.
The gold exploration in 2005 was aimed at discovering new prospects in line with the depleting reserves of Pongkor. As at December 31, 2005 total reserves and resources at Pongkor decreased by 18% to 4.5 million wmt with 1.32 million ounces of contained in situ gold metal. The decrease in the estimate is due to the existence of unanticipated unstable geotechnical conditions that have made extraction more difficult.
ANTAM carried out the initial phase of gold exploration in West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi and Sumatra with the goal of obtaining licenses in 2006 should results be favorable.
Advanced stage gold exploration at Seblat, Bengkulu, and Gunung Patah Tiga, Jambi on Sumatra and Bulado in Gorontalo were positive and will be continued in 2006.
Having started in 2004, the joint exploration for gold by ANTAM and the Japan Oil, Gas, and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC) owned by the Government of Japan continued in 2006. The activities covered Cikotok, Banten and Flores, East Nusa Tenggara. Test drilling was performed at Cikotok, and semi-detailed activities were conducted at Flores.
In 2006, ANTAM continued detailed exploration activities in other areas mentioned above and Liman Mountain, East Java. ANTAM will look for new prospect areas at Kulabu Mountain, West Sumatra, Singkarak Lake, West Sumatra and Sulawesi.
In 2005, bauxite exploration activities focused on new discoveries and on increasing reserves classification to support the Chemical Grade Alumina project at Tayan, West Kalimantan. ANTAM conducted exploration activities on the nearly exhausted Kijang deposit, to determine the resource estimation using new cut off grades. ANTAM also re-explored the Wacopek area by implementing a beneficiation program to estimate economical reserves.
The total reserves and mineral resources of washed bauxite from both Kijang and Tayan decreased by 24% to 85.4 million wmt. Washed bauxite at Kijang increased by 54% to 3 million wmt due to extensive exploration activities at Wacopek. Reserves and mineral resources at Tayan decreased by 25% to 82.4 million due to adjustments of the mine design related to the economical mining of Tayan. It was found some of the previous estimated resources could not be extracted. For the first time, ANTAM's estimated proved reserves at Tayan, of 9.3 million wmt.
Nickel and gold were the biggest contributors to Antam's revenues
Overall, the revenue of nickel products--100% of which were exported--contributed 84% of revenue in 2006 compared to 76% in 2005. Meanwhile the contribution from gold decreased to 11% from 16% in 2005.
Revenues from ferronickel increased 177% to Rp 2,731 billion as ferronickel sales volume increased 92% to 13,389 tonnes while the average price increased by 57% to US$10.14 per pound. As a result, ferronickel contributed the largest share of revenues as its share increased to 49% from 30% in 2005. This is in line with the company's strategy to add value by moving away from selling raw materials and increasing the manufacture and sale of processed products.
Increased ferronickel sales volume was mostly due to the new smelter FeNi III, which began producing export-quality nickel in April 2006, on a trial basis, after two and a half years of construction.
Revenue from nickel ore increased by 28% to Rp 1,941 billion in 2006 from Rp 1,522 billion in 2005. The contribution of nickel ore, 87% of which was from high grade, dropped to second place with a revenue share of 35% compared to 46% in 2005. High grade nickel ore sales volume increased 12% to 3,375,466 wmt. Coupled with an increase in average price of 23% to US$ 54.74 per wet metric ton (wmt), revenues increased 28% to Rp 1,691 billion.
A new nickel mine, Mornopo, located in North Maluku, which started operation in 2005, contributed significantly to the increase of high grade nickel ore volumes in 2006. Although low grade nickel ore sales volume decreased by 12% to 933,668 wmt, revenues increased 27% to Rp 250 billion due to a 54% increase in average prices to US$ 29.38 per wmt.
Despite lower sales volumes of gold, which decreased 8% to 3,340 kg (117,815 oz) from 3,639 kg , gold revenues increased 18.5% to Rp 601 billion due to higher prices. The price of gold increased 37% to US$ 611.59 per troy ounce in 2006. The bauxite division experienced a 5% decrease in sales volume to 1,536,542 wmt despite an increase in production. However, in view of 3% increase in selling price to US$ 13.60 per wmt, revenues from bauxite increased 3% to Rp 192 billion.
Revenues from other products, namely silver, iron sands and precious metals refinery services recorded quite significant increases at 7.4%, 450% and 13% respectively. However, their contribution to overall revenues remained small at 1.3%, 0.2% and 0.3% for silver, iron sands and precious metals refinery services respectively.
In 2005 the company's net income increased only by 3.9% in 2005, indicating a low profitability during the year. However, in 2006 due to the high price of most metallic mineral in the world including nikel and gold, Antam's net income increase by 85% while sales increased by 69%. It means Antam's profitability increased.
Antam's operating expenses decreased 8% to Rp 298 billion, and accounted for 5% of Antam's revenues compared to 10% in 2005. The decrease was mainly due to lower general and administration expenses, which Antam decreased by 16% to Rp 255 billion.
The largest contributor of this decrease was the absence of expenses related to the Early Retirement Program, which cost Rp 103 billion in 2005. Meanwhile, in line with efforts to boost productivity and efficiency, Antam increased training expenditures by almost 80% to Rp 12 billion.
Antam's exploration expenses increased by 289% to Rp 31.59 billion in 2006 from Rp 8.13 billion in 2005 in line with the strategy to increase reserves.
When Antam's cost of sales and operating expenses are combined, the rate of cost increase compared to last year was 45%, which was less than the 69% increase of net sales. Thus, Antam's operating profit rose 115.5% to Rp 2,448 billion (US$ 271 million) resulting in an operating margin which widened to 44% from 35%.
Most of ANTAM's customers are long-term, loyal, blue chip companies, in North Asia, Australia and Europe. Most of ANTAM's sales agreements have a duration of one of three years and are based on volumes with prices determined by the prevailing international spot price. ANTAM also has two long-term offtake agreements of 11 and 10 years, amounting to a combined annual total of 15,000 tons of ferronickel, with TKN of Germany and Posco of Korea. All of ANTAM's nickel ore is exported to ferronickel producers and all of ANTAM's ferronickel is exported to stainless steel producers.
The bulk of ANTAM's gold and silver is sold to jewelry manufacturers, both locally and abroad. In 2005, as in 2004, two thirds of ANTAM's gold and refinery revenues were domestic. ANTAM's bauxite is sold entirely to China and Japan and iron sands are sold entirely to local cement producers. ANTAM's precious metal refinery serves domestic gold producers and is actively seeking new customers to boost its capacity utilization.
Although China has been a major source of demand growth in the past years, most of ANTAM's new customers have come from Eastern Europe. ANTAM began exporting nickel ore to FeniMak of Macedonia (for IMR/Alferon) and to Pobuzky in the Ukraine. In 2004, ANTAM began exporting nickel ore to Razno Imports of the Ukraine. ANTAM does not currently sell any nickel products to China, although it is considered a potential future market once FeNi III begins commercial operations. Currently ANTAM only exports bauxite to China, which has extended the life of the Kijang bauxite mine as the Chinese have been willing to accept a bauxite with a higher silica content.
Indonesia's mineral resource potential has always attracted many investors and strategic partners to make colaboration with ANTAM. With improving conditions in Indonesia, and stronger commodity markets, various parties have sought is in line with the company's strategy of sharing the risk and improving the likelihood of successfully exploring and developing ANTAM's vast resources, over 923,000 hectares of licensed mining areas.
In 2005, ANTAM had 12 joint ventures, most of which were still at the exploration phase. However, some of ANTAM's joint ventures made significant progress, although there remained only one operational joint venture, PT Nusa Halmahera Minerals (NHM) in Gosowong, Halmahera Island. The progress made by ANTAM's joint ventures is a good indication of the improving development conditions of the Indonesian mining industry, which has been stagnant for many years. It appears solutions are being found to longstanding issues such as regional autonomy and pro-investment amendments were made to several laws, including forestry, mining and environmental.
Due to the more favorable outlook for its joint ventures, ANTAM is considering making cash contributions to the more promising projects and to exercise options to increase its interest in these projects. While it is difficult to attribute any monetary value to ANTAM's interest in the joint ventures, except for PT NHM, due to current lack of forecastable cash flows, ANTAM views these joint ventures as having tremendous upside potential.
Table-1 ANTAM's Proved and Probable Reserves *) Commodity Ore Quantity (000) wmt Change 2004 2005 (%) Saprolite Nickel 33,370 30,100 (10) Limonite Nickel 12,400 18,450 49 Gold 4,468 3,220 (28) Bauxite 60,710 33,900 (44) Iron Sands 2,650 2,650 0 Commodity Estimated Estimated Rate of Remaining Annual Years With Productio no Further n (000 Exploration wmt) **) Saprolite Nickel 3,500 9 Limonite Nickel 1,500 12 Gold 400 8 Bauxite 1,000 34 Iron Sands 500 5 *) Based on the Competent Person's Report. Figures as per December 31, 2005 (Does not include inferred resources). **) This is estimation and is not meant to suggest with certainty the mine life of ANTAM's operations, which may have longer or shorter duration. Table-2 Antam's Sales Value, 2004-2006 Products/ 2004 2005 2006 Services Sales Sales Sales (R Bill.) (R Bill.) (R Bill.) Nickel ore 1,195 1,522 1,941 Ferronickel 971 986 2,731 Gold 457 507 601 Bauxite 135 187 192 Silver 50 68 73 Iron sands/other 31 2 11 Others (including 20 15 17 precious metals refinery) Antam 2,859 3,287 5,566 Products/ 2006 Share of Services Growth Revenues % 2005 2006 Nickel ore 27.5 46 35 Ferronickel 176.9 30 49 Gold 18.5 15.5 10.8 Bauxite 2.7 6 3.4 Silver 7.4 2 1.3 Iron sands/other 450 0.1 0.2 Others (including 13.3 0.4 0.3 precious metals refinery) Antam 100 100 Source: Antam's Annual Report Table-3 Antam's Sales Volume, 2005-2006 Product/ Sales volume Sales volume 2006 Service 2005 2006 Growth (%) High grade 3,025,841 3,375,466 11.55 nickel ore (wmt) Low grade 1,060,240 933,668 -11.93 nickel ore (wmt) Ferronickel 6,988 13,389 91.60 (TNi) Gold (kg) 3,639 3,340 -8.22 Silver (kg) 29,823 21,063 -29.37 Bauxite (wmt) 1,617,566 1,536,542 -5.00 Source: Antam's Annual Report Table-4 Antam's Brief Financial Report, 2004-2006 2004 2005 2006 (Audited) (Audited) (Unaudited) Sales 2858 3287 5566 COGs 1498 1827 2820 Operating expenses 264 324 298 Operating profit 1097 1136 2448 Net income 810 842 1559 Net operating cash flow 764 791 1446 Capital expenditure 1364 1311 127 Free cash flow 600 520 1320 Comparison (%) 05/04 06/05 Sales 15 69 COGs 22 54 Operating expenses 23 -8 Operating profit 4 115 Net income 4 85 Net operating cash flow 4 83 Capital expenditure -4 90 Free cash flow n.a n.a Source: Antam's Annual Report Table-5 PT ANTAM's Customers Products Customer Name--Country Saprolite Gokokai/Pamco (via Mitsubishi), Sumitomo Metals Mining Co. (via Mitsui), Nippon Yakin Kogyo (via Marubeni)--Japan Raznoimports, FeniMak (for IMR/Alferon, Pobuzky --Europe Limonite Queensland Nickel Pty Ltd.--Australia Ferronickel Via Avarus AG (ANTAM's agent in Europe): Thyssen Krupp Nirosta, AvestaPolarit, ALZ BV, Pohang Iron & Steel Co. (Posco)--Korea Nikkinko Trading, Atmix (via Mitsubishi), Nisshin Steel, Nippon Yakin Kogyo (via Marubeni)--Japan Yieh United Steel--Taiwan Gold Standard Bank--United Kingdom Various local jewelers--Indonesia Silver AGR Mathey Yamamory Various local jewelers--Indonesia Precious Metal PT Newmont Minahasa Raya, PT Indo Muro Refining Kencana, PT Nusa Halmahera Minerals- Indonesia Bauxite Nippon Light Metals, Showa Denko, Sumitomo Chemical--Japan Shangdong Aluminium, Shangdong Xinfa--China Source: PT ANTAM Table-6 PT ANTAM's Promising Joint Ventures Joint Pro- KP/KW Ventures Location duct or COW PT Nusa Gosowong, Gold KW96P Halmahera Halmahera K0178 Minerals (1) Island, Maluku PT Cibaliung Cibaliung, Gold KW96P Sjmberdaya West Java P0019 PT Sorikmas Kotanopan Gold KW96P Mining (1) and Pagar K0042 Gunung, Sumatra PT Gag Nikel Gag Island, KW96P (1) Papua Nickel K0053 PT Weda Bay Weda Bay, Nickel KW96P Nickel (1) Halmahera K0016 Island, Maluku PT Dairi Dairi-Karo, Lead/Z KW99P Prima North Sumatra inc K0071 Minerals PT Galuh Martapura, Diamo KW96P Cempaka (1) Cempaka, nds K0069 Danau Seran, Kalimantan PT Pelsart Gendang Gold KW96P Tambang Timburu, K0105 Kencana (1) South Kalimantan PT Straits Garut, West Gold 540/107 Consultancy Java 8/SDAP/ Services (2) 2,002 503/365 6/DPSD A8P 540/01- KP.DLH/ 2003 Joint Area ANTAM Joint Ventures (Ha) Share Venture Location PT Nusa 29,620 17.50 Newcrest Halmahera (ASX Minerals (1) Listed) PT Cibaliung 16,590 10.25 Austindo Sjmberdaya (ASX Listed) PT Sorikmas 66,200 20.00 Oropa Mining (1) (ASX Listed) PT Gag Nikel BHP (1) 13,136 25.00 Biliton (LSE/ASX Listed) PT Weda Bay 76,280 10.00 Weda Bay Nickel (1) Minerals (TSE Listed) PT Dairi 27,420 20.00 Herald Prima Resources Minerals (ASX Listed) PT Galuh 3,920 20.00 BDI Mining Cempaka (1) Corp. (LSE/AIM Listed) PT Pelsart 201,000 n.a. n.a. Tambang Kencana (1) PT Straits n.a. n.a. n.a. Consultancy Services (2) Notes: (1) These joint ventures have been granted COWs; (2) These joint ventures have been issued KPs or MA (Mining Authorization) Source: PT ANTAM's Annual Report