Oregon's Juvenile Justice Information System.
Jake, 17, lives in rural eastern Oregon Eastern Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to mean the area of the state of Oregon east of the Cascade Range, save the region around The Dalles and sometimes Klamath County. The area around Bend is considered to be Central Oregon rather than Eastern Oregon. but has just been arrested for starting a fire in an ocean resort 300 miles away. He has been drinking, is belligerent and refuses to provide his last name. Upon Jake's delivery to the local detention facility, the intake worker on duty types what is known about Jake into a computer: He is 5 feet 10 inches tall, weighs about 160 pounds, has light brown hair and brown eyes Brown Eyes (브라운 아이즈) was a Korean musical duo, specializing in ballads. Although both members have powerful voices, they were initially disregarded because of their physical looks. and has a wizard tattoo tattoo, the marking of the skin with punctures into which pigment is rubbed. The word originates from the Tahitian tattau [to mark]. The term is sometimes extended to scarification, which consists of skin incisions into which irritants may be rubbed to produce on his right shoulder. Using a dropdown menu on her screen, the detention worker prompts the system to search its database for any and all males who fit this physical description.
After quickly sorting through thousands of records for nearly every youth who has had contact with Oregon's juvenile justice system, the detention worker learns that this is not Jake's first run-in with the law. She sees his last name, address, parents' names, prior criminal conduct and sanctions, names of previous social and caseworkers and probably most important, she learns that Jake has no history of assaultive as·saul·tive
Inclined to or suggestive of violent attack: "The reduction of cinema to assaultive images ... has produced a disincarnated, lightweight cinema that doesn't demand anyone's full attention" or suicidal su·i·cid·al
1. Of or relating to suicide.
2. Likely to attempt suicide. behavior. She does see, however, that he takes anti-seizure medication.
Feeling comfortable that Jake is safely placed in detention, the woman updates Jake's record with information regarding this most recent arrest, alerts his current probation officer probation officer
1. An official usually attached to a juvenile court and charged with the care of juvenile delinquents.
2. An official charged with supervising convicts at large on suspended sentence or probation. in eastern Oregon of his status, contacts his parents and makes arrangements for Jake to receive his medication. When the shift replacement worker logs onto the system later that night, he will find Jake's name added to the detention roster and will see a chronicle of the evening's events.
This scenario is a realistic description of the power of Oregon's new Juvenile Justice Information System (JJIS JJIS Juvenile Justice Information System ). For the first time, Oregon's county juvenile departments and the Oregon Youth Authority (OYA) share electronic records with real-time access to a common database. County and state juvenile parole officers use JJIS to manage their cases. Local detention staff and state institutional staff use JJIS to manage and track populations. And state and county administrators rely on JJIS as a management tool. Oregon's legislators and its governor are anticipating that JJIS will help them with tough policy decisions -- ranging from institutional funding to funding for intervention programs that have demonstrated success -- when they convene CONVENE, civil law. This is a technical term, signifying to bring an action. for Oregon's next biennial biennial, plant requiring two years to complete its life cycle, as distinguished from an annual or a perennial. In the first year a biennial usually produces a rosette of leaves (e.g., the cabbage) and a fleshy root, which acts as a food reserve over the winter. legislative session in 2001.
An Effective Tool for Success
JJIS exemplifies the real benefits of partnerships that go beyond the usual lip service lip service
Verbal expression of agreement or allegiance, unsupported by real conviction or action; hypocritical respect: given to their value. Certainly, hours of discussion and hundreds of meetings had to be endured, but these activities resulted in an arrangement that adds tangible value to the immediate partners as well as to others across the broader partnerships in Oregon's criminal justice system.
The partnership is successful because it is borne out of a common need. Oregon, like the rest of the nation, experienced a dramatic increase in both the rate and severity of juvenile crime in the early and mid-1990s. After years of limited capacity, neither Oregon's counties nor the state could respond to policy-makers' and budget committees' requests for basic programmatic pro·gram·mat·ic
1. Of, relating to, or having a program.
2. Following an overall plan or schedule: a step-by-step, programmatic approach to problem solving.
3. and fiscal information about juvenile crime, treatment services or recidivism recidivism: see criminology. rates.
Oregon's system of juvenile justice is less a true system than it is a loosely joined framework of 36 independent county systems and a state system operating under a single set of state laws, but with a great deal of local discretion. In fact, this disparity and the inability to speak in a single voice motivates the partners to willingly work together, conform practices and establish the common definitions required of a statewide information system.
In 1995, Oregon's Legislative Assembly, recognizing the need to bring more focus to juvenile corrections, established OYA as a separate state agency. One of the new agency's first actions was to assemble a steering committee steer·ing committee
A committee that sets agendas and schedules of business, as for a legislative body or other assemblage.
Noun for what was to become JJIS and secure federal funds Federal Funds
Funds deposited to regional Federal Reserve Banks by commercial banks, including funds in excess of reserve requirements.
These non-interest bearing deposits are lent out at the Fed funds rate to other banks unable to meet overnight reserve to help establish a vision, garner county support for a statewide information system, and prove that it could be done by developing and piloting the initial software module.
The importance of the partnerships became evident when OYA sought state funding for full development and implementation of JJIS. The 1997 Legislature approved the project but made funding contingent upon Adj. 1. contingent upon - determined by conditions or circumstances that follow; "arms sales contingent on the approval of congress"
contingent on, dependant on, dependant upon, dependent on, dependent upon, depending on, contingent OYA's ability to secure intergovernmental in·ter·gov·ern·men·tal
Being or occurring between two or more governments or divisions of a government.
in agreement with counties that had formally established their participation in JJIS. There was no model for this kind of partnership and many doubted that 36 counties and the state could overcome the daunting daunt
tr.v. daunt·ed, daunt·ing, daunts
To abate the courage of; discourage. See Synonyms at dismay.
[Middle English daunten, from Old French danter, from Latin political and logistical barriers. In fact, the project's quality assurance contractor identified this kind of complex partnering as the single biggest risk to the project.
Oregon's collective ability to remove seemingly immovable blockades is evidenced by the status of JJIS today. The state and two-thirds of the counties are online, sharing a common database and exchanging information in real time with 34 of the 36 counties involved. More than half the software has been developed and is in use. The JJIS Steering Committee continues to drive the project and currently is evaluating the schedule for developing interfaces with secondary partners.
While numerous problems, including the challenge of long-term maintenance of JJIS, loom ahead, there is general agreement that Oregon is on the downside On the Downside is an EP by the San Diego, California band Counterfit, released by Alphabet Records in 2000. It was the band's first EP, recorded shortly after the members had relocated to San Diego from Fairfield County, Connecticut. of the "pain curve" that comes with the change inherent in implementing a statewide juvenile justice information system. The state also agrees that it couldn't have accomplished this task without the commitment of all the partners.
JJIS' primary partners are OYA and county juvenile departments, while other state and local agencies, such as law enforcement, courts, schools and social service agencies, are secondary partners. Representatives of primary and secondary partners form the JJIS Steering Committee, which directs all aspects of JJIS, beginning with the development of a shared vision for the system, the content and sequence of software modules, and the implementation of JJIS in state and county offices and facilities.
The vision of JJIS is to promote public safety, youth and juvenile justice accountability, and to offer opportunities for youth rehabilitation rehabilitation: see physical therapy. through the development of a statewide information system that provides a single comprehensive view of information about youths in the juvenile justice system across state, county and local agencies. JJIS will provide:
* Number of juvenile delinquents juvenile delinquent n. a person who is under age (usually below 18), who is found to have committed a crime in states which have declared by law that a minor lacks responsibility and thus may not be sentenced as an adult. by geographic location;
* Demographic makeup of the delinquent population;
* Type, severity and geographic location of crimes committed; and
* Criminal recidivism rates.
Planning, Development and Evaluation of Programs
* Track goals for youths and their progress;
* Track provider performance;
* Track outcomes of youths who have participated in service or treatment programs;
* Compare youths' behavioral profiles before and after treatment; and
* Track youths' criminal histories after services.
* Criminal referral history;
* Reformation and restitution In the context of Criminal Law, state programs under which an offender is required, as a condition of his or her sentence, to repay money or donate services to the victim or society; with respect to maritime law, the restoration of articles lost by jettison, done when the obligations and progress against obligations;
* Prior behavioral assessments, risk assessments and behavioral incidents;
* Educational, vocational and medical needs; and
* Prior services and treatments provided to the youths.
How JJIS Assists Users
JJIS helps its users by providing automated document preparation, electronic communication and information-sharing, electronic search capabilities to help identify youths, and electronic reminders for events and actions to be taken.
In addition, detention and facility staff have a working knowledge of a youth's background on the first day he or she enters the facility. There are no information delays due to missing paper work. Field officers also have timely information on youth progress in closed custody facilities.
Institution staff can obtain background information on new youths and plan for after-care resources through JJIS.
Clearly, JJIS provides a number of benefits, including:
* Better utilization of bed space;
* Improved ability to identify and use the most effective treatment services;
* Reduced time tracking down paper case files; and
* Faster identification of youths, local and statewide.
With JJIS development and implementation well under way, the steering committee is grappling with new problems that are products of JJIS:
* While many people want access to the rich JJIS database, who should, and legally can, have access?
* Following the initial state-provided training, how will ongoing training be provided?
* What are the appropriate interfaces with other criminal justice databases?
* What will this new system reveal about the quality and effectiveness of Oregon's juvenile justice system as a whole?
Responding to these questions will be as challenging as initial efforts to conceptualize con·cep·tu·al·ize
v. con·cep·tu·al·ized, con·cep·tu·al·iz·ing, con·cep·tu·al·iz·es
To form a concept or concepts of, and especially to interpret in a conceptual way: and build the system. Hopefully, finding the answers will pave PAVE Cardiology A clinical trial–Post AV Node Ablation Evaluation the way to better partnerships and improved outcomes.
Karen Brazeau is deputy director of the Oregon Youth Authority. Jill Petersen is information systems manager for the Oregon Youth Authority. For more information about JJIS, visit: www.jjis.state.or.us.