On the level: reading an organization chart.
The ancient Romans This an alphabetical List of ancient Romans. These include citizens of ancient Rome remembered in history for some reason.
Note that some persons may be listed multiple times, once for each part of the name. had Senators, but the government structure was very different from that of the U.S. today. This chart shows the structure of the Roman government, with groups arranged in levels (highest to lowest) relative to their power and influence in Roman society.
Study the chart and the "Who Was Who in Ancient Rome Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. " terms, then answer the questions below.
Who Was Who in Ancient Rome
* Consuls: the two chief magistrates (judges) and most powerful officials, commanding the empire's military, public funds See Fund, 3.
See also: Public , and laws.
* Edile (EE-dyle): official in charge of public games, public works, and water and grain supplies.
* Equestrians: knights, or wealthy merchants or landowners.
* Patricians: aristocrats; descendants of Rome's original citizen families.
* Plebeians plebeians: see plebs. (PLEE-bee-unz): members of the working class; commoners.
* Praetor praetor (prēt`ər), in ancient Rome, originally a consul, and later a judicial magistrate (from c.366 B.C.). In 242 B.C. two praetors were appointed, the urban praetor (praetor urbanus (PREE-tur): magistrate in charge of government when the consul traveled from Rome.
* Questor (KWESS-tur): treasurer (official responsible for public finances).
* Roman Senate: the empire's governing council. Members usually served for life.
* Tribune of the Plebs plebs (plĕbz) or plebeians (plĭbē`ənz) [Lat. plebs=people], general body of Roman citizens, as distinct from the patrician class. : group of officials responsible for protecting plebeians' rights. Members were plebeians chosen by plebeians.
1. Which official(s) outranked all others?--
2. Which group had the least power?--
3. In which group did both patricians and equestrians serve?--
4. Which had the higher rank within that body?--
5. To whom would you turn if your crop failed and you needed food for your family?--
6. Who had higher rank, the praetor or the officials protecting plebeian plebeian
(Latin, plebs) Member of the general citizenry, as opposed to the patrician class, in the ancient Roman republic. Plebeians were originally excluded from the Senate and from all public offices except military tribune, and they were forbidden to marry patricians. rights?--
7. Who would have been in charge of organizing chariot races and gladiator gladiator
Professional combatant in ancient Rome who engaged in fights to the death as sport. Gladiators originally performed at Etruscan funerals, the intent being to give the dead man armed attendants in the next world. events?--
8. Which official was in charge of the budget?--
9. Which official had a duty similar to that of a U.S. Vice President? In what way?--
10. If you could choose, which rank would you hold? Why?--
Bonus: Besides Senate, which titles in the chart are words in common use today? What do they mean now?
3. Roman Senate
5. the edile
6. the officials protecting plebeian rights (Tribune of the Plebs)
7. the edile
8. the questor
9. praetor; held power in Rome in the consuls' absence
10. Answers will vary.
Bonus: equestrians (horseback riders); patricians (aristocrats, or people who act like them); consul (government officials who serve in foreign countries, responsible for helping their nation's citizens visiting or working in that country)