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Nunavut - Canada's newest child.

For hours I had watched CNN CNN
 or Cable News Network

Subsidiary company of Turner Broadcasting Systems. It was created by Ted Turner in 1980 to present 24-hour live news broadcasts, using satellites to transmit reports from news bureaus around the world.
, America's number one news station, vividly showing the plight of the Kosovo Albanians This is a list of notable Albanian Kosovars:
  • Adelina Ismajli - singer
  • Agim Çeku
  • Azem Vllasi
  • Arbër Reçi - (Ritmi i Rrugës) - singer
  • Armond Morina - Actor
  • Ali Podrimja
  • Ali Kelmendi
  • Alush Nush - singer
  • Akil Mark Koci
  • Asim Vokshi
 fleeing across the borders to Macedonia and Albania, fearing for their lives. Mostly old men, women and children, they told horrific stories of the murder of their menfolk men·folk   or men·folks
1. Men considered as a group.

2. The male members of a community or family.

Noun, pl

men collectively, esp. the men of a particular family
 and the raping of their women. I could not believe my eyes and ears as weeping women told tale after tale of rape, torture and mass murder - all this because they spoke a different language-and followed another religion than that of the ruling Serbs. 'How could humans be so inhuman?' I asked myself.

Sickened, I turned the TV to a Canadian station. I straightened up in my sofa chain It seemed to be another world. People here were celebrating with dance, song and speeches the birth of a new Canadian New Canadian

Canad a recent immigrant to Canada
 child - the Arctic territory of Nunavut. A feeling of elation elation /ela·tion/ (e-la´shun) emotional excitement marked by acceleration of mental and bodily activity, with extreme joy and an overly optimistic attitude.  gripped me. In my country we were helping to bring into the world a new political entity for a people from another race who spoke a different language.

At that moment I was more proud of Canada than I had ever been in my life. While the Serbs were murdering people because of their ethnic origin, in our country we were honouring and helping to create a territory that was different from the remainder of the country. 'A civilized way of living on this globe,' I thought subconsciously.

In a blaze on fire; burning with a flame; filled with, giving, or reflecting light; excited or exasperated.

See also: Blaze
 of fireworks fireworks: see pyrotechnics.

Explosives or combustibles used for display. Of ancient Chinese origin, fireworks evidently developed out of military rockets and explosive missiles and accompanied the spread of military explosives westward to
, beginning just after midnight, 1 April 1999, the new Territory of Nunavut was born. The long struggle of the Inuit people of northern Canada Northern Canada is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics. Definitions and usage
Also referred to as the Canadian North or (locally) as the North
 to have their own homeland had come about, not by revolution and violence, but after 15 years of discussions between the native people of the Noah and the Canadian government.

For all these years, the Years, The

the seven decades of Eleanor Pargiter’s life. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1109]

See : Time
 Inuit never wavered from their demands that they have a place of their own in the Canadian federation where they could protect their culture and well-being. With the help of the government they had succeeded. For the first time in fifty years, since Newfoundland entered Confederation, Canada redrew its map to give the Inuit a homeland. It was, perhaps, the most daring step any nation has ever taken to satisfy the political and geographical claims of its aboriginal people.

Formed from the eastern and northern parts of the former Northwest Territories Northwest Territories, territory (2001 pop. 37,360), 532,643 sq mi (1,379,028 sq km), NW Canada. The Northwest Territories lie W of Nunavut, N of lat. 60°N, and E of Yukon. , Nunavut, meaning 'our land' in Inuktitut - the language of the Inuit - is huge. Located almost entirely above the tree line, it comprises 20 per cent of Canada's total land mass - larger than western Europe Western Europe

The countries of western Europe, especially those that are allied with the United States and Canada in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (established 1949 and usually known as NATO).
. Yet, scattered across its 850 thousand square miles of barren Arctic landscape only about 28,000 people live in 28 communities - 85 per cent of these Inuit who were at one time referred to by the derogatory term 'Eskimo'.

With this overwhelming Inuit majority of the population the new territory will have, de facto [Latin, In fact.] In fact, in deed, actually.

This phrase is used to characterize an officer, a government, a past action, or a state of affairs that must be accepted for all practical purposes, but is illegal or illegitimate.
, a 'native government' where the aboriginals can run their own affairs. However, the non-Inuit can participate fully in all facets of life in this new territory - one of the most sparsely populated lands on earth. There are no political parties and all decisions must be taken by consensus - the Inuit way of running society. The Inuit have come a long way in their evolvement into the political system of the country, but they still follow their historic ways in the political arena.

Of the 19 members elected to the new legislature in February, four were non-natives. It is expected that Nunavut will show how meaningful self-determination for a culturally well-defined society can be provided for, but not at the expense of the rights of minority groups. To a world plagued by breakaway republics and ethnic cleansing ethnic cleansing

The creation of an ethnically homogenous geographic area through the elimination of unwanted ethnic groups by deportation, forcible displacement, or genocide.
, the Inuit of the Arctic and the Canadian government have shown how, without wars and rebellions, a circle can be squared.

The new legislators chose 34-year-old Paul Okalik Paul Okalik (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐹᓪ ᐅᑲᓕᖅ, IPA pronunciation: ['ukælɪk]), MLA is the Premier of the Canadian territory of Nunavut. , the first ever Inuk (singular for Inuit) attorney, as the territory's first premier. A few years previously no one would have dreamed that Okalik, who at one time had reached rock-bottom in life, would one day become the father of the first Inuit territory created in Canada. He had been an alcoholic, served time in prison for a break-in and had a brother who committed suicide. Yet, he turned his life around. He went back to school, took a law degree and entered politics, becoming a crusader for a land where the Inuit would be able to administer their own affairs.

For him, when the fireworks lit the skies over Iqaluit, the territory's capital, celebrating the birth of his dream, it must have been a truly joyous event a realization of a long cherished hope. At the inauguration festivities fes·tiv·i·ty  
n. pl. fes·tiv·i·ties
1. A joyous feast, holiday, or celebration; a festival.

2. The pleasure, joy, and gaiety of a festival or celebration.

, Okalik declared: 'We have regained control of our destiny and will now determine our own path.'

Okalik must have felt proud on inauguration day when, along with 18 other legislators, most wearing ceremonial costumes, he was sworn in while swaying drum dancers recalled Inuit culture which for many decades had been fading into oblivion. For Okalik and the other Inuit leaders who took the oath that day, it was a fulfilment of a dream to rescue their people from the quagmire into which they had fallen.

Until the early 1960s, the Inuit had roamed their frozen landscapes, fishing and hunting and living in igloos and tents. At that time, the Canadian government decided, in its wisdom, to create programmes offering housing, education, food and medicine, bringing the Inuit into the modern age. However, instead of providing them with a better standard of life, this transplanting of their traditions and lifestyle caused great social upheavals and made the Inuit, as a whole, lose their self-esteem and faith in their own culture.

The men and women felt useless. Their children were taken to residential schools where teaching was exclusively in English and children were whipped for speaking their aboriginal languages. When they returned to their homes they looked down Upon their culture and could hardly communicate with their parents who usually knew only Inuktitut.

For hundreds of years, the men had been hunters, feeding their families while the women made the clothing and reared the children. Now, both men and women felt marginalized. A blend of awe and intimidation toward white society took hold. The new generations, educated in schools which degraded their culture, wanted to be white, but it was not a natural goal. It became an unfulfilled dream, drowned in alcohol and family abuse.

A quarter of the Inuit became heavy drinkers, three times the national average. Alcoholism prevented a great number from holding down jobs. In 1996, one in three residents, living in the now Nunavut territory, were on welfare - more than three times the national average. Education in the boarding schools It may never be fully completed or, depending on its its nature, it may be that it can never be completed. However, new and revised entries in the list are always welcome.  did not work. Less than half of the Inuit aged 15 and over reached grade nine and only one per cent finished university. Not even one Inuit doctor or nurse are today to be found in Nunavut. Unemployment became rampant when in some of the communities it topped 50 per cent. Hovering over these afflictions the average income, which has always been at least 50 per cent lower than the remainder of the country, has never been able to catch up with the cost of living - constantly some 65 per cent higher than the Canadian average.

Violence, abuse, teenage pregnancy teenage pregnancy Adolescent pregnancy, teen pregnancy Social medicine Pregnancy by a ♀, age 13 to 19; TP is usually understood to occur in a ♀ who has not completed her core education–secondary school, has few or no marketable skills, is  and suicide became very common. The suicide rate was six times the national average. Jack Anawak Jack Iyerak Anawak (born September 26, 1950 in Repulse Bay, Northwest Territories) is a former Canadian politician. He represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the Canadian House of Commons from 1988 to 1997. He was a member of the Liberal Party of Canada. , the new Minister of Justice for Nunavut, summing up what happened to the Inuit after government patronage was instituted, said, 'people getting into wage economy and government assistance led to a rash of suicides and alcohol abuse.'

The government in Ottawa, after long years of patient negotiations, in 1993, signed the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement is a 1993 land claims agreement between the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area (then part of the Northwest Territories) and the Government of Canada subject to the Constitution Act of 1982.  - a pivotal step leading to the creation of the new territory. Ottawa conceded that the north was the Inuit's homeland and the people in that part of Canada should determine their own fate. Thereafter, the government helped guide the Inuit in their efforts to create a homeland where they would feel at home and solve their own problems.

Hence, it was no surprise when the Inuit leaders were joined by Canada's Governor General Romeo LeBlanc, Prime Minister Jean Chretien and the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Jane Stewart Jane Stewart, PC (born April 25, 1955 in Brantford, Ontario) is a former Canadian politician who was the Minister of Human Resources Development from 1999 to 2003. In 2006, she briefly held the post of Chief of Staff to Bill Graham, Leader of the Opposition.  at the April 1st inauguration ceremonies which gave birth to Nunavut. The government's help in bringing about the establishment of the new territory is reflected in the words of Prime Minister Chretien on that occasion: 'This is indeed a great day for the people of Nunavut and for Canada. The creation of this territory is all about giving the people of Nunavut the tools for their future development and giving them the opportunity to fully take part in building Canada.' He continued, 'On the eve of the new millennium, we are showing the world that respect for diversity is an essential and enduring aspect of our history and our future together.'

The Prime Minister's words are not just empty phrases, but have behind them Ottawa's muscles. The government will pour $800 million a year into Nunavut - at an average cost of $30,000 per resident. Also, it has pledged some $1 billion over a fourteen-year period for a land claim settlement. Canadian taxpayers have shelled out $150 million to set up the government of the territory and Ottawa has set $40 million aside to train and recruit Inuit civil servants.

Nevertheless, despite words of platitudes, monetary aid and well wishes, there are still many hurdles the new territory must face. It has immense tasks ahead of it, and more than a few stumbling blocks. Nunavut is a long way from everywhere. The high cost of transportation makes almost all products at least twice as expensive as in the remainder of Canada. In the whole of this vast territory there are only 12 miles of roads and most transport must be by air.

With an average per capita income Noun 1. per capita income - the total national income divided by the number of people in the nation
income - the financial gain (earned or unearned) accruing over a given period of time
 of only $11,000, much less than Canada as a whole, the people of Nunavut must deal with a cost of living which, in many instances, is much above their means. The worry now is lofty expectations, false hopes, and realistic answers. There is little doubt that the new government of Nunavut will make many mistakes as it feels its way forward. Nevertheless, Canadian Prime Minister Chretien has predicted that the Inuit will succeed by fusing their traditional methods with modern technology.

The best hope for the future of the territory's economy are the mining resources, fishing, handicrafts for export and, above all, tourism. The rugged outdoor sports: dog sledging, mountain climbing mountain climbing, the practice of climbing to elevated points for sport, pleasure, or research. Also called mountaineering, it is practiced throughout the world. Types

There are three types of mountain climbing.
, kayaking, river rafting and fishing, and the viewing of caribou Caribou, town, United States
Caribou (kâr`ĭb), town (1990 pop. 9,415), Aroostook co., NE Maine, on the Aroostook River; inc. 1859.
, musk-ox, polar bears, walrus and whales are expected to be the main lures which will draw hardy adventurers to one of the last great wilderness areas in the world.

These combined with eco-tourism in an endless landscape of fjords, lakes, mountains and tundra, and the ancient Inuit culture will, no doubt, make Nunavut attractive for those who enjoy the crisp and clear outdoors. Already, after civil service and mining, tourism is the third largest employer drawing annually some 18,000 business and leisure travellers. However, those who come pay more for their vacations than in the others parts of the country - the Arctic is expensive.

Iqaluit has only four full service hotels with a total of some 175 rooms, costing on the average about $150 per night. Restaurants usually offer only local specialities. Non-indigenous foods are available, but must be flown in, making the meals costly. As to alcohol, most communities in Nunavut This is a list of communities in Nunavut Territory, Canada. Note that many of these communities have alternate names or spellings in Inuktitut or Inuinnaqtun, while others are primarily known by their Inuktitut or Inuinnaqtun names.  either restrict or ban it completely.

However, at the inauguration ceremonies, people were not thinking of tourism and prices. All the past woes and future hopes for the new territory were put on the back burners "Back Burners" is the seventh episode of the third season of the HBO original series, The Wire. The episode was written by Joy Lusco from a story by David Simon & Joy Lusco and was directed by Tim Van Patten. It originally aired on November 7, 2004.  as everyone celebrated the newly born addition to Canada's family. Iqaluit (formerly Frobisher Bay Frobisher Bay, arm of the Atlantic Ocean, 150 mi (240 km) long and from 20 to 40 mi (32–64 km) wide, Nunavut Territory, Canada. Cutting deeply into SE Baffin Island, it has steep, deeply indented shores and numerous islets. ) with a population of 4,500, the largest urban centre in the territory, was afire with activity.

Inuit conventional songs, food and traditions of the Far North set the pace. The haunting chant of throat singing and the drumbeat See Drumbeat 2000.  of swaying dancers combined with fiddle and accordion music, adapted by the Inuit from Scottish whalers Whalers may mean:
  • Whaling, for information on sailors who hunt whales
  • Hartford Whalers, a former/future hockey team
  • Plymouth Whalers, a current hockey team in the Ontario Hockey League
  • Eden Whalers, an Australian Rules Football team.
, to create an uplifting aura of joy and pride among the participants. The words of an elder, Mariano Aupilardjuk: 'Let us celebrate the Journey's end For other uses see Journey's End (disambiguation)

Journey's End is the seventh and most famous play by R. C. Sherriff.[1] First performed in 1928, it is set in the trenches at Saint-Quentin, France, in 1918, and gives a brief glimpse into the experiences of
. Let us eat and drink and be merry,' told the story of that historic evening.

Amid the inauguration ceremonies and celebrations, Inuit pride in their traditions was apparent. All ceremonies began with the lighting of a Qulliq - the oil lamp once used to heat igloos. The food served were the historic dishes of the Arctic which included Caribou, Arctic Char and musk-ox. In the first session of the Nunavut legislature, the members sat around an Inuit sled and the legislature's mace, made from narwhal narwhal (när`wəl), a small arctic whale, Monodon monoceros. The males of this species, and an occasional female, bear a single, tightly spiraled tusk that measures up to 9 ft (2.7 m) in length.  tusk and studded with local gems, symbolizing co-operation the cornerstone of Inuit virtue. Amid these symbols of the past strode the colourful Northern Rangers, the red-capped field militia made up entirely of Inuit stationed in northern outposts.

That day, the icing on the birthday cake of Nunavut were the words of Canada's Governor General, Romeo LeBlanc, when he reflected upon the new territory and its inhabitants
:This article is about the video game. For Inhabitants of housing, see Residency
Inhabitants is an independently developed commercial puzzle game created by S+F Software. Details
The game is based loosely on the concepts from SameGame.
. 'Through courage, sharing and ingenuity, the Inuit have prevailed in the harshest land on earth.' He went on the say, 'You are the closest people on earth to the North Star. Tonight when Canadians look up to the North Star, we will remember your long history of courage, compassion and endurance.'
COPYRIGHT 1999 Contemporary Review Company Ltd.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1999 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Author:Salloum, Habeeb
Publication:Contemporary Review
Date:Aug 1, 1999
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