Obama vows 'new beginning' with IslamUS President Barack Obama on Thursday vowed to forge a "new beginning" for Islam and America in a landmark speech to the world's Muslims, evoking a vision of peace after a smouldering cycle of "suspicion and discord."
In what may be a defining moment of his presidency, Obama laid out a new blueprint for US Middle East policy, vowing to end mistrust, forge a state for Palestinians and defuse a nuclear showdown with Iran.
"So long as our relationship is defined by our differences, we will empower those who sow hatred rather than peace," said Obama, who was greeted with a standing ovation as he stepped up to the podium at Cairo University Cairo University (previously the Egyptian University and later Fouad the First University) is an institute of higher education located in Giza, Egypt. The university was founded on December 21, 1908 as the result of an effort to establish a national center for .
Obama's long-awaited speech fulfilled a campaign promise and came after he held talks in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop. Wednesday with King Abdullah King Abdullah can refer to:
Mubarak aimed at reviving Middle East peace moves.
In the university's imposing domed Great Hall, Obama said the US bond with Israel, the source of much Arab distrust of the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , was unbreakable, and rejected "ignorant" rants by those who deny the Nazi Holocaust.
But, breaking from policies of his predecessor George W. Bush, Obama also rebuked Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's refusal to halt West Bank settlement expansion and reiterated his backing for a two-state solution The two-state solution envisions two separate states in the Western portion of the historic region of Palestine, one Jewish and another Arab to solve the Israel-Palestine conflict. .
"I have come here to Cairo to seek a new beginning between the United States and Muslims around the world," Obama said in a speech targeting the globe's 1.5 billion Muslims on television, the Internet and on social networking sites.
"This cycle of suspicion and discord must end," said Obama vowing to fight "negative stereotypes of Islam wherever they appear.
"But that same principle must apply to Muslim perceptions of America," he said, and touched on contentious regional like democracy and women's rights The effort to secure equal rights for women and to remove gender discrimination from laws, institutions, and behavioral patterns.
The women's rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and .
Quoting the region's three holy books, the Koran, the Torah and the Bible, he evoked a future of "mutual interest and mutual respect, examing all sources of tension between America and the Muslim world The term Muslim world (or Islamic world) has several meanings. In a cultural sense it refers to the worldwide community of Muslims, adherents of Islam. This community numbers about 1.5-2 billion people, about one-fourth of the world. .
The US president, laying out an ambitious foreign policy, to match the audacity of his domestic program, spoke directly to Muslims on their arguments with America.
In so doing, he was attempting to cleanse the soiled US image in the Muslim world, including in over the Iraq war Iraq War: see under Persian Gulf Wars.
or Second Persian Gulf War
Brief conflict in 2003 between Iraq and a combined force of troops largely from the U.S. and Great Britain; and a subsequent U.S. , the Abu Ghraib See Abu Ghraib prison and Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse.
The city of Abu Ghraib (BGN/PCGN romanization: Abū Ghurayb; أبو غريب in Arabic) in the Anbar Governorate of Iraq is located 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of abuse scandal and the Guantanamo Bay war on terror This article is about U.S. actions, and those of other states, after September 11, 2001. For other conflicts, see Terrorism.
The War on Terror (also known as the War on Terrorism camp.
Specifically targeting young Muslims, Obama said "I know there are many -- Muslim and non Muslim -- who question whether we can forge this new beginning."
"Some are eager to stoke the flames of division, and to stand in the way of progress. Some suggest that it isn?t worth the effort -- that we are fated to disagree, and civilizations are doomed to clash.
"There is so much fear, so much mistrust. But if we choose to be bound by the past, we will never move forward."
Obama called on Israelis and Palestinians to revive stalled peace talks, demanding Palestinians halt violence and Israelis to ease the plight of those in the occupied territories.
"Too many tears have been shed. Too much blood has been shed."
"America will not turn our backs on the legitimate Palestinian aspiration for dignity, opportunity, and a state of their own," Obama said, calling on both sides to live up to obligations under the stalled "roadmap" for Middle East peace.
"The United States does not accept the legitimacy of continued Israeli settlements. This construction violates previous agreements and undermines efforts to achieve peace. It is time for these settlements to stop."
The US president also renewed his offer for dialogue "without preconditions" with arch-US foe Iran after a decades-long Cold War style conflict.
"It will be hard to overcome decades of mistrust, but we will proceed with courage, rectitude and resolve," Obama said.
"It is clear to all concerned that when it comes to nuclear weapons, we have reached a decisive point," he said warning a regional arms race would be a "hugely dangerous path" but saying Iran had the right to nuclear peaceful power.
Obama also weaved his own biography, with Islamic lineage among family members in Kenya, and several years growing up as a boy in Indonesia, into his search to pick out a new path for the United States and Islam.
And in his own warning to the Muslim world, Obama said United States would "never tolerate" violence, citing the trauma of the September 11 attacks September 11 attacks
Series of airline hijackings and suicide bombings against U.S. targets perpetrated by 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda. in 2001, though saying his country lost its way with harsh war on terror tactics.