PERU: PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION GOES TO RUNOFF.Peruvians must wait another six weeks to know who their next president will be. Peru's nearly 15 million voters failed on April 8 to give any of the eight presidential candidates the necessary 50% plus one of the valid votes. As expected, Alejandro Toledo Alejandro Toledo (Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique) (born 28 March 1946) is a Peruvian politician. He was President of Peru from 2001 to 2006. He was elected in 2001 defeating former President Alan García. finished in first place, but former President Alan Garcia (1985-1990) upset Lourdes Flores Lourdes Celmira Rosario Flores Nano is a Peruvian politician and lawyer. She currently leads the Unidad Nacional (National Unity) alliance and the Partido Popular Cristiano (Popular Christian Party or PPC) Nano to take the second-place spot and ensure his participation in the runoff set for May 20.
Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales (ONPE) figures gave Toledo of Peru Posible 36.5% of the vote; Garcia of the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana "APRA" redirects here. For other uses, see APRA (disambiguation)
The American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) also known as the Partido Aprista Peruano (Peruvian Aprista Party) is a Peruvian left-wing social democratic political party. (Partido Aprista Peruana, APRA APRA (ä`prä) or the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana, reformist political party in Peru, also called the Partido Aprista. ) took 25.9%; Lourdes Flores Nano of Unidad Nacional finished third with 24.2%.
The interim government of Valentin Paniagua will hand over power on July 28.
International observers as well as national election monitors Transparencia praised the elections as fair. That was a marked change from the 2000 elections, which were widely seen as fraudulent and which led to Fujimori's downfall amid corruption scandals surrounding spy chief Vladimiro Montesinos Vladimiro Lenin Montesinos Torres (born May 20, 1945) was the long-standing head of Peru's intelligence service, Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional (SIN), under President Alberto Fujimori. (see NotiSur, 2000-06-09, 2000-10-06).
Toledo forced into runoff
Early in the race, Toledo was expected to win easily after helping bring about Fujimori's ouster ouster n. 1) the wrongful dispossession (putting out) of a rightful owner or tenant of real property, forcing the party pushed out of the premises to bring a lawsuit to regain possession. last year. But the 55-year-old US-educated economist, who is of Indian ancestry and who campaigned on racial themes, was damaged in recent weeks by reports that he used cocaine and fathered an illegitimate daughter--charges he denied. He was also hurt by his refusal to debate his opponents.
"You know nothing in my life was ever easy for me," said the former shoeshine boy after the voting. Toledo said the reports that he fathered a daughter but refused to recognize her and tested positive for cocaine in 1998 were part of a smear campaign by Peru's white elite to stop a "cholo For the Choloa language, see .
For the 1986 video game, see .
Cholo, broadly, is a term applied to persons of mixed Amerindian and Spanish ancestry. However, its precise usage has varied widely in different times and places. "--as Peru's mixed-race majority is known--from being elected.
Garcia makes impressive comeback
Garcia's last-minute surge to edge past Flores Flores, town, Guatemala
Flores (flōrəs), town (1990 est. pop. 2,200), capital of Petén department, N Guatemala. Flores was built on an island in the southern part of Lake Petén Itzá and on the site of the was the big surprise of the election. When the 51-year-old Garcia returned to Peru in January after nine years exile in Colombia, few expected that he could stage a political comeback. The Fujimori government had charged Garcia with corruption, including taking US$1 million in bribes. The charges, which Garcia denied, were later dropped.
Garcia campaigned on populist themes stressing job creation and government subsidies.
"When I came back 60 days ago, people thought it impossible that I would make it to the second round," Garcia said shortly after the polls closed.
While polls show that most Peruvians expect Toledo to become their next president, Garcia, who did far better than anyone expected with promises of interest-rate cuts and aid for the agriculture sector, could pull another surprise.
But Garcia's strong showing is likely to encounter concern in Peru's financial markets, said Hugo Cabieses, an economist with the Peruvian Social Studies Center. "I think in the next month and a half investors will stay on the sideline."
Flores, a 41-year-old lawyer and the most conservative of the top three candidates, was hurt by an off-the-cuff racist remark made by her father in the last weeks of the campaign. Opponents also charged that her campaign staff included members of the ultraconservative Catholic organization Opus Dei. She said she and her supporters would carefully weigh whether to support Toledo or Garcia in the runoff.
Supporters of former President Alberto Fujimori (1990- 2000) were the big losers in the election. The candidate most identified with the former president, former economy minister Carlos Bolona of Solucion Popular, received only 1.7% of the vote.
No party will have clear majority in Congress
No party won an outright majority in Peru's 120-member national Congress, so the political groups will be forced to negotiate. This year the country was divided into electoral districts, and for the first time voters chose lawmakers from their districts instead of electing at large. Peru's 24 departments and the constitutional province of Callao were assigned a number of congressional seats proportional to their population.
Still unofficial returns indicate that Toledo's Peru Posible party won 41 seats; APRA, 29; and Unidad Nacional, 15. The Frente Independiente Moralizador (FIM FIM
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Peru's electoral system gives an advantage to the larger parties and alliances, almost eliminating the smallest ones. [Sources: Notimex, The Miami Herald, 04/09/01; Inter Press Service Inter Press Service (abbreviated: IPS) is a global news agency. Its main focus is the production of independent news and analysis about events and processes affecting economic, social and political development. , 04/08/01, 04/10/01; Reuters, The New York New York, state, United States
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