ON THIS DAY IN ...1453: The Hundred Years War Hundred Years War, 1337–1453, conflict between England and France. Causes
Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by William of Normandy created a state lying on both sides of the English Channel. ended when the French defeated the English at Castillon.
1717: George I, Hanoverian King of England, held a public concert on the Thames for Handel to conduct his hour-long Water Music. The King enjoyed it so much he asked for two complete encores.
1841: The first issue of the magazine Punch was published in London.
1889: Erle Stanley Gardner Noun 1. Erle Stanley Gardner - writer of detective novels featuring Perry Mason (1889-1970)
Gardner , US author and lawyer who created Perry Mason, was born.
1917: The British Royal family adopted the name House of Windsor Noun 1. House of Windsor - the British royal family since 1917
dynasty - a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
Duke of Windsor, Edward, Edward VIII - King of England and Ireland in 1936; his marriage to Wallis Warfield Simpson in place of House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
1945: The Potsdam Conference began with world leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill planning for the future peace at the end of the Second World War.
1955: Walt Disney's Disneyland was opened in California. 1959: Billie Holiday, jazz singer probably the greatest of them all - was arrested on her death bed in hospital for possession of narcotics. She died later that day. 1975: An international space link-up between US astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts took place when they crossed over from their docked spacecraft and shook hands 140 miles above Britain's south coast.